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that had been already delivered ; and wherever he found any one at a loss, he explained it anew, in a clear, familiar manner, suited to the capacity of the student On these, and on other occasions, he frequently desired, that whenever any one was at a loss as to any particular, they would apply to him freely for a solution of their doubts and difficulties. In this proposal he was serious; and it was understood by me in the most strict literal sense of the word. And being very anxious to lose nothing, I had no hesitation in complying with his request with as much frankness on my part, as it was made with sincerity on his part. It thus happened, that for a long time, at the beginning, there was scarce a day that I did not run after him on the dismission of his class, to ask an explanation of one particular or another that I did not understand ; nor was I to be satisfied in any case till it was made quite plain. Thus was he incessantly teased with the little prattle of a child, but without ever discovering the smallest degree of peevishness or impatience. Often have I since that time wondered at the mild condescension of that great man, who, pressed as he was for time, in the prosecution of such extensive businefs, was not only not offende ed at these frequent interruptions, but seemingly was rather well pleased with the turn of mind that occasioned them; kindly entering into discuffions that were suited to my years, and listening with patience to the arguments that were dictated by youth and inexperience, and patiently removing those difficulties that perplexed me.
Thus commenced a literary acquaintance, which to me was highly interesting, and infinitely beneficial. Being asked frequently, with others, to his house, he came gradually, as usual, to be acquainted not only with my literary difficulties, but with those of a more private concern. He became to me in short, as a far ther and as a friend. To him I had recourse with per. fect freedom for his advice and friendly alistance on ail difficult occurrences. By him I was introduced to many respectable acquaintance; and if I ever have been, or ever shall be of any use in the literary world, I feel a particular satisfaction in saying that it is entirely owing to Doctor Cullen. In this respect, however, I was by no means fingular; for very many others, who were in a situation nearly fimilar to my own, have owed obligations to him of the same kind. Such was the generous, kind, and disinterested character of this great man, that I can aver with the most perfect fincerity, that at one time, when a transaction of great importance respecting my private concerns was in agitation, though he was then involved in the greatest hursy of his own multiplied avocations, he still contrived matters, so as that for months together he bestowed at least from one to two hours a day on my private concerns. Could I suffer the memory of such beneficence to be buried in oblivion, I should little indeed have deferved such a favour! Few are the men who can conceive an idea that such things could possibly be done: but to Cullen this was no exertion; to him such transactions were as mental food that transfused fresh vigour into his mind, and gave animation and energy to all his undertakings. I am not insensible of the obloquy to which I expose myself, with fome, by this narrative; but their farcasms shall be disregarded. I dare not, however, add to the length of this digression by any farther ápology.
The first lectures that Cullen delivered in Edinburgh were on chemistry; and for many years he also gave clinical lectures on the cases that occured in the Royal Infirmary there. Towards the close of the year 1769, he also delivered to a few of his private friends, a short course of lectures on the principles of agriculture and vegetation, for which branch of knowledge he had, at every period of his life, a singular and marked predelection. Of this course of lectures, a pretty complete account is preserved, that is now in
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the possession of his family, from notes taken by one who attended there. , It is probable the public may be favoured with these at some future period. And if allowance be made for the length of time that has elapfed since their delivery, and the consequent advances that have been made in this branch of science since then, and the imperfections arising from the inaccuracy of the perfon who took down notes of them, it is not imagined they will do any discredit to his memory. The same extensive views that characterised all his On ther lectures, are discoverable here; and the same stimulus to active exertions which so strongly marked his prelections, are equally striking in these. They point out the path that ought to be pursued for the attainment of knowledge, rather than teach the knowledge itself. And the writer of this article can freely fay, that he has been more indebted to these lectures for inducing him to think justly on the subject of agriculture, than to all the books he ever read, though he also did frequently differ in opinion from his preceptor on particular points.
In the month of February 1763, Doctor Alston died, after having begun his usual course of lectures on the materia medica; and the magistrates of Edinburgh, as patrons of that professorship in the university, appointed Docter Cullen to that chair, requesting that he would finish the course of lectures that had been begun for that season. This he agreed to do; and though he was under a necessity of going on with the course in a few days after he was nominated, he did not once think of reading the lectures of his predecessor, but resolved to deliver a new course entirely his own. The popularity of Cullen at this time may be guessed at by the increase of new students who came to attend his course in addition to the eight or ten who had entered to Doctor Alston. The new students exceeded a hundred. An imperfect copy of these lecteres thus fabricated in halte, having been published, the Doctor
thought necessary to give a more correct edition of them in the latter part of his life. But his faculties being then much impaired, his friends looked in vain for those striking beauties which characterised his literary exertions in the prime of life.
Some years afterwards, on the death of Doctor White, the magistrates once more appointed Doctor Cullen to give lectures on the theory of physic in his stead. And it was on that occasion Doctor Cullen thought it expedient to resign the chair in favour of Doctor Black, his former pupil, whose talents in that department of science were then well known, and who has filled the chair ever since, with great satisfaction to the public. Soon after, on the death of Doctor Rutherford, who for many years had given lectures with applause on the practice of physic, Doctor John Gregory (whose name can never be mentioned by any one who had the pleasure of his acquaintance, without the warmeft tribute of a grateful respect) having become a candidate for this place along with Doctor Cullen, a fort of compromise took place between them, by which they agreed each to give lectures alternately on the theory and on the practise of physic, during their joint livet, the longest surviver being allowed to hold either of the claffes he should incline. In consequence of this agreement Doctor Cullen delivered the first course of lectures on the practice of phyfic in winter 1766, and Doctor Gregory succeeded him in that branch the following year. Never perhaps did a literary arrangement take place that could have proved more beneficial to the students than this. Both these men pofsefled great talents, though of a kind extremely diffimilar. Both of them had certain failings or defects which the other was aware of, and counteracted. Each of them knew and refpected the talents of the other.“
They co-operated, therefore, in the happiest manner, to .enlarge the understanding, and to forward the pursuits of their pupils. Unfortunately this arrangement was soon destroyed by the unexpected death of Doctor Gres gory, who was cut off in the flower of life, by a sudden and unforeseen event. After this time, Cullen continued to give lectures on the practice of physic till' a few months before his death, as has been already said.
To be continued.
Critical Remarks on the Othello of Shakespear. Of those who poffefs that superiority of genius which enables them to shine by their own strength, the number has been few. When we take a review of man. kind in this respect, we behold a dark and extended tract, illuminated with scattered clusters of stars, shed. ding their influence, for the most part, with an una. vailing lustre. So much however are mankind formed to contemplate and admire whatever is great and refplendant, that it cannot be said that these luminaries have exhibited themselves to the world in vain. Whole nations, as well as individuals, have taken fire at the view of illustrious merit, and have been ambitious in their turn to distinguish themselves from the common mass of mankind. And since by the happy invention of printing, we have it in our power to gather these scattered rays into one great body, and converge them to one point, we complain without reason of not having light enough to guide us through the vale of life.
Among those to whom mankind is most indebted, the firft place is perhaps due to Homer and to Shakespear. They both flourished in the infancy of society, and the popular tales of the times were the materials upon which they exerted their genius ; they were equally unassisted by the writings of others: the dramatic compofitions with which Shakespear was acquainted, were as contemptible as the crude tales which served as the foundation of Homer's poem. The genius of both poets