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Fine Arts.- The Royal Academy.

[May, tions, and affording one more pledge of There is a stiffness and mannerism which are peace, their great patroness and protectress not altogether pleasing. Dignity and ease as she is, of all that is most precious and are in some degree wanting. most excellent among men.

It becomes us We shall proceed to notice a few of those all, then, most diligently to foster them. works which most prominently attracted our It is the duty of the government, it is the attention, during a cursory view. interest of the country. No station is so exalted, no fortune so spleudid, as not to derive lustre from bestowing such patron

No. 1. Margaret al Church, tormented by age ; no lot so obscure as not to participate

The Evil One. R. Westall.—The subject of in the benefits they diffuse. And I have,

this singular composition is from a passage therefore, a singular satisfaction in being at in Goëthe's Faust, as translated by Lord F. liberty to announce to you upon this occa

Leveson Gower. The fantastic imagery of sion, that a society of much influence, over the poet is worthily sustained. The ghastly which I bave the honour to preside, and of and livid aspect of the evil genius is fiuely which the object is the improvement of all

contrasted with the lovely form of the swoonconditions of the people, has been occupied ing fair one, and the colouring is introduced in maturing a plan, which has been success- with powerful effect. As we behold the fully completed, for extending the enjoy- ministers of the altar and the surrounding ment of the fine arts to the humblest classes devotees at their orisons, we perceive the of his Majesty's subjects."

evil one, as it were, uttering the very lanMay 2. The exhibition was opened this guage which Goëthe has adopted,- The day to the public. It affords many gratify- glorified are turning their fore heads from ing specimens of the steady progress of the thee; the holy shun to join their hands in arts in this country. Though there are few thine ;—despair ! despair!” of those splendid productions of lofty ge- Faust preparing to dance with the young nius in the present collection, which, like witch al the festival of the wizards and those of West, or the great masters of anti- witches in the Hartz Mountuin (No. 33), by quity, are calculated to throw all surround- the same artist, is evidently intended as a ing objects into shade, still it exhibits ta- companion picture to the preceding. The lent of a varied and highly pleasing charac- fore-ground of the composition is replete ter. There is now an ample field for young with beauty. The enchanting female fiand aspiring genius to distinguish itself, and gure is powerfully contrasted with the hosJess probability of its efforts being overlooked, rid aspect of Mephistophiles, and the terriin the absence of those mighty masters of ble concomitants of witchery, that appear the pallet and the easel, whose productions ready to destroy the victim of her allurewere wont to lead captive the minds of the astonished spectators, and to command al

Remark her well, most exclusive attention. The competitors

Silcth her name, first wife of him who fell

Your parent Adam ; Inok that you beware in the field are more numerous than for

Her glancing loilet and her flowing hair; merly, and their productions certainly of a If with that guise the sorceress lure more general and diversified character : so The passing youth, she holds him sure." that, on the whole, although the Fine Arts 32. Lord Byron reposing in the house of a of the present day are not distinguished by Turkish Fisherman, after having swum across the towering supereminency of a single indi- the Hellespont. W. Allan.—The event which vidual, as in different eras of their history, the artist has embodied in this composition we may safely conclude that they now pre- took place on the 3d of May, 1810, whea sent more pumerous specimens of prolific the noble poet, in imitation of Leander, genius and respectable talent than at any swam across the Hellespont, from the Eupreceding period - the leading members of ropean shore to the Asiatic, about two the Academy having produced a larger num- miles wide. After landing (says Mr. ber of pictures than in most former years ; Lake, in bis Life of Byron,) he was and many of those pictures exhibiting ta- much exhausted, that he gladly accepted lent far above mediocrity. Thus Westall, the offer of a Turkish fisherman, and reCalcott, and Phillips, have each produced posed in his house for some time. He was eight paintings; Turner seven ; Drummond very ill; and the Turk had no idea of the and Pickersgill six each ; Etty, Daniell, rauk or consequence of his inmate, but paid Jones, Beechy, and Landseer, five each ; him most marked attention. His wife was Shee four ; Howard and Collins three each; his nurse; and at the end of five days be and many others of minor note in propor- left this asylum completely recovered.”— tion. Sir W. Beechy and Phillips have con- The figure of Lord Byron, who is reposing fined themselves to the more lucrative de- on a couch, presents an excellent likeness; partments of the arts (though to the public and the subordinate details of the picture not the most interesting) - portrait-painting. are in perfect keeping with the subject. But we do not consider that Beechy has 38. A first-rate going down Channel, been so happy in the portraits of the King W. Daniell

