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building,) conducted under his immediate remain, our cicerone told us, of “old Melauspices, we were told that Sir Walter rose." Scott had bestowed the utmost care-are A low gateway at one side of a narrow almost unrivaled, altogether unsurpassed, lane, at the foot of which runs the Tweed, as specimens of Gothic architecture. Un- admitted us into the wooded grounds of der the east window we were shown the Dryburgh ; and after passing the resigrave of the wizard Michael Scott, im- dence, which we did not pause to examine, mortalized in the “ Lay of the Last Min we came to a wooded fence around the strel;" and close by it, a small flat stone, Abbey. It is a beautiful ruin, embosomed about a foot square, under which our in dense foliage, and having a very fine guide informed us lies the heart of Wallace. radiated window covered with ivy. It
In one of the naves are seven niches, contains little, however, in the way of exquisitely ornamented with sculptured architectural remains, to attract the notice foliage, and reminding us of the lines in of those who have previously visited Melthe “ Lay of the Last Minstrel :"
Our thoughts were all upon the one
spot, the aisle called St. Mary's, beneath “ Spreading herbs and flowerets bright Glisten'd with the dew of night;
the right-hand arch of which is the last Nor herb nor floweret glisten’d there
resting-place of him whose spell had been But was carved in the cloister arches as fair.” upon us all the day. The spot is marked
by a plain flat stone, about three feet from Each glance at the lovely east window re
the ground, with the simple inscription, called in like manner the stanzas from the
“Sir Walter Scott, Bart.” Our hearts same poem :
and eyes were full, some at all events to “The moon on the east oriel shone,
overflowing : the mighty genius, and the Through slender shafts of shapely stone,
broken heart—the lordly mansion, and the By foliaged tracery combined ; Thou wouldst have thought some fairy's hand,
lowly grave—the contrast was painfully 'Twixt poplars straight the osier wand, oppressive :In many a freakish knot had twined;
“ The last abode, Then framed a spell when the work was done,
The voiceless dwelling of the bard is reachd; And changed the willow wreaths to stone."
A still majestic spot; girt solemnly The figures and heads which abound
With all the imploring beauty of decay ;
A stately couch 'midst ruins! meet for him throughout the ruin are some of them
With his bright fame to rest in." very beautiful, and others singularly grotesque. There is a cripple on the back Many an " added stone” within the ruins of a blind man, in which the pain of the of Dryburgh, inscribed with the names of former and the sinking of the latter be- children summoned in their prime to the neath his unwieldy burden are expressed narrow house appointed for all living," in stone as we do not often see anything bears still further testimony to the utter of the kind in painting. Close to the vanity of that chief desire to be the founder south window is a massive-looking figure of an illustrious house and family; we peering through the ivy, with one hand to could not but remind ourselves of the leshis throat, while in the other he grasps a son, which it is difficult to conceive how knife, and a figure below holds a ladle as any one who has ever visited or meditated if to catch the blood from his self-inflicted upon Abbotsford and Dryburgh can have wound. Not far from these is a group of failed to learn, or, having so learned, can merry musicians; and blended with some forget the lesson so well expressed in the of the most highly-wrought tracery in the
one line of a Christian poet :windows is the figure of a sow playing the “He builds too low who builds beneath the bagpipes.
skies !" The latter part of the day we devoted to Dryburgh Abbey. The scenery be- The moral idea of ancient times was the tween Melrose and Dryburgh is exceed- love of the fatherland: all the wonderful ingly beautiful. The road overhangs the deeds of the ancient republics rested on Tweed, fringed with rich plantations to this strong but narrow basis ; that of the water's edge; and as it crosses the modern times on the love of the human hill of Bemerside it commands a lovely race. Universal benevolence, which is view of the river winding round an island, the spirit of the gospel, embraces the with a solitary house upon it—the only whole of humanity.-Aimé Martin.
