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1831.) Castle and Family of Prince Polignac.

7 the Tithes at the present valuation; nity at having given his own name and the contrary.

from remote antiquity to so singular In our ancient law books, Tithes and commanding a rock.* But if, are briefly defined "to be an eccle- with the name, it belonged to me, I siastical inheritance or property in the would scarcely sell it for a province. Church, collateral to the estate of the The building is of such antiquity, and lands thereof;" and no other support the situation so romantic, that all the for the Clergy appears so likely to feudal ages pass in review in one's produce efficient ministers to preach imagination : by a sort of magic in“ right things” rather than “smooth fluence, you recognize it for the resithings," and thus keep up a sound dence of a lordly baron, who, in an tone of religion and morals in the age more distant and more respectacountry.

ble, though perhaps equally barbarous, A FRIEND TO IMPROVEMENT, BUT was the patriot defender of his counA LOVER OF JUSTICE AND try against the invasion and tyranny Good Faith. of Rome. In every age since the hor

rible combustions that produced it, MR. URBAN,

Jan. 2. such a spot would be chosen for secuAS the administration and trial of sity and defence. To have given one's the Prince de Polignac (with the mo- name to a castle without any lofty mentous consequences attending them) pre-eminence or singularity of nature, have so lately engrossed the public at- in the midst, for instance, of a rich tention, I think that the following spi- plain, is not equally flattering to our rited sketch of the ancient seat of the feelings. All antiquity of family defamily, extracted from the late Arthur rives from ages of great barbarity, Young's Travels through France in where civil commotions and wars 1789, will be interesting.

swept away and confounded the inhaSpeaking of the scenery and singu- bitants of such situations. The Brilar rocks in the vicinity of Le Puy, the tons of the plains of England were writer observes :-“The castle of Po- driven to Bretagne, but the same peolignac, from which the Duke takes his ple in the mountains of Wales stuck title, is built on a bold and enormous secure, and remain there to this day. one. It is almost of a cubical form, and About a gun-shot from Polignac is towers perpendicularly above the town another rock, not so large, but equally which surrounds its foot. The family remarkable; and in the town of Le of Polignac claim an origin of great Puy another commanding one rises to antiquity; they have pretensions that a vast height, with another, more singo back, I forget whether to Hector or gular for its tower-like form, on the Achilles, but I never found any one in top of which St. Michael's Church is conversation inclined to allow them built.” more than being in the first class of By the following pedigree, extracted French families, which they undoubt- from a valuable genealogical work in edly are. Perhaps there is no where French, in the library of John Lee, to be met with a castle more formed Esq. LL.D., fit appears that the name to give a local pride of family than and estate of Polignac came into the this of Polignac. The man hardly ex- present family by a marriage with the ists that would not feel a certain va

heiress in the 14th century:Gilleaume Sieur de Chalancon=Vualberga Viscouutess of Poligoac, Ist wife.

Pierre Sieur de Chalançon, Vicomte de Polignac Margarite de Saligny. Louis Armand, Vicomte Isabeau de la Tour, fille de Bertrand Comte d'Auvergne de Polignac.

et de Boulogne. (see next page.)

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* The reader will recollect that Mr. Young was a country gentleman devoted to agriculture, and not deeply versed in antiquities; he would otherwise have knowu that the place (whose first syllable indicates its position, in the Celtic tongue) gave name to the family, according to the custom of the middle ages.

+ We have added the three latter descents, partly from the Dictionnaire Genealogique Bois, 1765,-Edit.

8

Prince Polignac and Family.

[Jan.

2

Gilleaume-Armand Viscomte de Polignac, SicurAmadee de Saluces, Dame de Caramagnes de Chalencon, mort en 1473.

en Savoye. Gilleaume, Vicomte de Polignac, Maitre des RequêtesMargarite, fille d'Antoine de l'Hotel du Roi.

Sieur de Pompadeur.

