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state it was peopled by those enormous that transition state of things described in animals, known to us only by their rude verse 2. His interpretation receives no and massy fossil remains, when it pro- slender support from the form of speech duced that luxuriant vegetation which which designates those six days; which is supplied them with sustenance, and which for their commencement, “ And God said," now constitute those vast anthracite and and for their close, “The evening and the bituminous coal deposits which supply morning were the first, second, third," the world with such immense quantities &c.,“ days." But on the old hypothesis, of fuel, why is not this hypothesis, in assuming that there is no chasm between itself considered, as reasonable as any the 1st and 2d verses in the narrativeother? And when we become familiar filled by an unknown pre-Adamite period, with the idea that “ without form and at the close of which the historic period void ” denotes a transition state of the commenced-a state of things only glanced earth, and not its first known conditionat in verse 2, as being “ without form and after it was spoken into being by Omnipo- void ”—we might look for the notation of tence, why will not one hypothesis be as the first day at the end of the 2d verse; plausible as the other?
but it falls in at the end of the 5th verse! Prop. 5.-" That the darkness' upon And while this is quite inexplicable on the the face of the deep, mentioned in verse 2, common or old interpretation, it is most is not negative of a previous existence of natural and consistent on the hypothesis light, but may have been only a temporary | here advocated. one."
Prop. 7.-" That the act of the first In this view it was a temporary dark- day' does not necessarily signify the creness occasioned by the transformation the ation of light, but may have been only the earth was then undergoing, and which was calling it into operation upon the scene of succeeded by the breaking in of light darkness,' described in the 2d verse." mentioned in the next verse. Hence the There is one consideration which mili2d verse is a connecting link between the tates strongly in favor of this interprebroad and sublime declaration in verse 1, tation; it entirely relieves the almost ascribing the creation of the universe to | insuperable difficulty of conceiving how the only true God, in opposition to all light should have been created on the first idolatrous myths and fancies, with those day, while the sun, its great natural source several transforming acts of the Creator from which it emanates to our system, was in remodeling the earth and making it the not created, according to the common fit abode for that new order of intelligent | interpretation, till the fourth day! But beings about to be created, called man, | let it be assumed that the sun had from who should fill up a niche midway be- “ the beginning " held his present central tween angels and irrational animals, par- | position, enthroned as monarch of the solar taking as we know him to do of the nature system, and had for cycles of ages shed of both. All this in theory is, at least, his intense beams upon this young, prolific plausible ; and for aught that can be shown earth, warming into life and then nourishto the contrary, may have been verified in ing the enormous growth of fossil animals fact. And is there not something striking and plants ; and that in the breaking up in the conception, giving vastly more than of the earth's crust and in its transformamere plausibility to the hypothesis? But tion requisite for it to become the fit abode let us hasten to the next proposition. of man, by the joint action of fire and
Prop. 6.-" That the commencement water, it became mantled in one vast of the account of the first six days of the “ swaddling cloth" of clouds and darkcreation dates from the beginning of the ness; and then in connection, the "moring 3d verse : “And God said, Let there be of the Spirit of God upon the face of the
waters,"—that is, the fluid, igneous, heterOf course creation is here to be under ogeneous mass, was no sooner made to stood, not in the strict and proper sense feel than it yielded to the omnipotent of the term ; but in that of transformation, touch; clearing up the shrouded horizon, remodeling, required by the hypothesis. / rarifying the murky and suffocating atmosThe actual creation of the world took phere, snd condensing the dense and place, on this principle, in the “beginning," loaded vapors into water, rolling the previous to any of the six days, and to separating mass into those vast excava
tions, or ocean beds already prepared to tion from, the waters of the seas; and receive it; thus permitting the islands, | thus the rising and sweeping away of the plains, and mountains, to lift up their clouds, so as to disclose the expanse or heads; when the long-intercepted rays of first heaven, as understood by the Hebrew the sun might again greet the new-modeled people, namely, the aërial or atmospheric; earth. This, we conceive, would be a and when the clouds thus disappeared to practical exemplification of the theory open up the vision to the measureless assumed in this hypothesis. And to what depths above in the stellar regions, by the more rational hypothesis can we yield our Hebrews called the second heavens, must suffrage ?
be the import of these verses according to Prop. 8. “ That the calling the light the hypothesis of this proposition,-an day,' and the darkness night,' with the essential part of this theory of interpredeclaration, that the evening and the tation. morning were the first day,' does not nec- Prop. 10. “ That the work of the fourth essarily imply that this was the first day, day,' described from the 14th to the 18th absolutely speaking.”
