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AMBROSIAL READINGS FROM THE
findest it: now, my God, I will also be
contented and glad : I will desire naught GERMAN OF SCRIVER.
save what thou wilt. I would not be free SCRIVER was born at Rendsburg, in
from my cross, from my calamities and the year 1629; and after having been
contradictions, so long as thou wilt not. preacher in several places, died at last in
Yes, I desire not to be in thy heaven, so 1693, as Hofprediger and Oberconsis
| long as thou wilt that in this troubled torialrath at Quedlinburg. A “quiet and
world, in this weary life, I should still peaceable life;" and there remain as the
serve thee and thy Church.
Let thy fruits thereof some six dozen volumes of
will be my heaven, thy counsel my wisthe delightfulest reading, if our faith be
dom, thy pleasure my delight. My desire of that simple kind which can nourish is that it go well with me in time and itself thereby. He is never at a loss for
everlasting : such is thy will too: our a text: all God's creatures point him purpose is one, only about the means and God-ward : he hath ever a ready eye to
ways we are not agreed. And what matdetect the lurking lesson, and the ren
ters it that thou leadest me otherwise dering he gives of what he reads is
than I in my folly deem good, if thou yet usually, in its quaintness and simplicity,
leadest me well, and I attain at last to very beautiful.
that which I long after ?" THE BIRD IN THE CAGE. GottholD* had a singing-bird, which he
BEANS IN BLOSSOM. had kept in a cage for some time. It had When the beans are in blossom they give become so accustomed to its prison, that forth a very sweet and lovely odor, which it not only sang gaily and pleasantly, but the wind wafts to us often from afar. even when the door was set open, showed And as Gotthold once smelt this sweet no desire to get out. “Ah,” he thought perfume, he recollected how he had read in his heart, as he saw it, “ if I could but somewhere, that the islands, Ceylon, perfectly learn from this little bird to be Madagascar, and others, on which costly content with mine estate, and resigned to
spices grow in abundance, send forth such the will of God! O that I could but once a powerful fragrance that people can become rightly accustomed to the manner
frequently sooner smell these islands than and the ways of my God, and could from
see them. Thereupon, with a hearty the heart believe that he cannot mean any l cheerfulness, he said: “My God, if these evil with me! This little bird is in earthly fruits can yield me such a charm, captivity, but because it has food always what may I expect from the heavenly ? enough, it is content, and hops and sings, | Ah, how many fragrant airs do thy faithand has no wish to alter its condition. | ful ones enjoy, brought there out of the God surrounds me oft with all manner of land of life by the heavenly Pentecost wind, cross and affliction, but he has never let thy gracious Spirit! Therein they have me be lacking in comfort and aid, and why a sample and a foretaste of blessedness. then am I not happy? Why, even in And were it not for that, how might tribulation, do I not sing and thank my they endure so great tribulation ?" God with joyful heart? One might, indeed, as Luther expresses himself, take off the hat before such a little bird and
THE VIOLET. speak to it, My dear Sir Bird, I must acknowledge that I understand not this art
As a nosegay of blue violets was prein which thou excellest. Thou sleepest
sented to Gotthold one March, he was the night over in thy little nest, without
charmed by their lovely perfume, thanked all care, arisest again in the morning, art
his God who had bestowed so manifold cheerful and well at ease, and dost sit and
means of refreshing on man, and took sing, and praise and thank the Lord, and
occasion therefrom for such thoughts as thereafter thou goest to seek thy food and
| these :—“This fair and fragrant flower doth very agreeably represent to me a
humble and God-loving heart. It grows • Gotthold is Scriver's nom de guerre in these parables. It is this imaginary Gotthold that and creeps, a lowly plant, upon the earth; sees all the sights, and reads us all the lessons. but is prankt in most heavenly blue, and
