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courage seems not to have been diminish-resort to shoemaking, or some other occoed, for it was not long until a certain pation, by which they eke out their subBarbara became his wife.
sistence. He left several children, of whom his The country above the marshes is a daughter Lora, as appears by his will, remarkable instance “ of the triumph of died before him :
skill and industry over natural obstacles, “My will is, that out of my whole estate
and nothing can exceed the neatness of my funeral charges be taken, and my body be the villages, and the comfortable look of buried in a decent manner: and if I die in the inhabitants." Duxbury, my body be laide as neare as con
One of the townships of the Cape bears venient to my two daughters, Lora Standish, my daughter, and Mary Standish, my daughter
the name of Brewster, and from Truro to in-la
Provincetown has been called the Venice The annexed is a part of the sampler
of New-England. The harbor itself is of this beloved Lora, which is still pre | one of the finest in the whole line of served in Plymouth Hall :
coast, being completely land-locked, and the entrance accessible, in all winds, to
vessels of the largest class. The curre LOACA+SHARPARKSEPTAME! of land by which it is formed is called
Longpoint, and at its extremity is a lightLOTTOVIUC mp flut. That
house, and here, three quarters of a mile MO) Doe th WILL ALSO ALL.
from the shore, the May-Flower came to Lay dani$ FEL SVCIO anchor. OD LII LIHLSKILL AS DAY Considerable remains of the original EOHOsce To VCIL VOU
forest of “oaks, pines, juniper, sassafras, Sher Um I WIILOIVO
and other sweet woods,” are still to be found about Provincetown. The wood for the most part is stunted, though there
are some specimens of a fine growth. It is a sample of fine workmanship, and
| The pilgrims remarked the whales, and the words wrought on it, which may not
regretted that they had no means of capbe easily made out, are these :
turing them—their descendants have made
the Cape famous for its whale fisheries. “Lora Standish is my nanie. Lord, guide my heart that I may do thy will. Also All my
Provincetown is described as a few streets hands with such convenient skill as may con / of frame-houses, built on sand, overbung duce to virtue, void of shame, and I will give by sand, and approached by sand; and the glory to thy name."
altogether of a wild, singular, and outThe country about Plymouth is natu of-the-way appearance. It is thriving rally hilly, rocky, and barren, and though and enterprising, the inhabitants mostly there is much of almost primeval forest, fishers and sailors—their fishing boats peryet in its vicinity, patches of clearing, fect models. In the hills behind the town rendered fruitful by industry, and con- are many places as wild as when first taining comfortable and pretty houses, explored by Standish and his brare comneighbor each other, along the sea-shore, panions, and imagination is here naturally almost continually.
borne back to the time, two centuries ago, Cape Cod, in the harbor of which the when all the northern states were a wilMay-Flower first found shelter on her derness, silent and desolate, save for the arrival on our coasts, is “an out-of-the-hut and the whoop of the Indian; and when way nook, almost cut off from the rest of the battered May-Flower, pregnant with the world.” Arms of the sea, with ex- the mightiest results, rounded the point, tensive salt marshes, perforate it so that making no noise louder than the voice of it may be called half land, half water, the prayer. From the feeble planting of land sandy and covered with grass and Plymouth, a grand republic is sprung up, dwarf timber, with here and there a spot and the influence reflected back upon the brought under some degree of cultivation. old world is incalculable. And the inhabitants are in keeping with In our next number we shall invite the their dwellings, depending chiefly upon reader to accompany us in an examination the sea for subsistence. Many of them, of some of the relics and other attractions however, when the fishing season is over, at Plymouth.
THE RELIGIOUS SCARECROW OF
orators — religious platform speakers —
palpitating Christian assemblies, could THE AGE.