, R.A.-What a splendid and and Queen, as the public might have wished. imposing sight! How magnificently she


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Fine Arts.- The Royal Academy.

447 ploughs the azure deep. The lofty prow which does not soar above mediocrity. It and swelling sails, the bristling guns, the is much to be regretted that this and a pordecks and fore tops full of activity and life, trait of Lord Melville are the only pictures at once rivet the attention with wonder and of Wilkie's in the exhibition. delight:

No. 64.

Sir Calepine rescuing Serena. " She walks the waters like a thing of life,

W. Hilton, R.A.-A truly poetical compuAnd scems to dare the elements to strife." sition. The grouping is excellently conIn the distance, the artist has effectively ceived; and the figuies are all in admirable introduced the Land's End, and Longships drawing, a qualification for which this clever Lighthouse.

artist is pre-eminently distinguished. There 55. The Progress of Civilization. H.P. is at the same time a glowing richness of Briggs.-This picture was very appropriately colouring, without the appearance of gaudipainted for the Mechanics’ Institute at Huli. In this respect, we think the artist The Romans are represented as instructing has materially improved. The subject of the ancient Britons in the mechanical arts. the painting is taken from that great storeA British warrior, having relaxed his usual house of mediæval chivalry and enchantferocity of character, is examining with in- ment, Spenser's Fairie Queene, capto vul. tense interest some graphic outlines of clas- “Sir Calepine, by chauoce more than by choyce, sic architecture depicted on a scroll, which

The self same evening fortune hither drove, the Romans are in the act of explaining.

As he to seck Serena through the woods did rove. Two druidical priests are looking on with a

Eftsoons he saw one with a naked knise, scowling air of suspicion, as if apprehen- Readie to launch her breast, and let out loved life. sive of sume dangerous mysteries being con. cealed under the einblems of instruction. With that he thrusts into the thickest throng." The rude and massy tr:lichons indicative of In the foreground, on the bare rock, apo British masonry are represented in the back- pears the lovely form of Serena, naked and ground. The picture, on the whole, is an bound, and the high priest, with the upinteresting and pleasing composition. lifted knife, ready to sacrifice her as an of

56. Mary Queen of Scots meeting the fering to the gods. The extreme surprise Earl of Bothwell l'etween Stirling and Edin- and terror of the priests and attendants at l'urgh. Cooper, R.A.--This composition the sudden appearance of the noble and inrepresents an important occurrence in Scot- furiated warrior, armed in chain-mail, and tish history—the abduction of Mary by the his sword ready to drink their blood, together Earl of Bothwell to the castle of Dunbar. with the romantic and sequestered scenery, Mary is seated on a white steed, which -all tend to produce a soul-thuilling and Bothwell is holding by the bridle, while he deeply-interesting picture. is making his obeisance, with the evident 79. This splendid production, by Etty, is intention, at the head of a numerous force, intended to form a companion picture to Juof taking possession of the Queen's person dith and Holofernes, which was painted by in defiance of her attendants. The artist the same artist for last year's exhibition. It has displayed the most talent in the repre- represents the maid of Judith waiting out. sentation of the horses, which may perhaps side the tent of Holofernes till her mistress be considered as Cooper's favourite study. has consummated the deed that deli. The animals are finely drawn, and their ap- vered her country from its invaders. The pearance bold and spirited. The person of head and countenance of the woman, and Mary is not so prepossessing as it is usually the fine herculean forms of the sleeping represented; it wants feminine loveliness ; guards, are every way worthy the genius of and the head-dress is entirely out of charac- Eury. The chiaro.oscuro of the painting is ter with the occasion. It lias all the gaiety in perfect keeping with the subject, and and lightness of the drawing-room, and lit- the deep sombre shading adds to the sotle suited for a journey over the Scottish lemnity of the composition. The picture is hills and dales in the shower-descending painted for the Scottish Academy of Fine month of April.

