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now over seas.

from Sir Hector M.Lean. I am likewise informed, the Prince, and that all Highlanders who were worthat Mr. M‘Donald, Captain of the Clan-Ronald bought thy of the name, were flocking to his standard. The forty or fifty firelocks, as many pistols, and a parcel of eloquence and enthusiasm, with which this lovely deflints from Mr. Beith, Captain of the Ship William and votee* of the white rose appealed to the feelings, were John. Mr. Beith's ordinary residence is at Philadel. too powerful for the wavering mind of M'Lachlan to phia, has a brother at Aberdeen a nonjuring clergy- resist, and, before day break, he left Glensanda, accomman. Captain Beith bought the arms in Holland, panied by one of the sons of his host, and hurried for. proceeded on a voyage from thence to Norway, where ward to the muster of the clans. he loaded timber, and from thence is bound to Clyde ; and in his voyage met Clanronald in the Western Isles, and sold him the arms. Beith afterwards proceeded

THE RULING PASSION
to Clyde, but being disappointed of the sale of the
timber, then went to Dublin and sold his cargo there,

FROM MY THEATRICAL NOTE BOOK.-Na III.
and related the above facts in July last to my informer.
I am also advised, that Mr. Gordon of Glenbucket is
This gentleman was over about two

The late Mr. Pr, one time baillie in the town of years ago, and made some visits to some of the clans Ayr, was celebrated among his contemporaries for his to the northward on his return. From different hands extraordinary theatrical penchant. Always when busiI bave it, that the Highlanders to the northward are ness permitted, and sometimes even when business did fully armed, and wear them openly, particularly Appin's not very well permit, as Aunt Girzy, with whom be people, Lochiel's, Glengary's and Keppoch's--yea, the domiciled, can yet testify, was he known to quit his M Lean's are picking up arms, and so are the people home, and ride the distance to Glasgow, when a favourof Morven and Ardnamurchan. What is done further ite drama, the arrival of a new company, or any other north, I have not as good access to know. It is allow- theatrical novelty invited. He had never, however, ed that all those people are giddy, and have hopes of

seen the celebrated Mrs. Siddons, and, observing once, an invasion. I believe they are elevated upon slight in the newspaper, that she was on her farewell visit to grounds : yet their conduct strikes some damp on the

Edinburgh, and to take her benefit and leave of the people of Argyleshire, as they are quite disarmed. It Edinburgh audience on the following evening, in the is therefore to be wished, that they, whose loyalty and part of Lady Macbeth, be at once determined to travel attachment to the present establishment are so well the distance, and enjoy this greatest of all theatrical known, be armed for their own defence, or that the treats. Coaching was not then conducted on the same government take effectual measures for disarming the large, liberal, or commodious scale that it is now. The rest of the Higblanders. If there is any appearance only arrangement by which he could arrive in time for of invasion or trouble, I apprehend it will be necessary

the play was to take the carrier's waggon, daring the your Grace give me instructions with whom I am to night to Glasgow, and the first Edinburgh Coach correspond in Scotland, upon any emergency, in matters thence next morning, which he accordingly did. He tending to the service of the government, and preser

arrived early in the afternoon, but found he had only vation of the peace of the country, as informations may time to run into the nearest chop house and swallow come to hand which may require more speedy resolu- a dinner and a glass of toddy; for the doors of the tions and orders than I can have from your Grace at Theatre were already beset with multitudes vociferatsuch a distance, and as it cannot be expected good in

ing for admission. With the greatest difficulty, he telligence can be procared without some expense, it

obtained a back seat in the upper boxes or slips-the seems necessary that the government allow some money pit having been packed by the first rush of applicants, for that end."

