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EAST COUNTRY REMINISCENCES.

over religious, your honour ; they pye-house she-creturs always thinks themsels so much better nor we men :-don't understand our language and ways, your honour : they wants us not only to belove, but to tremble—bother !”—Eugene Aram.

ODDS AND ENDS.

The Edinburgh Advertiser of January 6, 1764, bas the following advertisement :-“ Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell, at their house, Covepant Close, Edinburgh, continue their boarding-school for ladies, at the usual price of six pounds per quarter. They are taught the following branches of education, without any additional charge to their parents, viz. :

“ All coloured work ; white seam; Dresden and lace work ; embroidery in gold, silver, silk, or bugles; washing of lawns, gauzes, and blow laces ; making of shell and filigram work ; French, Italian, and enamelled gum-flowers; Indian and French japanning, and mezzetinto on various kinds of glass ; making of caps, pongs, necklaces, and ear-rings ; painting on gauze, in colours, and in imitation of Dresden work; cutting in paper, in landscape and fancy ; pickling and preserving, &c.

“ They are, also, taught the French and English languages, geography, writing, arithmetic, book-keeping, and the method of letterwriting practised weekly. Their linens, lawns, laces, and gauzes, are wasbed in the house, gratis, and they are taught to make up all their own things in the millinery way. The above articles are, also, taught to day-scholars on reasonable terms.

“N. B.- Mr. Mitchell continues to teach ladies and gentlemen at their houses, and at home, at private and public hours, as formerly,"

In a shop window in Anderston Walk, may be seen the following inviting notice :- All kinds of Women Stays here.

In what state is a coat like a person recovering of a fever. When it has got the turn.

Why is a bell that wont ring like a town in Ireland. Because it is Belfast.

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.

" On the Benefits which arise from Amiction" was too late for this number, but will appear on Saturday, if possible.

Another chapter, from “ Baillie Pirnie's Memoirs,” will appear in a few days.

Elegy on Major" under consideration. If the Lady who sent us four short poetical pieces will tell us which of them is her own, that one will, probably, be inserted.

Advertisements.

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UPERB LONDON HATS from the following celebrated

Makers. -ISAAC FORTH, lately appointed Hatter to Her Majesty, BICKNELL & MOORE, BOWLER & SON, WILSON, EVELEGH, &c. &c.—To be had of R. NIXON, 98, ARGYLL STREET, Corner of the ARCADE, who bas just received a supply of the NEATEST and NEWEST SHAPES.

ON THE IMPORTANCE OF A MORAL AND

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION.

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Chief Justice Alderson, in his address to the grand jury, at the Lancaster Assizes, held lately, gave vent to the following truly excellent remarks :-“Gentlemen, I approach, with great anxiety, and with great sorrow, the consideration of the Calendar of these Assizes ; with great sorrow, because, I perceive, in it, a vast variety, and a very great number of offences of the blackest enormi. ty,—with great anxiety, because, I feel the importance of the duties which will devolve upon me, as well as upon you. I approach it with sorrow, besides, to perceive a great inattention to life, prevailing in this county of Lancaster, arising from the seri. ous number of those cases, in which, the parties accused, have sbed the blood of their fellow christians; offences, wbicb, seem to me, to be so prevalent, that, though I have had some experience upon this Circuit, in former years, I do not ever remember to have seen so many instances.

“ What can be the cause of all this, it is difficult to conceive, unless it is that mischievous sort of education, which consists only in learning to read and write, without giving, also, that better instruction, which is calculated to lead to peace and godliness. Nothing can be more fallacious, than to suppose that this is education. Education, the best gift that one man can give to another, must, to constitute it worthy of the name, consist in the training up of men, to the knowledge and practice of their relative duties in society. It may, properly, begin with reading and writing, as the means by which other instruction is to be communicated, but, to stop there, is to give them of the fruit of the tree of knowledge, without adding to it the tree of life without teaching them, also, their duties, as fathers, as husbands, as men, and as christiansis to leave society in a state of twilight, which can only lead, as it originally led, to the introduction of sin and woe. Gentlemen, I bope and trust, that you, in your several stations, will remember, that you do but little to serve your poorer neighbours, if you do not add the instruction of these duties, to that instruction of reading and writing.”

