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Our nimble little Æsop now reappeared,
THE “SILVER LINING." bearing a dish of deulchatz, a most excel-"Poor child !" truth murmur'd, “thou dost lent preserve, which he offered me with shrink to see numerous and profound bows. I swallow- |
Love thus companion'd; on thine ear doth ring
The grand 'forever' that the seraphs sing ed but a spoonful, as you may well sup
In the heavens only. Love that melody pose. The bayache spread over me a Hath dream'd; nor questioneth, nor doubteth he, pechtewal, or silk coverlid, surrounded But chanteth loud and strong, yet pauseth oft, me with soft pillows, replaced my first
And ... ceaseth soon. Poor child! the clouds,
aloft, turban with another of linen, called a
Are just as stable—yet some grace must be largue, and nursed me as tenderly as if I Hid in that sorrow; with meek hands uplift was suffering from gout. He then with The shroud and search ; behold! how, one by drew courteously, recommending me to
| Life's feeble loves die out, like flowers in the sleep, which was an entirely superfluous
Of the first snow; grief lingers, but anon, “ Well," said my friend, after an hour | By faith transfigured, sets the whole heart free, of the most profound slumber, “how do | To clasp a love whose term 's eternity." you feel ?"
GRIEF. “Indeed," I replied, panting, “these baths are by no means as bad as might be
I could not lift that pall—my heart was full,
Mine eyes o'erflow'd-Life's glory seem'd to imagined ; my spine is still sound.”
Our dwarf again appeared, this time | A shadowy semblance and a mocking show: with two long lighted chiboques. We Dull grew the earth—the sky, all leaden dull. smoked and prepared to depart. I can
O Love! I cried-0 Love, the beautiful!
O Love, the joy o' the heart, the light o' the give you no idea of the agreeable sensa
eyes! tions which diffused themselves through Thou hast undone me with thy witcheries. my entire frame—the elasticity of my O fair, false Love! a pitiless hand doth pull limbs—the rigor of my nerves. I was
Thy mask off, and behold, Decay hath shed
Dust on thy lip and ashes on thy head. full of courage, and ready to fight with
O Death, unbar thy door! my soul doth pine Hercules.
To enter in-and thou, the one, divine, And what do you suppose was the True Love, uplift me, where the sweet heavens whole expense of all the boiling, roast
With that “forever” which the seraphs sing. ing, beating, kicking, sleeping, smoking, &c., through which we had passed ?
RESIGNATION. just one zwantzig, less than a “ York
The river flow'd in music to the sea, shilling!"
The summer wind its wild, sweet tune began; Thus have I introduced you, in my de The little field-mice in the furrows ran; sultory way, to the life of the Bucharian From out the flower-bells buzz'd the wandering
bee. Mahalas, the festivities of the upper class,
A calm sank on my soul. This misery and the beatitudes of the bath. Enough |
Of loss and change, I said, all life doth bear, for the present. Au revoir.
Nor riseth in revolt, nor in despair
In rash rebellion, but as sapling trees,
And bow me where the deathly shade doth fall, THE CLOUD.
And scan, with patient heart, those mysteries; LOVE stood before me in my youth's fresh prime.
If haply I may find-0! sweet and strange“ Life's hill is steep,” he said ; “the way is long;
God's Love enfolded in God's bitter Change! Be Love thy guide! Love's heart is bold and
strong, Love's truth triumphant over Death and Time."
A GREAT man is, in fact, the instrument O! very fair was Love, and sweeter far
of Divine providence. Hence all great His voice than any bird's—my soul did seem men haye been, more or less, fatalists. Touch'd by an angel in a silver dream,
The error is in the form, not in the subSent down from regions of the morning star. I turn'd to follow, but, austere and strange,
stance of the thought. They are conAnother voice cried "Pause!" whereat a wail
scious of immense power, and, not being Broke from me-lo! sweet Love wax'd wan and able to attribute its possession to any pale,
merit of their own, they attribute it to a And dark, behind him, lower'd the shadow, Change.
superior power, whose instruments they That sterner voice was Truth's, for now I know
are, and which makes use of them for its Change followeth Love wherever he doth go. I own ends. - V. Cousin.
PLYMOUTH, THE PILGRIMS AND PURITAN S.
BY ALICE CAREY.