Arts in Edinburgh. Nos. 57 and 77 are two admirable sea- 86. Interior of a Highlander's House, by pieces by Daniell, representing the splendid Landseer, is a production well calculated to naval exploits of Adm. Collingwond with the maintain the artist's superiority in depicting enemy-first on board the Royal Sovereign, animals of the chase.' Here he has also and secondly on board the Excelient, in the given us examples of his power in painting battle off Cape St. Vincent.

objects of still life. His pencil is always 62. The Portrait of a Lady, by Wilkie, true to nature. is very striking, particularly as regards the

The Dinner at Mr. Page's House, fanciful head-dress with which her ladyship supposed to take place in the first act of the is decorated. Portrait painting, however, is Merry lives of Windsor. C. R. Leslie, unsuited to the genius of Wilkie. We have R.A.—Here (says a contemporary critic), heen so loug deliglited with the splendid ef- the most conspicuous personages in Shakforts of his genius, that we are apt to look speare's drama are introduced as if living bewith indifference upon any production of his fore us. The fat knight, Master Slender,



448 Royal Academy.Gallery of Greenwich Hospital. [May, “ sweet Ann Page," the merry wives, and trees or human visages, or such a daub of several of the other characters, breathe unseeinly colouring -a mere chaotic mass from the canvas. It is beyond question one of pink and yellow. of the most perfect illustrations of the subject that has ever been produced. The cos

193. Cain. G. J. L. Noble. A mon. tumes, the interior, and all the slightest details of the picture, are painted with an ac

strously gigantic figure, only fit to be repre

sented with effect in a room of unusually curacy and effect quite of the highest order. The picture is very properly placed in the large dimensions, which would admit of a

distant view. It is miserable judgment to most conspicuous and favourable situation in the room.

exhibit a colossal figure in a small room, as

is here the case. 162. Caligula's Palace and Bridge. J.M. Turner, R.A.- This is a bold specimen of

241. An Alligator attacking a Bullock, Turner's peculiar genius. The design is by W. Daniell, R. A. is a bold and spirited gorgeously imposing, and full of wild and production. The ferocious tenacity of the poetic dariug. The picture conveys to the

ove, and the apparent agony of the other, mind the idea of immeasurable discance, as

are powerfully depicted. The scene is on the eye looks through the misty atmosphere the margin of a river in the island of Ceyof the artist into unfathomable space. The

lon. The colouring is extremely vivid, and

well suited to oriental scenery. frowning ruins of the mouldering walls enveloped in mist, and the rays of the morn

258. Domestic Affliction, by W. E. West, ing sun darting through the mural inter- is the representatiou of melancholy madness, stices, with the russet trees in the fore

the victim of which is a fine and interesting ground, and the azure misty skies in the

feirale, whose relatives and friends are grouped distavce, present a splendid specimen of around, exhibiting countenances full of symcreative genius. Although we are ready to pathy and inelancholy interest. The comadmit Turner to be one of the most poetical position is replete with feeling, delicacy, of landscape painters, at the same time,

and spirit. without aspiring to superior critical preten

ANTE-ROOM. sions, we believe that he frequently, perhaps 338. The Golden Age, by Danby, is & from mere wantonness of genius, oversteps perfect scene of enchantment. Nature ap. the sober modesty of nature, and even out. pears in the most lovely and captivating garb rages the acknowledged principles of art. He that the imagination cau conceive. The appears sometimes to mystify the subject poets of old never exceeded it in description. hy an erratic wildness of colouring, and, with All is beauty, serenity, and delight. Soft a fullness of pencil, to introduce dabs of verdure, unruffled lakes, shady groves, and light aud shade, that seem to set the woodland nym; hs, with gold and azure tints rules of criticism and the laws of vature at of the softest luue, convey the beau-ideal of defiance.