THE late JOHN ABERNETHY, SURGEON.—The cele

brated PILL and DRAUGHTS, as prescribed by the above eminent Practitioner, may be bad of Mr. G. PENFOLD, Glasgow Medical Hall, 50, Argyll Street, Glasgow ; and of Messrs. Pugu and Plews, Chemists, 33, Prince's Street, and 35, Northumberland Street, Edinburgh.

These Medicines (prepared with great care from prescriptions in the hand writing of the late J. Abernethy,) correct disorder or inaction of the digestive organs.

A disordered state of the digestive organs causes most diseases to which mankind are liable, as a preventive for which, the use of these Medicines, when the bowels require it, attention to diet, and warm clothing, are earnestly recommended.

A Treatise, embracing the opinion of the late J. Abernethy, upon disorders of the digestive organs, containing also rules for diet, is enclosed in each package.

Ask for Babington's true Abernethian Pill and Draughts. N. B.-The label signed, “ Walter Babington.”

A WOMAN TO MARRY.

S The very extensive and increasing circulation of " The Dar"

has suggested the measure of offering it as a medium for Advertising. We beg leave, therefore, most respectfully to inform the public that the columns of this Morning Journal receive advertisements at the same rates as the Glasgow newspapers.

Glasgow, 19th March, 1832,

First place, says Corporal Bunting, Sir-woman I'd marry, must not mop when alone !-must be able to 'muse herself; must be easily 'mused. That's a great sign, Sir, of an innocent miud, to be tickled with straws. Besides, employments keeps 'em out of harm's way. Second place, should obsarve, if she was very fond of places, your bonour—sorry to move—that's a sure sign she won't tire easily; but that if she like you now from fancy, she'll like you by and by from custom. Thirdly, your honour, she should not be avarse to dress—a leaning that way shows she has a desire to please : people who don't care about pleasing, al. ways sullen. Fourthly, she must bear to be crossed—I'd be quite sure that she might be contradicted, without mumping or storming ;-'cause then, you knows, your honour, if she wanted any thing expensive need not give it—augh! Fifthly, must not be

PUBLISHED, every Morning, Sunday excepted, by John FINLAY, at

No. 9, Miller Street ; and Sold by John Wylie, 97, Argyle Street; David Robertson, and W. R. M.Puun, Glasgoto; Thomas STEVENSON, and the other Booksellers, Edinburgh : DAvid Dick, and A. Gardner, Booksellers, Paisley: A. LAING, Greenock; and J. Glass, Bookseller, Rothsay.

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THE DAY,

A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.

CARPE DIEM.

GLASGOW, FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 1832.

A WORD OF APOLOGY FOR THE GLASGOW

Many causes contribute in checking the taste of the DRAMA.

Glasgow public for dramatic entertainment. They are As nothing can give us greater pleasure than to vin

a religious people, and are still, more or less, affected dicate the claims of the theatre upon the attention of a

by the prejudices of the dark ages. They will not refined public, we cheerfully give a place in our columns

approach the theatre lest they be contaminated; or to thesubjoined letter, which we have received from a

in having been once led to see a drama, their feelings correspondent. The view which the writer takes of the

have been wounded, but, in one particular, you will causes which have impeded the success of the Glasgow

hear them declaring, as they retire, “It is just as we stage, differs from wbat has been expressed upon the

said—we shall never go again.” They are also a calsame subject in some articles in our paper, especially culating people, and grudge the expense of a night at from one contained under the date of January 9th.

the theatre. But the principal objection, and to which We then ventured to state, that the theatre had been

all others are but as dust in the balance, is the melanencouraged in Glasgow while it deserved to be so, choly one, that they want the true dramatic taste. They and that, if the Managers would continue to do their

may be fond enough of display, and perfectly capable of duty to the public, they would find their advantage in

being drawn out to any novelty that comes sufficiently it. 'How far we were right in saying so may be judg

recommended-such as a wonderful singer, or violinist, ed of by those who remember the condition of the

an equestrian, or performing elephant-but have little Glasgow theatre, at the end of the last century, the

capacity of receiving pleasure from the works of fancy. period from which we chiefly drew our conclusions.

