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A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
GLASGOW, MONDAY, APRIL 23, 1832.
Her march is on the mountain wave,
MEMOIR OF THE LATE CAPT. D. C. CLAVER. part of the months of April and May, 1813. On the ING, R. N.-No. I.
25th of May, the Tenedos having shipped part of her
provisions on board the Shannon, left the station, and “ Britannia needs no bulwarks, No towers along the steep;
it was hoped the Chesapeake, American frigate, which Her home is in the deep."
vessel they had watched for some time, would avail herself of the circumstance, and stand to sea.
On the THERE must be more poetry in the life of a sailor
first of June, the American frigate appeared to be in than landsmen are accustomed to suppose. What is
fighting trim, and, as the patience of the Shannon's it, but the power of imagination, that induces the
officers and crew was now almost exhausted, we may blooming boy to leave his father's halls, and desire to believe they were not a little exhilerated by the apcontend with the fierce elements themselves, or the
pearance of the enemy's ship, fully rigged, and lying fiercer passions of maukind? Why does the husband
at single anchor, within sight of them. The officers and fat her, as soon as the trump of war sounds in his
frequently dined with their Commander, and the subears, leave all the endearments of home, to brave the
ject of the expected combat was generally introduced: battle fire and the wreck ? It is because a sailor's
“I would give six dozen of claret to see the Amerilife has pleasures and enjoyments, peculiarly its own;
can under weigh,” exclaimed one of the Lieutenants. and, when the mind can truly relish them, it will, in
“ Sir,” said Captain Broke, “ I would willingly give
life." active service, generally receive a succession of new and exciting impressions, which no other occupation
Where love of country so prevailed, need we can afford. Is the ship under sail ? How majestic
wonder that Captain B. should use every means in his ber motion, as for a moment, she gradually yields to
power to place the British flag again in the hands of the passing breeze; but, like the virtuous, smitten by victory, and prove that on equal terms it had no enemy misfortune, she soon uprears herself and her lofty
to fear? On the morning of Monday, 1st June, 1813, masts, again point directly to heaven! Does she sail he addressed a letter to the commanding officer of the by night, in a sea of radiance, when the moon paves,
Chesapeake, inclosing a challenge, and proposing a with silvery light, the almost unruffled waters, and
combat with their respective vessels. It is the proheaven, and all its host of gems, are reflected in the
duction of a noble mind, and, although such documents mighty ocean? Is the enemy at length in sight, the
are not perhaps sanctioned by the Admiralty, it is imchase begun, the first broadside fired ? Does the
possible to blame the brave spirit by which they are
dictated. We shall subjoin an extract:storm rage, and is the weather-beaten bark tossed and tempest-driven before the mountain billows ? Differ
Challenge of Captain Broke to Captain Lawrence.
“Sir,-- As the Chesapeake appears now ready for sea, I request ent as these situations appear, they are all full of poeti
you will do me the favour to meet the Shannon with her, ship to cal tendencies—of excitement-of interest-and un
ship, to try the fortune of our respective tlags. To an officer of doubtedly form causes of that predilection which is so
your character, it requires some apology to proceed to further parstriking a characteristic in a seaman's mind. The ticular's. Be assured, Sir, it is not from any doubt I can enterworld bas, indeed, various names for this feeling. It
tain of your wishing to close with iny proposal, but merely to calls it honourable ambition, love of fame, desire of
provide an answer to any objection which might be made, and,
very reasonably, upon the chance of our receiving unfair support. approbation and of distinction; but none of these hon.