the poet's golden age, and make us sigh at 168. The Angel releasing Peter from the reflection of that happy period having Prison. W. Hilcon, R.A.-A magnificent for ever fled. picture, executed op a large scale. The de- 356. Landscape, at twilight, by Westall, sign is taken from Acts xii. The figure of is full of rustic nature, and is worthy of the the angel is not perhaps to be compared best productious of Claude. The cattle in with many productions of the Italian mas- the foreground are cleverly executed. ters; but the sleeping guards and the opeu

(To be continued.) ing iron gates, which are less the objects of creative genius, are evidence of Hilton's skill as a judicious and skilful artist.

The Gallery of Greenwich Hospital ; com169. The View of Silistury Cathedral, prising Portrails of celebrated Naval Com. by J. Constable, R. A. appears to have been manders, and Views of their most memortaken immediately after a suow storm, al

uble Actions ; illustrated with liographical though the artist professes to have embodied and historical Memoirs ly Edward Hawke on canvas the description of a scene from Lockyer, Esq. F.R.S. F.S.A. one of the Thomson's Summer, when "a glittering Commissioners of the Institution. robe of joy invests the fields." The pume- The Royal Hospital at Greenwich is well rous patches of dead white, intended for the

calculated to inspire the inost exalted emolights of the picture, or perhaps for drops tions; not so much from the beauty of iis of rain after a shower, have all the chilling design and the splendour of its lufty domes, coldness of a winter's morn.

eminent as these undoubtedly are, as from 178. The Vision of Medea, by J. M. the benevolence of its objects, and the inTurner, presents a mixture of bold genius teresting groups of veterans, to be seen aud monstrous absurdity. The awful legend reposing under its protection in the evening of the burning palace, into which Medea's of their days, after many a well-fought battwio offspring are thrown, is poetically con

lle. These patriotic enotions, which canceived; but no mortal ever beheld such not fail to strike every casual visitor, are

1831.] Fine Arts.Gallery of Greenwich Hospital, fi. 449 much increased on a more minute inspection The next is an early portrait of Viscount of the Naval Gallery, to which many addi- Bridport, by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The tional paintings have been recently cransfer- character of this officer cannot be better exred by the King from the Royal Collections. pressed than by the single word 'Steady,' We hail therefore, with peculiar pleasure, & which he adopted for his motto. “Sir, be work like the present, published under the steady in all your resolves," was his freimmediate patronage and sanction of His quent admonition to his young officers. Majesty, by a gentleman so intimately con- Under & stern and reserved deportment, nected with the naval profession, who Lord Bridport is said to have concealed á bears the talismanic name of Hawke in ad- generous and affectionate disposition. dition to his own patronymic, derived from The third portrait is of that ancient fahis late worthy father, the tutor of the im- vourite of our Tars, the brave but uufortunate mortal Nelson, and a brave and worthy Admiral Benbow, “whose death, recorded Captain in the Royal navy, who died Lieut- in one of their most popular ballads, still Governor of this excellent institution. cheers the middle watch of many a stormy