DR. WAYLAND ON THE PREACHING
A utilitarian standard will always ultiFOR THE TIMES.
mately recognize the highest ability; and
continually tends to it. The higher forms RESIDENT WAYLAND preached of truth are never endangered by subject
the last anniversary sermon of the ing it to the conditions of common sense “ New-York Baptist Union for Ministerial or practical use. And especially is this Edueation.” It has been published by the case with a great utilitarian function Sage & Brothers, Rochestor, and has pro- like that of the Christian ministry ; break duced no small sensation, especially in down its technical restrictions—drag it out the ranks of the Baptist Church. We from its isolation—and you break away have been unusually interested in reading the barriers to its power, you let out its it. It has not the elaborate finish of some energies. Relieve it as much as possible of his other published discourses, and will of its professional exclusiveness, and you not compare with his well-known mission in the same proportion secure it additional ary sermon in rhetorical effectiveness. adaptations, additional abilities. The popuThere are even noticeable inelegancies of larization of knowledge, of arts, of civil style about it; but it is pervaded with government, of religious labors, is the vigorous, practical sense—that elevation great distinction of our age, and all of and large application of common sense them have gained by it. which is wisdom in its most sagely use. Dr. Wayland would apply the same law Breaking away, boldly, from the tradi to the pulpit, and, we doubt not, with a tional ideas with which our rigid ecclesi- similar result. asticism has overlaid and compressed the We propose to lay before our readers energies of Christianity, he propounds an outline of his views, and to show their views of the Christian ministry which at applicability to the actual wants of the first startle us by their apparent novelty, and Church. yet commend themselves to our common His text is the apostolic commission: sense, on a little reflection, as “apostolic,” “Go ye into all the world, and preach the (for so he calls them in his title,) and prac- gospel to every creature." The first sectically wise—and, in fact, indispensable for tion of the discourse presents a rapid the success of the modern Church. statement of what the gospel is. Man is
We are, perhaps, the more pleased with a sinner; Christ has redeemed him, and the discourse, as it countenances generally now, by the most simple and most practhe views we have advocated in our late ticable process—abandoning sin by repentarticles on The Preaching Required by the ance and returning unto God with a trustTimes. *
ful faith in Christ-the sinner may be Some of our Baptist exchanges seem to saved. This is the summary idea of the fear the practical boldness of its views. gospel. The Christian Review, (an able Baptist What is it to preach this great fact? Quarterly,) especially, gives an elaborate What particularly is that mode of preacharticle on the subject, and deprecates ing it which was enjoined by Christ in their tendency to reduce the standard of the apostolic commission ? Evidently the ministerial qualification in the denomina- popular, the universal announcement of the tion. We do not share this anxiety. great fact. This is the distinctive idea The common sense and utilitarian char- of Dr. Wayland's discourse. Critical acter of these views are a guarantee defences of the gospel may be requisiteagainst any such tendency.
didactic essays, founded upon it—theolo
gical science, evangelical ethics, &c.; but Inexorable reader, as Dr. Wayland himself these may be produced in the Christian is in the pulpit, he sustains our late articles on seminary, they may constitute a Christian preaching, even in the particular of extempore literature, they may be the productions of speaking. He says :
educated laymen. They have their ap* But suppose this train of thought to be thus prepared, shall it be written or unwritten? Each has its propriate relation to the Christian pulpit alcantages, but I am constrained to believe that the value of written discourses has been in this country,
too, but they do not constitute preaching greatly overrated. Speaking an unwritten train or in its primitive and its legitimate sense. thought is by far the noblest and most effective exercise of mind, provided the labor of preparation in
This is emphatically to announce and
spread abroad, everywhere and inceshave been the losers, by cultivating too exclusively
santly, the “good news” of the grand VOL. V.-24
both cases be the same.
I cannot but think that we
the habit of written discourses."
simple fact that Christ has appeared, and in another gospel; it is not found in the gospel that men can be saved through him. of Jesus Christ. We are, at once and always, Such is the second proposition discussed
to set before all men their sin and danger, and
point them to the Lamb of God, who taketh in this remarkable sermon. It narrows
away the sin of the world.'” the subject with a rigid logic, but thereby to it more distinctness, more
To preach then, according to this disprominence.
course, is to proclaim the revealed truth.
