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that directive and guiding Principle in us, which steers every Man's Soul; and when it holds a right Course makes him happy. And fo a nameless Author in Suidas explains it, ó onsdaics cidaiplov 31, a good and virtuous Man is happy ; for the very Name of Happiness plainly denotes, the having of a Man's Dæmon in good Case; now if that be every Man's own Soul, then he is Eudæmon, or happy, whose Soul is well. And no Man's Soul is well, as it ought to be, but his who is good and virtuous ; therefore that's the Man alone who is happy.
For Quæ Conditio rerum eadem da hominum, as Seneca writes; Such as the Condition of Things is; such is the Condition of Men. Now that's a good Ship, not which is finely gilded or carved, or which is laden with Rich and Royal Treasure; but which is firm and stable, whose Parts are closely joined together, so that it will admit sro Water ; which swims well in the Sea, and obeys the Rudder, and can bear up againft the Wind. In like manner, you call that a good Sword; not which hangs in a Golden Bélt, or whose Hilt or 'Scabbard is distinguished with Jewels; but which is sharp and strong, able to defend a Man against his Enemy. The like De
Van that is good for any thing. It is not one that is wealthy, and dwells in a fine House, and walks in pleasant Gardens (though these are Conveniencies and Ornaments of Life,) but he' that is firm and strong, like the Ship I spoke of, by virtuous Principles; that is obedient to clear Reason,
I. whereby he is to steer his Course; that can bear up against a Storm; and is so compact and all of apiece, that nothing can enter to endanger his Safety. This Man's Happiness depends on God, and on himself
. And as long as he adheres to God, and is compleatly furnished with those Divine Qualities which perfect his Blessed Nature, it is not in the Power of other Things to make him miserable. For he is as he should be; his Soul is in good condition, and therefore he is happy. But he must take great heed of any Flaw in his Goodness; any Infincerity and Lothness to comply with the Divine Will in sonie Parts of his Duty : For this will discompose and disorder him, whenfoever he reflects upon it. And then most of all, when he will
wish to be quiet and at Ease; in Time of any outward Trouble or Danger, when he will be sure to have this Addition to his Afflictions that he hath been false to God, and a partial Lover of Virtue. And therefore the Apostle, you see, uses a Word, which comprehends every Kind of Virtue, when he speaks of the State and Condition of Christian Spirits, whom he would have filled with the Fruits of Righteousness Not only one Sort of good Fruit, but all must grow in their Hearts; And these must not remain neither in their green and tender Age, but come to their full Bignels; and then they will certainly bring forth Abundance of Content, ment, and make us live in perpetual Peace.
For, ill, A Man's Heart being full of these, there will be ever fome or other of them to be
exercised, which will not give him Leisure to be troubled and vexed. And 2dly, The Exercise of every one of them, is the subduing or moderating of fome Passion, Affection, Desire or other, which is the Cause of his Discontent. Let us apply our selves then, to the serious and constant Exercise of having Consciences void of Offence towards God, and towards all Men. Upon which depends,
4. A Fulness of Hope, which flows likewise from the former : It being the Promise that Christ hath made to those that love him and obey him, that they shall live with him eternally. This Promise is so certainly true, that if we be filled with all Goodness, and the Fruits of the Spirit, then we may have a full Assurance of Hope also, which these Hebrews are exhorted to. bold fast unto the End, Chap. vi. 11. And what is there, that can give our Souls a greater Fulness? What will more effectually exclude all Sense of Want and Emptiness, than the full af surance of Hope, which our Lord hath wrought in us. This is Riches enough; this is a vast Treasure, when the Heart is big with it, and on very good Reasons persuaded, that this Hope of Eternal Bliss will not make it ashamed. What can it desire more, what can it long for, but only to be filled more and more with this good Hope, through the Grace of God in Christ Jesus ? The Sails of a Ship are not more swelled with a fresh Gale of Wind, nor the Channels of Water more raised at full Sea, nor the Air more full of Light when the Sun shines, than that Soulis
filled, satisfied, and, as it were, swoln with ins ward Comfort, which feels these good 'Hopes in God grow strong within it, and earnestly expects the Glory of the Lord Jesus. There is room then for no other Desire, but only that it may have a greater Fulness, as I said, of this Blessed Hope: And so it shall
, by the means of that Grace, which first introduced it. For you may observe, what a Connexion there is between all these Things, and how they are interwoven one' with another. A Sense of Christ's great Love to us, and a Sense of our true Love and Dutifulness towards him, begets Hope in us. This Hope doth exceedingly chear' and refrefh the Heart: And this again begets more Love to our Lord, and makes us more constant in every good Work ; which will again be the Nurse of Hope, and more abundant Comfort Read those Words of the Apostle, 2 Thef. ii. 16, 17: Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God even the Fatber, who batb loved us, and given us everlasting Consolation, and good Hope through Grace, comfort your Hearts, and establish you in every good Word and Work.
Where you see, the Love of God is the Fountain of our Hope ; and the God of Hope (i. e. who hath given us good Hope ) is he that comforts Christian Souls, and also establishes them in Obedience to him: And consequently Obedience being confirmed, Hope must needs receive a new Stability therewith." For he that doth so much to make us obedient, cannot fail, we may think, to do more, when we are such
as he would make' us. He will take a Delight in what he himself hath wrought, and perfect his own 'Image, not only in Wisdom and Goodness, but in Bliss and Happiness
. And indeed, besides all this, there is,
5. A Fulness of Joy which the Scripture speaks' of, Joh. xvi. 24. Hitherto have you asked nothing in my Name : Ask, and you shall receive, that your Foy may be full. The Joy that they had since Christ was revealed, exceeded all that was before : But after he went to Heaven, and was possessed of his Throne, and became the Lord of all; it arose to a greater Height, and filled the Souls of those who believed on him, with sweeter and more abundant Confolation. And this Joy arose out of the former Things which I have mentioned, and several other Causes. As,
ift. From the Fulness of Wisdom and Understanding, which was communicated to them, aecording to that Passage of St. John, 1 Epift
. Chap. i. 4. These things write I unto you, ibat. your Joy may be full; i. e. Those Things which they had seen, and heard, and handled of the Word of Life ; those Things which they were fure and certain of by their very Senses, the Apostles gave Notice of to others, that they might have the fuller Joy in Christ Jesus. There is an extraordinary Delight, which the Mind takes in Knowledge: But as much as the Knowledge of Christ exceeds all others, with so much greater Pleafure must it needs rayish' the Understanding of those in whom it is. It is impossible but their Spirits should overflow with Joy, when