This work is published in the same form night at sea.” This portrait is by Sir Godand style as Mr Lodge's Portraits and Me- frey Kneller, and was presented to the Hosmoirs of Illustrious Persons. The first pital by George IV. Another portrait, preNumber contains a beautiful copy of the sented by one of his sisters, still remaining portrait of Lord Hawke, painted by F. in the Town Hall of Shrewsbury, was copied Cotes, one of the finest in our recollection, in our vol. lxxxix. ii. p. 9. from a drawing, The memoir of Hawke is ably and spiritedly and with a memoir, by Mr. Parkes. written, and the following character rests The fourth portrait is that of Captain on “ the authority of a very dear relation of James Cook, one of the most eminent of the author, * whose gallant conduct in the those self-educated patriots that we delight same profession introduced him to a long to honour. His parents were humble peaand intimate association with Lord Hawke, sants, at Marton, in Cleveland, who by inthough even gratitude could not bias that dustry and integrity contrived to rear nine sound judgment, and still sounder probity, children; but his powerful genius surunder the guidance of which he formed this mounted all disadvantages, and forced its estimate of his patron's character:

way to fame. This memoir is of high in“ The character of Hawke furnisbes an terest. excellent example to every candidate for na- The last print in this number is an etchval reputation.' He possessed all the quali- ing after Loutherbourgh's painting of the ties necessary to form a thorough seaman, Defeat of the Spamish Armada, presented and an enterprising, intrepid commander; to this Collection by Lord Farnborough. and he employed these with a simplicity of purpose which served his country highly and Lodge's Portrails and Memoirs of Illushimselfhonourably. His gentlemanly deport

trious Persons. -The third Edition of this mevt and propriety of conversation effected a highly interesting work continues to be pubsalutary improvement among his officers. He lished in monthly numbers. Thirty have steadily discountenanced that coarseness of already appeared, and these contain 90 exlanguage and deineanour which disgraced quisite engravings. When the whole work too many of the old school, and still clings is completed, it will embrace 60 additional to some of the present. Hawke's genius subjects, completing the work to the prewas peculiar to the profession he had sent period. The lives of the modern emia chosen. In political affairs he exhibited no nent characters will be found to be worthy great talents for business. Lord Hawke of the pen of Mr. Lodge, whose fame as a

an upright, bonourable, and Biographer was so firmly established by the pious man. His anxious attention to the former editions of this popular work. We health and comfort of the seamen secured take this opportunity to announce, that to him their constant attachment; while Messrs. Harding and Lepard have again the steady patronage of his most deserving liberally opened their rooms for the exhibifollowers surrounded him with officers zea- tion of the original drawings made for the lously devoted to the King's service and work, and this interesting exhibition has to their commander's glory. He was a been enriched since last year by the addition strict, but temperate disciplinarian-affable of 40 new characters, chiefly of eminent rather than familiar with his officers, re- Admirals, Soldiers, Philosophers, and Statesproving with steroness all approaches to men who fourished in the eighteenth cenribaldry or impiety in their conduct and tury. conversation. His mind, impressed with a The First Volume of the English School devout regard for the faith in which he had of Painting and Sculpture is now completed, been educated, loved to dwell on the many and we are glad to hear that its deserved mercies he had experienced, and to ascribe

success calls for the gratitude of its proevery success to "the Giver of all Victory." prietors. Vol. II. will include Barry's Pic

tures at the Society of Arts in the Adele * His father, Lieut.-Governor Lockyer. phi, and Hogarth's Marriage à la Mode. Gent. Mag. May, 1831.



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New Works announced for Publication. An Account of the Life and Writings of

The English and Jewish Tithe Systems Henry Pestalozzi ; with copious Extracts com pared, in their origin, their principles, from his Works, selected chiefly with a view and their moral and social tendencies. By to illustrate the Practical parts of his MeT. Stratten.

thod of Instruction. By Dr. BIBER. A Narrative 'of the Ashantee War, in- The Route of Hannibal from the Rhode cluding the Particulars of the Capture and to the Alps. By HENRY LAwes LONG, Esq. Massacre of Sir Charles M.Carthy, Go- Ivan Vejeeghen, or Life in Russia, a vernor of the Western Coast of Africa; and novel, by Thaddeus BULGARIN ; containing the subsequent Military Operations of the a delineation of the state of society in MosBritish and Native Allied Forces on that cow and St. Petersburg, &c. Coast from 1822 to 1828. By Major A Panorama of Constantinople, and its RutheLTS.