far excels, because of its noble odor, many is, and I will but turn my face toward higher and gaudier flowers—such as the thee, and labor faithfully and in earnest tulip, the crown imperial, and others more. according to the ability thou providest And so, too, there are hearts which, in me withal: the rest thyself wilt provide." their own and others' eyes, seem worthless and mean, but it is the image of the lowly-hearted Jesus they bear; it is the
THE PLANT IN THE CELLAR. right heaven's-color they are adorned GotTHOLD went one day into the cellar, withal, and in the sight of God they are and found lying in a corner a turnip which, of much higher esteem than others who, by some chance, had been left there: and on account of their endowments, do highly it had begun to grow, and cast forth long, exalt themselves. And even as the but very weak and sickly, shoots of a pale apothecary mixes the juice of this plant wan color : and the whole plant was enwith melted sugar, and therefrom prepares tirely useless. “ Here," Ire thought, “ we a cooling and strengthening refreshment have very aptly symbolized an inexfor the heart of man, so does the Highest perienced and unexercised man, who has let the sweetness of his grace flow into been living all his days in a corner, and the hearts of the lowly to the comfort and has given himself trouble enough to learn upbuilding of many more. My God, let it things manifold, and sets a high price on ever be my desire, not to seek mine own his own knowledge, deeming that, with honor, but thine. I have no wish to be | his self-grown wisdom, he is abundantly any gaudy flower, if I may only please fit to rule and bring to vast prosperity, not thee, and be of profit to my neighbor." a single city or church alone, but the half
even of all the world. But when once he
puts his hand to the work, he finds, in all THE ROWERS.
his school-bag, not art enough to carry out GotTHOLD saw some sailors going into this or the other little affair, and discovers a boat in order to pass over a river: two that it is one thing to have a scantling of of them sat down to the oars and turned knowledge, and another thing quite to their backs to the shore which they thought bring into use what one does know among to go to; but one remained with his face other people, who also know a few things. set toward the place where they wished And in matters of the faith it is even so. to land, and so they rowed quickly thither. We often fancy our belief, our love, our “See here,” he said to those about him, | patience, all in noble growth, while the “a good memento of something higher. whole is standing on very feeble feet. This life is a quick and powerful river, Experience makes the man—the cross flowing on to the sea of eternity, flowing makes the Christian. The sun hath never and returning never again. On this river / shined upon this cellar-plant, the dew has every one has the little boat of his own not moistened it, neither hath the rain calling, which is to be carried forward by fallen upon it, nor the wind stormed over the arms of diligent labor. And like these it, nor the cold hardened it—therefore it people, we, too, must turn our backs on is worthless. So too, a Christian, who that future that lies ahead, and labor on in has not, by love and patience, been kept diligence and in good trust upon God, who through good and ill, can hardly be countis at the helm, and who powerfully guides | ed of the valiantest. Beautifully speaketh the boat thitherward, and for the rest re- the dear, much-tried apostle : • Tribulamain unconcerned. We should laugh to tion worketh patience, and patience ersee these people turning themselves around, I perience, and experience hope, and hope on pretext that it would not do to be driving | maketh not ashamed.' ” Rom. v, 3-5. thus blindly forward-they must see also where it is they are coming to. And Sinful man is not only blind, but is in what a folly in us it is always, with our love with his blindness; he boasts that he cares and thoughtfulness, to be reaching sees when he is most of all blind, and with forth into the future, and that which is all his might resists that true light, which before us! Let us row, and toil, and by the works of Divine Providence, by the pray: and let God steer, and bless, and word of God, and some sparkling beams reign. My God! abide with me ever in of the Spirit, most kindly offers itself.my little boat and direct it as thy pleasure | Witsius.
signs for the Life of Martin Luther' were The National Magazine. suggested by the commission for the “Refor
mation" pictures. Konig has evidently adopted NOVEMBER, 1854.
