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5. Religion bids you give the world a the air with music, flowers may load it good example. It has been said that with perfume, the sun may surpass himninety-nine victims in a hundred acquire self in the beauty of his brightness ; this habit from infectious example. Be but you cannot enjoy the one or the other this as it may, the example of men in very much, nor God, their glorious your position is unspeakably powerful author, till you have appeased a giant and pernicious. It has power to sweep appetite, which has dominion over you. multitudes of young men down to death. “ Be not deceived," my brother. Think “Father,” said a little boy, “why do not that you love God with all your you chew tobacco ?” “Because I love heart when this idol has such supremacy it,” was the reply. The son chewed it, in your soul. Talk not of aspirations learned to love it, and thus ruined his " for holiness,” “ full assurance,” and health, and embittered his whole life "sanctification," whilst a slave to this with disease. I saw a little boy, with a peculiar lust, or whilst your piety is so cigar, putting like a steam engine. “Why much raised or depressed by the narcotic do you smoke?” I enquired. “Father power of this deceptive drug. Break, smokes, and I'll smoke, sir," was the my brother, from such “bonds of inireply. The cry on every hand is, “Cure quity.” “ Take hold," CHRISTIAN-LIKI, fathers, cure church-members, cure men and help us to wake the Church, and of influence; when they drop it, we will wake the Nation, to this great and fear'follow suit."
GEORGE TRASK, 6. Religion bids you to be a thorough Fitchburg, Mass., 1836. temperance man. Rum and Tobacco are twin demons. Tobacco creates an un
Amount and Cost of Tobacco. natural appetite, which craves alcoholic It is well for the common peace that stimulants, and the gratification of this the enormous tax paid for this article is appetite leads to drunkenness. Smoke- self-imposed. If its victims were comshops and dram shops, sots on Rum and pelled to use it, and pay for it, the world sots on Tobacco, have usually been iden- would be filled with rebellion forthwith. tical; and Temperance can never tri- Many a young man in fashionable life umph whilst Tobacco intoxicates the pays more for this than for his boardmillion. Come, my brother! no longer bill. Many a mechanic will die and declaim against Alcohol whilst a slave to leave his family without a cent, who Tobacco; no longer make yourself the pays more for this than the cost of a song of the drunkard by intoxication on Life Assurance of Two Thousand Dol. your quid or pipe.
lars. 7. Religion bids you to be pure and Reader, you pay, for example, sis Christ-like. To use Tobacco is defiling, cents a day for cigars. Continuing this is demoralizing; it is a heathenish abom- forty years, with interest, amounts to ination, and you cannot respect yourself $3,373.22. Or, you pay twelve cents a as its victim. Do you think you please day-this amounts to $6,746.44. Christ by using it ?
Says Professor Fowler: “A young Christ would have allowed John to lean man from
wished to purchase on his bosom, had he used it? Do you books on Physiology and Health, but think the apostles used it? Are you said that he was not really able. I willing this should be written on your asked him about his habits—if he chewgravestone: “Here lies a Christian who ed ? No. Do you smoke? Yes. How cut short his life by the use of Tobac- much ? He said that formerly he smoked co”? Is this epitaph becoming for a fourteen cigars a day, at about two cents Christian?
for each, which made over eighty dollars 8. Religion bids you to be entirely de- per year, but that his health was so voted to God. The use of this perni- much deranged that he had reduced his cious drug forbids this. If you used it allowance to seven. I told him this cost early, and have used it long, it has be- him forty dollars per year, which he excome with you the king OF APPETITES. pended not only uselessly, but in those You love it better than honey, or milk, things that tended to shorten life as well or bread, or wine, or the choicest fruits. as to destroy his usefulness while he It is usually the last thing which engages lived." your heart at night, and it is among the Says Dr. Alcott: "I have known many first things which claim your fond re- a poor family that consumed, in smoking gards in the morning. Birds may fill and chewing, at least twenty-five cents a each; or half a million of school-houses National Cost of CIGARS: It is esti- costing two thousand dollars each; or mated that there are 1,400 cigar manu- one million of dwellings, costing one factories in this country, employing thousand dollars each! It would em7,000 hands. Assuming that each man- ploy one million of preachers and one ipulator makes 2,500 cigars in a week, million of teachers, giving each a salary which is as few as he can live by, the of five hundred dollars! It would suptotal per week is 17,500,000; and, in a port three and one third millions of year of forty-eight weeks, the number young men at college, giving each $300 amounts to 810,000,000. At seven dol- per arnum for expenses ! lars per thousand, the valuation of this Friendly reader, consider the above quantity is $5,010,000, and adding fifty basis of this calculation in some measure per cent. profit of jobber and retailer, imaginary-call it conjecture, extravathe total is $7,560,000. Adding the sum gance, just what you please! Cut these paid for imported cigars, $6,184,364 figures down one-half-cut them down (which is much below the mark), and to suit your own notions. Even then, if the whole is $13,744,364. Putting the you are a Christian or Patriot, a Friend smokers at five millions, and giving each of God or Man, you will not trifle with consumer but 225 cigars a year, it is safe this stupendous iniquity; but in some to say that the annual expenditure in manly way do your part to arrest its this country for this luxury is, $30,000,- destructive power around you. 000! Add to this the amount spent for The reader will no doubt confess, as chewing and smoking tobacco, and snuff, we were compelled to do, after reading 5,000,000, and we see that there is an it, that there is no Yankee trick in all enormous expense in this line. This this, but that it is all strictly, truly, sum total would support more than one sternly, and severely to the point. It hundred of the American Board of Com- wonderfully takes away the poetry which missioners for Foreign Missions. Says has been woven around the weed. Dr. Coles, the American Churches pay Whether the habit of using tobacco $5,000,000 annually, for this poison, in has never prevailed in New England as all its forms, and less than one million it does in the Middle and Western States, for the Gospel in foreign lands. At this or whether these reformatory efforts rate, how soon will the Millenium come have been very successful in subduing and bless our race?