and the lower boxes all engaged a week past. Tired, Though the Chief of the M‘Lachlans, as appears

and yet tolerably comfortable too, from the near prosfrom the above letter, seemed sufficiently eager to em- pect of such a treat, be laid his back to the angle of bark in the rebellion, yet, on hearing of the triling

the wall at which he sat, waiting with great complaforce which accompanied Charles, he, like many others, cency the rising of the curtain. Being, however, at first declined coming forward, and, while yet unde- nearly an hour too early, he got sick of the noise and termined what course to pursue, he dissuaded some of confusion that reigned around, and soon fell a dozing. his more zealous clansmen from committing themselves. Every cheer that came from the audience, and every Among these was M'Lachlan of Dunad ;* he afterwards new cry for music from the galleries, was an interrupwent to M‘Lachlan of Glensanda, to whom he commu- tion to his slumbers. At length, the leaden hand of nicated his intention of taking a part against the bouse Morpheus pressed so heavily on his eye-lids, that he of Hanover. Glensanda, who was a man of sound fell sound asleep, dreaming of Ayr and his Aunt Girzy. judgment, and great natural sagacity, endeavoured to Meantime, the play commenced. Mrs. Siddons apreason him out of what he considered to be an impru- peared amid the loudest cheers that ever came from an dent measure ; for this purpose he sent for Campbell audience, and then disappeared. Again and again of Airds, and the arguments of these two would, in all she was applauded on, and off, as before. The fareprobability, have prevailed upon M'Lachlan to relin- well address came and was delivered, The house quish his design, bad not an advocate for the interest was in ecstacy. Their plaudits awaked an echo sufficiof Charles appeared, in the person of Mrs. Jean ent to rouse the dead, but not our sleeper. The farce Cameron, a daughter of the Laird of Glendasarie ; came on, full of fun and frolic. The galleries were this lady, who was said to possess great personal enraptured with it, and their merriment produced an attractions, brought intelligence that Lochaber, Bade

effect to which all the previous shouting had been innoch, and all the northern districts were in arms for competent--it awakened the baillie. Yawning and

throwing his arms about, he attracted the notice of the This hesitation on the part of M.Lachlan is corroborated by

person next him. the following extract, from a letter of Dugald M.Tavish, younger Well, Sir, you have had your nap

?” of Dunardarig, to Sir James Campbell, Baronet, of Achnabreck, The baillie found some difficulty at first of recog. speaking of an accomplice, he says, “at the same time I do not

nizing his locality; but, casting his eyes forward, he believe be is any ways engaged to M‘Lachlan, and iny reason for

discovered a lady upon the stage, the sight of whom thinking so, is, that Angus told me since M.Lachlan went away, yt he was not well pleased with M‘Lachlan for not being free with him, for yt he had seen him the Saturday before he went off, * This lady, though married to an Irish gentleman of the name and he did not tell him his design, pay, to the coutrary, that he of M‘Kean, still retained for some reason or other, the surname would not meddle at all.” The letter, from wbich the preceding of her family. The zeal wbich she manifested in the cause of extract is taken, was found in the pocket of Sir James Campbell the Prince, brought her so often in contact with him, that sur. when he was arrested on the 22d day of November, 1745, at mises by no means favourable to ber reputation were the conLochyair. M.Tavish's letter is dated “ Fernoch, 220 Sept. 1745."

sequence.

66

operated more powerfully in recalliug his senses than words could have done.

“ Is that Mrs. Siddons, Sir ?"
“ Nom that is Miss

“ Indeed! Well, that was a most refreshing nap after all. Pray, does Mrs. Siddons come on soon ?"

“Mrs. Siddons never appears in faree."
" Farce ?"
“ Mrs. Siddons went off an hour ago.”
“ You don't say so ?"
" I do indeed.”
“ Bless us all ! And is this the farce ?"

“ To be sure it is— The Sleeping Draught'-It has awakened you."

“ Curse my stupid eyes! And will I not see Mrs. Siddons ?”

“ I do not think you will, unless you visit her in her lodgings."

“Well, this is a good joke. I have travelled upwards of seventy miles to see that woman, and I fancy I must depart without even hearing the sound of her voice."

“ From what quarter are you, if I may ask ?"

“ A little bit west from this. I submitted to sleep last night in a caravan-almost choked myself eating my dinner, I was in so great a hurry-got my coat torn, you see, in the struggle to gain admission--and all for nothing, it seems."

“ Not at all. Stop and enjoy the farce ?" “D- the farce !"-And off he went.