A GOOD name is no A mean inheritancefor, strive as we will, we are not able to separate ourselves from the glory or shame of our ancestors; but while not insensible to "the boast of heraldry, the pomp of power,” prized so highly by our transatlantic cotemporaries, we, Americans, are well content to forego the tracing of lineage at that great, It is believed that a condensation of the landmark of liberty, Plymouth Rock.* history of this handfull of sectaries who,
The Pilgrim Fathers! What brave- in the frail little May-Flower, landed on hearted and great-hearted pioneers those our shores in 1620, and of the Puritans, words conjure up! Hardly a pulse is shortly following, will not be found uninthere among their millions of descendants, teresting to a majority of readers ; for it now speaking one language, and carrying is only with a few great facts of their a liberal literature to the farthest parts of history that most of us are familiar. We the world, that does not thrill at the men- are all ready at once to throw over them tion of those words. Thoroughly ground- a mantle of pride and veneration, long ed in the right, as they understood it, they enough and broad enough to cover whipwere reliable as the rock on which they ping-posts, ducking-stools, witch trials, first planted their feet, and, like it, un- hanging ropes and all, without stopping to yielding. Pious, even to austerity, they inquire into details. fetched out of their own souls, which Unlike our Puritan ancestors, we have were, in fact, set on edge with zeal for become a race of dreamers and reliers God, the intolerance which ended in per- upon hearsay — they knew things, and secution. Not by the larger light which never doubted that they knew ; having has come into the world since their day once fixed a standard there was no quesmust we judge them, but rather by their tion about its perfection, and wo to the own standards; and thus judging, we dissenter who was too long or too short trace their hardest dealings to personal for its measurement—there was no way sanctity, and are ready to say
but that he must be stretched out, or “Even their failings lean’d to virtue's side.”
cramped down to fit it.
| The name Puritan was bestowed in Pilgrims we may well call those heroic derision, by adherents of the Church of refugees, who, leaving not only native England, on a little band of dissenters, on homes, but what seemed to them all the account of their profession of superior world, planted themselves in the wilder- piety—of following the pure word of God ness, believing that in its awful and solemn in opposition to all traditions and human shadows God could hear them and Ga
institutions. briel could find them. In the legends of The Puritans, on the accession of Elizaromance, or the chronicles of history, no beth, resolved to extirpate the last vestige event, perhaps, takes precedence of their of popery from the English Church, and curious emigration for singularity of origin introduce the practices of the continental or pregnancy of result.
| reformers. And here began a struggle
between those entrenched in the high It is estimated that only about one-third of
| places of the Church, and maintaining the our present European population is of Puritan royal supremacy, and the lesser and more origin,
| reformatory party. Both were alike conscientious, and alike prepared to endure some men and women, who received their or to inflict punishment, even to death, if principles from the Pilgrim martyrs, and thereby their opponents might be silenced. were “ seasoned with the seeds of grace The high Church party had the advantage and virtue." There a solid groundwork of numbers and of entrenchment in royal received them, and the greatest commonfavor; but the Puritans had an indomit- wealth which the world has ever known able firmness, and a scathing zeal, which was established, but not without the enenabled them to dare their prelatist foes, counter of new difficulties. and set themselves as one against a thou- Formidable enough was the aspect of sand.
| things to those weary men and women Fines, prisons, and death, were the por- | come to seek shelter and repose. “The tions of the Puritans during the reign of ground (I quote from White's Brief RelaElizabeth. James had been educated a tion) was covered with snow a foot deep, Presbyterian, and had written in defense and they being without habitations, and of the doctrine, and the Puritans expected having among them divers women and toleration, at least, from his ascendency children, no marvel if they lost some of of the throne ; but they were destined to their company; it may be wondered how disappointment. He had suffered at the they saved the rest.” “After having passhands of both Puritans and Presbyterians, ed over the difficulties that usually enand hated both alike-he saw the princi- counter new planters, (says the same ples of Knox and Calvin tended to repub-author,) they began to subsist in a reasonlicanism, and that the bishops were allied ably comfortable manner, and after a year's to monarchy. The Puritans became Sep- experience or two of the soil and inhabaratists, assuming, day by day, a gloomier itants, sent home tidings of their well-being and more austere demeanor, and receding there, which occasioned other men to take in politics as well as religion further and knowledge of the place, and to take it into further from the Established Church. At consideration." length the Separatists began to contend It is hard for us to estimate the “ deep for larger liberties—the power of appoint- and bitter concern" it must have cost our ing their own officers, and performing all conscientious ancestors to leave their ironthe functions of self-government with ab- | bound wains and yokes of oxen, friends solute independence of all foreign control. and kindred ; everything but rectitude, and