verse, does not necessarily imply that the Because it may only have been the sun, moon, and stars, were then first crefirst day under the new order of things; , ated, or formed for the first, from preëxthe first day to the earth in its remodeled | istent matter, but may only have been that state. This interpretation is borne out by they were then for the first time, in the a marked peculiarity in the Hebrew nu-detail of the history of the present earth, meral denoting the first day, not otherwise made visible to it, and ordained to their easily accounted for. The cardinal num- offices with respect to the coming human ber is used instead of the ordinal; whereas creation." the latter is used with respect to all the That the sun, moon, and stars, are colother days of the six. Hence literally it lectively the great dial-plate of this world's would be," and the evening was, and the chronometer, is a fact well understood. morning was, one day." This peculiarity | Their various revolutions, conjunctions, consists as well with the reference of this cycles, &c., are the data by which we one day to the new order of things underestimate the current progress of duration. the remodeled state of the earth, as within the sense of this proposition, they now its reference to a similar period of duration commenced to serve their present imunder the original state and order of portant purposes to the earth in its present things.
remodeled state. And what is there imProp. 9. “ That the work of the second possible or absurd in the supposition? Inday,' mentioned in the 6th, 7th, and 8th deed, it is a necessary consequence, from verses, may have been only an operation the hypothesis on which it is proposed to performed on the atmosphere of our earth.” | interpret these verses. And we might
Our limited space will not allow us to almost venture to add, that the hypothesis dilate upon this point. Several scriptures itself is necessary to harmonize the word are collated by the writer in support of and works of the Creator: at least this his position ; but we cannot recount them. or some other, differing from the common The truth of the proposition turns mostly, or vulgar theory, seems to be a desider, we imagine, upon the main position which atum. distinguishes this interpretation; that the As it was not the object of the inspired first verse states a great original fact, be- writer to present a scientific view of those tween the occurrence of which and the facts and events of which he treats, we account of what followed, an indefinitely have reason to suppose that it was his long interval elapsed. Hence the heavens intention to describe things as they would and the earth,” which were created “in / have appeared to the reader had he been the beginning," must include the sidereal | a spectator of the scene described. Inas well as the aërial heavens. As a fur- deed, who can deny that the inspired writer ther consequence, the making of the “firm- | may have been in a sense himself a specament” consisted in the elevation of the tator, in vision—that is, had a mental surclouds to their present ordinary height or vey of the scenes contained in his narralevel ; the waters above the firmament, , tive? For they were of such a character, signifying the humid vapors suspended in that they could not have come to him authe clouds compared with, or in distinc- | thentically like those, for example, which pertain to the sin and fall of man, by trans commencement of the present order of mission from hand to hand. And if a long | things, scarcely admits of denial or doubt; train of facts, constituting the materials unless, indeed, the fourth and last hypoth. of the future history of nations as well asesis above named preponderates. The individuals, were made to pass in a sort | flood is a recorded event, coming down to of panoramic exhibition before the mental us with all the attestations of revelation eye of the inspired seer, with all the nice itself. And that no inconsiderable changes delineations of the perfect landscape, why may have passed upon the surface of the may not those things which transpired earth at the time, cannot be disproved. long before the historic period of the world Nor is it in the least strange that the commenced-before there was a man to inspired writers have shed no more light be the subject of that history, or to record on any of these questions. It was not its current events—have been disclosed in their object. They do not profess to do it. the same way to the mind of Moses? The They maintain the same silence with reonly difference would be this—to the lat- | spect to other subjects, purely scientific. ter, facts and events are revealed long It was their object to teach religious and after they occurred; to the former, future moral truths—not the sciences as such. events are thus disclosed. But how far This they have done. They have done it this view is entitled to toleration, and how clearly, adequately, fully. That they ever far it will lend support to the above hy- contradict well-established scientific truths pothesis if tolerated, are questions to be it were inconsistent to believe. The supdecided by evidence.
