Abbildungen der Seite








S A B HAS in English the same hissing sound

I purpose, as in other languages, and unhappily

And by our holy sabbeth have I sworn,

To have the due and fortcit of my boud. Shal. prevails in so many of our words that it

Glad we return'd up to the coasts of light, produces in the ear of a forcigner a con- Ere sabbath ey'ning.

Milton. tinged sibilation. In the beginning of Here ev'ry day was sabbarb: only free words it has invariably its natural and From hours of pray'r, for hours of charity, genuine sound: in the middle it is some

Such as the Jews from servile toil relcast, times uttered with a stronger appulse of

Where works of mercy were a part of rest :

Such as blest angels exercise above, the tongue to the palate, like z; as rose,

Vary'd with sacred hymns and acts of love; roseate, rosy, osier, nosel, resident, busy, Such sabbutbs as that one she now enjoys, business. It sometimes keeps its natural Ev'n chat perpetual one, which she employs: sound ; as loose, designation ; for which For such vicissitudes in heav'n there are, I know not whether any rules can be

In praise alternate, ard alternate pray’r. Dryd. given. In the end of monosyllables it is

2. Intermission of pain or sorrow; time

of rest. sometimes s, as in this; and sometimes

Never any sabbath of release 2, as in as, bas; and generally where es

Could free his travels and atrictions deep. Dar, stands in verbs for eth, as gives. It Nor can his blessed soul look down from seems to be established as a rule, that

heav'n, no noun singular should end with 's sin- Or break th' eternal sabbath of his rest, gle: therefore in words written with

To see her miseries on earth. Dryden.

Peaceful sleep out the sabbath of the tomb, diphthongs, and naturally long, an e is

And wake to raptures in a lite to come. Popes nevertheless added at the end, as goose, SABBATA'RIAN. n. s. [from sabbath.] bouse; and where the syllable is short

One who observes the sabbath with unthe s is doubled, and wasonce sse, as ass, reasonable rigour;

one who observes anciently asse; wilderness, anciently

the seventh day of the week in opposi. wildernesse ; distress, anciently distresse.

tion to the first. SABA'OTH. n. s. (Hebrew.] Signifying SA'BBATH BREAKER. n. s. (sabbath and

break.] Violator of the sabbath by la. Holy Lord God of sabaoth; that is, Lord of bour or wickedness. bosts.

Common Prayer.

The usurer is the greatest sabbathbreaker, bea SABBATH. n. so [An Hebrew word, cause his plough goeth every Sunday:

Buceri signifying rest; sabbat, Fr. sabbatum, SABBA’TICAL. adj. sabbaticus, Lat. subLatin.]

batique, Fr. from sabbath.] Resembling 1. A day appointed by God among the

the sabbath ; enjoying or bringing inJews, and from them established among

termission of labour. Christians for publick worship; the

The appointment and observance of the sab.

batical year, and after the seventh saltatical seventh day set apart from works of la- year a year of jubile-, is a circuinstance of grsac bour to be employed in piety.


Foro:s. VOL. IV.


an army.


SA'BBATISM. n. s. [from sabbatum, Lat.] If ample powers, granted by the rulers of this Observance of the sabbath superstiti

world, add dignity to the persons intrusted with ously rigid.

these powers, behold the importance and extent

of the sacerdotal commission. Atterbury. SA'DINE. 7. s. (sabine, Fr. sabina, Lat.] A plant.

SA'CHEL. n. so (sacculus, Lat.] A small

sack or bag Sabine or savin will make fine hedges, and may be brought into any form by clipping, much be

SACK. n. s. pu Hebrew; ceinzos; saccus, yond trees.

Mortimer. Lat. sæc, Sax. It is observable of this SA'BLE. n. s. (zibella, Lat.) Fur.

word, that it is found in all languages, Sable is worn

of great personages, and brought and it is therefore conceived to be anteout of Russia, being the fur of a little beast of diluvian.] that name, esteemed for the perfectness of the

1. A bag ; a pouch ; commonly a large colour of the hairs, which are very black. Hence

bag. sable, in heraldry, signifies the black colour in gentlemen's arms.