week. This, in forty years, would a-, at 4,000,000,000 pounds! This is smoked mount to $520; or, if placed at com- chewed and snuffed. Suppose it all pound interest, from year to year, to made into cigars, one hundred to the more than $2,100.”
pound, it would produce 400,000,000,000. An editor of a public journal observes: Four hundred billions of cigars ! "When we consider the universality of Allowing this tobacco, unmanufacturthe use of Tobacco, and the fact that ed, to cost, on the average, ten cents a some men spend $10, $60, or $100 yearly pound, and we have $100,000,000 exfor cigars—if this town uses twenty per pended every year, in producing a noxcent. less than the average, $9,000 is ious and deleterious weed. At least one devoted to the weed yearly ; about twice and a half times as much more is required what we raise by tax for Schools; about to manufacture it into a marketable form, enough to build the High School house, and dispose of it to the customer. If about which we tobacco chewers have this be so, then the human family expend quarrelled so much; enough to buy a EVERY YEAR, one thousand millions of twenty-five cent delaine dress for each dollars in the gratification of an acquired adult female in town, a pair of boots for habit, or one dollar for every man, woeach lad, and a five-dollar bonnet for man or child, upon the earth! each lass in town; to pay the salary of This sum would build two railroads all our ministers, and cover all our con- around the earth, at a cost of twenty tributions for benevolent purposes.” thousand dollars per mile, or sixteen
The city of New York, according to railroads from the Atlantic to the Pacific! the authority of McGregor, consumes It would build one hundred thousand $10,000 a day on cigars, and but about churches, costing ten thousand dollars $8,500 on bread.
it, we know not; but we are certain that THE AMOUNT ON THE GLOBE: The the habit of using it is far less prevalent present annual production of tobacco than among us. We humbly acknowhas been estimated by an English writer ledge the reproof administered to us,
both by the example of New England, , he had almost none. His memory Fas and by the sentiments so uncompromis- incredible; he immediately recognized, ingly advanced in the tract.
after many years, those he had once seen; This is, however, not the only thing and when he had been interrupted for which came to our knowledge during our several hours in some work, about which visit. We may have occasion to refer to he was employed, he could immediately both pleasanter and graver matter here- resume and continue it, without reading after.
again what he had before written. Of the numerous details connected with the
business of his office, he never forgot It is a singular fact that all traces of even the most trifling—and this, notwithCalvin's grave have long since been ef- standing the incredible multitude of his faced ; and no one knows the precise affairs. His judgment was acute and spot where his ashes repose. While few correct, about which his advice was men have exerted a greater influence on asked, and he often semed to possess the his own and the generations after him, gift of looking into the future. I nerer none of his admirers can enjoy the privi- remember to have heard that any who lege of making a pilgrimage to his tomb. followed his counsel went wrong. He His personal appearance and the general depised fine speaking, and was rather characteristics of his life, however, are abrupt in his language; but he wrote well known. The following summary is admirably, and no theologian of his time taken from Dr. Henry's Life of Calvin: expressed himself so clearly, so impres
“Calvin was not of large stature; his sively, and accurately as he, and yet he complexion was pale, and rather brown; labored as much as any one of his cotemeven to his last moments his eyes were poraries, or of the fathers. For his peculiarly bright, and indicative of his fluency he was indebted to the several penetrating genius. He knew nothing studies of his youth, and to the natural of luxury in his outward life, but was acuteness of his genius, which had fond of the greatest neatness, as became been still further increased by dictahis thorough simplicity. His manner of tion--so that proper and dignified esliving was so arranged, that he showed pressions never failed him, whether he himself equally averse to extravagance was writing or speaking. He never in and parsimony; he took little nourish- any wise altered the doctrine which he ment, such being the weakness of his first adopted, but remained true to the stomach, that for many years he content- last; a thing which can be said of few ed himself with one meal a day. Of sleep theologians of his period.