Worn with toil and suffering, a society faith in God—that was best and dearest to composed of artisans, whose names are them and especially with no prospect of still preserved in authentic documents, met bettering their condition in anything but toward the close of the sixteenth century, religious liberty. So far from amendment, in the house of one Roger Ripon, in South- they had prospectively the severest poywark, to spend their Sabbaths in exposi- erty, the hardest toil to encounter, the tions of the Bible and in prayer. The cruelty of a savage foe, and the famine names of the martyrs, Henry Barrow, John and sickness incident to a strange and unGreenwood, and John Penry, are connect-cultivated land. These things awaited ed with this society. At one time, a ma- them so surely as the perils of the ocean jority of the members of the Church being were overpast. Our steam-vessels, with in bonds, meetings were held in prison, all their splendid appointments and inthrough the connivance of the jailor. genious contrivances to master time and
Other associations of similar character, subdue danger, give us very inaccurate were at the same time in other parts of notions of the old ships known to the colthe kingdom, reading and exhorting by onists. “At James's accession, there stealth. At the dying request of the mar were not above four hundred vessels in tyr, Penry, a conference was held among England of four hundred tons burden. In the brethren to take measures for some their build, though very picturesque, they plan whereby they should depart in a body were tub-like and clumsy—the shape of to some distant country ; but with no im- the hull being very broad-bottomed and mediate success. Subsequent sufferings, capacious, while the lofty cabins, built up however, resulted in the May-Flower, fore and aft on deck, must have caused which landed at what is now the pleasant them to roll heavily in bad weather. This little town of Plymouth, on a bay of the style has now become obsolete in Europe, same name, about forty miles from Boston, but may still be seen in the Arab vessels tempered to their shorn lambs, and the stony hills of New England, under their culture, speedily blossomed as the rose.
Theirs was no half-way trust, and theirs were no shivering souls that sought to wrap themselves in the pious mantles of Papal pretensions—warmed by the fire of zeal, they encased themselves in what seemed to them the armor of righteousness, and did battle mightily against the arch-enemy in whatever shape he appeared to them to assume. If they met his pride in the starch of a ruff, it was straightway broken—if they recognized his lures in the pranking of a Maypole, they stripped off the garlands, mindless of the sharp pricking of their own fingers ; for they were no less brave in endurance than severe in infliction. They would have dashed them.
selves on the stones which they cast at THE MAY-FLOWER.
dissenters, if they could have thought in the Red Sea and the Levant.” The
themselves other than instruments in the
hands of God. cut which we give is supposed very nearly to resemble the May-Flower.
Having put their hands to the plow
there was no looking back-only a steady As long as our language exists, the name
and firm going forward ; and whatever obof this little vessel will live too, and so
jects opposed, must be torn up root and will the names of some of those who ad
branch, or wrenched away, or burned up ventured in it life, and all that was dearer
in the fire. No matter what cares opthan life, and sought in the great strange wilderness freedom to worship God, and
pressed them, or what enemies beset them, ground wherein their bones might be bu
the main object of their lives, the propa
gation of the gospel, was never lost sight ried.
of. “Only let us not be wanting on our The annexed description of his own
parts, now that we are called to this work feelings on leaving home, and of the won
of the Lord's," writes Cradock, Governor der of his neighbors, is quoted from Brad
of the “ Company for the Plantation of ford himself, the early governor of Plymouth colony :
Massachusetts Bay," to his worshipful
friend, Endicott. I cannot but wish this “Being thus constrained to leave their na
good governor's estimate of tobacco were tive country, their lands and livings, and all their friends and familiar acquaintance—it was
a little more popular in our day. If it much-and thought marvelous by many. But could have been foreseen that in after to go into a country they knew not but by hear- times even the meeting-houses would be say, where they must learn a new language, defiled by reason of it, doubtless the growand get their livings they know not how, it being a dear place and subject to the miseries
|ing of it would have been prohibited altoof war, it was by many thought an undertaking
gether, even with the “ necessity consialmost desperate—a case intolerable, and a deration” involved. In the letter already misery worse than death—especially seeing they
quoted from, Governor Cradock says :were not acquainted with trades nor traffic, (by which the country doth subsist,) but had only “The course you have taken in giving our been used to a plain country life, and the inno countrymen their content in the point of raiscent trade of husbandry."
ing tobacco there for the present (their necesAnd he concludes by saying :
sity considered) is not disallowed; but we trust
in God other means will be found to employ “These things did not dismay them, for their their time more comfortable and profitable also desires were set on the ways of God, and to en- in the end; and we cannot but generally apjoy his ordinances; they rested in his provi prove and commend their good resolution to dence, and knew whom they had believed." desist from the planting thereof, whenas they And what a beautiful example this rest
shall discover how to employ their labors othering of theirs in divine protection has be
wise; which we hope they will be speedily in.
duced unto by such precepts and examples as queathed to us! Softly the winds were we shall give them."