position cannot be admitted. But it should The claims of geology are based upon not be forgotten, that in what they do assumed facts. The evidence of these utter, their statements are only allusite to facts seems to be indisputable: for ex- those things which are strictly scientificample, that the surface of the earth has never expository or descriptive of them. undergone, at some time and by some And in all their allusions two things are agency, great convulsions, disruptions, obvious : they refer to things as they apupheavings, and displacements. These peared to the common beholder ; and they facts admit of no dispute ; the evidence are contemplated as they were held at the amounts to demonstration. It is ocular time. Had the sciences, including the and conclusive. And that some fossil re- arts, stood in their present advanced mains belong to extinct species of animals, condition, corresponding allusions would is equally certain. But when those up-doubtless have been made to them; and heavings and displacements transpired is they would doubtless have been drawn the grand question to be decided. One of upon by the inspired writers for imagery, four things may be true: 1. That the differing as much from that which now breaking up of the earth's surface was the | adorns their writings, as do modern atwork of the Noachian deluge. 2. That it tainments in the arts and sciences from must have taken place between the flood | ancient. and the creation, as ordinarily understood. It follows from the foregoing theory, 3. That it must have occurred in connec- that death in the animal kingdom was tion with the assumed transformation and prior to the fall of man. This is contrary remodeling of the earth, agreeably to the to the common opinion on that subject. hypothesis under consideration. Or, 4. This opinion refers death and suffering in That the present state of the earth resulted every case, and in all their forms, to man's partly from this supposed transformation, offense. We cannot help regarding it as and partly from the deluge. For all that a misapprehension of facts. Such a conappears to the contrary, one of these hy- clusion is reached by a misinterpretation potheses is, at least, probable. And ad- of those passages of Scripture which clearmitting, for the sake of the argument, that ly refer to the subject. The great apostle probability is all that can be pleaded, then of the Gentiles affirms the contrary. He the evidence in favor of one or the other limits his own meaning when he says: " By of these conclusions is, in amount, the mere one man sin entered into the world, and balancing of probabilities. And that the death by sin; and so death passed upon probability makes us strongly in favor of all men, for that all have sinned.” Rom. that hypothesis which assigns to the world v, 12. The extent to which sin obtained, an unmeasured duration previous to the l thus introduced, could not be more deti
nitely expressed. It “passed upon all race is ungrateful-it is an old saying, men.” Hence, animals are excluded. which nobody can deny."
On the contrary, the current theory in- “Ah! illustrious Don, rely upon my volves an absolute impossibility. It was word, my faith, and my honor." not possible for either man or animals to “It is well,” replied Mendozus; “ upon have lived and moved before the fall with your promise, I will call into action all the out destroying myriads of insects and ani resources of my art.” Then opening a malculæ. To exonerate the Creator from small door, which communicated with the the imputation of partiality in thus sub- kitchen," Jacinta,” he cried, with a stentojecting some of his creatures to inevitable | rian voice,“ put two partridges on the spit; death, while others were not so exposed, Pedro Velasques, the magnificent tenor should it be replied that life is relatively singer of the cathedral of Valladolid, dines more important to some species than to with us to day." others, we reply, that this is the same! He then conducted his guest into an as to say there may be reasons why death | obscure chamber, which he called his is allowable to some creatures. And why laboratory, and which was filled with books not to others? Hence this is to give up of magic, and variously shaped alchemical the argument. For who shall draw the instruments. There were seen at the line between those which may be thus sub | various angles of the chamber myriads jected and those which should be ex of tiny demons, with crimson and purple empted ?
complexions, and hairy skins, and yellow
mustaches, and shut up in cages like VELASQUES AND THE MAGICIAN
squirrels. When these beheld Pedro
Velasques enter, they saluted him with BRILLIANT PROSPECTS.
grotesque attitudes, and cut the most DEDRO VELASQUES was the most quaint capers. I renowned singer that the cathedral of " Be seated,” said Mendozus; "the Valladolid could boast. He was the great science which I profess is peculiarly dry; attraction at all the high solemnities, and we will moisten it with a flask of Xeres." his merit and musical organization rang ! He then opened a trap, descended some. throughout all Spain. Pedro Velasques steps, and returned with a long sea-green possessed a magnificent tenor voice; of bottle in his hand; then murmuring some course his natural vanity, and the praises unintelligible words, he filled the two bestowed upon him, caused him to find his glasses, and emptied into one of them empire too confined, and his soul panted twelve drops of a blood-red liquor, and for a more extended arena than the organ- presented it to Pedro Velasques, who loft of the cathedral of Valladolid.
| swallowed it with a wry face. It happened there came to Valladolid a' It is not known what mystery followed celebrated magician named Mendozus, in the laboratory of the alchemist. who it was reported worked the most Soon after the organist of the cathedral astounding prodigies. Pedro Velasques of Valladolid died, and some hidden inimmediately saddled his mule, and sought fluence seconded so well the movements the dwelling of the magician Mendozus. of Pedro Velasques, that he was nominated He tied his mule to the door-post, and to fill the situation of the deceased. entered bis dwelling.
