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A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
GLASGOW, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY, 7, 1832.
MEMOIRS OF A PAISLEY BAILLIE.
had been falded by in a bandbox. Its a fack, my
heart lap to my mouth when I saw our gudewife MY FIRST ASSEMBLY-THE DANCE ITSELL.
buskit and bedinkt in a real fashionable new silk Was neer in Scotland heard nor seen
goun, and with a beautiful spreading umbrella, shaped Sic dancin or deray:
cap, transparent as a butterflies wings, and
mented with gumflowers and other conceits, as natural
as the life. I was just about to take her all up in The eventful day of the ball at last came round in due my arms, and gie her a bit smack on the cheek, she order of nature, and an unco ganging up stairs and looked sae bonny, but namaway she spouted into the doun stairs there was in our bit self-conteened house. noddy, with her good-natured "hout awa' gudeman," Wife and dochter were putting on and putting aff this “ behave yoursell before folk," as the sang says, “do and the other thing, Tummas was like to drive doun you
you would birze my balloon sleeves out the roof of the parlour trying his new steps in the of a' shape.” Dochter Jess was very modestly attired toom garret abune, and, when unwittingly I turned up in a nice pink-coloured robe, the fashion of which I my face to consider where the din could come frae, a cannot weel describe, and her hair was done up in the lump of plaister, as big as the croun of my hat, fell most approved London style, by Mr. Moore the perright in my face, and dung the fire frae my een like fumer, whose fingers, no to mention his legs, running sparks in a smiddy. Sic things in a weel regulated about frae morn till e'en, I'm guessing were gayen family, canna be tolerated in ordinar cases, but as gair. It did me good to look on Tummas, he was sae this was a day expressly set apairt for enjoyment, straucht, slim and perjink, tho? I thocht quietly to I owerlooked the faut, and took a turn twice round mysell the lad was looking mair like a sodger than a my garden, to cool my blude, and see gif ony robin saint, but let that flee stick to the wa', seeing that his redbreasts were hirplin' and chitterin' about; for ever auld faither was in fack drum major at this march to since the melancholy death of the babes in the wood, Vanity fair. one has an uncommon sympathy for thay wee con- Into the noddy we got at last, bag and baggage, and siderate creatures, on account of them theeking the up streets and doun streets, dunting and jingling we perishing innocents with leaves, as is set furth at brattled like mad. Shooting out my neb at the window, length in the auld ballat.
I could see chaises and noddies fleeing about in a' direcAs ye may jalouse, there was few in our house tions like sae mony fiery comets, which was a very could tak ony denner that day, but for my pairt, I enterteening and enlivening sicht; howsumever, some may say I took my ordinar pick; mair be token, we wandeidy weans cried “whip behind! whip behind!” had singed sheep's head, trotters conform, and a very and quick as thocht, scringe cam the driver's whip sponsible looking chuckie, as tender as could be, the alangside the noddy, and in its waganging gave me a whilk fare is no to be despised as times gang. After skelp athort the chaftblade, that was smarter than it denner, I comforted my stamack with a leetle brandy was welcomer, and keeped me from poking out my toddy, and sooked it off hooly and fairly, being nowise head again, till the steps were let doun. Without furconcerned, like the rest of the household, anent either ther misadventure we drave up in graund style to the
Inns' door, and, lang or we cam there, we could hear
distinctly the sounds of music, dancing and gilravitchappear in the samen dress as that in whilk I had the ing of all kinds, and baith my bairns were just beside honour to visit his late gracious Majesty, at his palace themsells for fear they had lost all the fun. But I quietof Holyrood, where I can assure you I was as civilly ed their apprehensions on that score, by remarking, entreated as the first-of the land, no excluding the that it was not likely that anything very particular Lord Provost of Glasgow, tho' he and his touns folk would take place till we arrived, seeing that the stewtried to put themselves desperately far forrit; but the ards had expressly sent a carriage for the accommodaKing saw thro' them brawly, and kent a spoon frae a tion of our party. And tho' I wasna eleckit a steward, stots horn, as weel as the maist of his liege subjects. they kent fu' weel that it couldna be in my nature to
Tummas, in the course of the forenoon, being doun tak umbrage at unintentional negleck, and bide awa the toun trysting a pair of new dancing pumps, his frae the ploy like some conceity bodies, that bizz, and auld anes being a wee thocht bauchlet about the heel, fiz, and spit fire like a peeoy, in spite and vexation as weel as worn clean thro' at the neb, where the big whenever they are no made the tung o' the trump, and tae presses, forgathered with Mr. Frazer of the happen in ony way to be owerlooked in the making up Town's house, and was on the eve of striking a bargain of the lists. About the door there was an uncommon with him anent the hire of a noddy, when wha should crowd of men, women and weans, curious to see us drap in as luck would have it, but the individual secre- alicht, and for a time, I could not see a spot where to tar of the Stewards of the ball, really a weel favoured pit a foot, unless I made a straucht step forrit, and young gentlemen as needs be, and he set things to making a virtue of necessity used the first head in my right at ance by mentioning, that if ony leddies were way for a stepping stane. Seeing our dilemma, a police of our party, that a noddy would call for them at a offisher at the outer door, wha had recognized me, proper hour. Noo this is what I call really genteel, immediately cleared the road, right and left, in a and particularly obleeging, and ere mony days gang twinkling, with his baton, crying all the time, “ Mak ower, I maun hae the secretar to denner, as sure as way for the Baillie, ye born deevils ye-mak way can ye my name's Peter.