The French have the right name for it. “The word preach, in the New Testament, It is prédication, affirmation, promulgation; has a meaning different from that which at
and the preacher is the prédicateur, the present comm
mmonly attaches to it. We understand by it the delivery of an oration, or dis- affirmer, the declarer of the gospel. We course, on a particular theme, connected more are tempted to quote further from the or less closely with religion. It may be the author a graphic illustration of the subject: discussion of a doctrine, an exegetical essay, a dissertation on social virtues or vices, as well
“ Allow me to illustrate the meaning of this as a persuasive unfolding of the teaching of the term, as used by our Lord, by an occurrence of Holy Ghost. No such general idea was intend- which I was an eye-witness. It so chanced, ed by the word as it is used by the writers
that at the close of the last war with Great of the New Testament. The words translated Britain, I was temporarily a resident of the city preach in our version are two. The one sig
of New-York. The prospects of the nation were nifies simply to herald, to announce, to pro
shrouded in gloom. We had been for two or claim, to publish ; the other, with this general three years at war with the mightiest nation on idea, combines the notion of good tidings; and earth, and, as she had now concluded a peace means, to publish, or be the messenger of good with the continent of Europe, we were obliged
to cope with her single-handed. Our harbors were blockaded. Communication coastwise,
between our ports, was cut off. Our ships were * This then is, I think, the generic idea of
rotting in every creek and core where they preaching conveyed in the New Testament.
could find a place of security. Our immense It is the proclamation to every creature, of the love of God to men through Christ Jesus. houses.
annual products were moldering in our wareThis is the main idea. To this our Lord adds, dried up.
The sources of profitable labor were
Our currency was reduced to iraccording to the other evangelist, teaching redeemable paper. The extreme portions of our them to observe all things whatsoever I have country were becoming hostile to each other, commanded you.' The duty then enjoined in
and differences of political opinion were eniour Lord's last command is two-fold: First, bittering the peace of every household. The to invite men to avail themselves of the offer
credit of the government was exhausted. No of salvation; and, secondly, to teach them to obey the commands of Christ, so that they may terminate, or discover the means by which it
one could predict when the contest would become meet for the kingdom of heaven. In so
could much longer be protracted. It happened far as we do these, we preach the gospel. When
that on a Saturday afternoon in February, a we do anything else, it may, or it may not, ship was discovered in the offing, which was be very good : but in the sense here considered, supposed to be a cartel, bringing home cur it is not preaching the gospel. Hence we see
commissioners at Ghent, from their unsuccessful that we may deliver discourses on subjects as
mission. The sun had set gloomily, before any sociated with religion, without preaching the
intelligence from the vessel had reached the gospel. A discourse is not preaching because it
city. Expectation became painfully intense, as is delivered by a minister, or spoken from the
the hours of darkness drew on. At length a pulpit, or appended to a text. Nothing is I
boat reached the wharf, announcing the fact think properly preaching, except the explaining that a treaty of peace had been signed, and the teachings, or enforcing the commands of Christ and his apostles. To hold forth our own
was waiting for nothing but the action of our
government to become a law. The men on inferences, or the inferences of other men, drawn
whose ears these words first fell, rushed in from the gospel; to construct intellectual dis
breathless haste into the city, to repeat them courses which affect not the conscience; to show
to their friends, shouting as they ran through the importance of religion to the temporal well
the streets, Peace ! peace! peace! Every one being of men, or the tendency of the religion of
who heard the sound repeated it. From house Christ to uphold republican institutions, and a
to house, from street to street, the news spread hundred topics of a similar character, may or
with electric rapidity. The whole city was in may not be well; but to do either or all of commotion. Men bearing lighted torches were them certainly falls short of the idea of the apostle when he determined to know nothing peace! peace! When the rapture had partially
flying to and fro, shouting like madmen, Peace! among men but Jesus Christ and him crucified.'
subsided, one idea occupied every mind. But
few men slept that night. In groups they were “ The Son of God has left us no directions gathered in the streets and by the fire-side, for civilizing the heathen, and then Christian- beguiling the hours of midnight by reminding izing them.