You will feel it as a compliment if I say, that the result of our ourable motives of action will ever be entertained in a meeting may be the most grateful service I can render to my mind, destitute of imagination, and, although they may country; and, I doubt not, that you, equally contident of success, not manifest themselves in the smooth flowing verse
will feel convinced, that it is only by repeated triumphs in even
combats, that your little navy can hope to console your country of the poet, yet, they afford heart impressions, which
for the loss of that trade it can no longer protect. Favour me do manifest themselves in the frank, manly, free, and
with a speedy reply-we are short of provisions aud water, and unsuspicious character of a British Naval Officer.
cannot stay long here." The subject of the present short memoir was an This challenge was forwarded by a confidential perenthusiast in his profession. He soon conquered all its son, who immediately departed in his boat to Marblemechanical difficulties, but rested not, until he had ac- head, a few miles from Boston, the Shannon at the quired a perfect knowledge of its higher and more same time standing in with colours flying. Between scientific objects. In war, the glory of his country led twelve and one o'clock, while the men were at dinner, him forward in battle, and in peace, he sought still to Captain Broke went himself to the mast head, and advance her bonour by his ardour for those pursuits there observed the Chesapeake fire a gun, and loose which had philosophical investigation connected with and set top-gallant sails. She was soon under weigh, naval discovery for their object.
having a light breeze in her favour. Captain Broke Douglas Charles Clavering, the eldest son of Briga- also saw, that the boat which contained his letter of dier General Henry Clavering, and Lady Augusta challenge had not arrived, so that the sailing of the
Bil September, 1794. He entered the navy at an early curious coincidences so well calculated to impress the age, and, on the North American station, served as mind. midshipman in the Shannon frigate, under the com- The Shannon now filled her sails, and led the way mand of Sir P. V. B. Broke. Of the British navy, off shore, followed by the Chesapeake, until four there was not a ship that formed a better school of o'clock, when the latter vessel fired a gun, as if in denaval discipline than the Shannon, and long and anxi- fiance, both ships, however, continued their course imously did her officers and crew seek for an opportunity mediately afterwards, still at a considerable distance to distinguish themselves. This frigate, accompanied from each other, but at a few minutes past five o'clock, by the Tenedos, 48, lay off Boston for the greater the Shannon hauled up and lay to, until the Chesapeake should approach. The interest of the scene at
LITERARY CRITICISM. this time was heightened by the noble bearing of the
THE ALTRIVE Tales, by the Ettrick Shepherd. Vol. I.—Lon. American frigate, she advanced with royals set, and
don, 1832 three ensigns flying, whilst, far astern, the white sails
We have just had a glimpse of this volume, which is a of a number of American pleasure boats were visible,
reprint of certain of Hogg's prose works. The chief whose proprietors desired to witness another trophy
attraction, however, about the work before us does not for their country's naval glory. The vessels were
lie so much in the tales themselves, as in the tale of now only a short distance from each other, and it ap- the Shepherd's own literary life, told in his own peared, from the manner the Chesapeake bore down, blunt, honest and egotistical way. It appears from that she intended to round the stern of, and rake the
this odd, but interesting piece of autobiography, that Shannon. So convinced was Captain Broke of this, that
Hogg began, as he calls it himself, the “idle trade” of he ordered his men to lie down flat, to avoid the raking
poetry, in the twenty-fourth year of his age. But let fire of the Chesapeake. But the American commander
him speak for himself : had another object in view: he was determined to board
The first time that I attempted to write verses was in the the Shannon at once, and accordingly, at 30 minutes past spring of the year 1796. Mr. Laidlaw having a number of va. 5, he luffed on the starboard side of the Shannon, Juable books, which were all open to my perusal, I about this time at the same time edging down upon her. Captain
began to read with considerable attention ; and no sooner did I
begin to read so as to understand, tban, rather prematurely, I beBroke kept his vessel away at the same time, but the
gan to write. For several years my compositions consisted wholly Chesapeake was still closing, and the officers of the Shan
of songs and ballads made up for lasses to sing in chorus ; and a non distinctly heard the words, “ boarders away,” from proud man I was when I first heard the rosy nymphs chanting the American frigate. There was considerable in- my uncouth strains, and jeering me by the still dear appellation genuity in this manquvre, and, with a less vigilant
of “ Jamie the poeter." commander and crew than the Shannon's, it might
It appears, that it was not till a year after this, that have succeeded, as instead of being prepared to repel Hogg heard of Robert Burns.
