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service of the Parliament or army.” The death of Cromwell, and the imbecility of his successor, Richard, again left him at liberty to aid in the distracted councils of his country. The plans then pursuing by Monk to effect the restoration of Monarchy, appear to have received his concurrence; and after the re-admission of the excluded Members into the House of Commons, he was chosen Speaker.” In the November following (1660) he was made a Privy Counseller by Charles the Second, and appointed Master of the Rolls, which office he retained till his death, in January, 1683, 4. Chauncy observes, that “he had animble fancy, a quick apprehension, a rare memory, an eloquent tongue, and a sound judgment;” —and that “he was a person of free access, sociable in company, sincere to his friend, hospitable in his house, charitable to the


* Sir Harbottle had been representative for Colchester in Essex; and when the expelled members were on the eve of being restored, the following letter was sent to him by the Corporation of that town: “Honorable Sir; As we cannot but with thankfulness acknowledge the mercy of God to the nation in general, so more particularly to this town, that, after the many changes and alterations we have been tossed in, that now there is (as we have been credibly informed, and do believe) a free admission of the Members of the late Parliament, so long interrupted by force: we cannot but with much earnestness, in the behalf of ourselves, and the free burgesses of the town, make our humble request, that you will be pleased to return to that trust, to which you were so freely and unanimously elected in the year 1640; which we do the rather request out of the former experience, that not only this town, but the nation in general, hath had of your faithfulness and ability, and the many miseries and calamities we have groaned under since your absence: and as we formerly had the honour of sending so eminent and worthy a member, so we shall hope, by the blessing of God upon your endeavours, that not only ourselves, but the whole nation, shall have cause to bless God for your return, and in due time reap the benefit of your councils and labour in that great affliction. Sir we shall not further trouble you at present, than to assure you, we are, as by Fany former favors bound to be, your faithful and humble servants,

“Thomas Peeke, Mayor.
“John Shaw, Recorder,” &c.

poor, and an excellent master to his servants." Clarendon and Burnet, the latter of whom lived under his protection, as preacher at the Rolls Chapel, for ten years, give him a similar exalted character. He died in his eighty-second year; and was succeeded in his estates and title by Samuel, his only surviving son by his firs marriage. Sir Samuel Grimston represented the Borough of St. Alban in six Parliaments during the reigns of Charles the Second and William the Third: he was a zealous promoter of the Revolution of 1688; and his conduct proved so obnoxious to James the Second, that he was excepted from the act of grace, or amnesty, prepared by that degraded Sovereign, when he had formed the design of landing in England in 1692. This gentleman made Gorhambury his principal residence; and, like his father, was twice married; first, to Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Heneage Finch, Earl of Nottingham; and secondly, to Anne, sixth and youngest daughter to John Tufton, second Earl of Thanet. By these ladies he had three children, who all dying before him, he bequeathed his estates, under certain limitations, to William Luckyn, Esq. grandson to Mary, his eldest sister, who had married Sir Capel Luckyn, Bart. of Messing Hall, Essex. On acceding to the property of his great uncle, this William assumed the name of Grimston; and having represented the Borough of St. Alban in four successive Parliaments, he was created a Peer of Ireland in April 1719; and in the July following, he took his seat in Parliament. He died at the age of seventy-three, in October, 1756, and was succeeded by James, his second son, who dying in December, 1773, was buried with his father in St. Michael's Church. James Bucknall Grimston, eldest son and heir to the late Wiscount, who succeeded to the family estates and titles, and is the present possessor of Gorhambury, received the honor of a British Peerage in the year 1790. GoRHAMBURY House is a spacious stone edifice of the Corinthian Order, connected with two wings, built of brick, and stuccoed, It was erected between theyears 1778 and 1785, by the present Lord Wiscount Grimston, from the designs, and under the direction, of Sir Robert Taylor. The grand entrance is by a flight of steps leading - beneath