To the majority of our citizens the written drama is a The remarks which follow apply to later times, but

dead letter. Shakespeare is seldom in their hands, if certainly make out a very strong case for the indivi.

even in their libraries, and, therefore, the acting of duals who have had the management of our theatrical

Hamlet or Othello offers no attraction. Their

pracamusements. The difficulties which a manager has to

tice is, to turn out on a given night and enjoy a laugh, struggle with in Glasgow are, certainly, very great,

if the performance happens to be farcical ; or, if otherand are perhaps too seldom taken into account in es

wise, to sit and gaze at each other, see and be seen. timating his exertions. But, though this be true, it

This is the true cause of the drama's depreciation in leads to the unavoidable inference, that his arrange

Glasgow-the public want the refinement to enjoy it. ments must be made in the first style, in order to meet

In certain towns of England, which we could name, with public patronage. If the present patentee would there is scarcely a family, some of whose members adopt this advice, which we give from a sincere desire

are not theatrical, and critically so. They can go back, to befriend him--we cannot ensure him success

with ease, to the days of former managements, can conbut we promise to do all in our power to procure it

trast the comparative merits of the respective compafor him. Or, if he is unwilling to trust entirely to the

nies, can single out, with a nice discrimination, the strength of our recommendation, he may make his

beauties of each performance, and are so far liberalspeculation safe, by engaging the public to support it

ized, as not only to enjoy the play, but even to conrt before-hand. There are many liberal men in this and cultivate the society of the players. This is what

we call dramatic taste. city, who would subscribe considerable sums, either in

It manifests itself in an inreturn for season tickets, or some such way, in order

quiry after the doings of the profession—in a laudable to enjoy the privilege of seeing really good perform

concern for the prosperity of the management—in a ances in the theatre. Mr. Alexander has already friendly attention to benefits, and in a frequent at

tendance at the house when not otherwise engaged. done much ; but we sincerely think that, if he were to

We know of one theatre in England, and a provincial adopt some measure to this effect, he would find that his previous exertions, whether or not they have been

one too, where, in one season, not fewer than a hunalready rewarded, would then lead to new or increas

dred and twenty season tickets were disposed of. We ed prosperity.

have yet to learn that, during the last twelve

years, We view the acted Drama as an innocent, rational, our Managers have contrived to dispose of half that and intellectual amusement-calculated to improve the

number. manners, taste and morals of such individuals as can It has been always so in Glasgow. We happen to appreciate its beauties. To us, every new dramatic know a little of its theatrical history forthe last 20 years, representation is like the reading of a new tale or and never recollect of the theatre being different from poem, or the first glance at some beautiful production what it is still. A lounge for certain fellows, who used of the artist. It recals the mind from grosser pursuits to drop in, whatever might be the nature of the and inspires it with a nicer conception both of moral performance—an occasional resort for the family circle and intellectual beauty.

when disposed to be happy for a night—and the faThe Glasgow public are, certainly, not so partial to vourite amusement of a few, who loved the drama dramatic entertainment, as from the existence of cer- for its own sake. On a night of extraordinary attractain features in their character, we would be prepared tion, no doubt-say a Manager's benefit—the visit of to expect. They have long been a thriving commu- a London performer-or the patronised bespeak of nity, and are not, entirely, destitute of taste in other My Lord Lyndoch, or His Grace the Duke of Montparticulars. They can also number among themselves rose, when the fashionable world seemed to be taken men of considerable literary talent; and, being a read- by storm, and the lounger, the family circle, and the ing population, ought, by this time, to have contracted critic, all pressed into the breach—why, then, as yet, a stronger predilection for theatrical pleasures, con

there was

a tremendous adomextra boxes, raised nected as these intiinately are with the pleasures of prices, and returned money ; and those individuals literature.

who recollect the theatre only on such occasions, and who want the penetration or the candour to consider celebrated elocutionist, as Othello, to not more than the whole circumstances of the case, and contrast them ten or twelve persons in the gallery, and five in the with the similar cases of the present day, may cry out pit, of which five, we, ourselves, were one.