The first time I heard of Robert Burns was in 1797, the year boarders, they were calmly expecting the enemy's first
after he died. One day during that summer a balf daft man, raking broadside. As soon, however, as the Chesa
named John Scott, came to me on the hill, and to amuse me repeake altered her course, every man was at his gun, peated Tam O'Shanter. I was delighted—I was far more than and it is almost unnecessary to advert to the tre- delighted—I was ravished ! I cannot describe my feelings; but, mendous precision of their fire.
in short, before Jack Scott left me, I could recite the poem from
beginning to end, and it has been my favourite poem ever since. The American official letter states, “that the first
He told me it was made by one Robert Burns, the sweetest poet broadside from the British frigate did great execution, that ever was born ; but that he was now dead, and his place damaged our rigging, killed, among others, Mr. would never be supplied. He told me all about him, how he was White the sailing master, and wounded Captain
born on the 25th of January, bred a ploughman, how many Lawrence." On this occasion Mr. Clavering com
beautiful songs and poems he bad composed, and that he had
died last barvest, on the 21st of August. manded the after division of the main deck guns, This formed a new epoch of my life. Every day I pondered aud the following marks the coolness that pervaded all on the genius and fate of Burns. I wept, and always thought parties at the moment the Chesapeake was running up
with myself— what is to hinder me from succeeding Burns? I alongside :
too was born on the 25th of January, and I have much more time “ Shall we fire now, Sir,” cried the captain of a gun.
to read and coinpose than any ploughman could have, and can
sing more old songs than ever ploughman could in the world. “No,” said Clavering, “ not until you see her rud- But then I wept again because I could not write. However, I der," and when the damages of the Chesapeake were resolved to be a poet, and to follow in the steps of Burns. afterwards ascertained, the effect of her opponents We are next informed, that his first published song after guns were apparent, “a shot passed through one was “ Donald M‘Donald;" which, as he says himself, of her transoms, several shot entered her stern windows, was sung at a great masonic meeting in Edinburgh, beat in the stern posts, and swept the men from their the Earl of Moira in the chair; and was loudly apquarters." In seven minutes from the commencement plauded, and three times encored. of the action, the fluke of the Shannon's anchor, which The first work of the Ettrick Shepherd, which obhad been stowed away in the main-chains, entered the tained him any great fame, was the “ Queen's Wake." Chesapeake's quarter gallery window, and in a few This, our readers, no doubt, have all read, and is, perminutes afterwards, Captain B. states, “I went for- haps, the finest thing that Hogg has yet written. He ward to ascertain her position, and observing that the next turned his attention to writing, - Winter Evening enemy were flinching from their guns, I gave orders to Tales,” and then became editor of his “ Jacobite prepare for boarding. Our gallant band appointed for Relics." It appears, from the memoirs, that Hogg, that service, immediately rushed in. The enemy made was chiefly instrumental in getting up and establisha desperate but disorderly resistance; the American ing Blackwood's Magazine, and, although he appears flag was bauled down, and the proud old British union to have written a great deal for, and been upon the floated triumphant over it." After mentioning the most intimate terms of acquaintanceship with its chief superior officers who had distinguished themselves on writers and conductors, he does not seem altogether this occasion, Capt. B. proceeds thus, in his Admiralty pleased with the use which has been made of his name letter, “I beg leave, particularly, to recommend Mr. in the “ Noctes Ambrosianæ." In speaking of BlackEtouch the acting master, and Messrs. Smith, Leake,
wood, he says, Clavering, Raymond, and Littlejohn, midshipmen.” For my part, after twenty years of feelings hardly suppressed, The result of this action, so honourable to the cap
he has driven me beyond the bounds of human patience. That
Magazine of his, which owes its rise principally to myself, bas tain, officers, and crew of the Shannon, and not dis
often put words and sentiments into my mouth of which I have honourable to her opponent, was received with grati- been greatly ashamed, and which have given much pain to my tude by the British nation. The accounts of it arriv- family and relations, and many of those after a solemn written ed in time for Mr. Croker to meet a motion of enquiry,
promise that such freedoms should never be repeated. I have as to the conduct of the Admiralty, and that gentle
been often urged to restrain and humble bim by legal measures as
an incorrigible offender deserves. I know I have it in my power, man, in the House of Commons, replied to the opposi
and if he dares me to the task, I want but a hair to make a tether of. tion, by, simply, reading Captain Broke's letter, which
In the concluding portion of this piece of autobiowas received with cheers, and all inquiry suspended. graphy, he draws the characters of the celebrated pub
On the 25th of September following, the Prince lishers, Longman & Co. Constable, Miller, and BlackRegent conferred on Capt. B. a Baronetcy, which wood. He sketches those of Britain's leading Litera. honour was preceded by plate of the value of one hun- teurs, Scott, Wilson, Lockhart, Woodsworth, Galt, dred guineas, from the underwriters at Halifax, and and Allan Cunningham. The whole is done, if not followed by a silver cup from some gentlemen in Ips. with a powerful, at least with an original pencil, and wich, and a splendid memorial of regard from the will fully reward the reader. The fact is, the prelimicounty.
