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He will have more difficulty of obtaining credit from others: He will have more difficulty to preserve his ill got acquisitions, than he now poffeffes : He will of courie have much less temptation to put himseif into that situation than he now has. If so, he will guard against the chance of bankruptcy with greater care: and if he sees it unavoidable, will take care to stop fooner than he otherwise would have done ; as he will thus have a better chance of being able to discharge his whole debts; without which he will soon find it would be impossible to enjoy.life with any degree of comfort. ",

But if the creditor be benefited, and if the frad! lent debtor be put into a worse fituation than he otherwice would have been ; 'surely no perfon could have face to object to these regulations, becanse they tend to free the honest, though unfortunate debtor, from the gripe of merciless oppreslion; and to put it in his power to earn a fubsistence to himself and íamily, by his industrious exertions, of which at present he may be utterly deprived, by the tyrannical dispofition of a delpot. '

These are the avowed and obvious tendency of the measures proposed; and they are submitted to the consideration of the public, in the hopes that their imperfections may be supplied, and their errors corrected, by those who are better capable of judging of, there things than the writer, whole only claim to merit 110tice is the uprightness of his intentions. wij

To the Editor of the Bee.

I Queries respeeting the Georgium Şidus. Sir, As I have lived in the country since the year 1786 till very lately, I have heard nothing as yet, respecting the distance of the Georgium Sidus from the full, ein cept from a calculation made by Mr. Lexel, profesor of astronomy at St. Petersburgh; who informs us, that a circular orbit, whose radius is about nineteen times the distance of the earth from the fun, will agree very well with all the observations that have been made during the 1781. As the truth of this calculation depende ed upon its orbit being circular, which I have heard no confirmation of, and on account of the great nicety required in observing the figure of fo small a portion of that immense curve, which the planet has described since the year 1781, it must be owned, the weight I laid upon this calculation was but small.

Some astronomers are of opinion, that the new planet is the star, that is marked No. 964 in Mayer's catalogue. This seems to be confirmed by several obfervations that have been made on purpose to find it, in that part of the heavens where it should have been, if a fixed ftar, according to the catalogue, but without success; and that this planet's apparent place in the year 1756, ought to have been that of Mayer's star (on the 15th of September 1756, Mr. Mayer, discovered that star.) If this is allowed, professor Robinson thinks that the calculations respecting it may proceed with ease. Others are of opinion, that the new planet is the same with the ftar No. 34. of the Britannic catalogue. As it is a long time since I have heard any accounts concerning it, I would wish to learn through the channel of your paper, from some of your ingenious correspondents, which of the stars, viz. No. 964 of Mayer's catalogue, or No. 34 of the Britannic astronomers in general have pitched upon to be the same with the Georgium Sidus, and how they have determined its distance from the sun, figure of its orbit, &c. ? The giving the above a place in a corner in your useful publication will much oblige Your most obedient humble servant

1. D: January 27th 1791. Š

and hod upon the Britania

Edinburgh,

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To the Editor of the Bee. Mr. Bee. I Have often admired that part of your commonwealth's political wisdom and justice, the expelling drones from the society; work or starve is their maxim. I wish mankind, who are the only other animals that have drones amongst them, would follow so wise an example. We have clerical drones, medical drones, drones of the long robe; nay, I am told we have not a few drones in parliament, though I hope this is not true, as it would be a melancholy thing to have drones make laws for us. But the drones who fall more particularly under your cognizance, are the literary drones ; those clear-lighted critics who can spy the smallest blemish in the labours of others; who will tell you there is not a new idea in the composition, and how much better it would have been had it been handled in such another manner : but all the while the commonwealth at large is never a whit the better of their own remarks and new ideas. They ought at least be grateful for food to chatter upon: fie upon them, give them a fting, good Mr. Bee; I hope you can sting twice without injuring yourself. If this does not produce a reformation in the drones in my neighbourhood, and set them a working, I will collect their remarks and send you them; they may not be honey; but you know bits of wax are useful to you. I am

A Drone-hunter.

We think this gentleman will confer a very great benefit on society, if

he can find any kind of useful employment.--Shall be glad to hear he meets with success.

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To the Editor of the Bee.
Obfervations on the Mangel Würsel òr Root of Scarcity.

SIR,

You have mentioned in the first number of your useful miscellany, that the culture of the root of scarcity, is in general abandoned. That this is the case, I will not dispute: it is however, very well worth cultivating, particularly in a cold foil, where other useful pot-herbs would be cut of by the severity of the weather. This I can vouch, from an experiment I made, the first or second season the seeds were introduced into this country.

In the month of June, I transplanted a row of the young plants on a cold foil, without manure; at the fame time there were some cabbages and favoys planted along side of them; no other care was taken of the (carcity than of the other greens; when the winter itorms and froft had vented all their rage, the cabbages and favoys were entirely destroyed, while the scarcity

were only affected. I gathered some of them, and caused boil them, when brought to table, they were tender, and had a relish equal to any other greens used at that scaion. From about fixty plants, there were at least three dishes of green leaves gathered weekly, from the end of February to the end of May, that young cabbages supplied their place; each dish was sufficient to serve six people for vegetables : Had it not been for this useful plant I should have wanted greens,, or paid · dear for them at market. The seeds of the Mangel Ni Wurtei produce red and green plants; the latter kind

is the best; they can easily be distinguished when in the feed-bed; it is a species of beat beyond doubt.

I shall have occasion afterwards, to make some remarks on the Swedish turnip..

A Friend to Agriculture *.

The following extract of a letter on the fame subjęzz

from Dr. Lettsom, is of too much importance not to mea rit an early notice, as it states strong facts respecting this plant, that are, I believe, in a great measure unknown. ' .

. In this week I had the favour of a letter from the secretary of the agriculture society of Amsterdam, of which the following is a quotation : « The scarcity root is already known throughout our province; we find no reason to complain of this discovery ; our foils are very ápt to bear them, and particularly the fens and moory grounds, promote the vegetation of this root to a prodigious fize, so that fome of them weighed 30lb. with the blade. We consider both these plants (scarcity Loot, and mowing cabbage) as a very beneficial acquisition, for such of our countrymen as live upon poor heathy grounds, who are always in need of proper fodder to sustain their cattle.”

. This letter, with my own experience, evince, how cautious we should be of indiscriminate censure. If the scarcity root have not answered with certain individu als, it is not a sufficient proof of its inutility, so various are foils, and so long does it require, the best mode of, cultivating the products of the earth. If I should steal leisure, I shall devote some observations in print to prove these sentiments. i London, 2

1. C. LETTSOM. January 26.1701.$

* The observations of this correspo:dent, or others who state any important fact respecting agriculture, will be always acceptable. VOL. I.

Uue

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