« ZurückWeiter »
washing his feet, instead of being, as usual, the first to speak, applies to the favorite disciple to make the inquiry. Our Lord graciously condescending to relieve their anxious minds, points out the traitor ; but in such a way, that he himself could not have been certain he was discovered.
" 27. And after the lop Satan entered "into him. Then said Jesus unto him, " That thou doest, do quickly.
28. Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.
" 29. For some of them thought, be* cause Judas had the bag, that Jesus had al unto him, Buy those things that we ve need of against the feast ; or, that Thould give something to the poor. 30. He then, having received the
Went immediately out: and it was " night.”
" 30. He th
Chrift having giv
Judas, by his a
I having given him the sop,' we
d that · Satan entered into him.' es by his avarice, hypocrisy and in
gratitude, had made himself a fit dwelling for such a guest : Satan was therefore suffered to take full possession of him ; and, no doubt, suggested every argument which his malice could furnish, to confirm him in his devilish purpose. His first attack, we may suppose to have been on the ruling passion of his heart ; pointing out to him, that, from Jesus, he could expect neither wealth nor honors ; whilst, with the chief priests and rulers, he might make his own terms, by putting into their power him whom they had so long attempted to take in vain, and pass the remainder of his life in ease and affluence. He might, then, urge him to resentment, for the preference which our Lord shewed to others of his disciples, (which was, no doubt, the case, from the knowledge he had of his character); and may be supposed to have closed the temptation, by urging that, in giving up Christ, he would do an acceptable service to the religion and laws of his country, which his master was endeavoring to subvert. To a mind so perverted as
that of Judas, such arguments must have been unanswerable ; and feeling conscious that he was now discovered, and unable longer to bear the divine looks of the master he was about to betray, he seems to have followed our Lord's advice, To be expeditious in what he meant to do, by going out immediately and making his terms with the chief priests and rulers, to deliver him up to them that very night.
Though the words which our Saviour addressed to Judas were perfectly intelligible to him, his conscience pointing out their meaning, they were not understood by the rest of the apostles; who conceived them to relate to some commission Jesus had given him to execute. The communication he had made to the beloved dilciple, appears to have been private, and not immediately communicated to the others. The sum which he received, as we are told by the other evangelists, was (acording to prophecy) thirty pieces of silver. St. Matthew, (chap. xxvi. ver. 14. 15.) states it thus: “Then one of the twelve,
“called Judas Iscariot, went unto the " chief priests, and said unto them, What “ will ye give me, and I will deliver him “ unto you? And they covenanted with “ him for thirty pieces of silver."
This appears to be, by the law of Mo. ses, the fixed price for the life of a slave ; as we may see in Exodus, chap. xxi. verse 32.: “ If the ox shall push a man-servant " or maid-servant; he shall give unto their “ master thirty Thekels of filver, and the “ox shall be stoned.” Thus we see that our blessed Lord not only suffered as a malefactor, but was also sold, at the price of a slave. There is another prophecy, in the eleventh chapter of Zechariah, (ver. 12. 13.): “ And I said unto them, If ye think “ good, give me my price; and if not, “ forbear. So they weighed for my price “thirty pieces of filver. And the Lord " said unto me, Caft it unto the potter : “a goodly price that I was prised at of “them. And I took the thirty pieces of “ filver, and cast them to the potter in “ the house of ihe Lord.”
St. Matthew (chap. xxvii. ver. 9.) adds : " Then was fulfilled that which was spoken “ by Jeremy the prophet, saying, And they “ took the thirty pieces of silver, the price " of him that was valued, whom they of “ the children of Israel did value."
That Judas Iscariot should demand no more of the chief priests for delivering up Christ to them, than the mere price of a llave's life, when there cannot be a doubt that, rather than have failed in their purpose, they would have gratified his avarice to its utmost extent, serves to place in the strongest possible point of view, the over-ruling hand of Providence ; which, for the completion of the prophecies, obliged Judas to confine his demand to so trifling a sum.
" 31. Therefore, when he was gone out, " Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glo“ rified, and God is glorified in him.
" 32. If God be glorified in him, God " shall also glorify him in himself, and shall “ straitway glorify him.
Nnn “ 33. Little