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occafioned these he cannot be a proper judge; but from their being unnfual in the quarter from whence they have proceeded, they must pro. bably be occafioned by circumstances equally unavoidable in a beginning work, as those which affected himself. Had time permitted, rather than have allowed some of the numbers to have gone abroad in their prefent incorrect ftate, he would willingly have been at the expence of haying them reprinted : but this was impoffible : measures, however, must and shall be adopted at any rate to guard against finilar defects in future. If ever another edition of this volume shall be called for, in circum. ftances which admit of its being done more leisurely and correctly, the editor will think himfelf bound to exchange that more correct copy for the present, to fuch of his subscribers as, thall desire it. As to the mixture of paper, and the inaccuracies in folding which were unavoidable at the beginning, he hopes his subscribers find already much less room for complaint than before, and that in future things will still be better.

It was proposed to extend the present number fo far beyond the usual fize, as to include the chronicle (which for this volume will be less perfect than is intended in others,) and index; but it was found that this would have retarded the publication of this number beyond the usual time of publication; it is therefore published without them. The chropicle and index will be published separately with all convenient dispatch, and shall be delivered gratis to the subscribers. - No endeavour shall be wanting to render the succeeding volume more deserving the public favour than the present. But the editor will be cautious of exciting expectations which he may not have in his power to the extent he would incline. - The dispute with S min has greatly interrupted his communications with that kingdom and the southern parts of Europe ; and the winter tas precluded communications by sea with the coasts of the Baltic, which has greatly curtailed his correspondence with Germany. But thesc interruptions it is hoped will now be foon removed. ,



On the 12th of December last, the 24th. The lightning was uncom inhabitants of Banbury were alarm- monly vivid, equal to what it usued by the sudden fall of the prin- ally is in the hot months of sumciple aisle of the church, for the mer, and set fire to a seed mill in taking down and rebuilding of the neighbourhood. In the city which, an ad had passed in the of Coventry, the battlements at last session of parliament.' Provi- the west end of St. Michael's dentially several persons had just church received considerable daleft the church; and had it not mage. Lewis, Dec. 27th. The

workmen should begin to take it was exceedingly alarming at Hordown on the morrow, in which cham. The lightning stripped onc cafe many lives would probably side of the church spire of all its have been loft. The crack was shingling, and melted the lead at heard near two miles from the the top; it had also taken fire, but spot. On the following day the the rain extinguished it. At Hack 'tower allo fell.

wood park, belonging to the Duke The late storms and hurricanes, of Bolton, near a hundred very attended with thunder and light- large trees were blown down; the ning, were more violent than has leads of the mansion in some places been known for many years. The rolled up like a scroll; the tornado ravages they committed on land, (for such it might be called) had particularly in England, were very its direction S, W. by W. and its uncommon; of which the follow- apparent width scarce exceeded ing are a specinien. In Manchef 100 yards. ter, a large manufactory and house! The civilization of inodern mana were entirely levelled with the ners has been frequently contrasted ground. In Liverpool, several new with those of ancient Greece and built houses in the town and its Rome; and the difference has been vicinity were blown down; many in no circumstance more confpicu. buildings unroofed, and chimnies ous, than in the inhaman delight demolithed; the top of a mill, with which the ancients shewed for the its machinery, was violently car, fights of wild beasts, and the more ried off, and thrown into the ad- cruel contentions of gladiators , joining land: Canterbury, Dec.' We have always expressed a jult abhorrence of these favage spec- f nift with great courage, skill, and tacles, and our public amusements activity; he was much less bruised are now for the most part of a than Johnson, who was carried off more elegant kind. Some modern apparently, very much affedted in entertainments of a similar nature mind and body. are now much gone into disuse. There was a second battle beBull-baiting, bear-baiting, and tween the Ruffian and Johnson's cock-fighting have already assumed brother, which was a very severe the fame horrid aspect. The un- trial of strength without fkil. common rage which has of late. They were both dreadfully beaten; taken place for those vulgar battles but the Ruffian had his jugular called boxing matches, is on this vein opened, and bled fo copiously account the more unaccountable from the neck, that they were oThe battles of Humphries and bliged to take him from the ftage Mendoza have interested the pub- to save his life. . fic as much as the most important. The emperor has establifhed the political deliberations. Those of states of the Milanese io che posthe first rank have honoured them session of all the rights and priviwith their presence; and thoufands leges of which they had been die have expected the event with the vested during the late reign. utmost anxiety. A future age may | There has been no public buildperhaps philofophise upon them as ing which has of late attracted fe a national curiosity. We shall give much the general attention of the an account of one of thefe undig-nation as Somerfet house. The exnified shews, as recorded with all / pence has already amounted to the serious solemnity' of a judicial 334,700 l. ; a sum of 33,502 1. is trial. . . ***

| further to be expended, exclufive This day the long expected bat- of what may be necessary for retle was fought between Big Ben pairs. It is soon to undergo a reand Johnson, in a' finall field at gular survey, at the particular deWrotham in Kent. Upwards of fire of a great personage. 2000 persons were affeinbled on Baftia, Nov. 10. General Pao this occasion; Johnsoni having Joe li is re-established in his former Ward for his second, and Mendo charge of general of the national za fot ñiz bottle-holder;—and Big troops, and has been appointed Ben, with Hurriphries for his fe- President' of the General Affembly cond, and W. Ward for his bottle of the Ifland of Corsica. At the holder. Col. Tarleton and Major opening of the Asembly, that geHanger officiated as unapires, aud neral made a speech, in which he Mr. H. Ashton as arbitratot. Af- drew a faithful picture of the mifter fighting for 29 minutes, a most fortunes of his country, and condesperate blow, which Johnson gratulated the Corfican nation upreceived on his right ear, brought on its accession to the glory of the him to the ground; and at the French nation; he afterwards ex24th round he gave in. Johnson pressed his gratitude to the English was knocked down 17 times, fell nation and their beneficent king, orice by accident, and several times for having generously succoured dropped on one knee. Ben never him in his misfortunes.' : fell but when he was knocked On the night betwixt the 8th down, and stood up to his antago land 9th November, a dreadful

