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tent himself with a limited and dependant fway, mutt depend upon contingencies that perhaps no one can as yet pera fectly foresee; ! uw to fintolat Is“,31; ! '
dn the mean time, the court of Petersburgh gives all the effect it can to promote his military operations, and though their success against the Turks during the laft campaign has not been fuch as to give them that decided advantage over the Porte they have aimed at, yet the Russian arms have been upon the whole successful, and the Turks have suffer-? ed some considerable loffes.'*
S OB ( II 1.57 Sweden.'',), ! . ; . biTo the northward, Russia has had the good fortune, last feafon, to disembarrass herself from a very troublesome opponent, which would otherwise have proved exceedingly distressing to her, 1 The king of Sweden, having formed a strict alliance with the Porte, made a sudden and powerful diversion in their favours into Russian Finland, and on the Baltic; but having been obliged to act with greater promptitude than the state of his kingdom could properly admit of, his subjects at first were subjected to great inconveniences by it, which excited private discontents that gave him great annoyance'; and being attacked at the same time by Denmark, his affairs were for some time in as ticklish a fit:: . ation as can easily be conceived. And had it not been for the critical intervention of Great Britain and Prullia, he had great reason to fear that he would have been driven from his throne. This difficulty surmounted, the Swedish monarch, with an active alacrity that is rarely to be found, procured supplies ; recruited his forces by sea and by land and having quieted by his address the internal disturbances that threatened to break out, he began the campaign with that active intrepidity which has distinguished all his civil and military operations. But having by an unlucky acci. dent sustained a great loss at sea in an engagement with the Ruffian fleet on the roth of July laft, he, by a most extraor. dinary exertion, on a succeeding day, recovered the laurels that fortune had torn from his brow. But being by this time fatisfied of the futility of his attempts at conquest, and both he and his opponent heartily tired of the war, à peace was suddenly concluded between Russia and Sweden, with. out the intervention of any other power, and without men: tion of allies an either side. Thus did these two potentates; As usual, contentedly sit down with their refpe&tiveloffes, without having obtained any other benefit by the contest, except a few empty laurels, which both monarchs were willing to claiin as a small indemnification for the great losses their subjects had sustained by the fruitlefs conteft. Press
'Germany. - ' "os: DY The late Emperor, who was rash in all his enterprizes, despotic in counsel, fickle in his temper, and mean in the conduct of his private affairs, was continually projecting new enterprises, and ever unsuccessful in executing them, had brought himself into embarrassments, from which death alone could happily have estricated him. At a time when his conduct had alienated the affections of his Belgic subjects, with the hope, no doubt, of extending his empire on that fide, he had been induced by the court of Russia te engage in a war against the Turks ; but having taken it into his head to command his army in perfon, he had the mortification to see his baneful influence extended to the army, and the success that might have been expected from fuch mighty preparations retarded.
The ignorance, cbftinacy, and inhumanity of this mati,
not be better exemplified than by the following anecdote, which I had from the best authority. When in the campaign of 1788, the Danube formed the boundary between the two armies, the Emperor took possession of a small island in it, very near the northern shore, on which he placed a picquet guard of thirty men. The Turks, with that rash bravery which characterised most of their enterprises, at that time attacked this small party from boats. They were observed apprcaching ; and though nothing would have been more easy than for the Austrians to have repulsed them, by sending a superior force to support the picquet ; and though all the generals folicited permission to do it, the Emperor fivod unmoved, and saw the Turks deliberately cut off the heads of his thirty men, without making an at. tempt to save them.
After he thought proper to withdraw from the scene of action, the general, in some measure, retrieved his affairs in that quarter, though at the time of the emperor's death, he had
no reason to boast of his conquests. The present emperor, though he did not entirely abandon the military enterprises of his brother, has prosecuted them with less ardour, and more caution than formerly. He seems to be anxious to keep up his connections with Russia, not so much with the capricious view of extending his dominions beyond the Da. nube, as of forming a balance to check the preponderating power of Prussia, which he seems to dread. Hitherto his conduct has been rather more cautious than might have been expected from the general tenor of his political system in Tuscany, and he has had the address, not only to favour the views of his ally in Poland, without giving umbrage to Prussia; but also to gain over that power to acquiefce in the plan he had adopted for recovering his former influence in the Belgic provinces, which must now again submit to be governed by the court of Vienna.
The court of Dresden, and the smaller states in Germa, ny, enjoy at present a profound tranquillity, the Bishop of Liege alone excepted. There, the people have asserted their claim to certain privileges to which the Prince Bifhop does not think they have ajusttitle. Popular commotions were likely to ensue; and the Bishop thought it prudent to withdraw himself from a storm, that he imagined threatened his person, had he remained among them : by this means bloodThed has been avoided. The other powers of Germany are now preparing to interfere in this dispute ; and there is little room to doubt that the prince will be reinstated, and the people protected in their juft claims by the powerful mediation of princes, whose award must be accepted as a law to both the parties in this dispute.
Prullia. ... FREDERIC the Second, after a long life spent in a perpetual struggle to augment his power, and extend his dominions, by a prudence of conduct which nothing but a vigorous mind could inspire, not only extended the limits of his empire, but augmented the prosperity of his people by every mean that was consistent with a despotic power in government: a power which even this great man had not fortitude of mind to relinquish. At the time of his death, his dominions were at peace, his army in the best order, and his coffers full. He was then bufied in endeavouring, by
THE BEE OR,
Jan. 12. peaceful mediation, to establish his kinsman the Prince of Orange in the full enjoyment of his rights as stadtholder in the united Provinces, from which he had been driven by the machinations of a party supported by the court of France, who aimed at getting thus a direction in the councils of Holland. The present king of Prussia, on his succeeding to the throne, adopted the same general line of conduct which, his illustrious predecessor had chalked out : but finding pacific negociation vain, he proceeded, by force of arms, to replace the stadtholder in his former authority, to humble the party that had driven him from the country, and to confer the power on that party which supported his interest: But though the present state of France prevents her from taking any active concern in this business, the friends of that party in Holland are rather suppressed than extinguished; and there is reason to suspect, that were not the powers of Prussia and of England to overawe them, and the French unable to fupport them, the peace of these provinces would not be long preserved; for the Prince of Orange himself seems not to pofsefs either that firmness of mind, or those talents, which laid the foundation of the power of his ancestors, or secured their influence over these states.
. To be continued.
*** On account of a press of business, and the interruption that necessarily attends a new publication, the printer has been so much hurried with this number, that the arrangement of the parts was not altogether agreeable: There was not time to make the alterations that would have been eligible. In future, it is hoped, things of this nature will be avoided. :
There has not yet been time to obtain any account of the publications of this year.
THE BEE, note that ar? . 2:- , fryser. :'7, OR 70 ora! !! it.'".. . 1999LITERARY WEEKLY INTELLIGENCER,
I most heartily wish success to the excellent plan you have formed of a new periodical publication : and if time permitted, I should be happy to send you some communications. Perhaps a few hafty thoughts on taxes (a very interesting subject at present,) which I wrote some time ago, may be acceptable : if so, they are at your service. It is one of the advantages of a miscellany, such as yours, that it admits of papers in a less finished stile than would be proper in a set work. Hence a man of business may communicate his thoughts to the public; and if the matter contain aiy thing useful, the manner will be excused. I am, &c.
Hints on Taxes. The philosophy of man has generally been cultivated, either by theologians, who were ignorant of body, or by physicians, who were igrorant of mind. The ancients, more especially Ariftotle, saw the necessity of joining the knowledge of both, in order more completely to comprehend human nature. But the phenomena