Our sacks shall be a mean to sack the city,

And we be lords and rulers over Roan. Sbaks. Furiously running in upon him, with tumultu

Vastius caused the authors of that mutiny to ous speech, he violently raught from his head his rich cap of subles,

be thrust into sacks, and in the sight of the fleet tast into the sea.

Knolles. The peacock's plune thyit kleenust otsail; Nor the dear purchase of the abie's tail.*.Gay: The measure of three bushels. SA'BLE. adj. [Fr:] Black. A word used 3. A woman's loose robe. by heralds and poets.

To Sack. v. a. (from the noun.] By this the drooping dayligh: 'can to falez 1. To put in bags. And yield his room to sad succeeding nights. Now the great work is done, the corn is ground,

Who with her sable mantle 'ganoo shade The grist is sack'd, and every'sack well bound. The face of earth, and ways of living arohte

Betterton. Fairy Queen

... [from sacar, Spanish.] To take by With him inthron'd Sat sable vested night, eldest of things,

storm ; to pillage; to plunder.

Edward Bruce spoiled all the old English pale The consort of his reign.


inhabitants, and sacked and rased all cities and They soon begin that tragick play,

corporate towns.

Spenser. And with their smoaky camens banish dav:

I'll make thee stoop and bend thy knee, Night, horrour, slaughter, with confusion meet,

Or sack this country with a mutiny. Sbakspeare. And in their sallc arnis embrace the fieet.

What armies conquer'd, perish'd with thy Wuller.

sword? Adoring first the genius of the place,

What cities sack'd?

Fairfax. And night, and all the stars that giid her sable

Who sees these dismal heaps, but would dethrone.


mand SA'BLIERE. n. s. [fr.]

What barbarous invader sack'd the land) Denbm. 1. A sand pit.

Bailey. The pope hiinself was ever after unfortunate, 2. [In carpentry.] A piece of timber as Rome being twice taken and sucked in his reign.

South. long, but not so thick, as a beam. SA'BRE. n. 's. (sabre, fr. I suppose, of

The great magazine for all kinds of treasure is

the bed of the Tiber: when the Romans lay unTurkish original.] A cimeter; a short

der the apprehensions of seeing their city sacked by sword with a convex edge; a falchion. a barbarous enemy, they would take care to be

To me the cries of fighting helds are charms; stow such of their riches this way as could best Keen be my sabre, and of proof my arms;

bear the water.

Addisut I ask no other blessing of my stars,

Sack. n. s. (from the verð.] No prize but fame, no mistress but the wars.

1. Storm of a town; pillage; plunder. Dryden.

If Saturn's son bestows Seam'd o'er with wounds, which his own sabre

The sack of Troy, which he by promise owes, gave, In the vile habit of a village slave,

Then shall the conqu'ring Greeks thy loss restore.

Dryden. The foe deceiv'd.

2. A kind of sweet wine, now brought SABULO'SITY. n. s.

[from sabulous.] Grittiness ; sandiness.

chiefly from the Canaries. [Sec, Fr. of

uncertain etymology; but derived by SABULOUS. adj. (sabulum, Lat.) Grit

Skinner, after Mandesto, from Xeque, a ty; sandy.

city of Morocco. The sack of Shakspeare SACCADE. n. s. (Fr.) A violent check

is believed to be what is now called the rider gives his horse, by drawing

sherry.] both the reins very suddenly : a correc- Please you drink a cup of sack. Shakspeare. tion used when the horse bears heavy on The butler hath great advantage to allure the the hand Bailey. maids with a glass of sack.

Szvift. Sa'CCHARINE, adj. [saccharum, Latio.] SA'CK BUT. n. s. [sacabuche, Spanish;

Having the taste, or any other of the sambuca, Lat. sambuque, Fr.] A kind of chief qualities, of sugar.

pipe. Manna is an essential saccharine salt, sweating The trumpets, sackbuts, psalteries and fife, from the leaves of most plants. Arbuthnot. Make the sun dance.

Sbakspeare, SACERDO'T A L. adj. [sacerdotalis, Latin.] SA'CKCLOTH. n. s. [sack and cloth.] Priestly ; belonging to the priesthood.

Cloth of which sacks are made; coarse They have several offices and prayers, espe

cloth sometimes worn in mortification. cially for the dead, in which functions they use Coarse stuff made of goats hair, of a dark cosatirdvial garments.

