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which events, the history of his life is neces- boen hitherto kept back, notwithstanding resarily and intimately connected, as indeed it peated inquiries and applications. It is, therealso is, much more than is generally known, fore, once more earnestly requested, that all with the state of literature and the elegant arts. persons who call themselves the friends or adSuch a subject of biography cannot be dismis- mirers of the late Edmund Burke, will have sed with a slight and rapid touch; nor can it the goodness to transmit,, without delay, any be treated in a manner worthy of it, from the notices of that, or of any other kind, which information, however authentic and extensive, may happen to be in their possession, or within which the industry of any one man may have their reach, to Messrs. Rivington ; a respect accumulated. Many important communica- and kindness to bis memory, which will be tions have been received, but some materials, thanksully acknowledged by those friends to which relate to the pursuits of his early years, whom, in dying, he committed the sacred trust and which are known to be in existence, have of his reputation.

ADVERTISEMENT TO THE PRESENT EDITION.

A NEW Edition of the Works of Mr. The orthography has been in many cases Burke having been called for by the Public, altered, and an attempt made to reduce it to the opportunity has been taken to make some some certain standard. The rule laid down slight changes, it is hoped for the better. for the discharge of this task was, that when

A different distribution of the contents, ever Mr. Burke could be perceived to have while it has made the volumes more nearly been uniform in his mode of spelling, that was equal in their respective bulk, has, at the considered as decisive; but, where he varied, same time, been fortunately found to produce a (and as he was in the habit of writing by dicmore methodical arrangement of the whole. tation, and leaving to others the superintenThe first volume contains those literary and dance of the press, he was peculiarly liable to philosophical works by which Mr. Burke was variations of this sort) the best received auknown, previous to the commencement of his thorities were directed to be followed. The public life as a statesman, and the political reader, it is trusted, will find this object, too pieces which were written by him becween much disregarded in modern books, has hero the time of his first becoming connected with been kept in view throughout. The quotations the Marquis of Rockingham, and his being which are interspersed through the works of chosen Member for Bristol. In the second Mr. Burke, and which were frequently made are comprehended all his speeches and pamph- by him from memory, have been generally lets from his first arrival at Bristol, as a can compared with the original authors. Several didate, in the year 1774, to his farewell address mistakes in printing, of one word for another, from the hustings of that city, in the year by which the sense was either perverted or 1780; and also what he himself published obscured, are now rectified. Two or three relative to the affairs of India. The remain- small insertions have also been made from a ing two comprize his works since the French quarto copy corrected by Mr. Burke himself. revolution, with the exception of the Letter to From the same source something more has Lord Kenmare on the Penal Laws against been drawn in the shape of notes, to which are Irish Catholics, which was probably inserted subscribed his initials. Of this number is the where it stands from its relation to the subject explanation of that celebrated phrase, “the of the Letter addressed by him, at a later swinish multitude :" an explanation which was period, to Sir Hercules Langrishe. With the uniformly given by him to his friends, in consame exception, too, strict regard has been versation on the subject. But another note paid to chronological order, which, in the last will probably interest the reader still more, as edition, was in some instances broken, to insert being strongly expressive of that parental affecpieces that were not discovered till it was too tion which formed so amiable a feature in the late to introduce them in their proper places. character of Mr. Burke. It is in “Reflec

In the Appendix to the Speech on the Nabob tions on the Revolution in France," Vol. III. of Arcot's Debts, the references were found to where he points out a considerable passage as be confused, and, in many places, erroneous. having been supplied by his “ lost son.” SeThis probably had arisen from the circum- veral other parts, possibly amounting all togestance that a larger and differently constructed ther to a page or thereabout, were indicated in Appendix seems to have been originally de- the same manner ; but, as they in general signed by Mr. Burke, which, however, he consist of single sentences, and as the meanafterwards abridged and altered, while the ing of the mark by which they were distinspeech and the notes upon it remained as they guished was not actually expressed, it has were. The text and the documents that sup not been thought necessary io notice them port it have throughout been accommodated to particularly. each other.

VINDICATION

OF

NATURAL SOCIETY:

OR, A VIEW OF

THE MISERIES AND EVILS ARISING TO MANKIND

FROM EVERY SPECIES OF

ARTIFICIAL SOCIETY.

IN A LETTER TO LORD

BY A LATE NOBLE WRITER.

1756.

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