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Phillibert de Clermont. Francois-Armand, Visc. de Polignac Anne de Beaufort.
Louis-Armand, Visc. de Polignac, Francoise de Claude Armand, Visc.
Baron de Chaleucon.

Montmorency.

de Polignac, s. p. Gaspar-Armand, Visc. de Polignac, Marq. Claudine Francoise de Tournon, fille du Comte de Chalencon, Chevalier des Ordres du Roi. de Rousillon, & Magdaleine de la Rothfoucauld. Louis-Armand, Visc. de Poliguac, Isabella-Esprit de la Baume, Jacqueline de Beauvoir, Marq. de Chalencon, Chev. des Or- dau. of Ferdinand Comte de dau. of Scipio Count dres du Roi, Gouvernor de Vivarez. Montrevel; 2d wife. du Roure; 3d wife. Hercules - Louis Diane-Adelaide. Francois-Camille, Sidoine-Apolinaire-GaspardMelchior-Ar- Zephirine, niece styled the Marquis Scipion, Marq. de Polignac, mand, 19th Vi- to the Duc de

de Polignac; mar. &c. &c. comte de Po- | Nevers,* mar- in 1742 the only Melchior de Polignac, Amlignac, Marq. ried 1738.

dau, of the Presi- bassador for the Treaty of de Chalencon,

dent de la Garde, Utrecht, and afterwards to born Feb. 1,

and had a family. Rome ; made a Cardioal in 1717.

Denis-Auguste.

1712, by Pope Clement XI. Philippe-Jules-Francois, bapt. Jan. 1, 1747.—Dame d'Atours.

Armand de
Polignac.

Jules de Hon. Anne-Sarah-Catherine Parkyns, dau. of Thomas 1st Lord
Polignac. Rancliffe, widow of the Marq. de Choiseul, t mar. June 1, 1824.

The friendship between the Queen his tenth year, the father invited all of Louis XVI. and Madame de Po- his companions in misfortune, and lignac, mother of the late minister, some other friends, and shewed them which brought the family into a more into a room, where, upon a table, a immediate connection with the Court, crucifix and two lighted candles had is said to have risen from an acciden- been placed. He then ordered young tal meeting. Her fascinating manners Jules to approach the table, and, in are much dwelt on by the accom- imitation of Hamilcar (Hannibal's faplished Tweddell, who was some time ther) bound him by an oath, that he in her society in the Ukraine,f and would always oppose the French Re. the elegance and refinement of the volution, and the principles to which Dame d’Atours appear to have gained it had given birth, a partial victory over the rugged prin- Whatever credit may be given to ciples of ultra-Whiggism which were this story, it is certain that the father then entertained by our distinguished deeply inculcated in his children a deand lamented countryman.

testation of all the enemies of the The father of the ex-Minister emi. Bourbons. Both his sons were imgrated at the commencement of the plicated in the conspiracy of 1804, Revolution, to Radstadt in the Grand when the life of Napoleon was atDuchy of Baden; and afterwards re- tempted by what was styled the Insided, with the Royal Family, at Edin- fernal Machine. Armand was conburgh.

demned to death (but did not suffer); It has been related that on the birth- Jules to two years imprisonment. day of Jules, when he had attained Yours, &c.

G. M.

* Louis-Jules, Duc de Nivernois, who was Ambassador in England to treat for the Peace of 1762, was a son of this Duc de Nevers. + “Une de plus grandes et plus considerables maisons du Royaume."--Des Bois. See bis “ Remains."

§ See our vol. lxxiv. p. 677.

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1831.]
Priory of Hurley, Berkshire.

