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Commissioners for Foreign Missions, to who constitute the eight millions of the which he gave a donation of $500. existing nation.
Mr. Boudinot reached the advanced From the Second of Esdras we learn age of eighty-two, and died in 1821, a de- all that is known of the route of the capvout follower of the world's Redeemer. | tives. This is an apocryphal book, but The death-bed of the aged pilgrim was one of great antiquity, and worthy of recheered by the faith and the promises of spect. The account reads thus :the blessed book which had guided and
“Whereas thou sawest that he gathered supported him through so long a life, and
another peaceable multitude unto him; these the circulation of which had been an ob are the ten tribes which were carried away ject of his devout ambition. He was
prisoners out of their land, in the time of prepared to meet his end, and was sensi
Osea the king, whom Salmanaser, King of As
syria, led away captive, and he carried them ble to the last. He closed the work of
away over the waters, and so they came into life with the prayer, “ Lord Jesus, receive another land. my spirit."
“ But they took this counsel among themMr. Boudinot early married the daugh
selves, that they would leave the multitude of
the heathen, and go forth into a farther counter of Richard Stockton. He left an only
try, wherein never mankind dwelt, that they
to daughter, and, suitably providing for her, might there keep their statutes which they bequeathed the most of his large estate to never kept in their own land, (Assyria ;) and those objects which had been dearest to
there was a great way to go, namely, a year
and a half." his heart through life. These were the promotion of literature and the diffusion of These tribes marched toward the religion. He devoted four thousand acres north-east coast of Asia, some abiding in of land to the Society for the Conversion Tartary, while many went to China, of the Jews, five thousand to the Gen- where they have been sixteen hundred eral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, years, and remain numerous to this day. four thousand and eighty to the theological | The advocates of Mr. Boudinot's hypothstudents at Princeton, four thousand to esis believe that the main body crossed establish fellowships in the College of over Behring's Straits to this continent. New-Jersey, three thousand and seventy the most adventurous keeping to the to the Philadelphia Hospital, and thirteen North — Hudson's Bay and Greenland. thousand to the corporation of that city The more cultivated followed the shores for the supply of fuel to the poor on low of the Pacific through California to Mexiterms. To these might be added many co, Central America, and Peru. Here it other legacies to charitable and religious is imagined they encountered their old purposes.
foe, the Phænicians, (Canaanites,) who Mr. Boudinot wrote several publica-had advanced and colonized the country tions, the principal of which was, the five hundred years before. The Pheni“Star in the West,” or an attempt to dis- cians, it is supposed, also built the cities cover the long-lost tribes of Israel. At of Palenque, and the pyramids at Cholula, the time it is said the work was read with Paxaca, Mitland, and Flascola, resembling much interest, but incredulity. It exhib- those of Egypt, with hieroglyphics, planits very benevolent feelings for our Indian ispheres, zodiacs, temples, military roads, population, with skill and extensive re- aqueducts, bridges of great grandeur, still search. The work is now out of print, existing, and all seeming to prove that and the fifty years since it was written they were built by the same people who have developed many circumstances which, created Tyre, Babylon, and Carthage. to say the least, do not weaken the theory When Columbus discovered this contiof Mr. Boudinot. Without adopting or nent he found various nations of Indians, rejecting it, we will refer to some rea- whose origin was unknown. These, it is sons which favor his views.
believed, were the descendants of the - About six hundred years before Christ missing tribes of Israel ; and it is worthy the land of Israel was swept by powerful of note that Heckwelda, Chaleveaux, invaders, who carried off the people into McKenzie, Bartram, Smith, William captivity. Nine and a half tribes went Penn, the Earl of Crawford, Major Long, from Samaria-two and a half, embracing Catlin, and Boudinot adopt this opinion, Judah and Benjamin, with half of Manas- and were all either eminent writers or seh, remained in Judea beyond Jordan, travelers.
William Penn, who had no idea of their
THIRST IN THE ARCTIC REGIONS. origin, says: "I found them with countenances like to
THE use of snow when persons are
use of show when persons are the Hebrew race. I consider these people un- 1 thirsty does not by any means allay der a dark night, yet they believe in God and the insatiable desire for water; on the immortality, without the aid of metaphysics. They reckon by moons—they offer their first
contrary, it appears to be increased in ripe fruits—they have a kind of feast of taber
proportion to the quantity used, and the nacles—they are said to lay their altars with | frequency with which it is put into the twelve stones—they mourn a year."