Mendozus, the principal instrument of “Illustrious Don," said Pedro Velasques, this rapid elevation, came in person to “ there can be little doubt that my name felicitate the newly-elected organist, and has already reached you. I am Pedro at the same time to solicit a slight service Velasques, the magnificent tenor singer | in return. Pedro Velasques received his of the cathedral of Valladolid. Weary of friend in an hospitable and amiable manner, vegetating in a position so obscure, and so l but he begged to be excused, as he could unworthy of my talent, I have recourse to not immediately show his gratitudeyour skill, that it may enable me to achieve “ pressing demands had impoverished him, the most lofty pinnacles of art. Should I and he must establish himself in his new reach the apex, my gratitude toward you, post, but for all that, my friend, do not illustrious Don, shall be boundless.” abandon me; exert yourself more than
“Your gratitude!” replied Mendozus, ever for my advancement, and I will pay with an air of incredulity. “ The human my debt with good interest."
Mendozus bowed, and left the new the chapel of the cathedral of Seville, had organist without reply. He continued in made him. the meanwhile, to labor so well in his “How dare you, rascal!" replied Don favor, that Pedro Velasques soon saw his Pedro de Velasques, regarding him with fame extend throughout all Spain, and he inflamed features, “how dare you attribute was some time subsequently nominated to yourself the advantages which I have master of the chapel to the cathedral of acquired by my knowledge and genius? Seville.
You deserve to suffer the auto da fè for Mendozus continued to serve him in his being devoted to magic and the occult new residence, and after his installation sciences. But I am generous-begone-I came humbly to implore his good will. banish you! If within three days you do “I ask not money," he said, “I only not quit the kingdom of Spain, you shall desire the small employment of chorister be burned to death for your insolence !" for my son, whom I wish to see terminate Without change of countenance, Menhis musical studies under your enlightened | dozus heard himself banished. direction.”
" Jacinta," said Mendozus, the magician, “I will give him better than that," “ take the two partridges from the spit; replied the new maestro; “but wait a Pedro Velasques, the tenor singer of the little longer. I have now to find places cathedral, does not dine here to-day." for a number of youths recommended by At these words, Pedro Velasques awoke, people of the highest distinction; as soon rubbed his eyes with affright, saw himself as I can rid myself of these importunities far from his magnificent palace, in the your son shall find in me a most zealous humble dwelling of the magician. It was patron. In the meantime he shall lose there, in the old arm chair, he had had the nothing by the delay, for without doubt I finest dream of his life : he had become shall make during the time a favorable by turns organist, master of the chapel, step in the arts, and the higher I mount director of the spectacles and fêtes at the more my friends may rely upon me." court, and first minister and favorite of
Without allowing himself to be dis- the king. He fell at once from his excouraged by this answer, the magician alted sphere, and awoke the simple tenor continued to exercise all the resources of singer of the cathedral of Valladolid. his art to elevate Pedro Velasques, and Mendozus smiled grimly. The tiny his zeal was soon recompensed. The demons in their cages tittered and clapped King of Spain heard such eulogiums of the their hands gleesomely. maestro of Seville, that he desired to hear Pedro Velasques took no leave of Menhim. Pedro Velasques was summoned to dozus, but precipitately mounted his mule, court, and played and sung in the royal and rode home mournfully. presence. The monarch evinced so lively Artistic GRATITUDE!! a satisfaction, that he constituted Pedro Velasques director of the fêtes and spec- BURIAL-PLACE OF THE Turks.—The printacles of the palace. In this brilliant post cipal place of sepulture for the Moslem the fortunate Pedro Velasques succeeded population of Constantinople and its enviin conciliating the affection of the prince, rons is at Scutari, on the Asiatic side of who soon awarded to him his boundless the Bosphorus, where there is a city of confidence, and made him his first minister. tombs that may almost contest the palm From that time, Pedro Velasques had it with the catacombs of Rome. The Turks, in his power to recompense him to whom it appears, never forget that they but he owed his rapid elevation. But in “camped in Europe ;" so that what was vain!
merely a bon mot for the Frank author of Mendozus supported for some time this the saying, is to them a serious and everyiniquity without a murmur; but finding day truth. Accordingly, almost all the that he was soon entirely forgotten, and that more serious and patriotic Moslems who he was no longer regarded in the palace can afford it order in their wills that their of his excellency, Don Pedro de Velasques, remains should find burial in Asia, where, but with contempt, he took courage to when the race of Othman again gives remind Don Pedro de Velasques of the place in Europe to the Ghiaour, the hoof magnificent promises that the singer and of no infidel's charger will spurn their organist of Valladolid, and the master of ! resting-place.