9 MR. URBAN,

Jan. 1. clesiâ Deo imperpetuum servientium.” THE parish of Hurley, in Berk- –For the support of the religious shire, is beautifully situated on the order serving God perpetually in this banks of the Thames, about thirty church. And after some terrible immiles from London.* In the Norman precations, in imitation of Ernulphus survey, commonly called Domesday, Bishop of Rochester, against all perit is said to have lately belonged to sons who shall violate or diminish Efgen, probably a Saxon or Danish this his foundation, the concludes with family, but to be then in the posses- these words :-“Ex hac vero donasion of Geoffry de Mandeville. This tione meâ et institutione, concilio properson had greatly distinguished him- borum sumpto virorum tria acta sunt self at the battle of Hastings, in which Brevia, unum apud Westmonasterium, King Harold was defeated, and re- aliud apud eandem ecclesiam de Hur. ceived this estate from William the leia, tertium mihi et hæredibus meis Conqueror, among other spoils, as the succedentibus, pro loci integritate reward of his valour and attachment. æternâ et stabilitate reposui." Towards the end of the Conqueror's William the Conqueror approved reign, that is A. D. 1086, Geoffry de and confirmed the endowment of the Mandeville founded here the Priory of founder of Hurley Priory; and afterSt. Mary, to this day commonly called wards Pope Adrian IV. in a Bull dated Lady Place, and annexed it as a cell 1157, confirmed, among other possesto the great Benedictine Abbey of sions, to the Abbey of Westminster, Westminster.

“Cellum de Herleya cum eadem villâ, The charter of the foundation is still cum omni obedientiâ et subjectione, et preserved in the archives there.t in pertinentiis suis.” this instrument the founder calls him- It may not be improper to observe, self Gosfridus de Magnavilla, and re- that the first subscribing witness to cites the motives of his donation :- the charter, and indeed the person "Pro salute et redemptione animæ who consecrated the new convent, meæ, et uxoris meæ Lecelinæ, cujus was Osmund Bishop of Salisbury, consilio, gratiâ divinâ providente, hoc originally a Norman nobleman, Count bonum inchoavi, et pro animâ Athe- of Seez, in that province. He was, in laisæ primæ uxoris meæ (matris filio- the sequel, made Earl of Dorset, and rum meorum) jam defunctæ, necnon et Lord High Chancellor of England; hæredum meorum omnium mihi suc- and, finally, Bishop of Salisbury, cedentium.”-For the salvation of my which diocese he governed with resoul, and that of my wife Lecelina, by markable goodness and assiduity from whose advice, under the providence of 1078 to 1099. He is commonly redivine grace, I have begun this good puted to be the author of the Ritual, work, and also for the soul of Athelais called the use of Sarum, and was my first wife, the mother of my sons, canonized long after his death. now deceased; and also for the souls Gilbert, Abbot of Westminster, anof all my heirs who shall succeed me. other subscribing witness, was also of He then recites the particulars of his a Norman family, which had produced endowment, and its object :-“Ad sus- several great men; among the rest, tentationem monachorum in eadem ec- his grandfather and uncle, who were

The Vale of Hurley, containing the town of Great Marlow and Bisham, Hurley, and Medmenham, ancient monastic establishments, (the latter on the Buckinghamshire side of the Thames, within less than two miles of each other, and interspersed with gentlemen's seats, farms, and all the variety of cultivation, and bounded by sylvan hills, between which the river winds in picturesque meanders,) is unquestionably one of the most charming scedes, though of limited extent, in England.-See Moritz's Travels through England in Mayor's British Tourists, vol. iv. p. 67.

+ In the splendid edition of Dagdale's Monasticon, lately published, vol. iii. p. 438, we fad a copy of the charter of the foundation, with some slight variations, chiefly verbal, and sometimes literal : “ Ex Regist. de Walden penes comitem Suffolciæ, an. 1650, hodie MS. Harl. Mus. Brit. 3697, fol. 51, b.

“Ompes infractores seu diminutores hujus meæ elemosinæ excommunicari, ut habitatio illorum perpetua cum Juda maledicto proditore Domini, et viventes descendent in æternæ proditionis barátram cum Dathan et Core, cum maledictione æternâ," &c. Gent. Mag. January, 1831.