Stillingfieet. lour, worn by soldiers and mariners; and used He fell violently upon me,

without respect to as a habit among the Hebrews in times of mourn. my sacerdotai orders.

Dryden. ing. Called sackclotb, either because sacks were


with to

mide of this sort of stuff, or because hair-cloths SA'CRED. adj. [sacre, Fr. sacer, Lat.) were strait and close like a sack. Calmet.

1. Immediately relating to God. To augment her painful penance more,

Wolves shall succeed for teachers, grievous Thrice every week in ashes she did sit,

wolves, And next her wrinkled skin rough sackcloth wore. Who all the sacred mysteries of heav'n

Spenser. To their own vile advantages shall turn. Milt. Thus with sackcloth I invest my woe,

Before me lay the sacred text, And dust upon my clouded forehead throw, The help, the guide, the balin, of souls perplex’d. Sandys.

Ariuthnot. Being clad in sackclotb, he was to lie on the

2. Devoted to religious uses ; holy: ground, and constantly day and night to implore

Those who came to celebrate the sabbath, made God's mercy for the sin he had committed.


a conscience of helping themselves for the ho

nour of that most sacred diy. Maccabees. SA'CKER. n. 4. [from sack.] One that

They with wine-off'rings pour’d, and sacred takes a town.

feast, SA'CKFUL. fi. s. (sack and full.] A full Shall spend their days with joy unblam'd. Milt. bag.

This temple, and his holy ark,
With all his sacred things.

Wood goes about with sachfuls of dross, odiously
misrepresenting his prince's countenance. Savift. 3. Dedicated; consecrate; consecrated :
SA'CKPOSSE r. n. š. (sack and posset. A

posset made of milk, sack, and some O'er its eastern gate was rais'd above other ingredients.

A temple, sacred to the queen of love. Drydeit. Snuff the candles at slipper on the table, be

4. Relating to religion ; thcological. cause the burning snuff may fall into a dish of

Smit with the love of sacred song. Milton. soup or sachposset.


. 5. Entitled to reverence ; awfully venerSACRAMENT. n. s. [sacrement, Fr. sa- able. cramentum, Lat.]

Bright officious lamps, 1. An oath ; any ceremony producing an

In thee concentring all their precious beams
Of sacred influence.

Milton, obligation.

Poet and saint, to thee alone were giv'n, 2.'An outward and visible sign of an in- The two most sasred names of earth and heav'n. ward and spiritual grace.

Cowley. As often as we mention a sacrament, it is im- 6. Inviolable, as if appropriated to some properly understood; for in the writings of the

superiour being. ancient fathers all articles which are peculiar to The honour's sacred, which he talks on now, christian faith, all duties of religion containing

Supposing that I lacke it.

Sbakspeare. that which sense or natural reason cannot of it.

How hast thou yielded to transgress self discern, are most commonly named sacra- The strict forbiddance? how to violate ments; our restraint of the word to some few

The sacred fruit?

Milton. principal divine ceremonies, importeth in every

Secrets of marriage still are sacred held; such ceremony two things, the substance of the

There sweet and bitter by the wise conceal'd. ceremony itself, which is visible; and besides that, somewhat else more secret, in reference Sa'Credly. adv. [from sacred.] Inviola

Dryden. whereunto we conceive that ceremony to be a sacraneni.


bly; religiously. 3. The eucharist; the holy communion. When God had manifested himself in the Ten thousand French have ta'en the sacrament

flesh, how sacredly did he preserve this privio To rise their dangerous artillery.


Souib. Upon no christian soul but English Talbot. SA'CREDNESS. n. s. [from sacred.] The

Sbakspeare. state of being sacred ; state of being As we have ta'en the sacrament,

consecrated to religious uses ; holiness; We will unite the white rose with the red.


sanctity. Before the famous battle of Cressy, he spent

In the sanctuary the cloud, and the oracular the greatest part of the night in prayer; and in answers, were prerogatives peculiar to the sathe morning received the sacrament, with his

credness of the place.

South. son, and the chief of his officers. Addison.