NOTES ON NEW BOOKS.
COMMERCE AND CHRISTIANITY. A Premi- , force. The late E. W. Clark, Esq., of
um Essay, by Rev. Hollis Read, Author Philadelphia, made a behest of $1,000 to of “God in History,'' etc., with an the Seaman's Friend Society, and with introduction by Rev. Henry A. Board- a view of establishing an enduring meman, D. D., Phila: Pennsylvania morial of this kindness of the donor, Seaman's Friend Society, pp. 150. the Board of Directors offered $100 for This book is a plea for the sailor. The the best essay on the Moral Power of the Christian duty of caring for his religious Sea. Nineteen Essays were offered ; and interests is earnestly and eloquently en- the one before us was awarded the prize. forced, and the grounds of his claim on It is ably written, and must awaken deep the sympathies and care of the church interest in the sailor in the heart of every are successively unfolded with great one who reads it.
OLD times and old things, like old men, deserve reverence and honor, if they be found in the way of wisdom. The law commands, “Thou shalt rise up before the boary head, and honor the face of the old man; something of the same respect is due to any thing old, provided it is good and has done good.
This all feel. There are many beautiful instances where persons even kept, protected and fed, old beasts of burden, long after they had become disabled and useless, respecting them, as they say, for the good they have done. We all know with what respect old family Bibles are cherished, and handed down from generation to generation as priceless relics. The same respect is awarded to old family fruit, or shade trees. They must rot away, for no one dares to lay his axe to the root, as long as one twig is green in the spring. But lately, at an old homestead in the country, an old man showed us an old pear tree, which his father had planted more than a century ago ; it is far gone, and is only able to manifest its feeble and flickering life in a few green scions every Spring, but he would not sell it, or suffer it to be cut down, for the best acre of ground in the land. It has gained its possession right, according to law, more than five times over
“ Aud wouldst thou hack it down!". This reminds us of an instance of a similar kind, which the muse of George P. Morris, Esq., has long since embalmed in a never-dying Poem.
He was riding out of New York one day in company with a friend, who was once heir of a large estate, but whose worldly prospects had lately been overtaken with a blight. When they arrived at a certain place in the country bis friend asked him to turn down a romantic lane. Mr. Morris asked him his object. “Merely
Merely to look once more at an old tree planted by my grand-father, near a cottage that was once my father's.” “It is yours then ?" said Mr. Morris. “No my poor mother sold it.” His lips quivered, and his eyes were growing moist as he added, " Dear mother! we passed many happy, happy days, in that old cottage; but it is nothing to me now-father, mother, sisters, cottageall, all, gone." By this time they were in sight of the venerable tree, and behold -"near the tree stood an old man with his coat off, sharpening his axe!"
A conversation ensued between the man whose youthful associations were bound up in that tree, and the old man of the axe. The one argued from the interest his own heart had in a tree planted by his grand-father, the other argued the interest which he had in ten dollars worth of firewood! Mr. Morris gives, in touching language, the plea and remonstrance of his friend with the unfeeling and mercenary man of the axe !
Woodman, spare that tree!
Touch not a single bough!
And I'll protect it now.
That placed it near bis cot;
Thy axe shall harın it not!
Whose glory and renown
And wouldst thou hack it down ?
Cut not its earth-bound ties;
Now towering to the skies !
I sought its grateful shade;
Here, too, my sisters played.
My Father pressed my band-
But let that old oak stand!
Close as thy bark, old friend!
And still thy branches bend.
And woodman, leave the spot;
Thy axe shall harm it not. So he pleaded for the tree. But bad just about as much effect upon the old Woodman as the recollection of the Saviour's kindness had upon Judas. He ceased not whetting his axe, and casting greedy glances at the tree, until some silvery arguments were used. This prevailed. WI he heard “that money sh ld be given unto him," even ten dollar-pieces of silver, he straightway laid down his axe, and entered into a bond that he would “spare that tree.”
This incident, the tenderness of which none whose feelings are not entirely sordid and earthly, can fail to feel, illustrates the beauty of those associations which cling, strong as life, around those objects ballowed