no for the Baillie ?” and by his exertions we all got
safe Preceesely as the clock chappit ten, a noddy and a and sound within the porch, and without any of the pair of horses drew up at our door, and out came women folk getting their braws the least soiled or the bail byke of us as clean and trig as gin we crumpled.
It's needless to tell you ony mair about Willie ten in a kippage to ken what to do with their shouthTamson the town-offisher, standing at the ball-room ers and their arms, and their heads. The upper and door, in his new stand of scarlet claes with halbert in the douner man did not move in accordance, somehand. Whenever he got wit of me,
flees thing like a bad rider that gangs wigglety wagglety, the muckle door as if by magic, and in I gangs gallant- clean contrary to the motion of the beast he is on the ly supporting my wife on my arm, while Tummas back of. But the feck of the leddies carried themcleekit with his sister. No baving been in the room for selves like queens; frae head to heel they moved as this
many a year, in fack, to be plain, no since the Pitt a graceful and complete unity; and oh! Mr. Day, dinners and Waterloo dinners were given up, there had ye seen as I saw, their bonny modest faces glanccam a stound to my heart, to be shooled in as it were ing past ye, radiant with the sweetest natured smiles, all of a sudden into a most spacious hall, and amang
and their countenances presenting every variety of perfect hatter of unkent faces. But just as I was in a fine outline and expression, ye wuld have exclaimed kind of swither whether to march forrit to the head of with me, and Burns the poet : the room, or slip quietly doun upon an empty furm near
“ All nature swears the lovely dears, the door, up comes ane of the stewards, and taking my
Her noblest work she classes, 0, loof in baith his, shook me heartily, saying with a very
Her prentice haund, she tried on man,
And then she made the lasses.” kindly laugh, "Oh! but ye're lang o' coming,
It's no for me, ye'll be saying, Mr. Day, an auld Lang, lang, lang o' coming;
man and a married, to be speaking in sic a strain of Oh! but ye're lang o' coming.
young ledies, and all the fligmaleeries of a ball room, Right welcome, Bailie Pirnie.”
so I'll try to contain my feelings and proceed in a And then the Lord Provost and other gentlemen calm course, like a patient historian. gathered round me, and in the twinkling of a bed-post, After the quadrilles we had country dances ; but, so I seeing mysell after all amang kent friends and no frem far as I observed, neither the Haymakers nor the Solfaces, cracked as crouse as if I had been in my ain dier's Joy formed a part of the entertainment, though house, laying doun the law anent domestic obedience, there were a good number of gentlemen connected ower my third tumbler of double nappy.