Kaulbach as his model, and a higher he could
not have taken from the modern German EDITORIAL NOTES AND GLEANINGS.
school; such a selection is at once a proof of
his discrimination and his pure taste.” OUR “ Luther Engravings" of the present number will be found peculiarly fine. The face of The article entitled “ Glimpses of Church“ John, the Constant," in the first picture of the World— Exeter-hall and Humbug," is a capital article, has almost the animation of life itself, hit at a certain class of croakers against reliand the attitudes and all the accompaniments gion—the Dickens, Punch, and London Times of the design, show the hand of the master school. There is as much downright Pharisaism artist. Equally striking is the second-the in the scorn which this school of writers dispainting of Luther's portrait by Kranach : the plays with so much affected magnanimity figures of Luther and the artist are especially against the “fanatics of Exeter Hall," and noticeable. The visit of John Frederick, the similar men the world over, as ever there was elector, to the sick bed of the great reformer, is among those bare-faced scorners of Judea who a gem of its kind, but it is rivaled by the scene “strained at a gnat and swallowed a camel." of Luther praying at the sick bed of Melanc- Their moans over the “waste of money” on thon, the features in which have an extraor- “the heathen," &c., are the very best specimens dinary individuality. In fact, the individual of Pecksniffianism. Their laugh at the "one portraits are preserved in a manner quite re idea” philanthropy of “evangelical religionists” markable in nearly all these wonderful cuts. | is a contemptible apology for their own lack of Luther and Melancthon especially can be dis any idea whatever, any practical idea at least, tinguished at a glance. The text accompanying favorable to the philanthropies of the age. The them is designedly brief; it would be out of men who sustain the especially evangelical place to give, in these pages, a regular history philanthropies of the day will be found, both of the Reformation-brief or extended. Every in this country and in Europe, to be the leaders reader is familiar with it, or should become so in most of the genuine reforms of the times. by consulting larger works; the explanatory No class of good men have been more heartcomments given are but a literary frame-work lessly and absurdly abused by the literary for these fine productions of art. We give the | satirists of England. Dickens and Bulwer may whole of the text of the German and English describe the wrongs of the wretched, and read editions, with considerable additions, chiefly novels and plays in public for the aid of litefrom Luther's own writings.
rary institutes and literary guilds; the writers The style of these pictures is highly elabo of Punch may laugh at the evils of society; and rate and artistic. Less masterly works might, the editors of the Times pompously dissertate perhaps, better please popular taste, but the upon them; but the satirized “Evangelicals," same may be said of the Elgin Marbles--the after all, are about the only men who practically immortal designs of Phidias himself. In a style and effectually put their hands upon these evils. which has always been considered by artistic While their agency is felt in Africa, in India, judges among the very noblest schools since in the isles of the sea, it is found also to be the “Renaissance”-a school which none but about the only help of the suffering and offcast men of thorough genius can succeed in the of London and New-York. There are single uniform success with which the whole series of ragged schools or missions in London or Newfifty designs has been completed is a marvel. York which have done more real good, and The bold delineation, the sculpture-like relievo more appreciable good too, than all the flimsy of the figures, the synchronistic accuracy of the anti-evangelical prating, writing and other accompaniments-of costume, furniture, and demonstrations (if other there be) of these architecture; the correct likenesses, on a scale overweening, self-respectable, and self-respected so small, and the moral dignity of the whole, ren croakers--the latest, most heartless, and most der these illustrations one of the choicest treats contemptible class that ever disgraced croakerof engraved art ever given to the American pub dom itself. Charles Dickens, with his incessant lic, and we only regret that in our next number attempts to disparage religion, by selecting hypthey are to end. They remind one continually ocrites and bigots, and such only, for its repreof the finest works of Albert Durer. The Lon-sentatives, stands in the unenviable position of don Art Journal, the best periodical authority leader of this self-conceited clique. No man has in art, says: “ To our tastes the work is one of done more harm to the religion of the age than the most interesting additions to the