mouth. For example, a person walking Mr. Catlin, who lived some years along feels intensely thirsty, and he looks among the North-Western Indians, states
to his feet with coveting eyes; but his that all the Mosaic laws, only traditionary good sense and firm resolutions are not to with them, were strictly enforced.* John | be overcome so easily, and he withdraws M. Payne, Esq., who long resided with the the open hand that was to grasp the deliCherokees, collected valuable information
cious morsel and convey it into his parchof their historical and religious traditions, ing mouth. He has several miles of a and he states the remarkable fact that journey to accomplish, and his thirst is the oldest Cherokees used the term Ye every moment increasing ; he is perspirho-waah for the Great Invisible Spirit. ing profusely, and feels quite hot and It is well known that the late Major M. | oppressed. At length his good resoluM. Noah, who devoted much time to the tions stagger, and he partakes of the investigation of this subject, ably advo smallest particle, which produces a most cated the sentiment that his Hebrew exhilarating effect; in less than ten minbrethren were the progenitors of the utes he tastes again and again, always North American Indians, the descendants increasing the quantity; and in half an of those tribes which Esdras relates “ went hour he has a gum-stick of condensed into a farther country.”
snow, which he masticates with avidity, The subject is a curious one; but we
and replaces with assiduity the moment refer to it only as an indication of the that it has melted away. But his thirst Biblical direction toward which the mind is not allayed in the slightest degree; he of this good man seemed continually in is as hot as ever, and still perspires; his clined. His great distinction, next to his mouth is in flames, and he is driven to the eminent personal virtues, is the honor necessity of quenching them with snow, now never to be impaired of being the which adds fuel to the fire. The melting first president of the American Bible So
snow ceases to please the palate, and it ciety. That splendid moral structure
feels like red-hot coals, which, like a fire. the monument of the Protestant Chris
eater, he shifts about with his tongue, and tianity of the nation-is also, in a special
swallows without the addition of saliva. sense, his monument. A nobler one can He is in despair; but habit has taken the no man have.
place of his reasoning faculties, and he
moves on with languid steps, lamenting The march of these people can be traced the severe fate which forces him to per. through Asia to this continent. After a lapse sist in a practice which in an unguarded of two thousand years we find the red men of America bearing strong marks of Asiatic ori- moment he allowed to begin. · · · I begin. They are divided into three hundred dif- lieve the true cause of such intense thirst ferent nations, remarkable for their strength of is the extreme dryness of the air when intellect, bravery in war, and good faith in the temperature is low. - Sutherland's peace; and the following religious rites, com
Journal. mon among all our Indians, appear to identify them with the Israelites : 1. Their belief in one God.
Souls may be rich in grace, and yet not 2. Their computation of time by their cere know it, and yet not perceive it. The monies of new moons.
child is heir to a crown, to a great estate, 3. The division of the year into four seasons. 4. Their erection of temples and altars.
but knows it not. Moses's face did shine, 5. The division of the natives into tribes, and others saw it; but he perceived it not:
so many a precious soul is rich in grace, 6. By their sacrifices, oblations, ceremonies, the affinity of the Indian to the Hebrew lan
and others see it, and know it, and bless guage, and circumcision--a custom relinquished
God for it; and yet the poor soul peronly in modern times.
I ceives it not.— Brooks.
LUTHER AND THE REFORMATION.
LUTHER OONTINUES HIS TRANS-
This was the beautiful period of their friendship, when each labored in the same spirit at their common task, full of admiration of the higher gifts of LUTHER AND MELANCTHON TRANSLATING THE BIBLE, the other. “See how beautiful and lovely it is when brethren not in understanding ? The apostle says, dwell together in unity!"
that we proceed from knowledge to knowl. Luther says in 1522, “ No commen- edge. The Gospel of St. John is the tator has come nearer to the spirit of the true and pure Gospel, the principal GosApostle Paul than my Philippus.”
pel, because it contains more of Jesus Luther's opinions of the Scriptures were Christ's own words than the rest. In somewhat curious. “I frankly own," he like manner, the Epistles of St. Paul and says, “ that I know not whether or no I St. Peter are far above (?) the Gospels am master of the full meaning of the of St. Matthew, St. Mark, and St. Luke. Psalms; although I have no doubts about In fine, St. John's Gospel and his First my giving their correct sense. One man Epistle, St. Paul's Epistles,-especially will be mistaken in some passages, another those to the Romans, Galatians, and in others. I see things which Augustin Ephesians,—and St. Peter's First Epistle, overlooked ; and others, I am aware, will are the books which show thee Jesus see things which I miss. Who will dare to Christ, and which teach thee all that is assert that he has completely understood a necessary and useful for thee to know, single Psalm? Our life is a beginning and though thou wert never to see any other a progress; not a consummation. He is book.” He did not consider either the the best, who comes nearest to the spirit. Epistle to the Hebrews or the Epistle of There are stages in life and action-why | St. James of apostolic authority.
