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Now he shakes his pond'rous spear. ..
And thou, Bellona! who wert wont
human gore !
Turn thy chariots falchion'd wheels :
Think on the pangs our country feels
To the Editor of the Bee.
A well directed plan, .
Of usefulness to man.
Culls with industrious care,
Afford delicious fare,
Or deck the humble plain ;
And thus, through all th' expanded fields
Of science you may roam, ..
Enrich your native home!
No stores can I inipart,
That glows within my heart.
May every liberal, useful art ,
Adorn this fayour'd Isle !
And foster'd genius smile.
May nothing trifling, falfe, or vain,
It's notice e'er engage,
Illumine every page;
That baneful envy throws;
Or scorn of open foes.
And, glorying in my country's pride,
I'll gladly hail the day,
This tributary lay,
The Parish of Holywood from Sir John Sinclair's fta
tistical accotent of Scotland.
Origin of the Name. .. ? HOLYWOOD is evidently derived from the holy wood, or grove of oak trees, which surrounded a large Druidical temple still standing, within half a mile of the parishchurch. It is formed of twelve very large whin or moor stones as they are called, which inclose a circular piece of ground of about eighty yards in diameter. The oaks have now all perished; but there is a tradition of their existing in the last age. Many of their roots have been dug out of the ground by the present miniiter; and he has still one of them in his possession.
Situation, Extent, ard Surface. The parish lies in the divi. fion of the county of Dumfries, called Nithsdale, in the Presbytery and Synod of Dumfries. It is about ten English miles long, and one and an half broad, on an average. It is bounded by the parilh of Dumfries on the east; by Terregles, Kirkpatrick-Irongray, and Kirkpatrick-Durham, on the south; by a small part of Glencairn, and a large tract of Dunfcore, on the west and north; and by Lirkmahoe on the north-east. Being situated in the middle of a broad valley, it is in general flat and low land. The hills
Rivers.- The River Nith runs along the whole of the east end of the parish, intersecting it, however, in one place for above a mile in length. The river Cluden, also a considerable one, runs along the south side of the parish above eight miles, and intersects it in three places, emptying itself into the Nith in the fouth-east corner of the parish, near the old College or Proveftry of Lincluden, which stands on the Galloway side of the river, in the parish of Terregles.
Fish.-- The Cluden abounds in fine burn trouts, a few pike of a middle fize, and of excellent quality,some salmon, some sea trout, and herlings t. The Nith produces the
+ Herlings are a small kind of trout, a little larger than a herring, and Ibaped like a falmon; its Aeth is reddim like that of the Talmon or leg
same kinds of fish, but with this difference, that the herlings, sea trout and salmon, are much more plentiful in it than in the Cluden. One peculiarity deserves particular notice: Though the two rivers join at the south-east corner of the parish, each has its own distinct species of salmon. The Cluden salmon are considerably thicker and shorter in their body, and greatly fhorter in their head than thofe of the Nith. The burn trouts abound in the spring and summer; the herlings and sea trout in July and August; and the salmon from the beginning of March to the beginning of October, The salmon is in the greatest perfečtion in June and July. In the spring it fells for about one shilling a pound of fixteen ounces, and gradually decreases in price as the season advances, to 2 d. a pound. It is all sold in the town of Dumfries, and to the families in the adjacent country. Dumfries being so near, and many of the fishermen living in the town, the price in that market, and on the spot where it is caught in this parish, it always the same. The prices of the other kinds of fish are always a little lower than that of salmon ; and they rise and fall with it. About ten years ago, the price of fish in this country was scarcely half of what it is at present. The increased price is perhaps owing, in part, to the increased consumption, and luxury of the inhabitants, but principaliy to the great demand for this filh, to supply the rice and populous manufacturing towns in Lancashire ; for within these last ten years, very confiderable quantities of fresh salmon have been sent, by land carriage, into that country, from the Solway Frith, and the mouths of all the rivers that run into it.. .
Soil. --The foil of this parish is of four different kinds, viz. 2 considerable tract of land, about a fourth part of the parish in the east, along the river Nith, and on the south for about seven miles up the river Cluden, is a deep, rich, light loam, and free from stones: 2d, Another fourth part, contiguous in the former, is a light, dry, fertile soil, lying on a bed of sandy gravel, producing heavy crops of corn and grass in a thowery feaion ; but it is greatly parched upin dry seasons: 3d, Another fourth part, which-joins this last, is a deep Itrong loam, interspersed with stones, upon a tilly' bed; it is naturally wet, ftiff to plough, and not so fertile as either of the two former; but, when drained, limed, and properly wrought, more productive both of corn and grass than either of them, in all varieties of seasons, excepting only, a cold and wet summer 4th, The remaining part which is hilly, is somewhat similar to the last, only not so deep and wet; it produces a kind of grass, neither very fine nor very coarse, which in fome of the higher parts of the hills is mixed with heath, and a few other hard weeds. * Air, Climate, &C.--The air is dry,and remarkably wholefome. The fingular healthiness of the inhabitants, may, however, be attributed to the following causes. They do not live in towns or even villages; they are not employed in sedentary occupations ; being either country gentlemen or farmers ; they live in houses detached from each other; they are engaged in active employments in the open air ; they are induitrious, sober and cheerful. The dryness of the air, is owing to the peculiar local situation of the parith. The clouds intercepted by the hills on every fide, float in fogs on the top of them, while the inhabitants enjoy a clear and dry air in the valley. At other times when the clouds break into rain on the hills, or the fides of the valley, while the skirts of the showers only reach its central parts. Add to these circumstances, that the two rapid rivers carry off the superfluous water from the land, and the moisture from the air. - Seed-time, and Harvest. The time of fowing wheat is from the middle of September to the middle of O&ober'; oats, pease, beans, hemp, and flax, from the roth of March to the middle of April; potatoes and barley from the middle of April to the roth of May; and turnips from the icth to the 24th of June. The harvest generally begins about or before the middle of August: and the crop is got totally into the barns, and barn-yards, by the end of Sep. tember. In cold and wet seasons, like the last, it is, however, somewhat later.
tro:14, but considerably paler. They abound in all the rivers in this part of the country, and have the name of herling in all the ailjoining paihts.