We reas they please about the good old times, and lament member of Miss O'Neil playing Mrs. Beverly, to the the supposed inferiority of present companies and pre- Gamester of Mr. Putnam, the Edinburgh elocutionist, sent managements. It is all a dream, with which the the performances being for the benefit of the latter; question of our dramatic taste has no more connection, when Putnam, poor fellow, after paying the expenses than has the controversy about the course of the Niger, of the house, and Miss O'Neil, the stipulated sum of or the state of literature in Japan.

fifty pounds for her performance (shame upon her for It remains to be proved, that the true dramatic exacting it,) was found to be nearly fifty pounds out of taste, wbich is traceable, in our opinion, to the mens pocket, there having been not quite thirty pounds in divinior of poetry, and, coeval with it, depends at all the bouse. Yet, this was experienced in Queen Street, upon the aggregate talent of any company of players, not many nights prior, or posterior to the idiotic apor upon the discretion, taste, or enterprise of any

in- pearance of Cochrane, the Moon-Struck Author, dividual management. Our conviction is, that it does on which occasion, the large house was crowded to not that the company rather arises out of the dra- suffocation, to witness a performance which, in point of matic taste. Give us a public, possessing the capacity real merit, fell infinitely beneath the common exbibi. of deriving pleasure from this species of amusement, tion of Punch's Opera. Call ye this a specimen of and disposed to cherish it, and, we venture to affirm, dramatic taste, in the olden time? Verily, then, it has you will find the company to be of your own choosing. declined

among us.

From all such displays of its reThe character of the performances will rise in propor- vival, may the presiding genius of the stage deliver as ! tion to your capacity of enjoying them. Once show But, further, and, to come nearer the present time, a manager that you are disposed to support him, in the we recollect being in the house, Queen Street, on the costs of his speculation, and, we lay our life, he will evening of December 11, 1827, (such is the memoranreadily come forward and meet the public demand. dum, in our theatrical note-book,) when Colman's We know this to have been the feeling of all our comedy of “ John Bull” was performed, under the managers, for the last twenty years, but the public patronage of our worthy chief Magistrate of that have never so expressed themselves. We owe it to period, it being the “first fashionable night” of the the few of the right calibre, who love the drama, that season, when—will our readers believe it?--we countwe bave a theatre open in our city. These, no doubt, ed, in the boxes, at the end of the third act, the Lord would be proud to enjoy, and could well appreciate, Provost, himself, his lady, and sister, with the worthy the very highest talent in the kingdom; but, do they Editor of a present newspaper, and another male ask or expect that such talent should be provided for friend, whom the kind functionary had, no doubt, their especial accommodation ? Certainly not. The pressed into the service, in order to keep him in coundeclaimer against talentless companies, and injudicious tenance. Yet, the theatrical company was good at or parsimonious managers, should go to the house-keep- that time—superior to what it had been for sometime ing citizen and bachelor, and say, “ to you we owe it, before, and equal to any since. The play was well that we are not supplied with better acting. Your more cast, and most respectably performed, but was met by frequent appearance in the house would obtain this for

no proper return, on the part of the audience. The us; and, if you would be useful in your day, and beauties were entirely overlooked. remembered after death, as the director of public taste, We recollect of Kean, when in the zenith of his and the reclaimer of our youth from habits of vice and popularity, playing Lear to about twenty in the pit, dissipation, you will do this. Your own mind would and, on a later occasion, when announced as appearing thus become enlarged, your knowledge of human for the last time, before leaving for America, and to nature would extend, on every successive visit, and address the audience after the play, performing his the refinement, as well as the intelligence of the gentle- original part of Brutus to two in the boxes, both of man would settle upon your history, and exhibit you whom were turned out of the house for hissing Kean, to the men of other generations, as one that had not and about fifty in the pit; yet, this was another spelived altogether in vain.'