beneath a handsome pediment, supported on well-proportioned columns: the summit of the central part is finished by a ballustrade and cornice. The Hall, with the Library, and the other principal apartments, are large, and are decorated with a rich collection of portraits, chiefly of the age of Elizabeth, and her immediate successors. The following may be selected from the most eminent; beginning with those in the Library. LoRD CHANCELLOR BAcon, whole length; Wansomer. This great man is represented in his robes, standing at a table. Whatever opinion may be entertained of his conduct as a Judge, his temporary disgrace has been eclipsed by the immortal renown deservedly bestowed on his labors in natural science and philosophy. Those labors opened the way to all modern improvement: by unfolding the utility of experiment, he withdrew the veil from Nature; and posterity, enlightened by his address, and deriving incalculable advantages from the truths he has developed, will have cause to revere his memory to the latest ages. Aubrey has recorded many curious particulars of his private life, and eloquence, in the manuscripts already quoted. “At every meal," he remarks, “according to the season of the year, (his Lordship) had his table strewed with sweet herbes and flowers, which he sayd did refresh his spirits and memorie—His servants had liveries with his crest, a boare; and when he was at his country-house at Gorhambury, St. Alban's seemed as if the court had beene there, so nobly did he live. His language, where he could spare or passe by a jest, was nobly censorious: no man ever spake more neatly, more presly, more weightily, or suffered lesse emptinese, lesse idelness, in what he uttered. His hearers could not cough, or looke aside from him without losse. He commanded where he spoke, and had his judges angry and pleased at . his devotion: no man had their affections more in his power. The feare of every man that hearde him was, lest he should make an’, end." Another very fine portrait of the Chancellor is preserved in a different apartment. Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury; in his episcopal habit, by Vandyck: three quarters. EARL of CLARENDoN, three quarters; Sir Peter Lely. l - QUEEN

QUEEN ELIZABETH, ditto; Hilliard. This is supposed to have been given to Lord Bacon by the Queen herself. Lodowick Stewart, first Duke of Richmond; three quarters. This Nobleman, who was also Duke of Lenox, and Earl of Newcastle, was a deserved favorite of his Sovereign and relation, James the First; by whom his memory was so much respected, that, oil receiving news of his sudden death, in 1623, he delayed the meeting of Parliament for some days. Wilson records that he was found dead in his bed, after going to rest in the fullest health: he is dressed in his robes, with a bonnet and white feather. JAMEs, second Duke of Richmond, three quarters; Geldorp: represented with long flaxen hair, wearing his star, and accompanied by a greyhound. GeoRGE CALv ERT, Lord Baltimore; Vandyck: pourtrayed in black, with short hair. This gentleman was bred to the law, and being early noticed for his political abilities, was patronized by the Cecils, and became one of the Secretaries of State under James the First, by whom he was created Lord Baltimore of the Kingdom of Ireland: he had also some large tracts of land granted to him in that country. Afterwards he obtained a grant of part of Newfoundland; and, on the accession of Charles the First, visited and formed a settlement in that Island, but was at length obliged to relinquish possession by the French. The King, to remunerate his losses, granted him a vast extent of country on the north side of Chesapeak Bay, in America; “to hold in common socage as of the Manor of Windsor, delivering annually to the Crown, in acknowledgment, two Indian arrows, on Easter Tuesday, at Windsor Castle, with a fifth of the gold and silver ore.” He died in April, 1632, before the patent was completed; but this was af. terwards delivered to his son Caecilius, who laid the foundation of the flourishing colony, which the King himself named Maryland, in compliment to his Royal consort, and which now forms one of the most considerable of the United States. Rob ERT DevEREUx, Earl of Essex,” the imprudent and unhappy favorite of Queen Elizabeth; Hilliard. - RICHARD

* Sce particulars of this Nobleman, Vol. VI. p. 587.

Richard Weston, Earl of Portland, and Lord High Treasurer during the ministry of the Duke of Buckingham, in the reign of Charles the Second; Vandyck. The Earl is painted in black, with a ruff, blue ribband, and white rod; his hair grey. The honors obtained by this Nobleman, overpowered his judgment; and though, in the early part of his career in state employments, he was greatly distinguished for his address and prudence, he afterwards became overbearing and rapacious, particularly on his promotion to the office of Lord Treasurer. This conduct, connected with the baseness of prying into the sentiments of others, by mean arts, procured him general dis-esteem; and Clarendon records, that, after the death of the Duke of Buckingham, he “became his successor in the public hatred, without succeeding him in his credit at Court.” He died in March, 1634; and his family were extinct early in the next reign. The poet Jonson, with the license of his class, made him the theme of an undeserved panegyric on his being made Earl of Portland in February, 1032. This piece, which Jonson addressed ‘To the Envious,” was as follows:

Look up, thou seed of Envy, and still bring
Thy saint and narrow eyes to read the King
In his great actions: view whom his large hand
Hath rais'd to be the Port unto his Land!
Weston' that waking man, that eye of state
Who seldom sleeps, whom bad men only hate
Why do I irritate or stir up thee,
Thou sluggish spawn, that canst, but wilt not see *
Feed on thyself for spite, and show thy kind:
To virtue and true worth be ever blind.
Dream thou couldst hurt it, but, before thou wake
"T'effect it, feel thou'st made thine own heart ach.

In this apartment are also Busts of Sir Nicholas Bacon, and his
second Lady, and of their second son, Lord Bacon, when a boy.
The following portraits are in the Dining Room.
LoRD BAcon, three-quarter length, very fine.
Thomas WRiothesley, Earl of Southampton; Vandyck.

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