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for, not silently assumed and taken for granted. Thus they had a real and substantial weight—a weight so real as to give them a real share in the responsibility of the choice. It would seem to be alike a corruption of the primitive practice to confine such choice absolutely to the clergy, whether bishop or pope, or to let it fall altogether into the hands of a lay-government. Both are of the nature of usurpations,—but the second has been a reaction from the first." (p. 212.)
Again, whilst deploring the exclusion of the laity, in the later ages of the Church, from "any actual participation in consultations of council or synod," Dr. iloberly writes thus :—
"And I cannot but think that the causes which have operated to exclude the lay-people from the direct participation which, in their degree, they might seem to have the right of claiming in the consultations of the Church, have operated also in a most baneful way to diminish their sense of responsibility in respect of Church truth, and of Church work in these later ages, and of their own position in regard to both. While they have been ineffectual in excluding them from indirect power —a power working with great and often very injurious effect even in the most sacred things—they have put them into a position which is at once more or less antagonistic to the clergy, and which has seemed to Bet them free from the responsibility which is really and inalienably theirs. And this, if it be so, is not only a heavy loss, but a terrible evi. It is a loss of sympathy, of union, and of strength, greater than can bo measured." (p. 132.)
We have already intimated that we are by no means prepared to concur in all the statements which are found in Dr. Moberly's Bampton Lectures. It is impossible, however, to peruse this volume without admiring the learning and the originality of the author. Theologians of all schools may learn much from a writer of such eminent distinction.
(1) The Resurrection. A Sermon preached in St. Mary'i Chapel, Brighton, on Sunday, August 8th, 18G9, on the Death of the Rev. Julius M. Elliott, M.A., Incumbent of the Chapel. By James Oarbett, M.A., Archdeacon of Chichester. Second Edition. Rivingtons, London, Oxford, and Cambridge.
• (2) The Christian's Death: A Sermon preached in St. Mary's Chapel, Brighton, on Sunday Evening, August 8th, 1869, on the occasion of the death of the Rev. Julius M. Elliott. By the Rev. Dr. Griffith. Simpkin, Marshall, § Co.
(3) Braise the assured Result of Prayer. A Sermon preached in the Church of St. John the Baptist, Move, on Sunday, August 8th, 1869, in behalf of St. Mary's Hall, upon the occasion of the lamented death of the Rev. Julius M. Elliott, M.A. By the Rev. Frederick Reade, M.A., Incumbent, Chaplain to His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. London: Rivingtons.
These Sermons were preached on the same day, and on the same occasion, viz., the sudden and deeply lamented death, by a fall from almost the highest point of the Sclircckhorn, of the Rev. Julius M. Elliott, the youngest son, and the successor at St. Mary's, Brighton, of its first and highly distinguished Incumbent, the Rev. Henry Venn Elliott.
Archdeacon Garbett's Sermon is preceded by a short and interesting account of Mr. Elliott's death, extracted partly from the "Daily News," and partly from the fellow traveller who joined him in the ascent of the Schreckhom.
The Archdeacon takes occasion to establish and to illustrate, with his characteristic elegance of diction, the doctrine of the Resurrection, from that portion of the Lesson appointed to be read in " The Order for the Burial of the Dead," which is contained in 1 Cor. xv. 3(5—« Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: and that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be." The preacher briefly alludes to the theory, on which he pronounces no opinion of his own, that there remains, after death, some organized part of the human body out of which shall spring the body of the resurrection. He continues thus :—
"Three things, meanwhile, are quite clear. (1) That somo portions of the body which has mouldered in the grave shall still remain in that which we shall be clothed withal, when our great and final change shall come; exactly as, in the tree or plant, some particles at least of the original seed are yet embodied and organized. (2) That though still entitled a body, the chango will be prodigious. It will far more surpass the Brat in strength and glory and fitness, as an instrument to the immortal spirit, than the flower and golden ear surpass the simple leaflet or formless seed. (3) That, therefore, what remains of the ancient body in the new shall be marvellously changed, though still may be the very same. Just as the diamond, the most sparkling and precious of all gems, is, nevertheless, only common charcoal metamorphosed into a strange beauty and an almost incredible glory; just as the ruby, again, is only common clay similarly transformed and crystallized; the lovely blossoms of the lily and the rose are of the same material as the vile root, only sublimated by the light and heat of the sun. Just so may bodies of glory, shining like the sun in his strength, and able to stand iu the presence of God without being consumed, be made out of these same frames of corruption to which, in our first and earthly life, our souls are tied." (pp. 15, 1(5.)