cimen of dramatic taste in past years. They look at It is all very well to eulogize, in general terms, the this question through a confused medium, who impute managements of Rock, Jackson, and Montgomery. the want of a good company in Glasgow to any other Let those who do so, give us the particulars of those cause than the want of demand on the part of the pubmanagements—the receipts and disbursements, the lic themselves. Nor was Glasgow alone in this: Edinprofit and loss that attended them. Let us have not burgh, Liverpool, Dublin, nay, London itself, where in bare conjecture, but in reality, the particulars in the greatest talent in the kingdom is to be seen, lawhich they differed from the present. This will show bour under the same depreciation. A vitiated taste that the individuals to whom we allude, know what has settled upon our communities, and turned them they affirm. What are Rock and Jackson to us, or we away from the patronage of dramatic representation, to Rock ? No more than Hamlet's Hecuba. Let them properly so called, to the praise of horsemanship and come to later times, of wbich, all can speak. Not to spectacle. These may be seen away

from the theatre : show that the taste for the acted drama has neither

therefore, it is necessarily deserted. advanced nor retrograded much in Glasgow, during the period that we have known it, we will mention a

LITERARY CRITICISM. few facts-and facts are said to be stubborn things.

We recollect of Macready's company, and it was a Memoirs OF GREAT COMMANDERS, by G. P. James, Esq. Author highly talented one, including, besides the present

of Darnley, 3 Vols. London, 1832. William Macready, of Drury Lane, the clever Mr. C. MR. James may be an able Novelist, but we are far Betterton, Macready, senior, Mr. Grant, Mr. and Mrs. from thinking that he is a good Biographer. The man Macnamara, the Laceys, little Lancaster, Signor Mon

who, in fact, like the Author of Darnley, is possessed of tignani, Mrs. Garrick, &c., playing, in 1813 and 14, to a brilliant and inventive imagination, and has been in the pitiful houses, insomuch that, on one occasion, the per- custom of colouring fact with fiction, is seldom found formances never commenced, there being only three in well calculated for giving the light gossip and playful the house at a quarter past seven.

We recollect of anecdote which constitute the charm of a good memoir. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kemble, Mrs. St. Leger, and It is one thing to place, before the world, the picture of Mr. H. Johnston, performing, many years ago, with a a romantic drama, where all the personages are the most respectable company, to most indifferent houses. beings of imagination, and another, to be able to introWe recollect of Mr. H. Johnston's company perform- duce a reader into the private history and habits of a ing, with the attraction of the late Mr. Hamilton, the real personage, who has already obtained a species of

There are,

historical notoriety. Mr. James, certainly, can do the one, but, the present work, we fear, proclaims that he is not fitted to accomplish the other. He has attempted a style of writing, with which, in fact, his mind does not seem to accord, and has produced as decided a literary failure in christening the work before us, Memoirs," as Sir Walter Scott did in naming his Collectanea of Gazettes, Napoleon Anecdotes, &c. “ A History of Napoleon Bounaparte.” When we write this, however, let it not be

supposed that we are altogether blind to many beauties which are to be found in the volumes before us. now and then, some most graphic delineations, to be met with, of the more interesting scenes of his heroes' lives, and many lively descriptions of brilliant deeds, which well repay the reader, for the total want of all those familiar fascinations, and those deshabille charms which might be thrown around the private moments of a great character, and which, assuredly, constitute the perfection of a well-written memoir.

In Mr. James' selection of great commanders, we find the names of Henry V. of England, John Plantegenet, Duke of Bedford, Gonzalves, the Duke of Alva, Oliver Cromwell, General Monk, Marshal Turrenne, Condé, Duke of Marlborough, Prince Eugene, Earl of Peterborough, Marquis of Grandby and General Wolfe. Of these, we are most in love with the memoirs of Prince Gonzalves of Cordova and the Duke of Marlborough. In collecting materials for the life of the former, the author must have had much trouble, while the narrative is written in a high and with a con amore spirit, that does much to redeem the poor and uninteresti ng details which make up the great portion of the other narratives. In the latter memoir, that of John Churchbill, there are greater opportunities offered Mr. James for indulging in the more striking bent of his mind, we mean the description of the actions of men, not the personal feelings and peculiarities of those who were merely instrumental in bringing about these celebrated actions. As a proof of Mr. James' power in detailing one of the most brilliant feats of English prowess, we shall extract his picture of the

BATTLE OF BLENHEIM. “ Marlborough and Eugene at once saw the necessity of risk. ing a battle immediately; and, granting one day's halt to refresh the troops after their long and rapid march, on the 13th of August the allied armies advanced to the battle of Blenheim.