But though averse to the raising of Mather informs us that John Cotton tobacco, and provident in the wisdom of began the Sabbath the evening before, for the serpent as regarded trust in the fidelity which keeping of the Sabbath from evenof the “ salvages," mere worldly interests | ing to evening, he wrote arguments before were a secondary thing; and while wary his coming to New-England—so the pracin their trust of the “ salvages," they were tice appears to have been introduced from careful to make plentiful provision of good abroad. It doubtless originated in the ministers; by whose faithful preaching, injunction in Leviticus—“From even unto godly conversation, and exemplary life, even shall you celebrate your Sabbaths." they trusted to reduce them to obedience. The Jewish Sabbath (Saturday) began at
To reduce, and not to persuade, was six o'clock of our Friday, and the prepthe method of procedure at the planting aration for it at three in the afternoon. of the colonies, and we find the council There appear to have been different opinstyled the “ Council of the Mattachusetts ions as to the length of time to be kept Bay,” authorized to exclude from certain sacred, and in reference to it Hooker privileges which had been obtained, from says: the “ especial grace of His Majesty, with
“The question touching the beginning of the great cost, favor of personages of note, Sabbath is now on foot among us, hath once and much labor”-“all persons, but such been spoken to, and we are to give in our arguas were peacemakers, and of honest life ments, each to the other, so that we may ripen and conversation, and desirous to conform
our thoughts concerning that truth, and if the
Lord will, it may more fully appear." themselves to good order and government." The annexed quotation from the We find no record of summer vacations aforementioned company's letter of gene- among the ministers of those times. ral instruction to Endicott and his coun No time was out of season, and somecil, shows how strictly the growth of times no choice as to the field of their labor religious difference was guarded against. seems to have been given them; and that Thus:
there might be no difference about the “Mr. Ralph Smith, a minister, hath desired
appointing one to be minister to those sent passage in our ships; which was granted him
to inhabit at Massachussetts Bay, we will before we understood of his difference in some have you (say the instructions) “make things from our ministers. But his provisions
choice of one of three by lot; and on for the voyage being shipped before notice was
whom the lot shall fall, he shall go with taken thereof, through many occasions wherewith those intrusted with this business have
| his family to perform the work.” been employed; and forasmuch as from hence The professions appear to have been it is feared there may grow some distraction less accessible in the olden time than among you if there should be any siding, and
now-a-days, inasmuch as the wholesome that the worst may grow from different judgments; we have, therefore, thought fit to give
requisite of some sort of capability was you this order, that unless he will be conform desired on the part of the applicant. The able to our government, you suffer him not to following, throwing some light on this remain within the limits of our grant.” .
matter, is extracted from the “ Letter of It further appears from the colony rec-| General Instruction to Endicott and his ords of the court proceedings of the time,
| Council," previously quoted from:that “ Ralph Smith was required to give, “We have entertained Lambert Wilson, chiunder his hand, that he would not exercise rurgeon, to remain with you in the service of his ministry within the limits of the patent the plantation ; with whom we are agreed that without express leave of the governor up
he shall serve this company, and the other
planters that live in the plantation, three years, on the spot.” With regard to Sabbath
and in that time apply himself to cure not only keeping, we quote from the same letter of such as came from hence for general and of instruction:
particular accounts, but also for the Indians,
as from time to time he shall be directed by " And to the end the Sabbath may be cele- yourself or your successor, and the rest of the brated in a religious manner, we appoint that council. And, morcover, he is to educate and all that inhabit the plantation, both for the instruct one or more youths in his art, such as general and for particular employments, may you and said council shall appoint, that may surcease their labor every Saturday throughout be helpful to him, and if occasion serve, suc the year at three of the clock in the afternoon; ceed him in the plantation; which youth or and that they spend the rest of that day in youths, fit to learn that profession, let be placed catechising and preparation for the Sabbath, as with him; of which Mr. Hugeson's son, if his the ministers shall direct.”
| father approve thereof, may be one, the rather