We are not commanded to teach each other that the agony of war was over, and schools in order to undermine paganism, and that a worn-out and distracted country was then, on its ruins, to build up Christianity about to enter again upon its wonted career of If this is our duty, the command must be found prosperity. Thus, every one becoming a herald,
the news soon reached every man, woman, and words spoken apply? Is it affirmed that they child, in the city, and in this sense the city and those whom they should appoint are alone was evangelized. All this you see was reason to preach the word ? I answer, that Jesus able and proper. But when Jehovah has offered | Christ never said so, and we have no right to to our world a treaty of peace, when men add to this any more than to any other of his doomed to hell may be raised to seats at the commandments. But let us see how the aposright hand of God, why is not a similar zeal tles themselves understood the precept. Their displayed in proclaiming the good news? Why own narrative shall inform us. * At that time are men perishing all around us, and no one there was a great persecution against the Church has ever personally offered to them salvation that was at Jerusalem, and they were scattered through a crucified Redeemer ?”
abroad throughout all the regions of Judea and
Samaria, except the apostles.' Therefore, they We remark again, that in thus simpli- that were scattered abroad went everywhere fying the main conception of the subject, preaching the word.' Acts viii, 1, 4. • Then Dr. Wayland does not detract from the they that were scattered abroad upon the pervalue of theological science and religious far as Phenice and Cyprus and Antioch, preach
secution that arose about Stephen, traveled as literature; he would not deny that it ing the word to none but Jews only. And
may be well enough” to give their some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, results a qualified representation in the which, when they were come to Antioch, spake
also to the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus. pulpit. We cannot infer from his reason
And the hand of the Lord was with them, and ing, absolute and sweeping as it is, that a great number believed and turned to the he would very materially modify the Lord. These men were not apostles, nor even modern style of preaching in these re
original disciples of Christ, for they were men spects; but his object is to ascertain
of Cyprus and Cyrene. Yet they went every
where preaching the word, and in so doing they precisely what is the specific idea of pleased the Master, for the Holy Spirit acpreaching, taught in the ministerial com companied their labors with the blessing from mission—for on this depends the inference
on high. The ascended Saviour thus approved which constitutes the next and leading standing of his last command was correct.”
of their conduct, and testified that their undertopic of his sermon, viz., Who may preach? Does the commission imply that a special Becoming more specific, the author decaste, or class of men, trained with quali- scribes two marked classes of preachers, fications for all the multiform discussions not claiming for them, however, a more of the modern pulpit, are alone entitled to specific authority for the office, but more the office ? That is the point, all im- specific obligations in it, because of more portant in the argument. His definition specific qualifications or other advantages. of the passage asserts the contrary. If He admits that there are
men who this simple promulgation of the fact of should be exclusively devoted to its human salvation, through Christ, is preach- duties:ing, then the divine authorization must include all who by their intellectual capa- that some of his disciples should addict them
" It seems plainly to be the will of Christ city and by their character and circum selves exclusively to the ministry of the gospel. stances, are able to make the needed Such men are called elders, presbyters, bishops, predication. He asserts that this is the ministers of the word, or stewards of the practical showing of the primitive Church, mysteries of God. If it be asked, Under what
circumstances may a believer undertake this —that some of the most signal achieve service ?-I answer, the New Testament, as it ments of the gospel in modern times seems to me, always refers to it as a calling to sanction it,-and that the exigences of the
which a man is moved by the Holy Ghost. No Church, actual and pending, irresistibly from the motive of solemn, conscientious duty.
one may therefore enter the ministry, except demand it. The subject here enlarges It may be asked how a man may know that he into its real practical importance and its is called of God to this work, --I answer, the most serious difficulties too.
evidence seems to me to be two-fold. In the that our limits will not allow us to quote
first place, he must be conscious of a love for
the work itself, not for what in other respects the reasoning of the author in extenso. he may gain by it; and also, there inust be imA few passages must suffice:
pressed on his soul an abiding conviction, that,
unless he devote himself to this service, he can “Does any one say that this command was in no wise answer a good conscience toward given only to the apostles ? It may or may not God. This is the first indication of the man's have been so; but were they alone included in duty. In the next place, he must exhibit such the obligation which it imposes? The address evidences of his call to this work as shall seat the last supper was given to them alone, as cure for him the approbation of his brethren, were many other of the instructions of our Lord; of his own feelings he must be the judge; of but were they the only persons to whom the his qualifications they must be the judges.