with the agricultural interests of the country present, A scene of greater splendour, beauty and magnifi- and a fine show of strapping officers from the barracks, cence, saving and excepting, always, the royal doings under the command of that excellent gentleman and at Embro,' I never witnessed in my life. I am sure good soldier Major Robertson, of the gallant 25th. there was full twa hundred gentlemen and leddies, The scarlet coats of the officers, with the great bobs of and every ane seerned bappier than anither. Then gowd on their shouthers, had a fine effeck, and conthere was a perfect sea of waving plumes and sashes, trasted nicely with the silks, and sattins, and muslins and ribbands, and artificial flowers, and sic a variety of the leddies, and the blue and black coats of the genand tasty combination of brilliant colours, I'll be tlemen civilians. Unless ye had seen the sight yoursel', bound to say, I never saw equalled in the best India it is out of the power of language to describe the livelishawl pattern, that ever came thro' my hands, and ness that a sprinkling of red coats gives to a dance. that's no few, as the feck of my friends ken. When Some of the officers danced with their lang swords at I was in a bewilderment of delight, looking at the fine their side, and I was looking every minute for ane or swaulike shapes of the young leddies that were gliding twa couping heelsower head, but they keeped their feet up
and down the room, like sae many beautifu' intelli- unco weel considering all things: nevertheless I shall gences, or speerits from a higher world with e'en be bauld to mak this observe, that it is desperate difglancing like diamonds, and feet sae wee and genty, ficult to gang, let abee dancing, with an iron spit that when they touched the floor the sound of them hinging at ane's side. But, abune a', I thocht I could was nae mair heard than if it had been a feather licht- see the swords sometimes come deg against the tender ing in the water, all at once there burst furth, just shanks of the leddies, and a lick across the shins frae abune my individual head, a particular fine concert of cauld iron is sair to bide. Our yeomanry cavalry nebig fiddles and wee fiddles, horns, trumble-bumbles,* ver dance with their swords on, and the foot soldiers trumpets and what not, which was quite soul stirring to should tak a pattern and example from them therehear. At first, I thocht this might be out of compli- anent, from this time benceforward, and for ever. ment to me, and, not to be unceevil, I graciously The country dances blawn by, then cam waltzes, bowed to the company; but I fund I was mistane, for and the leddies and their partners gade round and it was naething mair than the music striking up for a round about like teetotums, at sic a frichtsum rate, quadrille, and, as I live, wha did I see standing up in a that, really, I lost my presence of mind for a time on set, but baith my childer, son and dochter, as prejink seeing our Miss Jess as forward as the lave, and twirl. and genteel, or I'm far out of my reckoning, as the ing and sooming about like a balloon on fire. She was best born that was there! The pride of a faither's driving doun the room with a tall grenadier officer, and, heart, on sic an occasion, naebody but a paurent, that seeing ber whirling round him and better round him, I likes his offspring weel, can possibly conceive. cried, at the highest pitch of my voice, “ For Gudesake,
Fashions in music and dancing have suffered great Jess, haud fast by sash or shouther, else ye'll for a cerchanges since my young days, Mr. Day. I cannot say tainty flee out at the winnock bole like a witch, and that I understood either the figure of the dance or its break
pan on the hard causey!" There was music; but they were pleesant eneuch. The qua- an unco titter amang the leddies, and my wife sidling up drilles are graceful and dreamy-like motions, but they to me, telt me to hauld my whisht and no to mak' dinna bring the colour to ane's cheek, and gar the a fule o' the lassie, for she was just under the protecheart's blood gush, like a mill dam, frae head till heel, tion of a mercifu' providence like the lave. Be that like the Scotch reel or Strathspey. And then there's as it may, I confess I was glad to see the waltzing at nae clapping of hands, and whirling round, and crying an end, and our Jess again anchored on a furm, pech“heuch, heuch," when the dance warms, and the fidler's ing and blawing, but safe and sound, lith and limb, and arms are fleeing faster than a weaver's shuttle, and as they, themselves, lay down their lugs to the work in About this time some of the principal gentry made dead earnest. Being a gay noticing kind of a body, I up parties for playing at cards, and ithers gade to the may observe that, in general, the leddies had the heels adjacent to weet their thrapples, for the stour kicked of the beaux in the matter of dancing. A good up by the dancers was like to mak’ the maist of us, onwheen of the latter, though they might slide backwards lookers, a wee hue hearse. Some of us had brandy and forwards, and gee awa to this side and that side, toddy, ithers scaudit wine-while anither class conwith a bit trintle and a step weel eneuch, seemed of- tented themsells with sma' stell whisky, made intil
toddy. When I appeared in the adjacent every ane * We suspect the Baillie means Trombones.-Ed, of Day.
was louder than anither in praise of my fine family,
SIR THOMAS MUNRO.
The following graphic picture of the daily babits of Sir Thomas Munro, from the pen of the Rev. G. R. Gleig, just published, cannot fail to be interesting to many of our readers, who, at one time, were acquainted with their gallant and distinguished towns
in his way
and, with faitherly pride, I telled my friends that I spared na expense in giving my bairns a good education, for which I received an approving nod from some gayen influential quarters that shall be nameless.