After a striking testimony to the sound and clear sense, tho exquisite sympathy, and the blamelessness of the whole life of Julius Elliott, the Archdeacon records the following interesting incident which happened the very day preceding that of his death; an incident which we transcribe with the greater satisfaction, inasmuch as it admits us in some measure into the secret of the source whence the great springs of Julius Elliott's life were derived, and shows us how, alike in the mountains of Switzerland as in tho discharge of his appointed duties in Brighton, he was the man of one Book.
"His life was a life both for and in Christ. It was thus he wrote to one of his sisters from Switzerland, on her birthday, only the day before his death:—' I do not know whether you feel as strongly as I do the longing to start perpetually afresh, unweighted by past failures, and with all the strength of new resolutions and bright hopes. The verse which most readily formed itself into a prayer for you on my lips this morning was this one in the morning's psalm, "Show the light of Thy countenance unto Thy servant, and teach me Thy statutes." The light to reveal the path of duty, and the rule of duty, and the light to comfort and reassure, seemed to me to contain a blessing not unworthy of a birthday, and one of which one would not weary throughout life.'' (pp. 21, 22.)
We will add only one more short extract from a Sermon which we heartily commend to the perusal of onr readers:—
"Wherever he went, there was an atmosphere of goodness and manifest holiness about him. All men loved him. The very guests at the table d'hiite at Grindelwald were heard to say, that if any were ready for a sudden call to death without warning, it was Julius Elliott." (p. 23.)
The following passages, extracted from the second of the Sermons mentioned at the head of this notice will convey a fair idea to onr readers of the nature of the testimony borne, by one who knew and loved him well, to the character of Julius Elliott:—
"He died a Christian. Tet what a life was his,—an inward life. I will not now speak at large upon his ontward life, though what a life it was to the very end! He has not described fully to any one his feelings as he ascended, that mountain that day. But I have read, months ago, his feelings as he ascended that terrible mountain, in comparison of which this was but a small matter. As he then made his way up by a route untrodden before, to the top of the Matterhorn, I know where hi» thoughts were, I know what his life was. ... I know that Julius Elliott was preparing his spirit for deeper, holier, more real communion with his Saviour, when he should come down to his place and common work in Brighton.. . . After having slept in the cave at the bottom of the Schreckhorn, he went with his companion up its heights in higher spirits than he had been seen before by his friend, .... and then, with his prayer-book over his heart, and prayer in his heart, with a prayerbook marked according to his own thoughts, and his own prayers for special persons, and his heart, the very temple for the Holy Ghost to dwell in,—as he went up, with his loved guido and his trusted, companion, his heart, I doubt not, was such as I know it was on the other occasion— meet for any change which might befall it. I have met him here in the streets of Brighton—he has been ready then. God met him in the heights of the Alps, and we doubt not, we have no reason to doubt, his heart was ready then."
Mr. Elliott had reached the summit, and one step only remained from the snow to the solid rock. In taking that step his foot slipped. The Sermon proceeds thus:—
"One slip, a rapid descent, faster and faster, silently, just leaving a trace in the white snow,—and in less time than I take to finish my sentence, while his body glides down to the earth, his spirit rises and stands in the presence of his God; purified by the blood of Christ, living in the power of the Spirit, seeing his Maker, and probably once more in the presence of that father whom he loved on earth, and that mother to whom he owed his existence, and the general assembly of the first-born in heaven."
One more extract from Dr. Griffith's Sermon must suffice :—
"His body, no longer tenanted by his spirit, distinctly marked as having had no lingering suffering, with no bone broken, lay resting on the icy glacier, until the kindly care of two bands of faithful mountaineers raised it from its snowy bed of death just in time for its peaceful interment, and their own safety. In this we see that God in his providence deals very tenderly with those who love him, for but a few minutes after the body was removed the very spot was covered by an avalanche of stones that either must have hid his body from the view of those who searched for it, or else have so mutilated it as to awaken the most painful feelings in our minds. 'Precious in the sight of the Lord, is the death of his saints.'"