“ Prince Eugene commanded the right wing of the allies, and the Duke of Marlborough the left. On the enemy's right was Marshal Tallard, opposed to Marlborough ; in the centre appear. ed the troops of Monsieur de Marsin ; and on the left was placed the Elector of Bavaria in face of Prince Eugene. Nothing could bave been more advantageous to the French than the nature of the ground, had they occupied it well; but in the outset they fell into several gross errors, wbich, together with others committed in the course of the battle, neutralized the favourable nature of their circumstances, and gave the laurel to their adversaries. Drawn upat a considerable distance from the rivulet, whose steep banks and marshy sides might have been defended with success, they gave full space for the English and Germans to pass and form. Ten thousand men also were shut up in the village of Blenheim, which might have been defended by a quarter of the number, and the centre was weakened by detachments sent to various hamlets, which could not be defended, and were not likely to be attacked.

“ Towards two o'clock in the morning the allied armies began their march, and between five and six were in presence of the enemy, who for some time lay encamped without giving any sign of apprehension. All was calm and still ; and though for more than an hour Marlborough halted near the village of Sweenenghen, while troop after troop, battalion after battalion, marched up and took their position on that immortal plain, yet his devoted adversaries by no movement gave notice that they saw the human cloud which was about to pour the storm of battle on their heads. At length the sound of a solitary cannon announced that they were awakened to the approaching contest. The soldiers were seen rushing from their tents, and forming before the camp; while officers and aides-de-camp hurried to and fro in all the bustle of preparation and command.

A good deal of confusion seems to have occurred in the French arrangements, and by their own accounts of the battle it appears that Marshal Tallard was called to inspect the disposition on the extreme left, at the very moment the English were advancing to attack the right, where he commanded. tions of the allies commenced by the march of a detachment under

Lord Cutts to dislodge a small body of French from two watermills on the hither side of the rivulet. This was soon effected, and the enemy, after setting fire to the buildings, retired to the rest in Blenheim. In the meantime, Prince Eugene, on the right of the allies, advanced along the woody height which bounds the plain to the east, while Marlborough marched forward in line to pass the rivulet. A difficulty here presented itself in the marshy nature of the ground, but bridges were soon constructed, and Lord Cutts, baving passed with bis detachment, kept the troops in Blenheim in check, while the rest of the army advanced and formed on the other bank. This operation was effected without any farther opposition on the part of the enemy than a heavy cannonade, though it is said that Marshal Tallard had left orders to charge the enemy in their passage, which, during bis absence, were either forgotten or disobeyed. As soon as a sufficient force had crossed the brook and morass, Marlborough attacked the village of Blenheim, which, however, was so strongly fortified, and so fully garrisoned, that the allies were driven back with great loss. Nearly at the same time the French cavalry made a splendid charge against a large body of the allied horse, who were galled also by a close fire from Blenheim : and thus a considerable part of the left wing was put into confusion, and more than one regiment was driven back beyond the rivulet. At this moment nothing promised the splendid success which crowned the day. On the right Prince Eugene was scarcely yet engaged, from the difficult nature of the ground he had to pass ; and in the centre, where Marlborough commanded in person, a body of infantry which first passed the rivulet under the Prince of Holstein, was charged, broken, and almost cut to pieces by the enemy's cavalry, while the Prince himself was taken prisoner with several severe wounds, of which he afterwards died. A second body of infantry, supported by some squadrons of horse, met with hardly a better fate, and it was only when Marlborough himself brought up the reserve that the ground was permanently gained, and the enemy forced to retire. The confusion the Duke observed on his left now induced him to gallop to that part of the field; but before his arrival, General Bula, commanding a large body of cavalry, had in turn charged the victorious horse of the enemy, and bad driven them in brokeu disarray almost into Blenheim. Under favour of this success, the regiments which had been driven across the ri. yulet, re-passed and formed. The enemy were again charged and driven completely over the hill. By this time Marlborough had abandoned all thoughts of forcing the village of Blenbeim; but, far from abandoning the appearance of attempting it, he kept the infantry who maintained that position in continual employment, by throwing forward platoon after platoon, by wbich means he completely deceived Marshall Tallard. The French foot were suffered to remain in Blenheim, while the horse of their left were driven back by repeated charges, the only infantry brought to support them cut to pieces, and the day irretrievably lost. When too late Tallard determined to withdraw the troops from Blenheim; and, with the cavalry, which he had rallied behind the ori. ginal camp, to take up a new position, and to try to recover the advantage. To cover this maneuvre he sent an aide-de-camp to Marsbal de Marsin, to beg him to extend his line to the right of the village of Oberklau, and to occupy the English on that side, while he drew off the forces from Blenheim. De Marsin either could not or would not comply, alleging that his troops bad quite sufficient employment in making head against the British centre. In the mean wbile, Marshall Tallard, in striving to maintain his communication with Blenheim, had exposed the right flank of his newly rallied cavalry, and a vigorous charge on the part of the allies decided the fate of that part of the French army. Broken, dispirted, and disheartened, the enemy's horse fled in every direction, some towards the town of Hochstadt, and some towards a bridge over the Danube. Many who could not reach that point were drowned in endeavouring to swim across the river ; many were cut down in their flight, and many surrendered. Amongst the latter was Marshall Tallard ; and a number of officers of rank followed his example. The body of cavalry which had taken the road towards Hochstadt, rallied before reaching that place, and would probably bave returned to the charge had not several of the allied regiments come up, when, seeing that the day was lost, it turned again and made good its retreat.