No having served an apprenticeship either to the tailoring or millinery line, I'll no pretend to give an account of the leddies' dresses, or the gentlemen's costume. In general, I may say, baith were very becoming. Some leddies were tastily, but plainly put on, others were gorgeously bedecked, looking like Indian Empresses, or Princesses of the Blood Royal at least; some had caps and others had naething but their bare heads with a bit simple flower, or sic like chaste ornament stuck among their clustering ringlets. The newspapers give but a faint idea of the Toutin Assembly, but, tak’ my word for it, it was in every respect uncommonpretty and creditable to the tonn, beating, by farand awa ony thing seen in the kingdom since the King's ball at Embro'. Anent the music, I shall say, Kinnikame played his pairt with great birr. In fack, I fand my auld timmers like to dance in despite of mysell, and noos and tans I cracked my thooms like a whip, for a gush of pleesant rememberances conneckit with the scenes of early life, when I mysell figured at "penny reels, bottlings” and “washing o'aprons” came ower my heart with a fullness that even amounted to pain. I wasna then as I am now; but circumstances have nothing altered the naturality of my heart, or gart me feel ashamed of the pourtith of my younger days, or turn up my neb in scorn at the innocent recreations and pastimes, whilk were then within my reach. It would be weel for the hail tot of our prosperous men of the world, did they think and feel like me, on this and many other important subjects.
But I'm spinning out the thread of my discourse, I fear ower sma, and least it should break, I'll just wind up my pirn, and hae done with a remark or sae. And first, I will say, that frae beginning till end, frae the A to the Zed of this uncommon splendid concern, it was every thing that a good and charitable heart desired. Gaiety, elegance, good humour, and unsophisticated taste, went hand in hand throughont the night. Every one seemed anxious to please, and bent upon being pleased. There was nae upsetting, nae unpleasing distinctions keepit up farder than what correck feeling, and a due regard to the conventionalities of good society required. We were in short, Mr. Day, as it were, chicks of ae cleckin, cuddlin close and cozily under the expansive wings of kindliest sympathy and godlike charity.
All human enjoyments have an end, and sae had our assembly. About three o'clock in the mornin', the company began to lift, and the room to get thinner and thinner. In a wee while afterwards, a flunkey cam up to me and my wife, and telt us that our carriage was waiting at the door; whereupon we bundled up our things like douce sober folks, and de our ways doun the stairs, thro' the lobby and intil the chaise; but there being only three insides, Tummas had to take an outside, on the box alang with the driver; but he was weel wrapped up in a camlet cloak, with a red comforter about his neck, besides, his mother insisted that he should row her shawl ower his head, just to keep his teeth frae chitterin', but whether he did sae or not I cannot say.
Hame we got at last without ony mischanter. My wife was quite delighted with the entertainment—she is a real feeling and sensible woman, and when we were in the coach and began talking about our twa bairns, their first appearance in public, she could scarsely speak, for her motherly affection and pride were gratified to the full, but just tenderly squeezing my hand, she said, “ Oh, Peter, this was a nicht !” and I had just time to reply “Deed's I, my doo,” when the coach drew up, and the hail lot of us alighted at our ain bourock. —Your's, till the morn.
Peter PIRNIE. Query, Tout ensemble. - Printer's Devil.
Sir Thomas Munro rose early, generally at dawn, or a few minutes after, and was in the babit of spending the first two or three hours of the day in the open air. When at the capital, or at bis country-seat of Gindy, he rode on borseback for a couple of hours four mornings in the week; the remaining three he gave up to the natives, by walking constantly in the same path, and entering freely into conversation with such as threw themselves
On these occasions he was wholly unattended, except by a couple of peons, or a few of his old revenue servants; and the people, aware of this, as well as of the extreme affability of the Governor, met bim at a particular point in crowds. Το every one he listened with patience, receiving their petitions with his own hands, and promising to examine and reply to them; and in no single instance is be known to have neglected an engagement thus voluntarily contracted. After spending some time thus, he returned home, dressed, and devoted a brief space to reading and writing, when he adjourned to breakfast, which was served up punctually at the hour of eight.
