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your sou), by simple faith, for pardon and acceptance, upon the precious death and merits of Him who died for you and rose again. Remember the gracious promise: "Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on Thee, because he trusteth in Thee." Your acceptance of Him who has made peace by the blood of His cross, alone can give yon peace; peace now, and peace for ever. He is offered to you freely; and if your conscience is thoroughly awake, it will never bo quiet, and never cease to accuse you, until you have come, by faith, to the blood of sprinkling. This will effectually and for ever purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God. Do not delay this needful application. Then you will be prepared for all the events of this short and uncertain life; and, being justified by faith, you will have peace with God through Jesus Christ.

2. And let all who have obtained this peace, prove themselves to be the children of God, by promoting and making peace among others. "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God." Neither repeat nor give ear to grievous words which 6tir up strife. Set a watch upon the door of your lips. Remember who has said, "By thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned." Think of this, and "let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth." Pray earnestly for a sanctified temper, that is, for a heart renewed in every thought, in every desire, in every imagination. Study to be quiet, and to mind your own business. He who expects pardon and peace with God only through the merits of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by faith, and at the same time who daily endeavours, through the supply of the Holy Spirit, to rule alike both his lips and his life, his temper and his conversation, after the example of Him "who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth,"—he shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. "And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever."

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NOTICES OF BOOKS.

Prayers, Ancient and Modern, adapted to Family Use. London: Beeley. 1869.—We have much pleasure in commending this volume to our readers. It contains prayers embodying the devotional feelings of holy men in various ages of the Church. Augustine, Anselra, a Kempis, Alcuin, Melancthon, Cranmer,' Calvin, Bradford, Ken, Andrewes, Jeremy Taylor, Venn, Toplady, and Scott, are presented

to us in this volume, as offering petitions; even as, we doubt not, before Him who sitteth upon the Throne and the Lamb, their praises are now ascending in unison with the voice of thanksgiving for a common salvation. The prayers have been adapted to modern use with care and judgment, and have the rare merit of being what they profess to be—Prayers suitable for the relief of our necessities, and for the setting forth of God's glory.

Borne from the Fall of the Western Empire. By the Bev. 0. Trevor, M.A., Sfc. London: Religious Tract Society. 1869.—Within the compass of 500 pages, Mr. Trevor has contrived to compress a very useful and readable account of the Papacy, so that these who wish to have a connected view of its history, distinguished as much as possible from extraneous matter, have it here presented to them. He does not profess to have treated the question polemically, nor was it necessary. The facts which he has brought forward tell their own tale with little need for note or comment, but what there is we can heartily commend. We think the Society have judged rightly in publishing such a work, which, in a popular form, and at a moderate price, places within the reach of the public a substantial history upon an important subject of especial interest at the present time. It is enriched with numerous tables of contemporary successions from the time of Augustus to the reign of Queen Victoria, similar to those in Dean Milman's History of Latin Christianity, which will be found very serviceable for reference, and there is also an index of names. The book will be found useful in school libraries, whether in private families or in places of education. We quite agree with him in thinking that it is "history which supplies the completest refutation of the papal claims." It is, therefore, no fault of his that his tone is condemnatory. In dealing with such a subject, the most unimpassioned historical narrative involves the condemnation of the system which is recorded; and neutrality is impossible, even where the historian would desire to be impartial. If the history of the Papacy and the history of Christianity were indeed correlative terms, it would be no easy matter to withstand the assaults of infidelity.

PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

The Session of Parliament is at length over, and our legislators have been dismissed to their respective homes "to gather that practical knowledge and experience which form the solid basis of legislative aptitude." We trust that they will make a good use of their time, for seldom has more legislative aptitude been required than will be wanted in framing the various measures which are either promised, or which will necessarily form the subjects of discussion, in the next Session.

The Land question in Ireland,—the Education question in England, Scotland, and Ireland,—the Report of the Marriage Law Commission, pointing out the evils arising from the different laws prevailing in the three kingdoms,—the Report of the Judicature Commission, recommending a complete remodelling of all our Superior Courts,—the final Report of the Ritual Commission, -which cannot be much longer delayed,—all these will afford ample materials for reflection, and will tax to the uttermost our "legislative aptitude."

But it is not our legislators only who need legislative aptitude just now. The formation of the new Church Body in Ireland, and the framing of the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church, are works wiiich require an immense amount of practical wisdom. And this is called for at a time of great excitement, when men's minds are agitated by a sense of injustice and of wrong. To the Bishops of the Irish Church men naturally, at such a time, look for guidance: and thus far they have shown themselves deserving of the confidence that has been reposed in them. Any appearance of a desire to give to the governing body an exclusively clerical complexion, or even of dictating to the laity the mode in which they were to be represented, would have been most mischievous. This has been carefully avoided. We learn from the frank and judicious address of the Archbishops, that at a meeting of the Irish Bishops it was unanimously resolved, that it was expedient that a general Synod of the Bishops, Clergy, and Laity of the Church should be assembled to consult together as to the course to be pursued; and the Archbishops lost no time in issuing their writs for the summoning of Provincial Synods for the purpose of consulting and treating on the representation of the Clergy in such synod, and have at the same time expressed a hope that the Laity will prepare a scheme for lay representation.

We are sure that our readers will join with the Archbishops in "earnestly praying that, in a task so novel, so perplexing, so arduous, of such immense significance for the whole future of their Church, as that which is before them, they may each and all be guided by that Holy Spirit of trnth, unity, and concord, who alone can give them a happy issue from the difficulties which are round about them on every side."