This insinuates the sacredness of power, let the

administration of it be what it will. L'Estrange SACRA VE'NTAL. adj. [sacramental, Fr.

from sacrament.] Constituting a sacra- SACRIFICK, adi. [sacrificus, Lat.] Emment; pertaining to a sacrament.

ployed in sacrifice. To make complete the outward substance of SACRIFICABLE, adj; [from sacrificor, a sacrament, there is required an outward form,

Latin.] Capable of being offered in 32which form sacramental elements receive from sacramental words.



Although Jephtha's yow run generally for the The words of St. Paul are plain; and whatever

words, whatsoever shall come forth; yet might interpretation can be put upon them, it can only

it be restrained in the sense, to whatsoever u as vary the way of the sa:ramental, etficacy, but it cannot evacuate the blessing. Taylor.

sacrificable, and justly subject to lawful immola

tion, and so would not have sacrificed either SICHANIE'NTALLY. adv. (from sacra

horse or deg.

Brown, mental.] After the manner of a sacra

SACRIFICA’TOR. n. s. [sacrificateur, Fr. ment.

My body is sacramentally contained in this sa- from sacrificor, Lat.) Sacrificer; offerer crament of bread.

Hall. of sacrifice. *The law of circumcision was meant by God Not only the subject of sacrifice is questionable, tacramentally to impress the duty of strict purity. but also the sacrificator, which the picture makes Hammond. sabe Jephtha.


[ocr errors]



SA'CRIFICATORY. adj. [from sacrificor, SA'CRILEGE. n. s. [sacrilege, French ;
Lat.] Offering sacrifice.

sacrilegium, Latin.] The crime of apT. SA'CRIFICE. v. a. (sacrifier, Fr. propriating to himself what is devoted crifico, Lat.)

to religion ; the crime of robbing hea1. To offer to heaven; to immolate as an ven; the crime of violating or profaning åtonement or propitiation : with to. things sacred. Alarbus' limbs are lopt,

By what eclipse shall that sun be defac'd,
And intrails feed the sacrificing fire. Shakspeare. What mine hatherst thrown down so fair a tower!

This blood, like sacrificing Abel's, cries What sacrilege hath such a saint disgrac'd ?
To me for justice.

Sidney. I sacrifice to the Lord all that openeth the Then 'gam a cursed hand the quiet womb matrix, being males.

Exodus. Othis great grandmother with steel to wound,
Men from the herd or Rock

And the hid treasures in her sacred tomb
Of sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid. Milton. With sacrilce td dig.

Fairy Queen. 2. To destroy or give up for the sake of We need not go many ages back to see the something else : with to.

vengeance of God upon some families, raised 'T is a sad contemplation, that we should se

upon the ruins of churches, and enriched with

South. crifice the peace of the church to a little vain cu

the spoils of sacrilege. riosity,

Decay of Piety; SACRILE'gious. adj. [sacrilegus, Latin ; The breach of this rule, To do as one would

from sacrilege.] Violating things sacred; be done to, would be contrary to that interest men sacrifice lo when they break it. Locke.

polluted with the crime of sacrilege. Syphax loves you, and would sacrifice

To sacrilegious perjury should I be betrayed, I His life, nay more, his honour, to your service.

should account it greater misery. King Charles.

By vile hands to common use debas'd,
A great genius sometimes sacrifices sound to With sacrilegious taunt, and impious jest. Prior.


Still green with bays each ancient altar stands,

Above the reach of sacrilegious hands. 3. To destroy ; to kill.

Blasphemy is a malediction, and a sacrilegious
To devote with loss.

detraction from the Godhead. Ayliffe.
Condemn'd to sacrifice his childish years
To babbling ign'rance, and to empty fears. Prior. SACRILEGIOUSLY. adv. [from sacrile-
TO SACRIFICE. v. n. To make offerings;

gious.] With sacrilege.

When these evils befell him, his conscience to offer sacrifice. He that sacrificeth of things wrongfully gotten,

tells him it was for sacrilegiously pillaging and in

South. vading God's house.

his offering is raiculous.
Let us go to sacrifice to the Lord. Exodus.

SA'Cring. part. [This is a participle of
Some mischief is befallen

the French sacrer. The verb is not used To that meek man who well had sacrific'd. in English.] Consecrating.


I'll startle you, SA'CRIFICE. n. s. [sacrifice, Fr. sacrificium,

Worse than the sacring bell. Shakspeare. Lat.)

