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for evermore," which the eye of faith reveals to him as laid op in store at God's right hand for ever. And the issue of this comparison is that the conclusion of the Apostle is anticipated by tho Psalmist, and, not as the result of misguided impulse, but of calm and deliberate conviction, that conclusion is that "the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us." "As if the Psalmist had said," writes the pious Prelate last quoted, "Hear, therefore, the conclusion of the whole matter. Let others, dazzled by the blaze of worldly prosperity, forsake God, to obtain a share of it; or murmur against Him because they cannot attain it. I am persuaded it now is, and finally will be, 'good,' delightful, profitable, and honourable 'for me to draw near,' and join myself ' to Him'; which, in this life, I can do no otherwise than by believing and hoping in His holy name: 'I will put my trust in the Lord God,' and excite others to do the same, by 'declaring His works' and dispensations, that all may perceive what an amazing difference will one day be made, between him who hunteth after the creature, and him who loveth the Creator."

(To be continued.)

LIFE AND WRITINGS OF CESAR MALAN.

Life, Labours, and Writings of Ceesar Malan, Minister of the Gospel in the Church of Geneva, Doctor of Divinity, and Pastor of L'Eglise du Temoignage. By one of his Sam. London: Nisbet and Co., Berncrs Street. 1869.

(Concluded from page 599.)

Malan had now ceased to be a member of the National Church of Geneva. It was the Church, however, which had cast off Malan, not Malan the Church. Having abdicated her own proper function, to preach Christ's Gospel in its purity, she insisted on a like unfaithfulness on the part of her clergy, who were consequently reduced to the painful alternative, either of separating from the visible Church to which they had hitherto belonged, or abandoning their duty to Him who is the head of all Churches, and consenting to the'suppression of His truth. Gladly would such men keep both; but if this cannot be, and because of their contrariety, one or the other—the truth of God, or the Church of their fathers—must be surrendered, then there can be no hesitation; at whatever cost, the Lord's truth must be retained.

It is considered by many at the present day, that the character of its testimony is not an essential element of a Church; and that a Church may be apostolic, although it has ceased to be apostolic in doctrine. The Church of Rome has long ceased from apostolical doctrine and teaching. Not only does she not teach the Gospel, but she anathematizes such as do. Yet she assumes to be the Church exclusively, and numbers there are who admit her pretensions. With weak minds there is nothing so convincing and irresistible as assumption; and the more arrogant the claim, the more readily it is conceded. Our forefathers were not thus weak-minded. They steadfastly resisted the pretensions of the Church of Rome. Whatever else she might claim to have, this they knew she had not—the truth of God; and whatever else she had, or assumed to have, in the absence of that, was, in their estimation, valueless. They no more regarded her as a true Church, than they would have thought of regarding a tomb, because of its splendid exterior, as an habitation of living men.

When a Church ceases to testify for Christ, and sets its seal to this contumacy by persecuting such of her members, whether clerical or lay, as desire to be faithful in this great duty, then separation from her becomes unavoidable. She may repent of her unfaithfulness, and, by returning to her allegiance, afford an opportunity of recommunion to those who, in the discharge of their Christian duty, and in vindication of their Christian liberty, had left her; but meanwhile, as followers of the Saviour, they" must, as they have opportunity, testify for Christ, and if they be not permitted to do this within the Church to which they have hitherto belonged, they must, like Malan, go without, that they may be free to do it. For, otherwise, if they acquiesce in the restriction, how is the Gospel to be preached? If all the witnesses submit themselves to a voluntary imprisonment, how shall they go forth to testify? Then indeed might Rome sing her Jubilate, and raise her splendid structures as memorials of her victory over truth. But no! this can never be; God's people may for a time be silenced by coercion, but never by consent or tame submission. The witnesses may be slain, but they shall rise again.

This must be done—in whatever way, or by whatever means —the Gospel must be preached; if regularly, and through the channel of settled institutions, well; but if they be unavailable, then by whatever means. If the conduit be obstructed or broken down, then by any other appliances, however unusual, let the supplies be conveyed. The waters must be brought down, for they are essential to life.

Everywhere, throughout the earth, until the salvation of God comes to his relief, man is in great need, "foolish, dis

Vol. CS.—No. 382. 5 B

obedient, deceived," victimized by sin. There is one remedy, one of God's providing, conceived by Him, wrought out by Him at a costly price, designed for universal use, and which, as the necessities of man are urgent, He has commanded to be made known widely and promptly. "He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him." What then shall befall those who withhold from perishing sinners the knowledge of Him who says, "I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger: and he that believeth on me shall never thirst." What shall be said of organisations, which, under the name and semblance of Churches, do, in fact, obstruct the Lord's truth? Must we do their bidding and be silent? Every Christian man has a mission — in his sphere, and according to the measure of his opportunities to give to the world that truth which, in his own case, he has proved to be the great restorative. Especially is this true of those who have been ordained: they are under a vow and pledge to preach Christ publicly, and that vow they must fulfil. Loyalty to their Master, compassion for their fellow men, summons them to the fulfilment of this great duty.

Malan, then, was amply justified in the decision to which he came.