Mr. P-r returned to Ayr by the earliest conveyance, indulging the hope, that his friends of the town council would never know the particulars of his Edinburgh jannt. He was surrounded on his arrival, by all who knew his peculiar taste fortheatricals. He talked to them, but did not seem much disposed to prolong the conversation. All remarked the coolness with which he replied to their interrogatories about Mrs. Siddons. The truth came out at last—and long and oft was he teazed by his friends in Ayr, and particularly on gala days, at meetings of the council, regarding his visit to Edinburgh. “ What do you think of Edinburgh, Baillie P-p?"

Tat-be qniet." “The Baillie once saw Macheth' played in Edinburgh. Didn't you Baillie ?"

« Tut-Whisht!".

“ Ha ! ba! ha! What did you think of Mrs. Sid. dons ?"

“ No more of tbat-an' thou lovest me, Hal !".

Cannon. In 1545, it was remarked, as extraordinary, that the French and English fleets bad tired not less than 300 cannon shot, in an engagement of two hours ! It is therefore evident, that few cannon were carried by any one ship: and indeed, we believe, that originally the number was only two, placed in a castle in the forepart of the ship ; wbence the name of “ forecastle" is still retained, though the guns are removed, These guns also were of small dimensions; and probably, at first fired, to prevent their recoil; as we know they were, on land, When the accidents to which their aim was liable, in consequence of the motion of the ship, &c. are considered, we may safely infer that the slaughter they produced could not be very great. The ordoance was afterwards augmented in number, by the admission of pieces of various descriptions and calibres; which stood without assortment on the same deck.

HEAD-DRESS IN CHINA.- The Chinese fair carries on her head the figure of a certain bird. This bird is composed of copper or of gold, according to the quality of the person : the wings spread out, fall over the front of the bead-dress and conceal the temples. The tail, long and open, forms a beautiful tuft of featbers. The beak covers the top of the nose ; the neck is fastened to the body of the artificial animal, by a spring, that it may the more freely play, and tremble at the slightest motion.

ARITHMETIC.- That men originally counted by their fingers, is no improbable supposition ; it is still naturally practised by the vulgar of the most enlightened nations. In more uncivilized states, small stones have been used, and the etymologists derive the words calculate and calculation froin calculus, which is the Latin term for a pebble-stone, and by which they denominated their counters used for arithmetical computations.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

THE POET'S LAST SONG.

HEART-heart, be still !

Thy fond aspirings cease,
Thy cup of misery speedily sball till,

So be at peace.
Life! fleeting life!

Tby sunniest hours are past, Why seek thee to prolong the darkening strife.

With it to last.

Bring me my lyre,

I yet may sweep its strings, "Twill aid the visions that life's flickering fires

lu rapture brings. Earth! sea ! and sky!

I see thy hallowed spots
My soul, even now, is treading daringly

Where beauty floats.
Round many a sunny hill,

Now in the leafy grove, Where birds inake music that the soul doth fill,

With thoughts of love. And thou, dread sea!

My youthful days return, Pictur'd in vision, in my soul, I see

Thee, and do mourn,
That I may ne'er

Again be on thy breast,
Pillow iny cheek upon thy waves, nor e'er

Break thy foain crest.

MISCELLANEA.

God of the sky

How oft, at even tide,
When thou to rest were sinking gloriously,

Have I beside
Some ruin gray,
Koelt down and worshipped thee !

QUANTITY AND Value.- When emeralds were first discovered in America, a Spaniard carried one to a lapidary in Italy, and asked him what it was worth; he was told a hundred escudos; he produced a second, which was larger, and that was valued at three hundred. Overjoyed at this, he took the lapidary to his lodging, and shewed him a chest full ; but the Italian, seeing so many, damped his joy by saying, “ Ah! ha! Senor, so many ! - these are worth one escudo.”

Cats.— The first couple of cats which were carried to Cuyaba sold for a pound of gold. There was a plague of rats in the set. tlement, and they were purchased as a speculation, which proved an excellent one. Their first kittens produced thirty oitavas each; the next generation were worth twenty ; and the price gradually fell as the inhabitants were stocked with these beautiful and useful creatures. Montenegro presented to the elder Almagro the first cat which was brought to South America, and was rewarded for it with six hundred pesos. — Southey.