illustrated he. He has boundless talent-genius, humor, literature of the day that we have seen for a and much sentimental sympathy with the suflong time. Gustav Konig is unquestionably a fering classes ; but he strikes with a studied and man of genius. He is, we believe, a native of persistent malignity at their truest hopes and Coburgh, though long resident in Munich ; some truest friends, in his caricatures of religion and years since he was commissioned by the Duke religious philanthropy. He can find among of Saxe-Coburgh to paint a series of pictures Christians grotesque and disgusting examples representing remarkable passages in the history of Pharisaism and hypocrisy, and can illustrate of that illustrious family, and also of events their villainy through hundreds of his pages; connected with the Reformation in Germany. but the whole history of Christianity affords These pictures were intended to adorn the pala- him no example of moral nobleness, of saintly tial residence of the duke, at Reinhardsbrun ;) virtue, of meek suffering, of love and selfand it is not improbable that the series of de- ! sacrifice. The religion that has ministered or
suffered amidst tears and agonies in garrets and actually pointing out the weaknesses and whims cellars; which has given to the poor its noblest of this extravagant author, and remarked as blessings, by raising up among them its best ex follows: amples: which has given to the history of the
* There is a whimsicalness about this popular writer race its sublimest narratives of heroism, and
which betrays itself increasingly in his publications, whose light has out-dazzled the fires of its and which cannot fail soon to impair their authority. martyrs at ten thousand stakes, is rich to him
if not their popularity. In his late pamphlet on the
• Moslem and his End,' he is determined to dispuse and his class only in the materials for caricature
summarily of the poor Turks, whatever may be the and satire; and this chiefly because, while it result of their gallant efforts at self-defence, and we does nearly all the philanthropy done at home, may justly add, at self-regeneration. The reverend it would likewise extend its sympathies to the
doctor sees amazing signs of the times,' bodling their
fate, in even the most frivolous incidents of the day. ends of the earth. It is time that the tables . It is a fact,' he says that the fingers of a lady laid were turned ; our literature needs a new school lightly on a heavy table, made it, in my presence, spin of satire against these Pharisaic satirists. The
round, lift its legs, staip the floor, and throw itself
into most extraordinary and unbecoming attitudes.'" writer of the article referred to gives them some stunning but well-deserved blows.
Where is the “gumption" of a reader who
can take this as “in support of spirit-rapWe must again remind our correspondents | ping ?” that it is a law of the editorial craft not to be Our readers know very well that we have responsible to return rejected manuscripts. labored in these pages to repress the delusions The rule is absolutely necessary-it would be of spirit-rapping, by insisting that its alleged a daily task and endless vexation if such phenomena should not be referred to spiritual articles had to be always remailed. No writer causes, (as in the report of Mr. Beecher,) bat should send a communication without keeping could be explained on physical principles, on a copy. He should never consider it properly some abnormal action of the nervous system, written, till he has thoroughly corrected, a fact to which we do yet most soberly bold. with erasures, interlineations, &c., the original The correspondent above-mentioned (whom we draught, and then copied the latter; keeping the rank among our estimable personal friends) has original in his own possession. We have an pertinaciously followed us with challenges on accumulation of MSS. on hand large enough to the subject. He must mercifully excuse as: frighten half-a-dozen editors out of propriety.” | he has whetted his sword, we are aware, in We must insist on the benefit of the law. almost innumerable polemical rencounters, and
we ought to fear him terribly. Besides this we MATRIMONY AND FRIENDSHIP.-It is the theory have an obstinate old whimsical opinion that of some writers that "love" cannot long sur men distinguished by a proclivity to public disvive marriage, except in the form of an exalted putations should be the last to plunge into friendship; and even Madame de Stael, the them; and as for the above subject, we have most sentimental as well as the most intellect long since done with it except in the casual ual of women, if we may judge from her “ Cor manner quoted. We scarcely know a man who rinne," congratulates the happy pair whose has looked into it that does not hold to our own first romance has settled into reliable friend opinions upon it except the fanatics who conship. There is a heartless sophistry in this tend for its supernaturalism. It has had its opinion. Sam Slick, who has as much sense as day, and it is time it were done with, except wit, knocks the brains out of the miserable as an illustration of the times for the examinafallacy, with the following downright stroke of tion of the learned and curious. logic :-"The nature of matrimony is one thing, and the nature of friendship is another. A tall How TO CURE THE BLUES.