nary memoir is worth the price of the whole volume.
THE RHINE. From the German of Krummacher.
Der Rhein, der Rheingesegnet sey der Rhein! The Rhine, the Rhine-be blessings on the Rhine !
When, at the beginning of time, nature upreared the mountains, and hollowed out the ocean-bed-she des. cended from out her cloud-incanopied pavilion upon the Gotthard, and thus she spoke :-“ Meet it is and proper, that to the great should be given the power of doing good ; to the strong, a wide and distant circle of activity. Thou art firmly fixed, and can't not move from the bed where I have placed thee, but to thee will I give a son, who shall bear to distant lands the strength and the blessings from Heaven thou hast derived." So spake she, and from the mountain sprang the Rhine.
Joyous and free, full of power and courage, the young stream rushed adown the mountain ; in playful gambols he threw himself into the Bodenser ; but the lake retained him not; its waves rolled asuuder, and in unweakened and undiminished strength, he careered along : for he was nature's son, and born upon the mountain crest.
Young and spirited, he chose for himself a course : nature never errs in her choice: she ever selects the great and the good. Through rocks and mountains be forced his way, whilst they confined and moderated the impetuosity of his youthful career. Thus did vinehills embank the young and rapid stream.
Splendid now became his course. A hundred rivers and countless brooks accompanied him, and mingled their rolling waters with his powerful waves : for godlike qualities always attract noble natures, and the mighty always strive to join themselves to the mightiest.
Majestic and composed, now he rolled his water. More silently, but not less powerfully, he flowed along. Winter tried to bind bim in his icy fetters ; but, asunder he burst the chains that strove to hold him, for he had but to exert his youthful vigour, and rocks were rent by the impetuosity of his assault.
His stream now resembled the polished mirror. No more the clustering vine, the fruit of the mountain side, but rich and luxuriant fields of grain surround him ; ships and barks sailed gallantly along his bosom. Thus does tranquil power add utility to beanty.
Thus did he approach the end of his course, and then did nature divide him into several different streams, to which have been given various names. When we speak of the Rbine, we mean that majestic river alone, which bears grandeur on its waters, and strews its blessings around.
wams of the savage; and when I saw them rise from another species of desert, from the ruins of the Parthenon, I could not avoid feeling a companion in the desolation of empires.
The first thing which strikes a traveller in the monuments of Athens, is their lovely colour. In our climate, where the heavens. are charged with smoke and rain, the whitest stone soon becomes tinged with black and green. It is not thus with the atmosphere of Athens. The clear sky and brilliant sun of Greece bave sbed over the marble of Paros and Pentilicus a golden hue, comparable only to the finest and most fleeting tints of autumn.
Before I saw these splendid reinains I had fallen into the ordinary error concerning them. I conceived they were perfect in their details, but that they wanted grandeur. But the first glauce at the originals is sufficient to shew, that the genius of the architects has supplied in the magnitude of proportion what was wanting in size; and Athens is accordingly filled with stupendous edifices. The Athenians, a people far from rich, few iu number, have succeeded in moving gigantic masses; the blocks of stone in the Pnyx and the Propyleum are literally quarters of rock. The slabs which stretch from pillar to pillar are of enormous dimensions : the columns of the Temple of Jupiter Olympius are above sixty feet in height, and the walls of Athens, including those which stretched to the Piræus, extended over nine leagues, and were so broad that two chariots could drive on them abreast. The Romans never erected more extensive fortifications.