earthquake happened in the town of easy virtue, and found not guilty of Oran. Within a very short fpace 18th January The Queen's of time, twenty reiterated hocks birth day was celebrated with the were felt, which shook the whole usual solemnity.'' town, and buried a great number On the last day of 1790, there of the inhabitants, and part of the was a fog at Amsterdam more garrison, under the ruins; on this thick and dark than any which melancholy accident more than memory or tradition can parallel. 2000 perished. . . The people could not see their way

A curious discovery, which may along the streets, and ran against throw some light upon the means each other, even though they had of curing the bites of poisonous lights in their hands. The acci. reptiles, &c. bas been ately pub- dents on that day were so numelished by a physician ol New Eng- rous and remarkable, that they land, viz. that when a rattle Snake must be attributed in part to the bites the nose of a dog, the latter consternation and terror, which digs a hole in the ground, and, by must be the consequence of such laying the part affected in it, is an uncommon phenomenon. It commonly cured.

· said that more than 230 persons

was brought to the country hofpi- The English cotton manufactotal on Wednesday last, having exories suffer much by the importa, ifted fix days and nights without tions from India, and this matter any kind of nourishment. His will therefore be seriously taken up miafter, who is a shoe-maker at in parliament. Rothersthorp, near this town, or- Some idea of the great impordered him to go on the evening of tance of the woollen manufacture Weduesday the 29th ult. to a, to England, may be formed from neighbouring town with a wallet; the vast quantity of goods in this and the boy not liking his business, branch, manufactured in Yorktook that opportunity of eloping, fhire only. It appears by the reand was not heard of till Tuesday turn of the proper officer, that night last, when he was discovered there were sent to market last year by his groans in a calf pen in Kin-woollen goods manufactured in the Ningbury-field, where he had re- 'district of Yorkshire, taking in mained from the time of his de- Rochdale (a space of ground not parture from home, and must very more than thirty miles square) to foon have perished for want, had the value of three millions, fout he not been thus fortunately dif- hundred thousand pounds. covered; though it seems the wal- It has been in contemplation to let contained a pork pye, which cultivate fugar in the Fandarch the boy knew nothing of. A ilands, which lie midway in the mortification has taken place in great Pacific ocean, and very neardis feet, in consequence of being so ly in the fame parallel latitude of long exposed to the cold. jamaica; these isles are very nu

On the 17th January, the trial merous, and remarkably fertile. of Lord Viscount Dungarvan, eld. The removal of the convicts from eft son of the Earl of Cork, took New South Wales co so very deplace; he was prosecuted for a fireable a situation, and the hopes robbery by one Welden, a woman of being able to supply the Chi

Defe markets with sugars, and o-, which the poor werd allowed to ther tropical products, from which remonstrate on their grievances empire they are not very diftant, with impunity. .

ment to consider this subject with lately restored to his rank as a cjferious attention.

tizen by the National Assembly, - We may infer the prosperous has presented the Royal Agricul, state of trade and commerce, in tural Society at Paris, with a bond Glasgow, from the great advance for a perpetual annuity of 1200 of landed property which has tak- livres, or 50 l Sterling, for the en place of late in the county of purpose of purchasing implements Lanark...

i fof agriculture, to be diftributed an. • The following list of vefsels nually amongst husbandmer in the which have passed the found last different departments of the kingyear, may give some idea of Euro- dom. To this sum, Mr. Volland pean commerce.

has added, for the present year, British,

· 3788 300 livres; and the society 500 Danes,

1559 livres, taken from the fund destinRuffian, '.

6led for prizes of encouragement. Dantzickers,

248! The Irish parlianient have inPaperburghers,

99 ftituted an inquiry into the proper Imperialists,

6 means for preventing the inordiPruffians,

599 nate use of spirits among the lowDutch,

2009 er class of people. . Bremeriers,

177 ) Feb. 2. The tide rose in the riSwedes,

430 ver Thames full twelve inches Lubeckers,

89 higher than has been for twenty Oldenburghers,

24 years past. ' A considerable part of Roftockers,

339 the city was overflowed. This has Courlanders,

22 |happened several times before, viz. Portuguese,

28 in the years 1235, 1730, Feb. French,

523 1735, Dec. 24. 1736, Od. 14. Americans,

44 1747, and Feb. 9. 1762. Spanish,

32 The following is the amount of Hamburghers,

104 che capital sum redeemed by the Venetians.

commissioners for the liquidation

of the national debt, on the laft In all,

. 9732 day of January 1791, The history of the natural world 3 per cent confols, L. 2,753,800 for the last two years, is somewhat 3 per cent, reduced, * 1,878,450 remarkable. There has been no Old South Sea, 1,091,100 frost of three days continuance; New South Sea, 807,000 and the winds of Europe have been South Sea, 1757, 242,000 almost as violent as the tornados of America.

L. 6,772,350 By the latest accounts from In October last 6,365 1. ExcheSpain, the people in various parts quer annuities fell in, and 48,5151. of the kingdom begin to talk audi- granted in 1692, for 99 years will bly of accumulated taxes, and the soon fall in, which, with the interfelicity of some former age, in eft of the capital fum redeemed

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