The lower classes, the peasantry, who had | the beginning, the aim was a terrible war so long slumbered under the weight of against the established order of things, feudal oppression, heard princes and the against every kind of order—a war on learned speak of liberty, of enfranchise- property, as being a robbery of the poor ; ment, and they applied to themselves that a war on knowledge, as destructive of which was not spoken for them. The natural equality, and a tempting of God, reclamation of the poor peasants of Suabia who had revealed all to his saints. Books will remain, in its simple barbarism, a and pictures were inventions of the devil. monument of courageous moderation. The peasants first rose up in the Black By degrees, the eternal hatred of the poor Forest, and then around Heilbronn and to the rich was aroused ; less blind than Frankfort, and in the county of Baden and in the jaquerie, but striving after a Spires; whence the flame extended into systematic form, which it was only to Alsace, and nowhere did it assume a more attain afterward, in the time of the English fearful character. It reached the Palatlevelers, and complicated with all the inate, Hesse, and Bavaria. The leader forms of religious democracy, which were of the insurgents in Suabia was one of the supposed to have been stified in the mid-petty nobles of the valley of the Necker, dle age. Lollards, Beghards, and a crowd the celebrated Goetz of Berlichingen, of apocalyptic visionaries were in motion. Goetz with the Iron Hand, who pretended At a later moment, the rallying cry was they had forced him to be their general the necessity for a second baptism : at | against his will.
The reformation in the Church is in can fit it, I mean to take my Kate to wife danger of being swallowed up by a political ere I die, in despite of the devil, although I revolution ; the internal freedom of the hear that my enemies will continue. I Christian is to justify rebellion against hope they inay not take from me my the state. This stormy flood Luther op- courage and my joy. A few weeks later, poses with his whole being ; shudderingly on June 13th, he was united to Katharina he seems to look into a bottomless abyss for life in the house of the town-clerk that opens before his people.
| (Stadtschreiber) of Wittenberg : his friend In May, 1525, he wrote to his brother- Bugenhagen blessed the sacred union, in in-law from Seeburg, where he had warned the presence of the lawyer Apel and of the people against rebellious proceedings : | Lukas Kranach. “Beloved Heavenly " Though there were many more thousand Father,” so did he pray, “as thou hast peasants, they are all of them robbers and given me the honor of thy name and of murderers, who take to the sword for the thine office, and willest also that I should
sake of their own gratification, and who be called and be honored as a father, grant i want to make a new rule in the world, | me grace, and bless me, that I may govern
for which they have from God neither and nourish my dear wife, child, and law, nor right, nor command ; they like- servants in a divine and Christian manner. wise bring disgrace and dishonor upon the . . . . I have not known how to word of God and upon the gospel : yet I refuse to my beloved Lord and Father still hope that this will not continue nor this last act of obedience to his will which last. Well, when I get home, I will pre- he claimed of me, in the good hope that • pare myself for death with God's help, and God may grant me children. Also that I await my new masters, the robbers and may confirm my doctrine by this my act
murderers. But sooner than approve of and deed ; seeing that I find still so many 1 and pronounce right their doings, I would faint hearts, notwithstanding the shining
lose a hundred necks, so God in his light of the gospel. . . . . I have mercy help me!
reaped such great discredit and contempt “In this my conscience is secure, from this my marriage, that I hope the although I may lose my life. It endureth angels will rejoice and the devils weep. but a short time, until the right Judge The world and her wiseacres know not cometh, who will find both them and us. nor understand this word, that it is divine
. Their doings and their victories and holy. . . . . If matrimony be cannot last long."
the work of God, what wonder that the He had already warned the peasants, / world should be offended thereat? Is it some time previously, in his “ Admonition not also offended that its own God and to Peace," and said: “Be ye in the right Maker has taken upon himself our flesh as much as ye may, yet it becometh no and blood and given it for its salvation, as Christians to quarrel and to fight, but to a redemption and as food? . . . . . suffer wrong and bear evil. Put away the Matrimony drives, hunts, and forces man name of Christians, I say, and make it not into the very innermost and highest moral the cover for your impatient, quarrelsome, condition ; that is to say, into faithand unchristian intentions. That name I since there is no higher internal condition will grudge you, nor leave it you, but tear than faith, which dependeth solely upon it away from you by writing and preaching, the word of God. . . . . Let the as long as a vein beats in my body." wife think thus : My husband is an image
of the true high head of Christ. In the
same manner the husband shall love his LUTUER'S MARRIAGE.
wife with his whole heart, for the sake of From the agitation caused by his oppo- the perfect love which he seeth in Christ, sition to the iconoclasts Luther had return- / who gave himself for us. Such will be a ed to his Bible; from the annihilating Christian and divine marriage, of which struggles of a political revolution he turned the heathens know nothing. . . . . to the symbolical erection of a Christian It is the highest mercy of God when a household—to the foundation of a family married couple love each other with their in the true German and evangelical spirit. whole hearts through their whole lives."
Even during the storm of insurrection His bride, Catharine von Bora, was a he wrote in the spring of 1525 : “ And if I | young girl of noble birth, who had escaped