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On Human Life,
To hours of dark distress,
The hapless human race.“
Thrown headlong on a guileful world,
They, artless, do not know,
Are oft to want betray'd ;
And hence the ruin'd maid.
The world's a wide and thorny wild,
Where many snares are hid;
The devious wild to tread.
To Night, a Sonnet.
In deep depression sunk, the enfeebľd mind
To sullen surges and the viewless wind.
I still enjoy thee, cheerless as thou art ;'
Is calm, though wretched; hopeless, yet resigned, 7.44 . While to the wind and waves its sorrows given, .. May reach, though lost on earth, the ear of heaven!
plats. See Bier,
Description of the Nisser Werk, or Golden Eagle,
Among other benefits that society will derive from the publication pf Mr Bruce's travels, must be ranked the enlargement of our knowledge in natural history. Various objects in the animal and vegetable kingdom, that were entirely unknown in Europe, are here described and illustrated by drawings of uncommon elegance.
The bird which forms the subject of this article, if not the largest in the known world, is at least the largest of the eagle kind. “From wing to wing he was eight feet four inches. From the top of his tail to the point of his beak, when dead, four feet seven inches. He weighed twentytwo pounds."
This noble bird had strength and courage proportioned to his fize. Living in the uninhabited desart, he knows pot the power, nor has he learnt to dread the arts of man. Ignorant of danger, therefore, he shuns not man, but pursues his prey, without regarding the efforts he may make to deter him. “Upon the highest top of the mountain Lamalmon,” says Mr Bruce, “while my servants were refreshing themselves from that toilfome and rugged ascent, and enjoying the pleasure of a most delightful climate, eating their dinner in the outer air, with several largo dishes of boiled goat's flesh before them, this enemy, as he turned out to be to them, appeared suddenly: he did not stoop rapidly from a height, but came flying slowly along the ground, and sat down close to the meat, within the ring the men had made round it. A great shout, or rather cry of distress, called me to the place. I saw the eagle stand for a minute, as if to recollect himself, while the servants ran for their lances and thield. I walked up as near to him as I had time to do. His attention was fully fixed upon the flesh. I saw him put his foot into the pan, where was a large piece, in the water, prepared for boiling; but finding the smart which he had not expected, he withdrew įt, and forsook the piece which he held.
66 There were two large pieces, a leg and a fhoulder, ly. ing upon a wooden platter. Into these he truffed both his claws, and carried them off; but I thought he looked wiftfully at the large piece which remained in the warm water. Away he went flowly along the ground as he had come, The face of the cliff over which criminals are thrown, took him from our fight."
He foon, however, returned, and gave Mr Bruce a fair opportunity of shooting him, which gave occasion for observing a phenomenon, not a little fingular in its kind. “Upon laying hold of his monstrous carcase," our adventurous traveller proceeds,“ I was not a little surprised at feeing my hands covered and tinged with yellow powder or duft. Upon turning him upon his belly, and examining the feathers of his back, they produced a brown duft, the colour of the feathers there. This duft was not in small quantities; for, upon striking his breast, the yellow powder flew out in fully greater quantity than from a hair-dresser's powder puff. The feathers of the belly and breast, which were of a gold colour, did not appear to have any thing extraordinary in their formation ; but the large feathers in the shoulder and wings seemed apparently to be fine tubes, which, upon pressure, scattered this duft upon the finer part of the feathers; but this was brown, the colour of the feathers of the back.”
What the uses of this powder were intended by nature, our traveller is at a loss to say. He conjectures it may have been intended in some way to fortify the animal against the rigours of the season it would experience in that lofty fitua. ation : But this conjecture does not seem to be corroborated by the other facts he there states. However this may be, it seems to be a peculiarity of this animal of a very uncommon kind, and might well have 'entitled it to the name of the POWDERED EAGLE, a name which would have prevented the danger of confounding it with another eagle, which has long been known by that of the Golden Eagle,
Ruffia. For many years past, the Russian empire has made a very conspicuous figure in the political affairs of Europe. Ambition, however, rather than wisdom, has characterised the operations of that court in modern times. The territorial extent of that empire is much greater than to admit of a proper form of government; yet, blind to this great defects the Empress has long exerted her utmost efforts to extend as far as poflible the boundaries of her dominions; and with that view, has kindled up a war that has been productive of much mischief, and of little benefit to any one. Little does she seem to think that she is thus preparing afar off the means of effe&tually curtailing the enormous extent of her overgrown dominions, 7. But though this conduct be not wife in the Empress, who cannot foresee to what point it ultimately tends, it may be very consistent with the views of some of her counsellors, For several years past, the court of Ruflia has been overawed by the uncontroulable influence of Potemkin ; a man of a daring and impetuous disposition of mind, who has been raised by the favour of his sovereign from a low state to the highest exaltation of power; a power which is now fo firmly established, as to give his recommendations the force of commands, and his suggestions a certainty of being implicitly adopted. This man, who now possesses a dictatorial command of the army, and an unlimited power of drawing whatever sums he pleases from the public treasury, has carried on his military operations against the 'Turks with all the ardour that might be expected from a man of undaunted courage, in the prime of life, who is blessed with a found conftitution, great bodily strength, an unbounded coin
mand of money and of menbiwith the profpea of conquer
ing for himself an independent principality." But, defti 'tute of those great military talents which characterise the accomplished general, his attacks have been rather furious than irresistible: nor have his successes been adequate to the ardour of his wishes, or the means that were put in his power ; and he has now reason to fear that he may be prevented, by a general pacification, from establishing, at this time, the defireable fovereignty which has long afforded fuch a pleasing subject of contemplation to him. .;', dvd 1,3
But though it be doubtful if he will be able to do as much as he intended, there seems little reason to apprehend, that he will not be able to obtain for himself some sort of sovereign independent power, under the apparent controul of the Russian empire: And were he not a man of such despotic dispositions, and arbitrary principles, as to give no hopes of any reasonable system of government ever being adopted by him, perhaps this dismemberment of the Russian empire, is what all European powers ought to promote. Should a new kingdom be established on the confines of the Turkish and Russian empires, adjoining to the Black Sea, under a system of government purely European, founded on commercial and pacific principles, perhaps nothing could contribute so much to the general well-being of mankind in those regions of the earth. The Turk has now felt so strong? ly the disagreeable effects of being obliged to contend with the neighbouring great powers, that little influence would? be required to induce that hitherto intractable court to granti to such a state those commercial privileges that would be necessary for insuring its own prosperity : and the fertility of the soil is such, and the situation for commerce fo favoura; able, that under a wise administration, this kingdom might soon attain such vigour as to become respectable among all nations,
The time, however, does not seem to be as yet arrived) for this happy establishment: nor is Potemkin the man cal.; culated to bring it forward. That he aims at sovereigo power is scarcely to be doubted : That he has secured great fums of money in foreign countries to be ready at command, is generally believed; but whether he will be able to effect : his fnaf eilablishment, or whether he will be obliged to contes