When both he and they, after prayerful delibera- the effective“ Itinerant Ministry "numbers tion, unite in the same opinion, then he may only about four thousand five hundred. conclude that he is called of God to the minis- In the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, tcrial office. Neither of these evidences alone is sufficient; the union of them alone is satis- the ratio is still greater in favor of the factory."
local class. This lay corps must be a His second class, equally authorized with most potent auxiliary to the regular the foregoing, but having a more limited ministry. If it is not so, the responsibility
Under the right kind range of duties, consists of what he calls is with the latter.
of ecclesiastical direction, it might be “the lay ministry," answering, if we
wielded with tremendous power.
Who comprehend him rightly, to the “local
can doubt it? How many scores or even preachers ” of Methodism :
hundreds of devout and sensible laymen “It frequently happens, that a brother en could be organized, in all our large cities, gaged in secular business is endowed with a
into such a system of suburban evangeltalent for public speaking. On matters of general interest, he is heard by his fellow
ization? And what effect would such a citizens with pleasure and profit. This talent
consecration to active usefulness have is more largely bestowed than we commonly upon themselves, upon their respective suppose; and it would be more frequently ob- Churches, and especially upon the neglectserved, if we desired to cultivate and developed masses that crowd our city precincts, it. Now, a disciple who is able successfully to address men on secular subjects, is surely com
and are unreached by our ordinary minispetent to address them on the subject in which trations? Is it not then to be lamented he takes an immeasurably greater interest. that in sections of the country where the This talent should especially be offered up in
moral wants of the community were never sacrifice to Christ. The voice of such brethren should be heard in the conference room, and in
more urgent than at the present moment, the prayer meeting. They have no right to lay this great ministerial auxiliary of Methodup this talent, more than any other, in a nap- ism is falling into disuse? Have not they kin. And still more is it incumbent on the Churches, to foster and improve gifts of this
who would do it away, or at least so far kind. Thus we arrive at the order of lay retrench it as to virtually nullify it, fallen preachers, formerly a most efficient aid in the into an egregious error-a blunder against work of spreading the gospel. I believe that which both the history of the Church and there are but few Churches among us, in the
the moral urgencies of these perilous ordinary enjoyment of religion, who have not much of this talent undiscovered and unem
times remonstrate ? No one can contend ployed. Let them search out and improve it. more earnestly than we have, in these Every Church would thus be able to maintain columns, for enlarged ministerial qualiout-stations, where small congregations might fications; but we have no countenance for be gathered, which would shortly grow up into Churches, able themselves to become lights to
that policy which would exalt the intelthe surrounding neighborhood. I know of but lectual reputation of the pulpit at the few means by which the efficiency of our sacrifice of its popular usefulness and denomination could be so much increased as by, range. There is a class of its candia return to our former practice in this respect."
dates whom we should urge to the highest We hail this suggestion, from such a practicable preparation for it; but it is not source, with peculiar interest, especially requisite, for this purpose, that all humbler as it comes to us at a moment when agencies should be cast out of it: as well precisely this mode of ministerial labor is might the advocate of education contend falling under threatening embarrassments only for the classical qualifications of the in at least sections of the denomination university professor, and disown the comwhich has most thoroughly and most mon-school instructor.
If you would advantageously employed it.
have the college, be sure to have the estimate how much of the marvelous common-school. spread of Methodism is attributable to the Dr. Wayland insists, then, that the labors of its “Jocal ministry?" In En- Church has lost, to some extent, the gland its ministrations have been as me- original idea of the nature and obligation thodically distributed as those of the “ Con- of preaching—that while it has done well ference” or “Itinerant” preachers. In to provide a class of trained men to be this country the “ General Minutes” of habitually devoted to its ministrations, it the Methodist Episcopal Church (that is, has committed the perilous mistake of the Northern division alone) report more confining the responsibility of preaching than six thousand men in the office, while to this one class—of making an isolated