“ Every part of the right wing of the French army, except the detached infantry at Blenheim, was now annibilated ; and Marlborough instantly checked the pursuit, and prepared to act with his whole cavalry upon the flank of the enemy's centre, under Monsieur de Marsin. But by this time that officer was in full retreat; and, on the right, after a severe struggle, in which the German infantry had supported the whole weight of the strife, the Elector of Bavaria was defeated by Prince Eugene, and forced to abandon bis position. His retreat, however, was not a flight; and, joining Marshal de Marsin beyond an extensive morass in the neighbourhood of Hochstadt, he took up a position in which he could safely remain a sufficient length of time to give his troops some repose.

The triumph of the allies was nevertheless complete. The troops in the village of Blenheim surrendered and were disarmed. Thirteen thousand prisoners, and nearly twenty thousand slain enemies, attested the difficulty of the struggle and the magnitude of the success, while the field of battle, the true gage of victory, remained entirely in the hands of Marlborough and Eugene."

The opera

WEST-COUNTRY REMINISCENCES.

the rattling of carriages at a considerable distance. The sandy plain is swiftly ploughed up, and the dust it occasions, obscures the horizon. Each female lays about a hundred eggs, after which operation, she covers the furrow with dry sand; and, as soon as the sun is risen, the whole swarm hie back to the covert of the stream.

He

MISCELLANEA.

MISFORTUNE IS NOT ALWAYS Misery.—I have known this truth. Thanks be to that Power whose decrees I reverence. He often tempered the anguish of our sufferings, till there was a sort of luxury in feeling them. Then is the triumph of wedded love! The tie that binds the happy may be dear ; but that which links the unfortunate is tenderness unutterable.-M.Kenzie.

Danger of IMITATION.-Ebn Saad, one of Mahomet's amaouensis, when writing what the prophet dictated, cried out by way of admiration “ Blessed be God, the best Creator !” Mahomet approved of the expression, and desired him to write those words down also as part of the inspired passage. The consequence was, that Ebn Saad began to thing himself as great a prophet as his master, and took upon himself to imitate the Koran according to his fancy; but the imitator got himself into trouble, and only escaped with life, by falling on his knees, and solemnly swearing he would never again imitate the Koran, for which he was sensible God had never created him.

NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.

The late Rev. Dr. of Ayr, whom Burns bas most appropriately characterised as “ the mild,” was a man of the utmost singleness of heart and simplicity of manners. was exceedingly fond of music, and he bad a relation, residing in Ayr, who was also fond of it, but who could do, what the worthy Dr. could not-play admirably on the flute. This relation had been long in India, and bad, it would appear, in a great measure forgot the custom of his native country, for he was in the habit of using his flute on Sabbath, as much, or rather more, than he did on any other day of the week. His residence was in the immediate neighbourhood of the church, and the congregation were almost constantly disturbed by the sounds of the flute, when going to or returning from divine service; they were therefore, very naturally excessively scandalized at a proceeding, which to them was as new -as it was offensive. The delinquent being related to the minister, made the the matter, if possible, still worse.