10
Lady Place, Hurley, Berkshire.

[Jan. particularly distinguished. He had

As to Hurley Priory, except that been educated in the Monastery of Godfrey, the prior in 1258, exchanged Bec, in Normandy, under Lanfranc the greatest part of the tithes belongand Anselm, successive Archbishops ing to the original endowment, with of Canterbury, with the latter of whom the Abbot of Walden for the church he kept up a constant correspondence, of Streatley, in Berkshire, it remained founded on a sincere friendship. He nearly in the same condition for about was repeatedly employed in embassies 450 years.* It was suppressed, among by Henry I., and is said to have been the lesser monasteries, in the 26th a very honest and good-natured man, year of Henry VIII. 1535, when the and learned in all the sciences of the annual income, according to Dugdale, times. Some of his theological writ- amounted to 1211. 185. 5d.; accordings are still extant. He died in the ing to Speed, 1341. 10s. 8d.+ year 1117, and lies buried under one In the 33rd year of Henry VIII. of the three old stone effigies which the Priory of Hurley became the prostill remain in the pavement of the perty, by grant, of Charles Howard, great cloisters in Westminster Ab- Esq., and three years afterwards, the bey, near Mr. Pulteney's tomb. In site, then and ever since called Lady his time, Geoffry de Mandeville him- Place, from the convent having been self was interred in the little cloisters dedicated to the Virgin Mary, as alof Westminster Abbey, in a chapel, ready mentioned, became the property now a court yard, belonging to the of Leonard Chamberleyn, Esq. From house of the receiver of the Abbey rents. him it passed the same year to John

Geoffry, the son of the founder, Lovelace, Esq., who died in 1558. created Earl of Essex, was likewise The son of that gentleman went on an a benefactor. He married Roisia, expedition with Sir Frances Drake sister to Aubrey de Vere, first Earl of against the Spaniards, and with the Oxford. This lady caused a subter- money acquired in this adventure, raneous chapel to be cut out of the built the present house on the ruins solid chalk, near the centre of the pre- of the ancient convent. sent town of Royston, in which she Of the original buildings belonging was buried. This chapel, on the walls to the Priory, the only visible parts of which many rude figures are still to remaining are the Abbey yard, bebe seen in relievo, after being lost and hind the parish church, on the North unknown for ages, was accidentally side, and some parts of a chapel, or discovered by some workmen in 1742, rather, as it is generally supposed, of and an account of it was published by the refectory, (now stables) of which Dr. Stukeley. It is well worthy the the window arches, though formed of attention of tourists; and being per- chalk, are still as fresh as if lately fectly dry and easily accessible, is erected. The durability of chalk, inoften visited by strangers passing be- deed, is wonderful, when once it between London and Cambridge. comes indurated by the sun and air,

To return from this digression. The and fixed in an erect position. In the Earl of Essex was Standard-bearer of house itself, however, some remains England, in the times of the Empress of the form of the convent may still Maud and of King Henry II. The be traced. Under the great hall, family seems to have acquired consi- which strikes every spectator for its derable possessions, and probably gave grandeur and proportions, is a vault rise to several distinguished individu- or cellar, in which some bodies in als, who, in their posterity, may still monastic habits have been found be existing in honorable stations. buried, probably some of the priors, as

It

appears from a deed executed in the 15th of Richard II. that Edith, sister of Edward the Confessor, had been buried at Hurley, on which and some other claims the prior and mouks obtained the appropriation of the church of Warefeld from the King.

+ In the valuation of Pope Nicholas we find this entry, “ Ecclesia de Hurle cu' vicar' indeci'abili, Prior Rector, 101. Taxatio decima, 17."

It has been supposed that Lovelace the poet, who died in 1658, was of the same family.

$ In the walls bounding this quadrangle a former proprietor of Lady Place, Joseph Wilcocks, Esq. has put up tablets with inscriptions, recording soine eminent persons connected with the foundation of the Priory.