-A superior German likes a short wife; a great talker likes a man poet, but little known in this countrysilent woman, for both can't talk at once. A Grün-cured himself of the hypo after a very gay man likes a domestic gal', for he can leave simple manner, which he describes in a little her at home to muss children and make pap, poem entitled while he is enjoyin' of himself to parties. A man that hante any music in him likes it in
“A TOO FAITHFUL COMPANION, AND HOW his spouse, and so on. It chimes beautiful, for
I GOT RID OF HIM. they ain't in each other's way. Now, friendship “0, once I had a comrade true is the other way; you must like the same
Where'er I was, there he was too: things to like each other and be friends. A
Stoppd I at home he went not away,
And if I went out he was sure not to stay. similarity of tastes, studies, pursuits, and recreations—(what they call congenial souls ;) a toper
“ One cup for both of us we kept,
And in one bed together slept: for a toper, a smoker for a smoker, a horse
The cut of our clothes was one and the saine, racer for a horse-racer, a prize-fighter for a And e'en when I courted my love he came. prize-fighter, and so on. Matrimony likes con
* And as I was going the other day trasts; friendship seeks its own counterparts." Up to the hills to take my way,
With my stick ready to start-cried he, A correspondent of one of our exchanges, in
‘By your leave, I'll bear you company.' referring to our columns, says :-"In the same “So ont we stroll without a word number, page 279, we have a quotation in sup
Fresh rise the green trees above the green swand: port of the new science of spirit-rapping very
Warm, wooing airs all around us spread,
But my friend looks sulky and shakes his besl adroitly brought in, under the heading, “Rev. Dr. Cumming.'” We know not whether to be
* Up on high sings a chorus of larks so clearamused or vexed at this outright misrepresent
What does he do but stop his ear!
The rose-bush fragrances all tho valeation of our note on Dr. Cumming. We were ! While ho turns giddy and deadly palo.
"And as we were climbing the bill, he 'gan
infallible authority, and with the practice of states Straightway to lose his breath, poor man!
which commit absolute power to their executive-can I mounted and mounted with joyous glow,
never be tolerated in a country which sanctions free Whilst he stood a-choking down below.
inquiry into all subjects whatsoever. Besides, censor
ship has always failed to accomplish the object aimed * All alone in that wild joy of mine
at by the cardinal. When was our own literature in Stood I, on the summit, amid the sunshine,
a state of the most absolute demoralization? To what Green meads around, heath flowers a-near me, period do the worst of those books belong, which are And the larks and the mountain breeze to cheer to be found only on the top shelves of the libraries of me.
curious collectors--books which no woman dares to
open? Most of them were published when our press “And as I downward wended my way
was under a censorship. And can it be alleged that I stumbled upon a corpse that lay.
books of a vicious kind have been less numerous in * Alack, 't is he! dead lies he here,
France under a censorship than in our country without My trustiest mate this many a year!
one? Are not many of the worst books which may be
found in this country translated or otherwise derived “Then straight I had a deep grave made,
from books first printed in France ! Censorship of any And silently in it the body I laid,
kind would not only be opposed to the genius of all Then duly set at its head a stone,
our institutions, but would not accomplish the object And carved this little inscription upon :
at which it aims The true mode of meeting the evil
is not by the intruction of Expurgatorial Indexes, 6 Here lies my oldest, truest friend
but by unlimited freedom and facility of publication. Sir Hypochondriac-met his end
Meet the demozalizer upon his own ground. Circulate By the bealthy breeze o' the hills that blows,
the antidote more widely than the poison, spread eduBy song of lark and scent of rose.
cation in every direction; let the whole country be
pervaded with a cheap and wholesome literature, and ""All luck to come I wish him fain
the result nerd not be feared. The doctrines of virtue So that we never ineet again.
and honesty, as opposed to those of the sensualist and From that Heaven grant me its protection,
the pander, are the doctrines of common sense, which And from his lively resurrection!'"