The Chesnut Tree.- Chesnuts grow wild in this country, but never equal those in size and perfection which are imported from Spain and Italy. In these countries they sometimes grow to an immense size, and the largest in the known world are those growing upon Mount Etna in Sicily. The most bulky of them is known by the name of, the chesnut-tree for a hundred horses ; and is one bundred aud sixty feet in circumference, but quite hollow within. The people have built a bouse in the cavity of this enormous mass, At Totworth, in Gloucestershire, there is a chesnut tree, fifty-two feet in circumference, which is probably nearly one thousand years old.

'Tis broke-'tis broke

The chain is snapt—the link Of being sever'd-man living-death may mock

Not on the brink,
Where life meets death -

My song is done-away!-
Open the lattice that the summer's breath

May coolly play,
Upon my brow,

Life now throbs-fitfully-
By starts 'tis calm-as if it linger'd--001

On wings I fly,
To love and homem

I see them vividly

Now let me die.

GLASGOW GOSSIP.

USEFUL ARTS.

We find in Dr. Brewster's Journal, that zinc, rolled into large We believe the amusement of Acted Tableaux has never yet been

plates, is now a good deal employed as a substitute for lead and introduced into this city. The success which attended some of slates, in the roofing of buildings both in Britain and on the Con

tinent. The great advantage of these plates of zinc is their lightthe representations in Edinburgb, last season and this, has render

ness, being only about one-sixth part of the weight of lead. They ed them pretty general there ; and, we have no doubt, but if some

do not rust, which is another great advantage, and has led to the spirited lady were to set the example in Glasgow by opening her employment of zinc pipes, both for cold and hot water. bouse to an exhibition of this kind, the entertainment would be

ODDS AND ENDS. come a regular part of the evening's diversion at every fashionable party. Perhaps some of those gentlemen, who understand this

Fashions.—The origin of many fashions was in the endeavour scenic dumb show, might be induced to represent some historical

to conceal some deformity of the inventor. Hence the cushions, subjects behind a gauze screen in the theatre. Any scheme of

ruffs, hoops, and other monstrous devices. If a reigning beauty this sort would draw a full house and give those who engaged in chanced to have an unequal hip, those who had very handsome

hips, would load them with that false rump which the other was it the satisfaction of bestowing a handsome gift upon the public

compelled by the uokindness of nature, to substitute. Patches charities.

were invented in England, in the reign of Edward VI. by a

foreign lady, who in this manner ingeniously covered a wen on THE PLAY-GOER.

her neck. When the Spectator wrote, full-bottomed wigs were

invented by a French barber, one Duviller, whose name they perMR. SAPIo has now concluded bis engagement at our Theatre, and

petuated, for the purpose of concealing an elevation in the shoulder

of the dauphin. Charles VII. of France, introduced long coats, we are sorry to say, must add another to the list of clever per

to hide his ill-made legs. Shoes with very long points, full two formers, who have endeavoured to delight the inhabitants of our feet in length, were invented by Henry Plantagenet, duke of city without receiving a suitable return.

His benefit was not

Anjou, to conceal a large excrescence on one of his feet.' Wben

Francis I. was obliged to wear his hair short, owing to a wound what we could have wished, still he got through the labours of the

he received in the head, it became a prevailing fashion at court. evening with his usual flow of spirit. In particular, we would

Others, on the contrary, adopted fashions to set off their peculiar notice his Scena from Oberon, which was truly splendid. He beauties, as Isabella of Bavaria, remarkable for her gallantry and also introduced two new songs, the “ Minstrel's Roundelay,” the fairness of complexion, introduced the fashion of leaving the words by Mr. Atkinson, and the “ Crusader's Serenade," written

shoulders and part of the neck uncovered.