1831.] Lovelace, Wilcocks, and Kempen felt Families.

11 is indicated by the staff on the stones with Thomas Walker, Esq. of Woodcovering their remains. This hall, stock, from whose granddaughter and and the cross rooms at the East end, sole heir, Miss Freind, married to seem to have been the church, not of Henry Lord Viscount Ashbrook, it the parish, but of the convent; and has lately descended to their only surthe numerous, small apartments at the viving son, the Hon. Henry Flower, west end, forming the boundary of who on coming into its possession, the parish cemetery, appear to have assumed, by royal authority, the name been the dormitories of the monks. of Walker.

Respecting the Lovelace family, long The remaining part of the Lovelace the proprietors and occupiers of Lady estate, consisting of Lady Place and Place, it is proper to notice that it the Woodlands, was purchased by soon grew rich and powerful in this Mrs. Williams, sister to Dr. Wilcocks, country, and was ennobled in the Bishop of Rochester, which lady in reign of Charles I. under the title of one lottery had two tickets only, and Lord Lovelace, Baron of Hurley. In one of them came up a prize of 5001. the succeeding reign it lived in great the other of 20,000l. with which she splendour. Two or three ceilings, purchased the property here. The painted by Verrio, probably at the daughter of Mrs. Williams, married to same time with those in Windsor Dr. Lewin, Chancellor of Rochester, Castle, and more particularly the possessed it from her mother's death landscapes by Salvator Rosa, in the in 1745; and dying without issue, great room, attest the magnificence bequeathed it to her relative, Joseph and wealth of the family.

Wilcocks, Esq., son of the Bishop, During the short reign of James II. who on succeeding to it in 1771, and private meetings of some of the lead- not being able to let the house to a ing nobles of the kingdom were held tenant, came to inhabit it himself, here, in the subterraneous vault under and died at an advanced age. He the Great Hall, for calling in the was the author of a posthumous pubPrince of Orange; and it is said that lication under the title of “ Roman the principal papers which brought Conversations,” written when a young about the Revolution, were signed in man, but suppressed from a modesty the dark recess at the extremity of that of disposition, for which, as well as vault. It is certain, that after King every amiable virtue, he was distinWiliam obtained the crown, he visited guished through life. Lord Lovelace at Lady Place, and The next person in the entail was descended with him the dark stairs to the brave and unfortunate Admiral see the place. Inscriptions recording Kempenfelt, * who went down in the this visit, that of George III, and of Royal George, as is well known, in General Paoli, in 1780, to the same Portsmouth harbour. His brother, vault, as the cradle of the revolution, Gustavus Adolphus Kempenfelt, Esq. were put in it by a worthy proprietor, succeeded to Lady Place, and made it Joseph Wilcocks, Esq., who will his residence; but dying unmarried, again be mentioned in the sequel. as his brother and Mr. Wilcocks had

On the decline of the Lovelace fa- been, and being last in the entail, he mily, which speedily followed, the left the property to his relative, the estate was sold under a decree of late Mr. Richard Troughton, of the Chancery—one part of it, by far the Custom House, who resided only ocmost valuable, the manorial rights, casionally here, and whose representhe impropriate rectory, and the ad- tatives sold the estate in lots, about vowson of the vicarage, became the three or four years ago. The manproperty of Robert Gayer, Esq., who, sion called Lady Place, and part of according to Bishop Tanner, possessed the estate, were purchased for the various accompts, rentals, and char. Hon. Henry Walker ; and the reters of the Priory; though no register of it is known to exist, nor any regular

* It has been said, but the writer of this list of the priors. This estate, with knows not on what authority, that the Kemits appurtenances, was subsequently penfelts were descended from the Will Wimpurchased of the Gayer family by the hle of the “Spectator.” The portrait of late Duke of Marlborough, w?

li his uniform, is, or was lately, in 1817. His Grace aft

e Great Room occupying changed them for lands.

Lady Place.

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