We understand that Mr. Elliott had been accustomed to remark to friends upon the desirableness of a sudden death to those who were prepared to meet their God.
Our last extract is taken from Mr. Reade's Sermon, pp. 18,19:—
"Nor must I omit to mention that most affecting incident of the mourn: ful scene, when the Swiss pastcur, just before his body was being borne from the church to the spot which had been specially selected by the principal man of the place for its reception, close to the porch, addressed a few suitable words to all present; holding up in his hand, and pointing the earnest attention of the guides to it, the little Prayer Book which had been found in the pocket of our young friend, thickly underlined as it was throughout the Psalms and other parts, and containing also within its fold, on two or three stitched loaves, a few short prayers formed into a little service, which it was his constant habit to use while communing with his Saviour-God upon the mountains, and realizing His presence in tho awful grandeur of His works.
Hours of Sorrow Cheered and Comforted. Poems by Charlotte Elliott. London: J. Booth, Regent Street. 1869.—We feel that it would be altogether superfluous on our part to pronounce any opinion on the merits of Miss Elliott's Poems. It is but a small matter to say that wherever the English language is spoken or read, the name of Charlotte Elliott has become familiar as a household word, and that the Hymn, "Just as I am," has been translated into almost every European language. It is, we doubt not, an infinitely greater source of satisfaction to this highly gifted writer, to know that many a sick chamber has been irradiated by tho productions of her pen, and many a contrite penitent encouraged to plead in faith the fulfilment of the promise, "Him that cometh to Me I will in no wise cast out," and to adopt as his own the resolution expressed in the words of the well-known hymn to which we have already alluded:—
"Just as I am—of that free love,
O Lamb of God, I come 1"
The Roman Catholic clergy and political agitators of Ireland have lost no time in falsifying the predictions of those who imagined that the pacification and contentment of that portion of the Empire were to be the result of the disestablishment of the Irish Church. Fresh demands are urged with increasing violence of language, and we are distinctly told that there is to be no peace for English rulers until those demands are complied with. The Priests insist that education, though paid for out of imperial taxes, is to be placed under their control: and the agitators insist upon a complete reversal of the ordinary relations of landlords and tenants. Truly those who, like Mr. Gladstone, have announced as their principle of action that Ireland is to be governed according to Irish ideas, have no easy task before them. We can only say, that if ever that time should come, unless those ideas are very different from what they appear to be at present, we trust that England will have no share in the responsibility of governing. Great would be the evils, both to Great Britain and to Ireland, which would be the consequence of a repeal of the Union; but if the alternative be that British legislators are to register the decrees of the priests and demagogues of Ireland, the national prospects are most gloomy.
In England the great subject of interest during the mouth has been the results of the harvest. We have not yet recovered from the effects of the great commercial disasters of 1866. There is still a great want of confidence, which shows itself in the difficulty of finding employment for capital, and a consequent cessation in the demand for labour. Important, therefore, as is at all times a good harvest to the welfare of the community, it is especially important at the present time, in order that, in the approaching winter, when there will probably be scanty employment for a considerable portion of the population, the evil of dearness of bread may not be added to that of dearness of meat. We have reason to thank God that this is not likely to be the case. The harvest in this country, though not abundant, is not much below the average, and there is the promise of ample supplies both from America and the Continent.
The death of the Right Rev. Henry Phillpotts, D.D., Bishop of Exeter, at the age of 91, had it occurred some years ago, would have had a sensible effect upon the controversies of the day; but he had long outlived his generation, and the party of which he was once the standard-bearer.
The calm which has succeeded the uneasiness caused throughout France by the temporary illness of the Emperor of the French, has shown how much is believed to depend on a single life. A strong hand and a strong will are needed to hold the reins of power during the time required for what is fairly enough described as the " reconstruction of the Empire" through the operation of the late Senatus-consultum.
In Spain each succeeding month only reveals the difficulties with which a Regency has to contend, until a royal head of the government can be obtained. Fresh complications are now arising from the continued insurrection in Cuba, and the manifest tendency of things towards annexation to the United States.