NUMERAL FIGURES.—The learned, after many contests, bave by Mr. Robert J. MacGeorge. They were both deservedly applaud

at length agreed that the numeral tigures, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, ed, and the latter rápturously encored. We understand they are usually called Arabic, are of Indian origin. The Arabians do not to be published, and will appear in the course of a few days. pretend to have been the inventors of them, but borrowed them We expected Mr. Alexander would have paid more respect to

from the Indian nations. The numeral characters of the Bramios,

the Persians, and the Arabians, and other eastern nations, are siinthe friendly hint, tendered in our pages of Monday last, and which

ilar. They appear afterwards to have been introduced into several was following up the many salutary advices he bas so often re

European natious, by their respective travellers, who retarned ceived from other papers. Why will he still thrust himself for- from the east. Our own antiquaries have discovered them to ex. ward into business for which nature never intended him ? We

ist in our old manuscripts, as far back as the middle of the tepth

century; but they were then rarely used, and their use confined never admired this gentleman in tragedy, far less in opera-judge

to works of science. They were afterwards admitted into calenof our astonishment, therefore, wben he came upon the stage dars and chronicles, but they were not introduced into charters, and sung “ All's Well,” with Mr. Sapio! The result of this exa says Mr. Astle, before the sixteenth century. The Spaniards, bibition will, we trust, have more effect than any thing we can

po doubt, derived their use from the Moors who invaded them.

In 1240, the Alphonsean astronomical tables were made by the say. If Mr. Alexander would profit by it, be would save us the

order of Alphonsus X. by a Jew, and an Arabian ; they used painful task, which, in duty to the public and our own taste, we these numerals, from whence the Spaniards contend that they were are bound to perform, and himself the humiliation of being oblig

lig- first introduced by them. They were not generally used in Gered at a moment's warning, to cobble up some disjointed and ill

many, until the beginning of the fourteenth century; but in gen

eral, the forms of the cyphers were not permanently fixed there favoured apology, which never fails to render bad worse. Mr.

till after the year 1531. The Russians were strangers to them, Lloyd's “ Whimsiculo,” and Miss Villar's “ Curioso," were both before Peter the Great bad finished his travels in the beginning of excellent. This lady should certainly be allowed a greater share the present century. of the “ Chambermaids” than she at present enjoys, and let those

AN ORIGINAL TRAGEDY.— The first drama ever performed in

Sweden was enacted in the reign of John the Second, who bore where singing is required be still retained by Miss Philips.

sway from 1483 to 1513.

The actor to whom the part of LosThe following are the words of Mr. MacGeorge's Serenade :-- ginus was entrusted, had directions to thrust his spear into the Come down ! come down ! my Lady love;

Saviour's body, as if it really went through his side. But be The night is calm and still ;

played the soldier with so uncouth a band, that he run the poor The cloudless moon shines gloriously

fellow, affixed to the cross, right through the body; and, what On forest, lake, and bill;

was worse, the cross was upset by his violence, and killed the And from yon bawthorn-shaded vale,

actress who was playing the part of the Virgin. At this, His Sweet sings the minstrel-nightingale !

Majesty, King John, giving way to the first impulse of bis rage

at the actor's slaughterous awkwardness, rushed upon the stage Come down, and I will tell thee how

and struck off his bead at a single blow! But the audience, whose I left my native land,

powers of digestion were incapable of brooking so furious an out. To win my spars, and break a lance

rage on their favourite, iminediately burst the trammels of all Against the Moslem band;

allegiance asunder, and took bloody vengeance on their monarch, And round thy neck the chain I'll twine,

by putting him to death on the spot !! Hence the epitaph : I won for thee in Palestine !

Ci-git un Roi, pour qui le dramatique

Fut un spectacle bien tragique.
But haste thee, Love ! the moon has set,
The drowsy warder stirs,

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
The morning breeze already shakes
The tops of yonder firs;

“ C's" communication will appear in an early No.
And when the day bas broke, I ween,

We return thanks to our “ Epigramatist” for his kind offer, but I may no longer bere be seen!

we would rather decline his lucubrations. It is difficult to please

persons acquainted with Martial and Boileau with any thiog of LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

the epigramatic kind.

The “ Race of the Twin Suns" is too eccentric for our columns. A PERIODICAL, to be called “ The Thief,” is announced in London ; and the editors pleasantly say, that “ whoever takes the Thief will PUBLISHED, every Morning, Sunday excepted, by John FINLAY, at be rewarded.”

No. 9, Miller Street ; and Sold by John WyLIE, 97, Argyle Reflections, &c. of the Principal of a Seminary on Retiring

Street ; David ROBERTSON, and W. R. M.Phun, Glasgore ; from the Duties of his Station, by Jobn Fawcett.