scarcely see anything above the moral ITAVE we reason to fear the Pope in horizon of the country, especially west
this country? Of course we do not ward, but the triple tiara expanding out, mean his questionable holiness, personally, like the celestial hemisphere, into a vast but the system which he represents and nightcap over the nation under which names-Popery itself. Of himself per- she was to lie down in a hopeless sleep, a sonally or officially, it would be a very moral nightmare. Now all this was grave joke for us to entertain a single doubtless honest; but it was exceedingly anxiety. He sits in the Vatican, only cowardly — it was all fudge-as events the shadow of what he once was- in Europe and this country are daily and the impersonation of decrepitude, smoth- irresistibly demonstrating. It was very ered under the obsolete and grotesque pernicious, too, for it gave undue imhabiliments of a long gone age, and | portance to Popery. It set the politicians mumbling from a toothless mouth the to overvaluing (as we shall see directly) language of mere imbecility. What then most egregiously the numerical availwould he become here, where our pub ability of the Roman Catholics at the lic decorum would not allow him any ballot-box, and it gave them that danpublic state, were he even, by the possible gerous influence over the politics of the accidents of these odd times, to be tossed nation, which has been so undeservedly across the waters? The poor old man, held by them for years, which has disconsidered as a poor old functionary, graced the country, and which now, thanks almost deserves our sympathy--there is to the return of somewhat of our national such a contrast between his present and self-respect, is about to be broken forever. his past figure-his power, once sublime, Popery has lost what we may call its even in its iniquitous grandeur, has be- essential force, even in Europe. This is come such a paltry, impotent pretension. our first argument against its probable There is a great deal of practical farce dangers to our own country. Its central going on still in the governments of the strength is sapped-its very citadel is world, not excepting our own “great / undermined. The Abbe de la Mennais, country;" but assuredly there is no more some few years since, proclaimed on his thorough tragic-comedy now enacted return to Paris from Rome, “Withdraw among the powers of the earth than the the arms of Austria from Italy to-day, Popedom.
and to-morrow there will be an upWe confess we once were terribly panic-rising of the people against the pope smitten at the prospects of Popery in this and the priesthood, from Turin to the country ; but we were then, with most of Calabrias.” The same could be said this our fellow-citizens, in the dark respecting | moment in respect to the arms of France. the subject-and men see ghosts only in Loyalty to Popery is dead this hour in the dark. We ventured so far as even to Italy itself, and we should not be surprised, publish a pamphlet expressly against his if at the next popular emeute of Europe holiness —a rampant “bull," bellowing (which will inevitably come) the head of a with denunciations, as much, we fear, as pope falls, and thus secures, by a demonany of his own. But we have since be- stration which cannot be forgotten, the come heartily ashamed of our cowardice, popular claims of Italy, as the decapitation and never have met with a copy of the of a Stuart did the rights of Englishmen. publication without “suppressing" it. What now is the influence of the Roman We feel a little malicious at his holiness, court in the affairs of Europe ? Nothing as we pen these lines, for having occasion- at all. It is a significant fact that in the ed us such unnecessary trepidation
present struggle, involving more or less We hardly know whether to consider almost all the European courts, we hardly it an apology for our alarm that the Chris- hear a reference to the pope. A few gentian public generally shared it—to such an erations ago his diplomacy guided all the extent in fact, that it became an almost great movements of the continent. universal infection. It was the mighty, What is a Pope's bull now-a-days? invincible argument for almost every Nothing but a religious epistle to his ec“religious enterprise" among us. Pulpit clesiastics against heresy, Bible societies, &c. A few generations ago it was the thousands out of the ranks of Popery. thunderbolt of Jove smiting a whole | The winking and nodding Madonnas have province, shaking a throne, or paralyzing of late years become standing jokes in an army.
the newspapers of Christendom. It is too What sovereign would now care for the late in this working day of the world for pope's excommunication ? — that terrific such nonsense. Men-honest men-will mystery at which the knees of kings a few either weep or laugh at it; but they will centuries since smote together? We not respect it. The last of these obsolete never hear of it any more as against follies is a proposed great convention at rulers, and if it should be revived, it | Rome, to decide the question of the “imwould be a joke in almost any court of maculate conception of the Virgin ”-not the world.
the immaculate conception of Christ, as Why? Because the prestige of Popery | some of the papers of the day represent. is gone-irrecoverably gone. The de It has long been a question among Papists lusions of the Dark Ages are past; man- | whether the Virgin herself was born in a kind have awakened from that thousand manner so different from the usual course years' sleep, have risen up, rubbed their of our common humanity, as to allow this eyes, and found they had been dreaming. preposterous ascription to her. A sort The people nearest to him—the Italians- of ecumenical council is to convene for would now, if they could, chase the pope the purpose of discussing the somewhat
-the “ vicegerent of God” as they once delicate question—the “Mariolatry” of the believed — off of their peninsula. The Church depends rather seriously upon it. courts of Europe recognize the popedom The newspapers are already handling the as an historical fact, still lingering, and subject in their usual style; the Paris therefore to be taken account of in some Univers, nevertheless, tries to affect a way or other in their conservative policy; grave dignity in its allusion to it. What but it is no longer a potential fact, in any | is it, however, but a preposterous attempt respects, among them. The pope has to mantain the superstitions of a past age little or nothing to do with them directly, -an attempt which cannot fail to incur except occasionally to act the puppet in the pity of thoughtful men, and the scorn the ceremonial of a coronation. Since the of the profane. first French revolution (a great curse with This incompatibility of Popery with the a great many blessings) this has been progress of the age and its consequent about his significance in the affairs of decline, are seen by the wiser heads in Europe.