When, in December, 1819, Malan, having applied to the Town Council for permission to use one of the town churches, was refused, he resolved to build a chapel in his garden. This was, indeed, an arduous undertaking, for, when he commenced the work, he knew not how it was to be completed; he was without means :—

"At the first blows of the pick-axe, Felix Noeff, (who, at that time a soldier in the garrison, used to employ his leisure days in working for private families,) turned over in the soil a small piece of copper, which he carried to my father. It was a medal, with an effigy of a sower on one side, and the inscription 'Ejactura lucrum.' As he looked at the device, my father could not help recalling the words of the Psalmist, in which an abundant harvest is promised to him 'who goes forth weeping, bearing precious seed.' He remembered, too, the coin which Franke had found when he was laying the foundation of his orphanage.

"Indeed he had good need to look for the help of God upon his work. 'When I began,' he said, 'I had only £10 to count upon, a subscription given me by a brother in Ireland. The day that the medal was found I received unexpectedly, through the post, £24^ which the brethren at Wiirtemberg had forwarded to help me 'in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem.' This was, however, the only funds that he possessed for a long time, till, in the month of June, when, after my mother had tried in vain to persuade him to appropriate her property, he determined to sell his house for the benefit of the new chapel. As he was about to carry out his intention, however, he suddenly received abundant supplies from various quarters, addressed in each case to himself personally, and sent to aid him in his work.

"Let me mention an incident which he related to me by way of showing 'how effectually he was taught, in the whole affair, to rest on God alone.' He was in the midst of his building operations, and had to pay the architect a particular sum on a given day, when he received three letters by the same post. He hastened to open two of them, in the address of which he detected the handwriting of some friends he had relied npon for help ; but inside he found nothing but excuses, and even indirect censures of bis undertaking. As he showed them to my mother, with the simple remark that He who would not that we should make flesh our arm, would be sure to provide, she asked him to open the third. He did so, and found inside an order for £100, sent, with a few cheering words, by an entire stranger." (pp. 113, 114.)

Help will not be wanting to those whose one desire is to serve the Lord, and more especially in that branch of service which, so dear to our Lord's heart, he laid upon the heart of His people, when he said, "Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature." When the Church first went forth to the discharge of this great duty, it was numerically feeble, and destitute of worldly means. Yet it was helped, and the extent and reality of the work which was done by so feeble an agency remains on record for the encouragement of God's people in adverse times. The Church of Ireland has been sent forth ignominiously from the honoured position which it so long occupied. As a faithful Church, it testified to that Christianity of the Bible which the nation also, in the deliverance vouchsafed to it at the time of the Reformation, had learned to distinguish and appreciate. Protestant, then, in its convictions, it rejected the Church of Rome, because it was corrupt and disloyal in its testimony; and recognized, on both sides of the Channel, Churches scriptural in their doctrines and faithful in thejr testimony. What their forefathers set up, the present generation has pulled down, and in doing so has proved how grievously the nation has lost that discriminating faculty which enables men to distinguish between truth and error; and the Protestant Church of Ireland, disowned by the State, has been cast out. She has been not only dealt with as an outcast by the State, but has been spoliated of that which was her own —the revenues with which our ancestors had endowed her for the maintenance and propagation of our Lord's truth. Like Hagar, when she went forth with some bread and a bottle of water, that Church is dismissed to her future with a scant supply; but the sadness of heart which has been caused by this unlooked-for change, has poured itself forth in earnest prayer, and in answer to those prayers there shall be help.

She has the precious seed. Although weeping, let her go forth and sow it; and she too may take as her motto, "Ejactura lucrum." Casting her bread upon the waters, she shall find it after certain days; and in the spiritual harvest with which her labours shall be crowned, she will find more than a compensation for the worldly losses she has sustained.

Under the cornerstone of the building Malan placed

"A leaden box containing a parchment, which I myself removed when the building was taken down in 1804. The document, written in his own hand, ran as follows:—

"' In the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. O Eternal God! my God and Saviour; my heart is filled with joy for the mercy Thou hast bestowed on Thy servant in permitting him to build this church. I implore Thee to bless it with Thy sovereign grace, for the alone merits' sake of Thy well-beloved Son, Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, my Master.

"' 0 Lord, according to Thy promise, let Thy Name be there! Amen.

"' The Church of Geneva is desolate. The gospel is seldom heard in our midst. A deadly heresy is destroying souls. Christ is no longer woi'shipped as God eternal, manifest in the flesh, and His merits are likened to the merits of a creature.

"' The Lord has raised up in our city, for some years, preachers of the truth, who have withdrawn from the National Church.

"' God has had compassion upon me! I have been deprived of my collegiate appointment, and banished from the pulpit of my country because I was faithful to the ministry conferred upon me by man in 1820, and by the Lord in 1817.

"Without separating from the Church, I have now been preaching in this garden for a year and a half in a little chapel. Required for the accommodation of an increasing flock, this larger building will witness the glory of God, for He has erected it. It is my resolve to preach in it the gospel of Christ as embodied in the Confession of Faith of the Swiss Churohes.

"' Christians in Germany, (Stuttgardt, Leomberg, Metzingen,) in England, Scotland, Ireland, France, America, and Switzerland, have supplied the funds for its erection.

"' This corner-stone, which I pray God to erect spiritually on the Great Corner-stone wluch the builders rejected, has been laid by me and my house to the glory of the most Holy Trinity.

"' Cxsab Malan, "' Minister of the Church of Geneva.' "'Friday, 28M April, 1820.'"

It will be observed that, when he drew up this document, Malan was far from anticipating the secession to which, four years subsequently, he was constrained. On the contrary, he entertained the hope that the restrictions which compelled him to the building ot this chapel, would be eventually removed; and accordingly, up to tho year 1821, he invariably presented

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