Thomas Stevenson, and the other Booksellers, Edinburgh : DaMr. Auldjo, the author of the “ Ascent to Mont Blanc," an

VID Dick, and A. GARDNER, Booksellers, Paisley : A. LAING, nounces, “ Sketches of Vesuvius, with Short Accounts of its

Greenock; and J. Glass, Bookseller, Rothsay.
Principal Eruptions."
A Second Series of “ Scenes of our Parish” is nearly ready,

PRINTED BY JOHN GRAHAM, MELVILLE PLACE.

PRICE
A PENNY.

THE DAY,

A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.

CARPE DIEM.

GLASGOW, THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1832.

ANOX.

ON THE ANALOGIES BETWEEN POETRY AND ture portrait of the Emperor executed by a poor slave PAINTING.–No. I.

who had only seen him once. In all that concerned

resemblance and minuteness of representation, it was " The arts refined, ere as in glorious Greece,

a most surprising work." Again, "a picture by DietriTogether flourish, or together cease ;

ci, was borrowed, by one of the Russian nobility, from As sister-streams encircling Eden's bowers Fed from one fount, and by the same dewy showers,

his friend. The nobleman, who owned the picture, In union they arise before the eye, Like rainbow-beams, that span the clouded sky;

had impressed his seal upon the back of it, and had inLike them from heaven they come-like them they shine, Each with a hue that tells it is divine ;

scribed it with verses and mottos of his own composiLike them they come, hail'd by the hope-lit smiles

tion. With so many marks he thought his picture Of kneeling earth, and ocean’s grateful isles ; Like them, in one eclipse, they disappear,

safe anywhere-nevertheless, a copy so perfect in all And leave the soul berett in darkness here."

the circumstances, was secretly substituted for the original picture, and put into the frame, that, when re

turned to its owner, the fraud was not discovered.” POETRY and painting have always been considered as

-(Clarke's travels in Russia.) We shall not here closely allied to each other, both in spirit and design;

attempt any analysis of the mental constitutions bnt, by comparing some of the leading features of these two arts, we may acquire a more distinct conception adapted for the two arts under comparison. It

may, however, be observed as an inference from of the true relations which subsist between them.

the preceding remarks, that, while feeling and imaHowever some writers may have classed poetry gination are always essential elements in the poet, (as an imitative art) with painting and sculpture, we they are so to the painter only in the inventive cannot consider it in that light, since it does not, like and bigher department of his art, and that it is the them, exhibit any sensible imitation of its subject ; and,

presence of the imitative principle in the genius of the with regard to any more remote analogy which may latter, which peculiarly distinguishes it from that of be imagined between the imitative pictures of the the former. The qualities of mind which, possessed in painting, and the descriptions of poetry, the latter pos- a sufficient degree and under a certain happy combinasess no more of the character of imitative productions, tion, constitute genius in the refined arts, are, to a lithan any other verbal description whatever.