By what strange fatality has it happened that the chefs d'ouvre of antiquity, wbich the moderns go so far to admire, have owed their destruction chiefly to the moderns themselves ? The Parthenon was entire in 1687; the Christians at first converted it in. to a church, and the Turks into a mosque. The Venetians, in the middle of the light of the seventeenth century, bombarded the Acropolis with red-hot shot; a shell fell on the Parthenon, pierced the roof, blew up a few barrels of powder, and blew into the air great part of the edifice, which did less honour to the gods of antiquity than the genius of man. No sooner was the town captured, than Morosini, in the design of embellishing Venice with its spoils, took down the statues from the front of the Parthenon; and another modern has completed, from love for the arts, that wbich the Venetian had begun. The invention of tire-arms has been fatal to the monuments of antiquity. Had the barbarians been acquainted with the use of gunpowder, not a Greek or Roman edifice would have survived their invasion; they would have blown up even the pyramids in the search for hidden treas
One year of war among the moderns will destroy more than a century of combats among the ancients. Every thing among the moderns seems opposed to the perfection of art; their country, their manner, their dress ; even their discoveries.
MONUMENTS OF ATHENS. From Chateaubriand's Itineraire de Paris á Jerusalem.
OVERWHELMed with fatigue, I slept for some time without interruption, when I was at length awakened by the sound of Turkish music, procecding from the summits of the Propyleum. At the same time a Mussulman priest from one of the mosques called the faithful to pray in the city of Minerva. I cannot describe what I felt at the sound; the Imen had no need to remind one of the lapse of time : his voice alone in these scenes announced the revolution of
ages. This fluctuation in human affairs is the more remarkable from the contrast which it affords to the unchangeableness of nature. As if to insult the instability of human affairs, the animals and the birds experience no change in their empires, nor alteration in tbeir habits. I saw, when sitting on the hill of the Muses, the storks form themselves into a wedge, and wing their flight towards the shores of Africa. For two thousand years they have made the same voyage—they have remained free and bappy in the city of Solon, as in that of the chief of the black eunuchs. From the height of their nests, which the revolutions below have not been able to reach, they have seen the races of men disappear; while impious generations bave arisen on the tombs of their religious parents, the young stork bas never ceased to nourish its aged parent. I involuntarily fell into these reflections, for the stork is the friend of the traveller : “it kuows the seasons of heaven." These birds were frequently my companions in the solitudes of America : I have often seen them perch on the wig
Though I cannot conceal that I rose from the dust,
LETTER FROM MISS MATCHLESS.
JOHN REID & CO. FOREIGN AND ENGLISH BOOKSELLERS, 58, HUTCHESON STREET,
AVE just received a large box of NEW BOOKS from the
To the Editor of The Day. Dear Day,—Can't your friend, the Bachelor, show himself. He mopes and makes poetry, but keeps his lodgings- where is he to be seen? On Thursday next, two young ladies and myself are to walk in St. Vincent Street, exactly at half-past two, let him wear a daisy in his hat, and we shall immediately recognize him, and, if he be at all tolerable, pa will call on him, and endeavour to soothe him in bis lame-ntable way.
I really commiserated his last disappointment, and can assure him, that there is no danger of such another in Glasgow. Mary is in love with the Fortune Hunter, so our beaux of this good town must exert themselves, or else they may chance to meet with a severe disappointment: we cannot wait upon them, although they wait so often upon us. My dear Day, I beg you will allow a charade, enigma, puzzle, conundrum, and dear delightful riddle sometimes to appear, and why have you been so barsh to your poetical correspondents lately? I would not marry yourself unless I thought you could write verses. I wish you would introduce me to Jaques and Omega : those who admire beauty so much must be true and ardent lovers. Pray is your friend, Baillie Pirnie, enjoying his usual health! No doubt so patriotic a citizen will be too much occupied in administering to the relief of the distressed, to add to the hilarity of the healthy. Well, we must have patience. Let me remind the Bachelor, that the inonth of May is speedily approaching, and that, in Scotland, we are very superstitious. Pray, my dear Sir, have you ever heard the Bachelor say, what colour of female dress he prefers ? As I am to have a new pelisse one of those days, it would be as well to wear bis favourite colour. I am very fond of music—is the Bachelor fond of music? You know the poet says, that music is the nourishment of love, and I believe it. Perhaps he plays on the flute. Quite a classical instrument, you know. Or the violin_less indeed of Cupid about that, but still an acquirement that is desirable -but, should he only play the bag-pipe, and be passable in appearance, and not too old, I shall auxiously await the hour of appointment.