The sacring of the kings of France is the sign

of their sovereign priesthood as well as kingdom, 1. The act of offering to heaven. God will ordain religious rites

and in the right thereof they are capable of hold

Milton. Of sacrifice.

ing all vacant benefices.

Temple. 2. The thing offered to heaven, or immo

SACRIST. 1. s. [sacristain, French.] lated by an act of religion.

SA'CRISTAN. He that has the care of
Upon such sacrifice

the utensils or moveables of the church. The gods themselves throw incense. Shakspeare, A sacrist or treasurer are not dignitaries in Go with me like good angels to my end,

the church of common right, but only by cusAnd as the long divorce of steel falls on me, tom.

Aliffe. Make of your prayers one sweet sacrifice, SA CRISTY.n.s. (sacristie, Fr. ] An apartAnd lift my soul to heav'n.


ment where the consecrated vessels or Moloch besmear'd with blood

moveables of a church are reposited. Of human sacrifice.


Bold Amycus from the robb'd vestry brings
My life if thou preserv'st, my life

A sconce that hung on high,
Thy sacrifice shali be;

With tapers tillid to light the sacristy. Dryden.
And death, if death must be my doom,

Shall join my soul to thee.

A third apartment should be a kind of sacristy

for altars, idols, and sacrificing instruments. 3. Any thing destroyed, or quitted for the

Addison. sake of something else; as, he made a SAD. adj. [Of this word, so frequent in sacrifice of his friendship to his interest.

the language, the etymology is not 4. Any thing destroyed.

known. It is probably a contraction of SACRIFICER. n. s. [from sacrifice.] One sagged, heavy, burdened, overwhelmed, who offers sacrifice; one that immolates.

from To sag, to load.] Let us be sacrifiers, but not butchers. Shaks. 1. Sorrowful ; full of grief.

When some brawny sacrifcer knocks,
Before an altar led, an offer'd ox.

Do you think I shall not love a sad Pamela so
well as a joyful?

A priest pours wine between the horns of a

One from sad dismay. bull: the priest is veiled after the manner of

Recomforted, and after thoughts disturbid, the old Roman sacrificers.


Submitting to what seem'd remediless. Milton. SACRIFICIAL.. adj. [from sacrifice.] Per

The hapless pair
forming sacrifice ; included in sacrifice. Sat in their sad discourse and various plaint. Milt.
Rain sacrificial whisp'rings in his ear;,

Up into heav'n, from Paradise in haste
Make sacred even his stirrop. Shakspeare. Th’angelic guards ascended, mute and sac Milt.
Tertullian's observation upon these sacrificial

I now must change rites, is pertinent to this rule.


Those notes to tragick; sed task ! Milton.

[ocr errors]


Six brave companions from each ship we lost : 3. To make dark coloured. With sails outspread we fly th' unequal strife, Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life. "Pope. 4. To make heavy; to make cohesive.

Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the 2. Habitually melancholy; heavy; gloomy; great prejudice it doth to clay lands. Mortimer. not gay; not cheerful.

SA'DDI.E. n. s. [radl, Saxon; sadel, It ministreth unto men, and other creatures, Dutch.] The seat which is put upon all celestial influences: it dissipateth those sad

the horse for the accommodation of the thoughts and sorrows, which the darkness both

rider. begelteth and maintaineth.

Raleigh. See in her cell sad Eloisa spread,

His horse hipped, with an old moth-eaten sade Propp'd on some tomb, a neighbour of the dead.

die, and the stirrups of no kindred. Sbakspeare, Pope.

The law made for apparel, and riding in sad3. Gloomy; showing sorrow or anxiety

dies, after the English fashion, is penal only to Englishmen.

Davies, by outward appearance,

One hung a pole-ax at his saddle bow, Be not as the hypocrites of a sad countenance.

And one a heavy mace.

Dryden. Mattbew. Earth trembled from her entrails, as again

The vent'rous knight isfrom the saddle thrown;

But 't is the fault of fortune, not his own. Dryd, In pangs, and Nature gave a second groan; T, SA'DDLE, v. a. (from the noun.]. Sky lour'd, and muttering thunder, some sad drops

1. To cover with a saddle. Wept at completing of the mortal sin

I will saddle me en ass, that I may ride thereOriginal. Milton.