in the end are certain to prevail. As good a prescription this, to kill and cure, | All this sounds plausible enough; but most as any the faculty ever hit upon, Air and exer- l thoughtful men feel that it must be 'essentially cise ; exercise and air; the best remedies after fallacious. “Unlimited freedom and facility of all-experto credite, good readers—for "a mind publication" is not the "true mode,” any more diseased," of that disorder.
than unlimited freedom of traffic in arsenic or
alcoholic drinks. We need not, in form, a cenIn our literary record will be found an inter- sorship or an “Index Expurgatorius;" but we esting statement of Cardinal Wiseman's Lecture need good“ prohibitory laws,” or rather good on the Home Education of the Poor. Its re- men to execute such laws. We have already ference to colportage in France will astonish | the laws in this country and in England, but the reader. That process of circulating vicious they are dead letters. The greatest mischief of literature will account largely for the general modern governments is their imbecile distrust of demoralization of the French populace. Of their power to execute laws against popular imseven thousand five hundred works in circula- moralities. They do not try: they argue a priori, tion, which were examined by order of the | and let the devil run at large, grimacing at government, three-fourths were interdicted. them with his thumb upon his nose. There is Colportage is extensively used in this coun- no law upon this subject—nor upon its kindred try in the service of religious literature, but it enormity, rum-selling—which could not be is also largely used-much more so than is effectively carried out by a determined magisusually imagined—by the venders of corrupt trate-triumphantly carried out, we will venpublications. Our wharves, depots, hotels, &c., ture to say; for, after a brief, manful struggle, are infested with its agents, and it is said that the good sense and moral feeling of the masses the "yellow-colored literature" of the land could not fail to rally around him. The Maine is becoming an article of immense commercial Law is affording a new demonstration on this value. It is flooding the nation with dissolute subject of infinite value not only to temperinfluences. Cardinal Wiseman insisted, in his ance but to all morality. lecture, that its corrupting prevalence in England renders necessary some governmental restraint Lord Mahon's last volume of the History of like that of France. An interesting discussion | England portrays with minute fidelity the followed this suggestion in the London papers. manners and morals of England in the last cenThe London Athenaum says.
tury. He says: "From France the cardinal passed to England. He “Much less than a hundred years ago, the great did not, of course, suggest any direct interference of thoroughfares near London, and, above all, the open authority with our popular literature, but he recom heaths, as Bagshot and Hounslow, were infested by mended the subject as a proper one for parliamentary robbers on horseback, who bore the name of highwayinquiry. He strongly deprecated the vicious character men. Booty these men were determined by some of much of our cheap literature, and declared it to be means or other to obtain. In the reign of George the the intention of his lecture simply to awaken attention First they stuck up handbills at the gates of many to the great educational wants of the people, and espec known rich men in London, forbidding any one of them, ially to the want of a literature which should enable on pain of death, to travel from town without a watch, the poorer classes to carry on at home the little educa or with less than ten guineas of money. These outtion which they receive at school. In all this there is rages appear to have increased in frequency toward the much that is true--much that the consistent friends of close of the American war. Horace Walpole, writing education have for years been endeavoring to remedy. from Strawberry Hill at that time, complains that, If the cardinal comes forward to assist in the same having lived there in quiet for thirty years, he cancause, he will receive a welcome. But his suggestion not now stir a mile from his own bouse, after sunset, of a parliamentary inquiry is, to say the least of it, s without one or two servants armed with blunderbusses, very suspicious one. Such inquiries presuppose, and Some men of rank at that period - Earl Berkeley, above are maile with a view to, parliamentary regulation. all-Were farned for their skill and courage in dealing The interference of authority - be it that of parliament with such assailants. One day-80 runs the story or of king with the liberty of the press, can only be | Lord Berkeley, travelling after dark on Hounslow accomplished by censorship, and censorsbip-however Ileath, was awakened from a slumber by & strange face consistent with the theory of Churches which own an at his carriage-window and a loaded pistol at his breast