Papal states. Michael Chevalier, the And this remark leads us to a second | French journalist, and one of the ablest consideration, one which accounts for the thinkers in France, expressed some time declension of Popery, and at the same time ago his apprehensions for Romanism in the renders it irreversible, viz., that it is found Journal des Dobats, in very unqualified ed in the modern and inevitable progress of language. “On comparing,” he says, the race. The world is outgrowing it; and “the respective progress made since 1814 that is the explanation of its late history. by non-Roman Catholic Christian nations It may make efforts to retrieve itself-it with the advancement to power attained may attempt to relate itself to the move- by Roman Catholic nations, one is struck ments of states, as in the French reaction with astonishment at the disproportion. and in the politics of America-it may by England and the United States, which are Jesuitical agencies insinuate itself into | Protestant powers, and Russia, a Greek the religious movements of anti-Catholic power, have assumed to an incalculable countries, as in the Tractarianism of Ox- | degree the dominion of immense regions, ford-it may attempt to startle the remains destined to be densely peopled, and already of superstition among the multitudes by teeming with a large population. ... new trumpery, as the winking Madonnas | They have proved their superiority over or the coat of Treves ; but they all ulti- the Roman Catholic nations of the New mately fail, and, worse than that, they all World, and have subjected them to a react. Puseyism, as a project for Papal- dictatorship which admits of no further izing the Anglican Church, is now a deter- dispute. To the authority of these two minate failure. The imposture at Treves powers, England and the United States, excited the ridicule of Europe, and turned after an attempt made by the former on China, the two most renowned empires the United States, throws an altogether of the East, empires which represent unexpected light on the question of the nearly the numerical half of the human relative force of Popery; it is found to race, China and Japan, seem to be on the be scarcely one half of what it has been point of yielding. Russia, again, appears supposed to be. to be assuming every day a position of A similar declension has taken place growing importance in Europe. During in the British colonies. Mackenzie's all this time, what way has been made by Weekly Messenger says, that in 1820 the Roman Catholic nations ? . . . . ; the population of the Canadas may have Unquestionably, since 1789, the balance been 520,000, of whom perhaps 380,000 of power between Roman Catholic civil-were Papists, and only 140,000 Protestization and non-Roman Catholic civiliza ants-exhibiting nineteen to seven of the tion has been reversed."
whole country as in favor of the Popish “Unquestionably,” Monsieur Chevalier; Church. In 1853, the population may be. and " unquestionably," because " the bal- assumed to number 2,000,000, of whom ance of power" between the enlightened 940,000 belong to the Popish religion, and the barbarous tendencies of the world and 1,060,000 to the Protestant—showing “ has been reversed.” Destiny itself has nearly eleven Protestants to every nine set in against Popery. It must descend Papists; the latter having gained 560,000 into the abyss of the past, its appropriate in thirty years, the former 920,000. grave. Its old follies, like the congenial. It is unduly preponderating, however, ones of alchemy, astrology, witchcraft, in England, in one respect. According scholastic metaphysics, cenobitic and an- to a report of parliament published in choretic life, must inevitably disappear the Catholic Tablet, of London, Februamidst the increasing light of the age, as ary 25, 1852, out of, a population of bats and owls flee before the day. It may 21,000,000 in England and Scotland, make temporary and spasmodic efforts at whereof the Roman Church claimed self-resuscitation, but it cannot succeed. | 1,000,000, she supplied the prisons with The waves may dash forward upon the three candidates to one of all other strand when the tide is descending ; but Churches. The wretched neglect of the as sure as the invincible laws of nature education of its poor is acknowledged, even will they at last go down. Popery at- by its own friends; they say, in a late numtempts to extend itself abroad it has ber of the same paper, “ In London there many foreign missions, and they at times are 22,000 Catholic children, of whom seem to have the energy of life in them. only about 4,000 are receiving Catholic But where do they succeed now as they education. The greater part of the redid two, three and four hundred years maining number are left to pass their tenago? We are all familiar, from our child- | der years in the novitiate of a London hood, with a long-legged spider, which street. There is no proportion between when pierced through the center, still the wants of our poor and our provision struggles in its extremities—and the sev for them-between our wealth and the eduered extremities themselves still for a cation we can give. We are put to shame time move with convulsive life; but at by every other body; and yet we are the last die. Such is Popery.