MARGARET MATCHLESS. Street, Friday Evening.
will be found
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Capt. T. who commanded the Argo of 28 guns, being stationed with some cutters off Ostend, sent a inessenger to the governor of the place, importing, that, as the King, his master, was not at war with the house of Austria, be expected to be supplied with provisions from Ostend, although it was garrisoned with French troops, otherwise he would make prize of every vessel belonging to the place, that should presume to come out of the harbour. No notice being taken of this message, he proceeded to put his threats into execution, by detaining three fishing boats.
The governor finding him in earnest, sent out a flag of truce, with a compliment, assuring him, he would comply with his request, and the captain received daily supplies from the shore.
HATCHING CHICKENS.— The following singular, though effectual mode of hatching chickens, prevails in the interior of Sumatra ; it is vouched for by Major Clayton of the Lencoolen council. The hens, whether from being frightened off the nests by the rats, wbich are very numerous and destructive, or from some other cause hitherto prevalent in Sumatra, do not hatch their chickens in the ordinary way, as is seen in almost all other climates. The viatives have for this purpose, in each village, several square rooms, the walls of which are inade of a kind of brick, dried in the sun, In the middle of these rooms they make a large tire, round which they place their eggs at regular distances, that they may all enjoy an equal degree of heat. In this manner they let them lie for 11 days, now and then turning them, that the warmth may be better administered to all parts alike, and on the fifteenth day the chicken makes its appearance, and proves, in every respect, as strong and perfect as those hatched according to the rules of na
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.
“ Jaque's" last communication is not equal, in merit, to the one we formerly inserted.
“ Q. P. D.” will never be Poet Laureate to Cupid, until his versitication be improved.
" Anpa" is, truly, am her intentions, but her communication inust be deferred till Saturday.
PRINTED BY JOUN ORANIAM, MELVILLE PLACE.
PRICE A PENNY
A MORNING JOURNAL OF LITERATURE, FINE ARTS, FASHION, &c.
GLASGOW, TUESDAY, APRIL 24, 1832.
MEMOIR OF THE LATE CAPT. D. C. CLAVER- cautious and correct in their reckoning. By speaking ING, R. N.-No. II.
with fishiug-boats, we were enabled to grope our way
alongst a coast so difficult to distinguish, and on the " When called by his country, he lingers no more;
charts of which, we could place no dependance. I was But, leaving the joys of his dear native shore, Embarks to explore hyperborcan coasts,
particularly unwilling to commit any error by running Surrounded by ice, and enfettered by frosts."
into a wrong inlet, as the Griper's sailing would hard
ly bave compensated for the time we had lost.” We endeavoured, in our last publication, to present
The weather, as might be expected, at such a season our readers with a correct account of the naval engage
of the year, was pleasant, but rather irksome to the voyament between the Chesapeake American, and the
gers, from the succession of calms and light winds that Shannon British frigate ; in the latter vessel Capt. prevailed; for they now looked anxiously forward to the Clavering was midshipman. The Shannon, on her re
more distant part of their voyage, as the scene where turn to old England, having been long in service, was
their most interesting pursuits would commence. It paid off. The Admiralty immediately offered Capt.
was important, however, and, indeed, only in compliBroke one of the ships, building at that time, for the
ance with his instructions, that Capt. C. should“ propurpose of contending with the largest class of Ame. ceed to Norway, about the latitude of 70°," and, rican frigates, but his wounds were then too recent to
accordingly, on the 2d of June, they entered Hammerallow him to engage in active service, and this offer
fest harbour, and anchored in 16 fathoms. The harhe respectfully declined. His Lieutenants, Wallis
bours of Norway have often afforded shelter to our and Falkiner, were both promoted to the rank of Com
enterprising seamen. In 1553, we find Chanceler, mander, for their conduct in the recent engagement.