As the interval between sunrise and the ringing of the breakfast-bell was given up to receiving the personal applications of the natives, so was the period of breakfast itself, and about an hour after its conclusion, devoted to a similar intercourse with Europealis. The table was always spread for thirty persons; and such as bad business to transact, or personal applications to make to the Governor, were expected to partake in the meal. By adhering to this arrangement, and steadily refusing to waste so much as a minute in useless chit-chat, Sir Thomas Munro was enabled to withdraw to bis own room usually about half-past nine, where till four o'clock he remained employed in public business and inaccessible, except under very particular circumstances, to all in. truders.
Four was his hour of dinner, except twice a month, when large parties were invited to the Government-house at eight o'clock; yet even these were not permitted to interfere in any respect with the earlier arrangements of the day. At half-past five or six, according to the season of the year, he drove out, for a time, with Lady Munro ; after which he again withdrew to his own room, and applied to business, At eigbt, tea was served, when he joined his family; from the conclusion of this repast till he retired for the night, which occurred about ten or half-past ten, he remained among them.
But even this short period of relaxation was not frittered away in unmeaning or unprofitable idleness.
As soon as the drawing-room was cleared, one of his aides-de-camp, or gentlemen attached to his household, read aloud either the debates in Parliament, in which he took at all times a deep interest, an article in one of the Reviews, one of Sir Walter Scott's novels, or some other late publication. Thus was every moinent of his waking existence spent in endeavours to promote the welfare and happiness of others; and his own happiness, as a necessary consequence, received, though on his part almost unconsciously, a daily, I might have said, with perfect truth, an hourly increase.
Such was the manner in which Sir Thomas Munro spent day after day, as often as he remained stationary in one place : his mode of acting, while prosecuting the journeys, of which notice has been taken, was not dissimilar. The morning's march was always so regulated, as that the party might reach their ground in sufficient time to permit breakfast to be served at eight o'clock, when the routine of conversing with such European functionaries as chanced to be near the spot was continued. Four was still the hour of dinner ; but the period set aside at Fort St. George for carriage-exercise was now given up to hearing the complaints of the natives. Whilst the family sat at table, multitudes of Hindoos and Mussulmans were seen to collect round the door of the tent, anxiously expecting the moment when the Governor would come forth; and when it arrived, the eagerness to address him was such as to occasion at times considerable inconvenience. seldom happened that the charmana, or audience-tent, proved sufficiently capacious to contain the whole of the applicants. Sir Thomas Munro was accordingly in the habit of walking abroad to some open space, where he stood listening to all who desired to address him, till Nature itself appeared sometimes in danger of giving way.
He never retired from these audiences otherwise than jaded and fatigued, as well from the excessive heat of the atmosphere, as from the continued exertion which he found it necessary to make,
From the German.
Aud wait until its sinarting ceases.
Will only tear the heart in pieces.
PREJUDICES.--Our passions and prejudices ever mislead us. There is a French ben trovato on this topic. A curate and his wife bad heard that the moon was inhabited ; a telescope was borrowed, and the lady had the first peep. “ I see," said she, “I see two shades inclining towards each other : they are, beyond doubt, happy lovers.”-“ Poh !” said the curate, looking in his turn; “ these two shades are the two steeples of a cathedral."
LEGAL. Puzzle.- A president of the parliament of Paris asked Langlois, the advocate, why he so often burdened himself with bad causes. My lord,” answered the advocate,
" I have lost so many good ones, that I am puzzled which to take."
Low CUNNING. It is a special trick of low cunning to squeeze out knowledge from a modest man, who is eminent in any science; and then to use it as legally acquired, and pass the source in total silence.
AUTHORS. — Fletcher, in his Locustæ, has an odd live on authors :
The goose lends them a spear, and every rag a shield.
On a sacramental occasion some years ago, in a parish not above fifteen miles west of this western metropolis, a neighbouring clergyınan, more famous for his gentlemanly deportment and agreeable conversation, than the extent of his stock of sermons, being called to assist at the solemnity, again ventured to preach an old and favourite lecture on the “parable of the ten virgins." The minister of the parish, noted for the keenness of his satire, and, with a view of binting to his friend the impropriety of so often preaching to his people this favourite production, on their return to the manse, thus addressed his friend—“ Weel, John, my man, that was a good lecture ye gie'd us the day, but they virgins o' yours are growing ower auld noo- --they're getting auld maids man -ye maun really gi'e them up.”
