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to receive the same t, for the purpose of being lodged in one general national repository in the metropolis ; there to be preserved for the use of the public at all future times.

To prevent evasion, let the printer who shall neglect to lodge a copy of any paper printed by him, within the space of days after it is finished, be subjected to the following penalties, viz. one guinea for every copy of any such printed paper, consisting of one sheet or under, (were it only a single sentence, and whether of a public or private nature); and if the performance consists of more than one sheet, the penalty shall be one guinea for each copy of every sheet fo printed.

In case the printer cannot be discovered, the publisher, · or vender, or distributer, or possessor of such paper,

in any way, shall be liable in payment of the penalty, with recourse upon the printer if he can discover him. I

The printer, on delivering this copy, shall, for his own security, be entitled to demand a receipt for it; specifying the title of the paper, or otherwise so describing it, as to identify it fufficiently. He may also, if he inclines, be intitled to see the same entered into a register to be kept by the receiver, who shall be liable to the same penalties, if he neglects to enter it in his register, as the printer would have been, if he had neglected to deliver them."

The books or papers, when thus obtained, to be transmitted to London; from every part of Britain, by fome fafe land-conveyance, at such stated times, and in such manner, as those to whom this department hall be assigned, shall be pleased to order: And from places beyond fea, they shall be sent by the king's packet boats.

* † The collectors of the stamp-doties, which we fuppose.

Perhaps it would be proper, also to require, that every printed paper should bear the game of the printer, under a penalty of for every sheet, &c.

N. B. It is submitted, whether it would not be ne ceffary in all cases, especially beyond feas, to order two copies at least, in place of one-these two copies to be sent by separate conveyance, to prevent its being wholly lost in case of accident. The supernumerary copy of such works as were publisbed, as come fafe to hand, might be sold for defraying the expences of the institution ; but no unpublished paper, to be thus fold on any account; Or the second copy may be sent to Edinburgh, to be kept in a national repository there. If any copy be lost in the sending, the deficiency to fall on the Edinburgh repository.

These papers, as they arrive at the proper office, fhall be regularly arranged into volumes ; the detached papers to be bound up with others of a similar kind, and of the 'same size and form. , All the volumes of the same size, &c. to be arranged in regular order, on Thelfs of a proper form, each class to be regularly numbered from the beginning, in chronological order.

The separate title of such books as have titles, to be · marked on the back of each. In the beginning of each volume of detached papers, shall be put a written table of contents, referring to pages to be also written, so as to admit of being readily consulted. Other contrivances for diftinctness of reference, that are ommitted here as unnecessary, might be mentioned.'

All books, pamphlets and published papers, shall be reguiary entered into à catalogue duly arranged, (the particulars of which need not be here specified), which catalogue should be published at regular periods, and fold for the benefit of the public at large. In this catalogue should be marked the price, &c. of each separate publication.

The repository, when thus established, to be put una der the care of some reputable person duly qualified, with a reasonable number of assistants, who shall receive suitable salaries for their trouble; these falaries, and all other necessary expences, to be paid by the public, out of funds subject to the controul of parliament.

This repository; when thus established; to be open each lawful day for a specified number of hours, during which time, every person in a decent dress, and unfuß

commendation, from some known person of a reputable character), shall have access to the common hall; which fhall at these times be kept properly heated, having also benches, and convenient reading desks, where such persons may confult the catalogues; and, on calling for any volume in that catalogue, shall have it brought to him, and shall be permitted, in the prefence of the librarians, to read on it, if he shall so incline, or to make extracts from it, while the doors continue open. Perhaps it might be found necessary to lay fome greater restrictions on reading than is mentioned here, to prevent books from being too much used. Perhaps no books should be lent for reading to any perfon, but in consequence of an order from some partiçular person, which should never, however; be refused, on a proper application, with reasons afligned for the demand. But no book, or paper of any fort, shall be allowed to be carried out of the repository, on any aca count whatever ; nor shall it be lawful for any person belonging to the repository, to accept of fees or gratuities of any sort, under any pretext., ..

By this means would be obtained, in time, without any expence to the nation, or hardship to individuals, a more complete collection of materials for history, and other disquisitions concerning civil society, than ever yet was formed by any nation in the universe. Here the philofopher, who wished to contemplate the progress of the human mind, would find a fund of authentic materials, greater than has hitherto been ata tainable, by the highest stretch of human industry. He could with ease transport himfeif back to any period he chose, and could distinctly see what were the ob jects that engaged the attention of men at that period ; VOL. I.

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what was their attainments in fcience, in arts, commerce, manufactures, manners. He could fee in 'what manner they wrote, and thought, and reasoned. By going forward, he could distinctly trace the various changes in opinion, fashion, knowledge. One period might be compared with another, and in the space of a few weeks, might be perceived the successive changes that had taken place in the course of ages. Facts also which are now loft, by the dispersion and deftruction of those fugitive pieces in which they occur, would here be preserved, for the service of those that could make use of them, without trouble or expence, and knowledge be thus diffused with a degree of certainty, that never otherwife could be obtained." . .1...

To enumerate all the advantages that would result from this institution, would fill a volume, and to trace them out distinctly, would require a compafs of mind that few possess.' I cannot therefore attempt it. i One particular, however, ought not to be here paffed over, as it serves to remove an objection, that will probably be urged, respecting the accumulation here of many private triling papers, hand-bills, 'advertifements, &c. which many persons will think ought to be excluded, as mere useless lumber." But by these papers, useless in. deed, and in other respects trifling, dates might be often ascertained with a degree of precision, that could in no other way have been done. A fugitive advertisement, a burial letter, or such triling publication, from their incidental connection with collateral events, would serve to authenticate facts, which could be often ascertained by no other way, and by this means many a worthy family might be saved from being ruined by expenfive litigations, or might be freed from the gripe of artful villainy. On this account, therefore, and becaufe these fugitive trifles serve effe&tually, to' mark the progress and present state of manners, arts,' and refinement, it would be highly improper to exclude them. But were they even altogether-ulelese, it would

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still be right to make no exceptions, because a door might be thus opened to abuses, the nature and extent of which no one can at present divine.

No exceptions, therefore, should be made to any -class of papers; but the catalogue of these private papers might'very properly be kept by itself, and needed not be published, as no one would think of looking into them but those who wanted to settle disputed points in law, or to investigate the state of manners at the time.... . • It would be very proper, however, to exclude froin this collection all foreign publications whatever, and to make it really and truly a national repository, and no

thing else. ' Were such an institution once fairly established in Britain, it is not to be doubted but all European nations would quickly follow the example. Thus would the philosopher of an enlarged mind be enabled to compare at pleasure, not only one nation with itself, at different periods, as to mental endowments and other acquirements, but one nation also with another, at the {ame or any other period of time. He would thus have provided for him every thing that was neceffary, to enable him to take a general survey of the world, physical, moral or intellectual, at any period he chose, so as to illustrate the object he had in view at the time, with the most accurate precision. , .. !

" N. B. It may be proper to inform the reader, that

the first hint for this proposal was suggested by a circumstance which she wed' at once its practicability and utility. A gentleman, who lives in a town where only two or three printing-houses are established, has, by his private influence with the printers, obtained a copy of every paper that has issued from their press for more than thirty years

past, which he has now in his possession, and .. which forms a curious collection of provincial his

tory, from which he, as a lawyer, derives much advantage. ...

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