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tain his supremacy in state affairs till the termination of his life, in August, 1598. Robert, the youngest son of Lord Burleigh, was the inheritor of a great portion of his father's wisdom, blended, perhaps, with a more subtle policy, and a superior capacity for state intrigue. During the life of Elizabeth, he maintained a secret correspondence with King James, by whom, in May, 1603, he was advanced to the peerage. In the ensuing year, he was created Viscount Cranbourn; and in the next, made Earl of Salisbury. These honors were not bestowed on an undeserving object: on the accession of James, he had been appointed sole Secretary of State, and the duties of this office he filled with the utmost ability; as he afterwards did those of the Lord Treasurer, to which he was appointed on the death of the Earl of Dorset, in April, 1608. Shrewd, subtle, and penetrating, he neglected not his own interests, while attending to those of his country; and, by various methods, increased his inheritance to a very ample extent. At length, worn out with the cares of business, he lingered a few months, and expired in 1612, greatly to the loss of the nation, in which scarcely a man of equal talents as a statesman could then be found. William, his only son and successor, was more remarkable for his passion for hawking and hunting, and for a versatility of disposition, which rendered him a willing agent to all the varying measures of his time, than for any superior abilities, He died in December, 1608, at the age of seventy-eight; and was succeeded by James, the third Earl, who was a strenuous supporter of the bill for excluding the Duke of York from the Throne, James, the fourth Earl, was suspected of engaging in a project for restoring James the Second: he died in 1694. James, his great-grandson, the Seventh Earl, who succeeded his father in September, 1780, was created Marquis of Salisbury by his present Majesty, in August, 1789, and is now in possession of the family estates and honours. CAMFIELD PLACE, or Wild Hall, in Essenden Parish, was sold by the Priestley family, its former owners,to Thomas Brown,
Esq. late Garter King at Arms, whose third son, the Rev. William Brown, cousin-german to Henry Brown, Esq. of North Mims, is now owner. BROOKMANS, in the Parish of North Mims, was formerly the property of the Great Lord Somers, from whom it passed to the descendants of his eldest sister, who married Charles Cocks, Esq. whose family have been since advanced to the peerage. It now belongs to S. R. Gaussen, Esq. The House is a respectable building, standing in a pleasant Park. GOBIONS, another estate in North Mims Parish, had its name from the ancient family of Gobion, of whom Sir Richard Gobion, Knt. was seated here in the time of King Stephen. In Henry the Seventh's time, it was the property of Sir John More, father of the illustrious Sir Thomas More, whose family had possessed it for several generations, and who settled it in jointure upon his second wife, of the same name as himself. It was afterwards seized, with the other estates of Sir Thomas More, by Henry the Eighth, and was settled on the Princess Elizabeth, who retained it till her death, after which it was again the property of the Mores; but has since passed through various hands, by purchase and otherwise: it was lately the property of John Hunter, Esq. who acquired considerable affluence in the East Indies, and was a Director of the East India Company. The gardens were formerly celebrated for their splendor in the ancient taste. NORTH MIMS, anciently the inheritance of the Magnavilles, was, in the time of Edward the Third, the property of the celebrated warrior Sir Robert Knolles. It afterwards passed to the Coningslys, by the marriage of a female and co-heiress, and from them, by sale, to Sir Nicholas Hyde, Bart. whose grand-daughter, Bridget, conveyed it in marriage to Peregrine Osborne, Duke of Leeds. Since the death of the late Duke, in 1799, the manor has been sold to Henry Brown, Esq. whose seat, in NORTH MIMIS PARK, is a very handsome building, and its situation, and the surrounding scenery, is extremely fine. The Church is dedicated to St. Mary, and consists of a nave, side aisles, and chancel, with an embattled tower at the west end.
Among Among the monuments is a grand one in the chancel, in memory of John, Lord Somers, “Baron of Evesham, and Lord High Chancellor in the time of William the Third, who died the twentieth of April, 1716,” and to whose memory this was erected by Dame Eliza Jekyll. On the north side of the chancel is the Chapel or Burial-place of the Coningslys, whose arms, impaling several other families, are depicted on glass in the windows. Several of the Botelers, of Watton Wood-Hall, with whom the Coningsbys intermarried, have memorials here; and several other ancient tombs, in different parts of the Church, have been erected to different families. TITTENHANGER, or TYTTENHANGER, in the parish of Ridge, was an ancient seat of the Abbots of St. Alban's, who frequently resided here, though their Manor-IIouse was but a mean building, till a new and stately Mansion was founded by Abbot John de la Moote, about the end of the fourteenth century. This was afterwards enlarged, and much adorned, by the munificent Abbot John of Whethamsted, in the time of Henry the Sixth; and it continued to belong to the Abbey till after the Dissolution. Henry the Eighth, in the last year of his reign, anno 1547, granted the manor and estate to Sir Thomas Pope, founder of Trinity College, Oxford, who had been enriched by many grants of the lands of the dissolved Monasteries. He made Tittenhanger his principal residence; and dying without issue, in 1559, devised it to his widow, Elizabeth, daughter of William Blount, Esq. of Blount Hall, in Staffordshire. This lady was succeeded by her nephew and heir, Thomas Pope Blount, Esq. and from him this estate has descended to the present Earl of Hardwicke, in right of his mother, Catherine, first wife of the Honorable Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain; she being the sole heiress of the ancient Hertfordshire families of Pope, Blount, and Freman. The Blounts became extinct by the death of Sir Henry Pope Blount, about the middle of the last century: several of them were men of talents, and considerable literary reputation.” The
" In the Caesar manuscripts, to which a reference has before been given under Bennington, is the following remarkable entry, after the date