A worthy friend of ours the other day, alluding to the advancement of education and the rapid strides of the “march of intellect,” related to us the following instance in proof of the remark:'A Paisley cork, who bad been induced, by the “soft persuasive tongue" of one of our “ Glasgow drummers,” to venture on a small consignment to his constituent's establishment in South America, was relating to his crony that he had just had advices of the arrival of his goods, but that, on account of the dulness of the market, his friends wrote him they were obliged to keep the goods in a place they ca'd statu quo. Do ye ken whare 'tat is—for I canna see't on a map."
Like him who careless dreams away
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Among the many odd epistles we received on Saturday last, we had the following from Nicol Jarvie, Quartus :
Like uncle Nick, o' the Sautmarket,
Ye ilk “ Day” croaker ;
The red-het poker !
Nicol JarVIE, QUARTUS,
Cousin-german to Bailie Pirnie o' Paisley. P.S.—This hank, if no spun to your grist,
May sell to the tobacconist.
A THIRD volume of Sir Jonah Barrington's “ Personal Sketches of his Own Times" has just been completed by the author.
MR. LEITCH RITCHIE and Mr. Roscoe have in preparation a book to be entitled “Legends and Traditions of the Castles of England.” It is to be published by subscription, in twelve monthly parts, with engravings. It is proposed to comprise, not only a genuine narrative of the fortunes of the English Castles, but, in a more particular manner, the events of what may be termed their private history, founded upon legends and traditions.
Charles Coleman, Esq. has in the press, “ The Mythology of the Hindoos, with notices of various Mountain and Island Tribes who inbabit the two Peninsulas of India and the neighbouring Indies."
« The Dancing Bear, a Tale for the first dull Day," will probably have a place this week, as the weather looks prophetic of a storm.
Somniator's dreamy story, though well written, we fear will not suit us. We shall keep it, however, in retentis, in case we may change our mind. • Hours of Leisure” will probably appear on Saturday.
In order to insure this Publication being on the Breakfast Table every morning, it is requested that intending Subscribers will leave their names and addresses at the Publisher's.
Why is Liston like a portionless beauty ?— Because “ his face is his fortune."
The First Step.— Il n'y a que le premier pas qui coute : “ The first step is the only difficulty.” This proverb was oddly applied by a lady, who, hearing a canon in the company say that St. Piat, after his bead was cut off, walked two entire leagues with it in his band. “ Yes, Madam, two entire leagues”—“ I firmly believe it,” answered the lady; "on such an occasion the first step is the only difficulty.”
FEMALE QUARRELS. — The spretæ injuria formæ is the greatest with a woman. A man of rank, hearing that two of bis female relations bad quarrelled, asked, “ Did they call each other ugly ?" _" No.”—“Well, well; I shall soon reconcile them.”
ELEGAKT COMPLIMENT.-A French officer being just arrived at the court of Vienna, and the empress hearing that he had the day before been in company with a great lady, asked him if it were true that she was the most handsome princess of her time? The officer answered, with great gallantry, Madam, I though so yesterday.”
Beautiful PROVERB.—Proverbs not only present “le bon gros sens qui court les rues," but sometimes are expressed in elegant metaphor. I was struck with an oriental one of this sort, which I met with in some book of travels : “ With time and patience the leat of the mulberry-tree becomes satin."— Walpole.
IGNORANT NAIVETE.— An old officer had lost an eye in the wars, and supplied it with a glass one, which he always took out when he went to bed. Being at an inn he took out his eye, and gave it to the simple wench who attended, desiring her to lay it on the table. The maid afterwards still waiting and staring,“ What dost wait for ?" said the officer. “ Only for the other eye, Sir."
WHEELER INSECT.— The wheeler insect is a curious microscopical object. Take a little dust of rotten timber, and a drop of water; by and by the insect appears, two horns arise on its head, and then a wheel, the velocity of which is surprising. It sails among the dust, as if amidst islands. The wheel seems intended by function to draw in numbers of smaller insects, its
A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
GLASGOW, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1832.