mited extent, more or less common to the generality Painting may be considered under two aspects of mankind. Hence it is, that many individuals withfirst, as an imitative or mechanical art, which implies ont real genius, attain some progress in poetry and no more than the imitation of some given object as it painting, the productions of both of which are thus actually exists, and the exercise of the imitative facul- like pearls, too liable to paste imitations. ty required for that purpose-and, secondly, as an in- The ever-shifting aspects of pature, and the varied ventive art, in which the subject of the picture is an excitements of life, which, in all stages of society, suroriginal conception and combination of from the mind round, in a greater or less degree, almost every indiof the artist, and in which, besides, the imitative fa- vidual, are, of themselves, sufficient to awaken the culty alluded to, those sensibilities of the heart and genius of the poet ; while, on the other hand, the sugthat creative power of the intellect, which mark the gestions of example, the presence of master-models, highest order of genius in painting, are also called into the honours of public favour, and the positive demand operation. Doubtless the imitative faculty can, if ac- for the production of imitative art, which call into action companied with the higher powers referred to, be ap- the powers of the painter, seem to be more rare and plied with more effect even to the mere portraiture of remote, and to require a more advanced and artificial nature and life, since such superadded qualities of period of civilization. The comparative facilities thus mind quicken the painter's perception of the constitu- afforded for the developement of genius are, therefore, ent lineaments and proportions of what he is required generally greater in poetry than in painting, while the to copy-yet, it is also true, that, without these, one same reasoning would lead us to expect, wbat experimay become a considerable proficient in the mechani- ence confirms, that the former art has generally precal department of the art. The imitative faculty is, ceded the latter, in their comparative advances towards accordingly, not only often found without the invent- perfection. Nor would it in any degree affect this ive powers in individuals, bat is, also, so general in opinion, even if it were true, as has been alleged, that some countries, as to form a trait of national charac- those painted signs which seem to have been the origin ter. The Chinese possess the imitative faculty in an of hyerogliphics, were used as the symbols of expreseminent degree, and the accuracy with which they sion before the invention of letters, because, the rude copy the pictures, in the European ships at Canton, is outlines, or daubings, required for such symbols, had well known to the visitors at that port. “ Iu what. neither the progress in form, nor the aim in use, to ever country,” says Dr. Clarke, “we seek original entitle them to be considered as paintings in the legitigenius, we must go to Russia for a talent of imitation. mate sense of that term. Nay, even although painting It is the acme of Russian intellect, the principle of all had been perfected before the invention of letters, that their operations. They have nothing of their own, circumstance might have established a higher antiquity, but it is not their fault if they have not every thing in a coinparison with poetry, but would still have been others invent. The meanest Russian slave is, some- perfectly consistent with the supposition, that, from the times, able to accomplish the most intricate works of invention of letters, forward to the present time, the mechanism, and to copy, with bis single hand, what art of poetry bad exhibited powers of more easy and has demanded the joint labours of the best workmen rapid developement, and had ever found, in the constiin France or England. This talent for imitation, has, tations of all subsequent states of society, elements also, been manifested in the fine arts; we saw a minia- congenial for the dissemination and growth of her off

spring, beyond what the same elements could commu- she tripped into the fields, and quickly she ascended nicate to her elder born sister-painting.

the hill that stood behind their modest lowly dwelling, The superior success in the works of taste which and reached its summit just as the day began to break. have distinguished some nations so much above others, There, agitated by the contending feelings of grief and is in little or no degree to be ascribed to any natural of hope, she remained till the sun arose in unclouded difference in their respective mental constitutions, but majesty, and his rays illumined her lovely tearful visto circumstances favourable to the developement of the age; and Cornelia thought of her mother's now almost refined arts, existing, in a greater degree, in some assured restoration to health, but she also remembered countries and states of society, than in others. What- the pain and the anguish she had endured, till, no ever pretensions, therefore, to exclusive originality longer able to restrain the emotions that swelled her may have been set up on behalf of ancient Greece, heart, she knelt down amidst the flowers of the hill, neither poetry nor painting can be held as exclusive and she bowed her head, and mingled her tears with inventions of that or any other country. In truth, all the dew from heaven. the refined arts spring from principles common to the Then she arose and returned to her home and to the human race—from those universal sympathies which chamber of her parent: and Cornelia was fairer and lead man to seek communion with all that is around lovelier than ere she was before, for she had held conhim-attract his soul to the beautiful and sublime, in verse with her God. the moral, as well as in the material world—open to him the most refined and elevating sources of enjoy

LITERARY CRITICISM. ment, and seem as if they had been designed, under an unfallen and purer condition of his being, to draw his affections, from selfish absorption within his own THE HUNCHBACK, by James Sheridan Knowles. —London, 1832. breast, outwards, to the works of creation : thus, bind

We bave just got a glimpse of this drama, which, for ing him as if with links of love to nature, and through

the sake of the author, we most heartily rejoice has her, to nature's God; and tbat fiction of the Greek

turned out one of the most successful hits which has muse, which fancied love to have taught man the re

been lately made on the British Stage. Mr. Knowles, fined arts, was as true as it is beautiful. The sym

in preparing his dramatic lectures, necessarily imbued pathetic emotions thus awakened, and the imagin

his mind, more than ever, with the style and feeling of ative conceptions by which they are accompanied,

the early English dramatists, a circumstance which is become expressed in of poetry, or in

evidently traceable in the work before us.