2 Samuel 4. Serious; not light; not volatile ; grave.

Rebels, by yielding, do like him, or worse,

Who saddled his own back to shame his horse. He with utterance grave, and countenance sad, From point to point discours'd bis voyage. Spens.

Çleaveland. The lady Katharine, a sad and religious woman,

No man, sure, e'er left his house,

And saddi'l Ball, with thoughts, so wild, when Henry vill's resolution of a divorce from

To bring a midwife to his spouse, her was first made known, said that she had not

Before he knew she was with child. Prier, offended; but it was a judgment of God, for that her former marriage was made in blood. Bacon. 2. To load ; to burden. If it were an embassy of weight, choice was

Resolv'd for sea, the slaves thy baggage pack, made of some sad person of known judgment and

Each saddl'd with his burden on his back; experience, and not of a young man, not weighed

Nothing retards thy voyage. Dryden, in state matters.

Bacon. SA'DDLEBACKED. adj. (saddle and back.] A sad wise valour is the brave complexion

Horses, saddlebacked, have their backs low, and That leads the van, and swallows up the cities:

a raised head and neck. Farrier's Dicttonary: The gigler is a milk-maid, whom inflection, SADDLEMAKER. n. s. [from saddle.] Or a fir'd beacon, frighteth from his ditties. SA'DDLER.

One whose trade Herbert,

is to make saddles. s. Afflictive ; calamitous.

Sixpence that I had Thoughts in my unquiet breast are risen, To pay the saddler for my mistress' crupper, Tending to some relief of our extremes,

The saddler had it.

Sbakspeare. Or end,

tho' sharp and sad, yet tolerable. Milt. The utmost exactness in these belongs to far6. Bad ; inconvenient ; vexatious. A word riers, saddlers, and smiths.

Digby. of burlesque complaint.

The smith and the saddler's journeyman ought These qualifications make him a sad husband. to partake of your master's generosity. Szeift.

Addison. SA'DLY. adv. (from sad.] 7. Dark-coloured.

1. Sorrowfully ; mournfully. Crystal, in its reduction into powder, hath a My father is gone wild into his grave; vale and shadow of blue; and in its coarse pieces For in his tomb lie my affections ; is of a sadder hue than the powder of Venice And with his spirit sadly I survive, glass.

Brown. To mock the expectations of the world. Shaksp. I met him accidentally in London in sad co- Hegriev'd, he wept, the sight an image brought loured clothes, far from being costly. Walton. Of his own filial love; a sadly pleasing thought. Scarce any tinging ingredient is of so general

Dryder. use as voad, or glastum; for though of itself it He sadly suffers in their grief, dye but a blue, yet, it is used to prepare cloth for Our-weeps an hermit, and out-prays a saint. Dry. green, and many of the sadder colours, when the 2. Calamitously ; miserably. dyers make them last without fading. Boyle.

We may at present easily see, and one day Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the

South. foundation of all sad colours. Mortimer. SA'DNESS. N. s.

[from sad.] 3. Heavy; weighty ; ponderous.

1. Sorrowfulness; mournfulness; dejecWith that his hand, more sad than lump of lead,

tion of mind. Uplifting high, he weened with Morddure,

The soul receives intelligence
His own good sword, Morddure, to cleave his

By her near genius of the body's end,
Fairy Queen.

And so imparts a sadness to the sense. Daniel. 9. Cohesive; not light; firm; close.

And let us not be wanting to ourselves, Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad, and

Lest so severe and obstinate a sadness therefore require warm applications and light Tempt a new vengeance.

Denham. compost.


A passionate regret at sin, a grief and sadress TO SA'DDEN. v. a. (from sad.]

of its memory, enter into God's roll of mourn1. To make sad ; to make sorrowful.

Decay of Piety. 2. To make melancholy; to make gloomy. 2. Melancholy look. Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene,

Dim sadness did not spare Shades ev'ry flow'r, and darkens ev'ry green;

Celestial visages.

Milton. Deepens the murmurs of the falling Hoods, 3. Seriousness; sedate gravity. And breathes a browner horror on the woods. If the subject be mournful, let' every thing in Pope, it have a stroke of sadness.


sedly feel.


« ZurückWeiter »