which we are now threatened, the case is widely dif
ferent. The symptoms which, in other diseases are ex. INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE OPERATIVE CLASSES. tended over several days or even weeks, are here conOn a late occasion we presented our readers with some fined to a period of as many hours, and the treatment, plain and practical rules for the prevention of Cholera, to have any chance of succeeding, must of necessity be and for the proper treatment of an attack of the ma- condensed in a similar proportion. In short, during lady, until medical advice could be procured. These the first twelve hours of a serious attack of Cholera, instructions, however, were principally intended for the unremitting and laborious exertions of a fully persons of the upper or middle ranks of society, who qualified medical person, as well as of several well can always command such instant and long-continued instructed assistants, is absolutely indispensible for medical attendance as cannot possibly be enjoyed by giving the patient that chance of surviving the disease, individuals of the operative classes. Many of the pre- which the inedical art is capable of affording. It must cautions, too, which were then advised, cannot be with- be evident therefore to every reasonable person that, in the reach of all persons of the latter description; should the Cholera make its attack upon ns as suddenly nor even if they were attainable, would they be as well and as extensively as it has done upon
other communiadapted to their constitutions, and to their habits of life, ties, all the medical persons that our city possesses, as they are to those of the individuals for whom they would be insufficient to afford the requisite attendance, were expressly written. It becomes necessary, there- to one half of those who would require their aid, unless fore, to re-inodel the instructions, and to adapt them arrangements were made for collecting the diseased, to the peculiar necessities of the working classes. They, so that one medical attendant might suffice for directit is obvious, from all past experience, will be the ing the treatinent of many. In a word, the institution principal sufferers when the disease shall appear of Cholera hospitals is the only possible contrivance, amongst us, and every individual among them who by which the actual supply of medical attendance can does not now,
while his mind and his body are yet be rendered adequate to the probable demand. Were unharmed, calmly and decidedly make his determina- it even possible to obtain a medical attendant for each tion as to the course which he will pursue, should the individual case, the dwelling of an operative could not malady unfortunately attack himself, or any of the afford the numberless applications and conveniences members of his family, neglects an important duty which are requisite, nor could the assistance of relawhich he owes to himself, and to those whom Provi- tives, or of neighbours, (even if it could be procured) dence has placed under his care, as well as to the com- prove as efficient as the practised exertions of wellmunity of which he forms a part. Let each one, then, trained hospital assistants. We rely therefore with we most earnestly entreat, inform himself on this im- confidence on the usual intelligence of our operatives, portant subject_let him come to a deliberate decision, who, we doubt not, will at once perceive the propriety and let him make known the result to those around of removing to the nearest hospital, without a moment's him, that, when the moment of danger shall arrive, delay, such of their friends or relations as may be not an instant may be lost in taking the necessary seized with Cholera. On the promptitude with which steps. Some will, perhaps, flatter themselves that this measure is adopted, depends the safety not only they may be among the number of those whom the of the diseased person himself, but likewise of the pestilence will spare. This, there is no doubt, may other members of his family, as well as of the compossibly be true, nay, it is probably, true; because, munity at large. in most places hitherto affected, those who have been seized with the malady have borne but a minute pro
PREVENTION. portion to the whole population. Yet, were every While the Cholera prevails, all persons should one to act on such reasoning, no preparation whatever observe the strictest moderation both in eating and would be made, and many would necessarily fall vic- drinking. They should carefully avoid fruits of all tims to their ignorance of the proper measures to adopt, kinds, such as apples, oranges, &c. raw or half-boiled and to their unwillingness to submit to the restraints
vegetables, such half-decayed fish as, being unsaleable and privations which are absolutely necessary for ob- in the market, are frequently hawked amongst operataining the means of relief.
tives, and, in general, every article of diet which is
known from experience to loosen the bowels. Every No one requires now to be told that Cholera is an in- person who can afford it, should bave for dinner, finitely more fatal disease than any which the present some fresh butcher meat, or some good soup made generation has yet witnessed; but, we fear, it is not so without green vegetables, together with good wheaten generally known, that it differs from other maladies, as bread or well-boiled potatoes, and the beneficial effect much in respect to the treatment which it requires, as of this diet will be further increased, by the daily in regard to the fatality which attends it. When a addition of one single glass of whisky made into toddy. person is affected with fever, with dysentery, or with No one who values his life, should, on any account iuflammation of any importaot organ, he may, provided whatever, exceed this quantity of spirits, and even this he can command a comfortable bed-room, and the rea quantity should not be taken till mixed with hot water; quissite articles of diet, and medicine, be treated in al- for nothing is more clearly proved, by all the past most any situation, with a reasonable prospect of suce history of Cholera, than the important fact, that druncess. The medical attendant, by examining the symp- kards are of all others the most liable to its ravages. In toms, once or twice daily, can give such instructions fact in every place where the disease has yet appeared, as will, in the hands of persons of ordinary intelligence it has in the first instances singled out those who were lead to a favourable result. But, in the malady with addicted to the abuse of spirituous liquours, as its vic