This we the forms of painting and sculpture, not only as the

do not find fault with, for the author of Virginias has means of that present utterance which they so naturally

too much originality and genius to become a mere seek, but also that they may be perpetuated more surely

plagiarist. He has, however, corrected his taste, by than they could be, by the mere memory of their pos

looking into the dramatic mirror of the past, and, we sessor, a record mortal as man himself, and too tran

rejoice, to find that he has been the better for doing sitory for his aspirations after a future existence, to the

so. We are told by Mr. Knowles, in his preface, that offspring of his mind, through ages to commence only the world owes “ Hunchback" to the failure of the when he bimself shall be no more.

author's comedy, entitled “ The Beggar's Daughter of

Bethnal Green," a circumstance which makes us still THE PRAYER.

more rejoice in the success of the present drama. It From the German of Krummacher.

is afflicting to fail in any literary undertaking; but, when

that failure is productive of something, by its almost Wie sie kniet, in Andacht hingegossen,

broken-hearted author, infinitely superior to all his Schoen wie Raphael in Unschuld Mahlt. Like Innocence, by Raphael painted,

former efforts, the failure may be then considered a See, she kneels, in prayer entranced,

blessing! Our limits forbid us to enter into the plot of

this play, suffice it to say, that it boasts of what no CORNELIA was the joy and the pride of her parents :

good acting drama wants, a succession of absorbing infor, she was beautiful as Aurora, and her cheeks were

cidents, and an unflagging interest connected with the like the rose-bud when it first discloses its charms to

developement of the story. The character of Julia is the dews of heaven; her soul, too, was as pure as the

not only finely imagined, but brought out with the first beams of a morning in spring, when its earliest

hand and the heart of a master. It is certainly the rays flash upon the blooming vallies, and herald the

most perfect and most original creation which' Mr. glories of the approaching day.

Knowles has yet given us. The following dialogue, And Cornelia bad never known the cares and the

between Julia and Helen, will give the reader a glimpse sorrows of existence; for, hitherto, each day had been

into the character of the heroine:to her a day of gladness : but lo ! her mother-her

Julia. Helen, you know the adage of the tree. fond and loving mother-after giving birth to a sweet

I've ta'en the bend. This rural life of mine, little boy, fell sick and seemed nigh unto death ; and Enjoined me by an unknown father's will, long and violent was her fever, and reason at length I've led from infancy. Debarred from hope forsook ber throne. But night, after night, did Cor. Of change, I ne'er bave sighed for change. The town

To me was like the moon, for any thought nelia keep unwearied watch by the bed-side of her

I e'er should visit it-nor was I schooled suffering parent, with soft and noiseless step stealing

To think it half so fare. through the chamber, and, in secret anguish, adminis

Helen.

Not half so fair ! tering the cooling draught and the refreshing cordial. The town's the sun ; and thou hast dwelt in nigbt And the seventh day the fever came to its crisis, and

E’er since thy birth, not to have seen the town;

Their women there are queens, and kings their meonot but a stifled sob disturbed the silence of the suffer

Their houses palaces. er's chamber; for all announced her approaching end. Julia.

And what of that? But with night came sleep-sleep anxiously desired, Have your town palaces a hall like this ? earnestly prayed for-and calm and refreshing were Couches so fragrant, walls so high adorned ? the slumbers of the dear one; and Cornelia sat by her

Casements with such festoons, and such look-out,

As these fair vistas have? Your kings and queens ! couch, and listened to her every breathing, and hope

See me a May-day queen, and talk of them ! and fear held alternate sway in her soul, till day ap.

Helen. Extremes are ever neighbours-'tis a step peared, when, oh, joy of joys! her mother opened her From one to th' other.

Were thy constancy mild blue eyes, and, in soft and silvery tone, she said : A reasonable thing! A little less “ How well I feel myself; soon shall I recover:" and

Of constancy.

A woman's constancy !

I should not wonder wert thou ten years hence she ate and she drank, and again she fell into a reviv

The maid I know thee now ; but, as it is, ing sleep. How did the maiden's heart then leap for The odds are ten to one, that this day year joy! Gently she left her parent's chamber, and gaily Will see our May-day queen a city one.

be

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