salt of the earth !" Salt of the earth ! We affirm, in the third place, that local | How ironical the phrase sounds along evidence confirms these general views, with such admissions. Popery is rapidly declining in Ireland. All this reasoning bears on the question The Catholic papers of that country with which we started. Popery, smitten that beautiful country, so long and foully with this inherent decay everywhere, candegraded by Romanism--admit the fact, not become formidable here. Dying out and express fears of the speedy over- elsewhere because of its incompatibility throw of the Papal sway. And this is with the practical energies and increasing not owing merely to emigration, but lights of the age, how can it hold up its head very largely to evangelical conversions. here, where the characteristics of the age Thousands after thousands of Roman are all most rife? It does not succeed here. Catholics have there been added to the Its bishops and papers complain incesranks of Protestantism within ten years. santly that the children of the Church The late census of England, like that of | are, to a great extent, lost. Even the
first generation born in the country grow country the Papists have but one thousand up with a faint zeal for the faith of their one hundred and twelve Churches, accomfathers; and the second and third gene- modating six hundred and twenty-one thourations generally turn away entirely from sand persons. The Protestant population the confessional. Hence the desperate of the United States is to the Catholic exertions of the priesthood to break down population as twelve to one." the common-school system of the country. | Catholic journalism in the United States They would prevent the apostasy of their is exceedingly lame-as much so in patronchildren by educating them to the old age as in talent. One of its most vocifdarkness of their faith, rather than to the erous organs, The Shepherd of the Valley, new light of the age.
has at last blown its breath away, and We have now under our eye a state-expired. Bishop Hughes's organ, The ment, the authorship of which we cannot | Freeman's Journal, has become a weekly trace, but its accuracy is unquestionable, instead of a semi-weekly issue, for want which shows the relative strength of of patronage we suppose. The MetropolPopery in different sections of this coun- | itan for September contains an account of try, and presents some striking facts on Roman Catholic journalism in the United the subject :-" Maryland, one of the old-States. We learn from it that twentyest states in the Union, was settled by a three papers have been discontinued at colony of Papists who fled hither from different periods since 1836. England in 1633, on account of political Such, then, Protestants of the United disturbances which rendered their condi- States, is Popery. Has it not been made tion in their mother country uncomfort a bugbear among us? We cannot too able. Florida was settled by Papists from carefully watch it; but never again let the Spain. The whole country, west of the Protestantism of this land cower before Mississippi, now embracing Louisiana, it. With all its hordes of immigration, it Arkansas, and Missouri, extending north, stands before us thus shorn of its prebelonged originally to the French, and tended strength. was settled by them. The Jesuits were ! And its growth by immigration is no the first Europeans that trod those exten- longer a peculiarity-a fourth considerasive regions. The whole of our northerntion in favor of our main position. The frontier, from the mouth of the St. Law- German accessions to our population from rence to Fond du Lac, has ever been ex- abroad (largely Protestant) are now in posed to the influence of Popery from advance of the Irish. This fact has atCanada. The most of the towns and tracted attention for some time past, but cities on that frontier were settled by the German preponderance has lately bePapists. The state of Texas, until its an- come so marked as to excite peculiar nexation to the United States, was closed interest. The immigration for August, against Protestant influence. The same into the port of New-York, classified acwas true of New-Mexico and California. cording to nationalities, was as follows: In addition to these advantages, the won-Germans, 23,672 ; Irish, 8,898; English, derful tide of emigration for the last fifty | 3,658 ; Scotch, 796 ; Welsh, 115 ; French, years from the Papal countries of Europe 649; Spanish, 86; Swiss, 451; Dutch, is to be remembered. Several millions of 233; Norwegians, 482; Italians, 143. Irish Papists have come in upon us. Yet For the eight months, commencing with the last United States Census shows that January and ending with August, the in Maryland, there are about eight hundred returns show a total of arrivals of Irish, Protestant Churches, and only sixty-five | 54,548; Germans, 116,400; natives of Papal. Out of one hundred and fifty-two other countries, 38,466 ; making a grand Churches in Florida there are only five total of 209,414. Papal. In Louisiana there are two hun! We may mention in the fifth place, dred and twenty-three Protestant Churches, that while the relative strength of Popery and only fifty-five Papal. In Texas there thus declines, the ratio of the growth of are one hundred and sixty-four Churches, Protestant evangelical sects to the growth only thirteen of which are Papal; and at of the population of the country advances, the present time, the Protestant is greatly and has advanced, during the last halfthe predominant influence in California. century. In the last fifty years the number The Census reveals the fact that in all the of members of the evangelical Churches