The affair was much talked of by the congregation, and the elders, after some discussion, mentioned it to the minister, and begged of him to interfere, and request his relation to desist in future, from, what all considered, so profane and open a violation of the Sabbath. Grieved at what he for the first time heard, for the good clergyman's mind was generally too much occupied when he passed to the pulpit, to allow him to hear or know anything of what was occurring around him, he promised that he would call on his relation, and remonstrate with bim that very day, as he came to the afternoon service. The session were satisfied, and before half an hour had gone by, almost the whole of the congregation were aware what the minister intended doing.

About ten minutes before the time of meeting, the minister was seen entering the bouse of his relation, and both elders and congregation had little doubt that the cause of annoyance would now be removed. Judge, however, of the surprise of all, when shortly after the minister entered, the sounds of the flute were again beard. The honest people could hardly believe their ears ; but it could not be doubted : the elders looked at the congregation, and the congregation looked at the elders, none knew what to think. The bell ceased ringing, the people took their seats in the church, but no minister made his appearance, and the music bad not ceased. The precentor gave out the psalm himself; it was sung to an end; still the minister came not, and the tones of the flute continued to be heard. All was consternation and alarm, and at length a deputation of the elders had to be sent to remind the Dr. of the duties he was neglecting.

The worthy clergymao's own simplicity and absence of mind, and the love of what he considered a practical joke, on the part of his relation, bad led him into this sad dilemma. On coming into the house, he had at once explained the cause of his visit, and stated his astonishment, that his friend could be guilty of such im. proper and indecent conduct. The Nabob appeared very penitent, and declared bis regret at having disturbed any one with his flute. “ But the truth is, Doctor,” said he, “that I often lift my fute without thinking." Here he lifted it from the table where it lay; "and I really put it to my mouth, and begin to play, with. out knowing I am doing so." Suiting the action to the word, he placed the fute to his lips, and began playing the Esther Hymn, as if merely to shew bow he was led inadvertently to commit the fault complained of. The minister, however, was caught in the snare laid for him; he listened in extacy to the delicious tones produced ; forgot bis congregation, the errand he had come upon, and every thing, in fact, save the enchanting melody; and, when the tempter ccased, which he did, after playing the air once or twice over, the honest clergyman cried out, in a rapture of delight, “ob, play't again, Willie, play't again, man.” Willie did play it again, and continued to play various fine solemn airs, and the minister continued to listen, till he was utterly confounded by the appearance of his elders, requesting bis attendance in the church. It was long before Dr. could forgive Willie, for the very serious trick he had played off upon him, and still longer ere he could forgive himself for so carelessly falling into the spare of the tempter.

“ Tales, SKETCHES AND TRADITIONS OF THE Gael, No. IV.Inverlochy Castle

- SO soon as we bave room. “ Bachelor Benedict,"' in an early number.

• Stanzas to Music” are so melting as to be only fitted for the Tallow Chandler.

We would counsel our correspondent who sends us a Chapter from an “ Unpublished Tale,” to consult a Tobacconist before he put it to press.

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INGENUITY OF THE TORTOISE.

The following picture of the wonderful ingenuity of this animal, is extracted from “ Travels in the Brazils," by Dr. Spix and Dr. Martins, lately published at Munich.

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In the months of October and November, the tortoises collect in innumerable hosts from the adjacent lakes, for the purpose of depositing their eggs on the islands of sand, which stud the river. The site is first selected by a few individuals, who examine whether there be a sufficient depth of dry sand, and then return to the main body. When all is right, the business of laying the eggs begins.

At night, and particularly when there is moonlight, one troop issues out of the stream after another. The females form a row in the middle, and their far less numerous, and more diminutive spouses walk beside them for their protection. A dark, moving mass now invests the sheet of sand, and the creatures move backwards and forwards with so much rapidity, that the rustling of their shells sounds, amidst the stillness of night, like

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