The Emperor of the French has given another proof of his political foresight. He had scarcely made the announcement referred to in our last Number, when it became evident that the changes then announced would have the effect of strengthening his enemies, while they would fail to satisfy those who are the friends alike of freedom and of order. The Emperor met the difficulty frankly and boldly. The concessions now proposed are far greater than those originally promised, and they are accompanied by a complete amnesty for all political offenders. If the changes now proposed are carried out, the personal government of the Emperor may be considered at an end, and will be succeeded by the constitutional government of the Representatives of the People. All but the "irreconcilcables" appear be satisfied, and their opposition will rather tend to strengthen the Government.

It is not to be wondered, that the time that has elapsed since the Battle of Sadowa has not been sufficient to remove the irritation which the war, of which it was the termination, naturally produced. It would, however, be well, if the ministers of Austria and Prussia could be persuaded to discontinue their paper war, which, as it cannot remove the causes, certainly will not have the effect of allaying this natural irritation. We do not suppose that either Minister contemplates war, but it is plain that each suspects the other of hostile intentions. While this is the case, each country is looking ont for allies when the possible collision shall take place, and their foreign policy is directed with a view to those alliances rather than to the common interest of both countries. Russia and France may gain by their divisions, but Germany must be the loser. The belief in the possibility of war is only less mischievous than war itself; as, while this state of uncertainty thus produced continues, the European States are almost compelled to keep up the immense standing armies which are crippling their resources and impoverishing their people.

The papers have been a good deal occupied during the month with accounts of the infidelity said to be prevailing throughout the Protestant States of Germany. It is said by some writers, who profess to be acquainted with the people, that there is an almost total separation between Christianity and the educated mind of Germany. We believe that, although there is sadly too near an approach to truth in this statement, it is a very exaggerated one. It is no doubt true that a state of almost universal coldness among both clergy and laity was followed by a very general unbelief. But there has been a by no means inconsiderable reaction. There has been a marked improvement both at the Universities and among the parochial clergy, and the increased piety of the clergy has not been without its fruits among the people.

While on this painful topic, we cannot help remarking on the great improvement in the tone of the principal speakers at the recent meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Science. Much of this, doubtless, was owing to the spirit which pervaded the opening address of the President, affording, as it did, a marked contrast to the opening address of last year. It is sometimes supposed that those who profess their belief in Revelation, shrink from the results of scientific inquiry. We, on the contrary, willingly adopt the words of the eloquent President,—" None need fear the effect of scientific inquiry carried on in an honest truth-loving humble spirit, which makes us no less ready frankly to avow our ignorance of what we cannot explain, than to accept conclusions based on sound evidence. The slow but sure path of induction is open to us. Let us frame hypotheses if we will; most useful are they, when kept in their proper place, as stimulating inquiry. Let us seek to confront them with observation and experiment, thereby confirming or upsetting them as the result may prove; but let us beware of placing them prematurely in the rank of ascertained truths, and building further conclusions on them as if they were."

The Pope has summoned what he calls an (Ecumenical Council, to meet at Rome in the month of December. Dr. Manning professes not to know exactly what are the topics to be discussed, and what the dogmas to be decreed. As we cannot pretend to superior or even equal information, it seems idle to indulge in surmises which may prove utterly erroneous. We suspect that much which appears in the public papers at home and abroad, is merely put out by way of feeler, to ascertain, if possible, what amount of "blasphemous fables and dangerous deceits" may be foisted by the managers of the Council upon the subjects of the Church of Rome without provoking too violent a remonstrance and revulsion of feeling on the part of Romish devotees; and that the programme to be submitted is as yet by no means absolutely determined. Meanwhile, there is a good deal of excitement abroad upon the subject. The authorities of the Greek Church have made it clearly manifest that they still

"iEternum servant sub pectore vulnus"; and with contemptuous indifference, and shrewd appreciation of the arrogant pretensions of the See of Rome, have rejected an invitation to an assembly where Patriarch would not meet Pope as his perfect equal in rank and dignity. German Roman Catholics are already becoming, shall we say, " Protestants," in anticipation of the further tax upon their credulity which is looming in the future. It seems to be the "consigne" of France, in spiritual things as well as temporal, to uphold the Papacy; but it must be a sore strain upon the intellect of the country. It might be supposed to be a matter with which, "penitus divisi toto orbe Britanni," we ought to have no concern. But it is not so. Some High-Churchmen are exceedingly anxious to furnish all these Romish Bishops with copies of the New Latin Prayer-Book, probably to show them that we are not as bad as we are supposed to be. Some of the "Guilds" talk of sending a Deputation to the Council; but there must be Ritualists who have become Romanists, who could explain to the Pope how far they may be accredited as representatives of the Church of England. Dr. Cumming, with the "disputandi pruritus" which is characteristic of his nation, as we gather from the Times, offers to go and argue the questions at issue with the whole conclave of the Vatican. We have no doubt he would acquit himself well and loyally, if they would give him a hearing. A further proposition has been suggested by the venerable Dr. Merle D'Aubigne, that united prayer meetings of Christians of all denominations should be held in the week of the Council, for the progress of the work of the Reformation in countries now delivered up to Romish influence. A circular has been put out by the Hon. A. Rinnaird upon the subject, to which we would invite the attention of our readers. We have not space to insert it, or Dr. D'Aubign6's letter; but both are readily procurable, and have already appeared in our religious newspapers and other channels of information.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

"A Subscriber of 50 vears" suggests a reduction in price of the Christian Observer. The Proprietors have anxiously considered this question, but at present would not feel justified in making any change.

We thank another Correspondent for calling our attention to the questionable character of a late Advertisement. He may feel assured that no Advertisement of a doubtful character would be knowingly admitted on the covers of our periodical.

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