Environs, from Scutari, drawn from Sketches Descriptive Sketches of Tunbridge Wells, by J. Pitman, Esq. and engraved by Mr. and the Improvements on the Calverley Es- Clark, accompanied by a descriptive pamphlet. tate; also, of the Picturesque Scenery, Elements of the Differential and Integral Seats, and Antiquities in the vicinity. The Calculus, comprehending the Theory of work will be under the superintendence of Curve Surfaces and of Curves of Double Mr. BRITTON.

Curvature. By J. R. YOUNG. Rev. H. Raikes on Clerical Education.

Boucher's MSS. A Third Volume of Mrs. Sherwood's The Proprietors of Dr. Webster's English Henry Milner.

Dictionary have purchased from the family The History of Abraham. By the Rev. of the late Rev. Jonathan Boucher, Vicar H. BLUNT.

of Epsom, the MSS. which he had preAn Exposition of the Eighth Chapter of pared for a Glossary of Provincial and ArRomans, together with Five Discourses on chæological Words, (intended originally as Justification by Faith. By the Rev. C. D. a Supplement to Dr. Johoson's Dictiouary, MAITLAND.

of which one part, containing letter A, was Memorials of the Stuart Dynasty, in- published in 1807 ; see our vol. 74. p. 592; cluding the Constitutional and Ecclesiasti- 79, 310). These will now be published as a cal History of England from the decease of Supplement to Dr. Webster's English DicElizabeth to the abdication of James II. tionary. By Robert Vaughan, author of “ The Life and Opinions of Wycliffe."

BIBLIOTHECA ANGLO-SAXONICA. Sir E. Šeward's Narrative of his Ship

Messrs. Black, Young, and Black have wreck, and consequent discovery of certain undertaken the publication of a body of AnIslands in the Caribean Sea. By Miss glo-Saxou MSS. illustrative of the Early JANE Porter. 8 vols.

Poetry and Literature of our Language, Life and Death of Lord Edward Fitz-Ge- most of which have never yet been printed. rald. By Tho. Moore, Esq.

The collection is to be edited by a distinJournal of a Residence at the Courts of guished learned Dane, now resident in this Germany, in 1822, 1825, and 1826. By country, the Rev. N. F. S. Grundtvig, D.D. W. BEATTIE, M. D.

of Copenhagen. The following is a brief Select Works of the British Poets, from outline of the plan. The first work proChaucer to Johnson. By R. Southey, LL.D. posed to be published by Dr. Grundtvig, is

A Manual of the Land and Fresh Water a new Edition of the Saxon poem Beowulf, Shells hitherto discovered in Great Britain. with an introduction and literal Eoglish verBy W. TURTON.

sion. This will form two volumes.--The Letters to a Young Naturalist on the third volume will coutain Caedmon's poetiStudy of Nature and Natural Theology. cal paraphrase of Genesis, with the contiBy J. L. DRUMMOND, M.D. &c.

nuations or imitations that are to be found Memoirs and Correspondence of the late in the old edition, in the Heptateuch, or Sir J. E. Smith, M.D. President of the elsewhere.—The fourth volume will contain Linnæan Society, &c.

a collection of miscellaneous Anglo-Saxon The Mosses, and the rest of the Crypto- poems, chiefly extracted from the great gamia ; forming the Fifth Volume of the Look at Exeter, bequeathed to the library of British Flora. By Dr. HOOKER.

that Cathedral hy Bishop Leofric, at the Oriental Customs applied to the Illustra- close of the eleventh century. In the same tion of the Sacred Scriptures. By S. BURDER, M. A. &c.

* The Anglo-Saxon translation of Bede, Researches into the Nature and Affinity the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and the Angloof Ancient and Hindu Mythology. By Saxon Laws are to be passed by, as they all Lieut.-Col. Vans Kennedy.

will be included in the Corpus HistoSelect Female Biography, by the author ricum," printed under the superintendence of Wonders of the Vegetable Kingdom, &c.

of Mr. Petrie and Mr. Price.

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