the companion of Sir Hugh Willoughby, before the In March, 1818, Mr. Clavering was appointed Lieute
unhappy catastrophe of the latter, “worthygentleman” nant of the Spey sloop of war, which vessel was des
shaped his course for Wardhouse of Norway and tined for service in the Mediterranean, and, three
remained there, for some time, in the hope of his being years afterwards, he was appointed to the command
joined by the other ship that had formerly accompaof the Pheasant, then on that not very desirable sta
nied him. Captain Clavering's description of Hammertion the coast of Africa. The Pheasant continued fest is not uninviting. “We saluted the fort with eleven there for some time, and was, afterwards, employed in
guns, which were returned. The natives, here, are kind visiting the Island of St. Thomas, near the Bight of
and hospitable, and pleased at the idea of a visit from Biafra, Ascension Island, several places in the Brazil,
even such a man of war as the Griper. The women are the West Indies, and, finally, New York. The pur
fair and pretty, and dress much like our own. Repose of this voyage was, to institute a series of experi
mote from the uncivilized world, they are untainted ments on the pendulum, under the direction of Capt.
by its vices or its wants. This place, built on a small Sabine, of the artillery, and, after the return of the
island, consists of about a dozen houses. There are no Pheasant to England, it was determined that these ob- provisions to be got, with the exception of rein-deer, servations should, also, be extended to a high northern
which afforded a seasonable supply." latitude. For this purpose, Capt. Clavering was appoint
As soon as the Griper anchored, preparations were ed to the Griper, and, along with Capt. Sabine, sought
made for disembarking the instruments, and this havthe bleak and in hospitable shores of Greenland, both ing been performed in the most satisfactory manner, animated by a love of scientific pursuits and the hope of an observatory and tent were erected. Only three benefitting their country, by their discoveries. Capt. days elapsed after their arrival, when Captain Sabine Sabine's experiments and their results have already
would have been enabled to commence his observations been given to the world, but Capt. Clavering's journal had the weather been favourable. From Hammerfest of this voyage was presented to his friend,* James the Griper proceeded to Spitzbergen. “We fell in Smith, Esq. who published it, for the first time, in the with the first ice on the 27th, but as the sea New Philosophical Journal. A coasting voyage is,
smooth, I did not hesitate in continuing to run. This generally, interesting, but where, every moment, new being the first introduction to the ice to most of us, scenes are presented to the eye on a previously unex- the novelty of the scene rendered it intensely interplored coast, there is a continued and agreeable ex- esting. The ship received several severe shocks, citement. The following description of the approach but, from the mode in which she was strengthened, of the Griper to Norway is truly picturesque
she did not seem to feel them. Notwithstanding the “ 1823, May 1lth, We proceeded, without any ma- severity of the gale, with the thermometer at 32°, not terial occurrence, till Saturday the 17th, when we de the slightest inconvenience was felt, but rather a scried the coast of Norway, distant about 30 or 40 miles. cheerful bracing effect, as the weather had become From this time, till our arrival at Hammerfest, we had clear with the sun shining brilliantly, such as we have a good sight of the land, having run along it for upwards in the clear frosty mornings of October ; splicing the of 300 miles. It is from 1500 to 2000 feet high, rising, main-brace, and issuing the extra warm clothing, seemabruptly, from the sea. The mountains are caped ed to produce general good-will and activity, fore and with snow, without the least appearance of vegetation.
aft! The coast is indented with numerous fiords, or arms “ 1823, June 30.—Moderate breezes. The land of the sea, that run forty or fifty miles inland, and, high, rugged and barren, we kept running along from the similarity of the headlands, are difficult to be shore at the distance of about five miles. Anchored made out and are easily mistaken by those who are not at midnight in 17 fathoms. The following morning
weigbed, and towed the ship about 2 miles farther in, * James Smith, Esq. of Jordanhill, F.R.S.
and brought up in seven fathoms, a-breast of a small