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served, that the second commandment is reverence the Blessed Virgin, who was altogether omitted, as well as the fourth, distinguished for her humility and piety, for which last is substituted the Pope's and who enjoyed the exalted honour of command, to "remember to keep holy being the mother of our blessed Lord. the festivals," (that is, the festivals of And we should imitate her holy example, the Romish Church,) which he has set and bless God for the benefit of it; cnapart for idolatry and idleness, but which deavouring, as she did, to hear the word God has set apart for LABOUR; while the of God and keep it, and to do his will. seventh day, which God has commanded But to invoke her mercy, or to offer up us to keep holy, is not even mentioned to prayers through her mediation, and so to " remember."

render to her divine honours, this would It were not difficult to multiply ex- be most impious idolatry and presumptuamples similar to those above given, of ous insult to that Divine Saviour, who is the worship actually paid to the Blessed the ONLY “ Mediator between God and Virgin Mary in other countries where Popery is dominant, and the pure word We have already seen, that the attriof God consequently is excluded. But butes and titles of Deity are, by the rethe preceding instances will suffice to puted saints and doctors of the Romish accomplish the object which we have in Church, given to the Virgin Mary. We view, viz., to show, from the writings of are tempted to trespass a little further on reputed saints and doctors, and from the the attention of our readers, while we lay Breviary, and other manuals of devotion before them a series of PROOFS, that authorized by the bishops of the Romish similar attributes and titles have, without Church, her real tenets, and, from credi- any qualification, heen given to the popes ble testimony, her actual practice, with or chief bishops of the Latin Church at regard to the worship of the Virgin Mary. Rome; not one of whom is recorded to “All which (to borrow the appropriate have protested or reclaimed against the and forcible language of the eminently ascription of such divine titles or attrilearned and pious Archbishop Usher*) butes to himself. Our proofs are drawn we do lay down thus largely; not because from the proceedings of the Romish we take any delight in rehearsing those Councils, from the canon law, and from things which deserve to be buried in the treatises of well-known writers and everlasting oblivion; but, first, that the defenders of the pretended Papal supreworld may take notice what kind of macy. monster is nourished in the Papacy, Cardinal Bellarmine, the great oracle under that strange name Hyperdulin, and defender of the Romish Church, the bare discovery whereof, we are per- boldly and unblushingly asserts, that “all suaded, will prevail as much with a mind the names, which in the Scriptures are that is touched with any zeal for God's given to Christ, whence it appears that honour, as all other arguments and autho- he is above the Church-all these same rities whatsoever; secondly, that such names ARE GIVEN TO THE Pope."* In unstable souls, as look back unto Sodom, his treatise, De Romano Pontifice," and have a lust to turn back unto Egypt again, may be advised to look a little inio

* “Omnia nomina, quæ in Scripturis tributhis sink, and consider with themselves,

untur Christo, eadem omnia tribuuntur Ponwhether the stream that ariseth from tifici.” De conciliis et ecclesiâ, book ii. ch. thence be not so noisome that it is not to 17, in Disputationes Roberti Bellarmini, Carbe endured by one that hath any sense

dinalis. Tom. ii. p. 95. D. Parisiis, 1608 : left in him of piety; and, thirdly, that fol. We purposely quote this edition, because such as be established in the truth may

it professes to be enlarged and amended

from the book of corrections published at be thankful to God for this great mercy Rome by the author in 1607,"—"

;"_" plurimis vouchsafed unto them."

locis aucta et emendata ex correctorio libello Highly, indeed, should we esteem and ab auctore vulgato. Romæ. 1607." This edi

tion of Bellarmine's Disputationes, therefore,

expresses the approved sentiments of the Pa* "Answer to a Jesuit," pp. 429, 430. pal see.



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(book ii., ch. 31, *) Bellarmine has given which is in force to this day in all countries a long catalogue of these titles, which our where Popery is dominant:-“It is shown

with sufficient evidence, that the Pope (who, limits will not permit us to abridge; and

it is clear, was called God by the pious prince the names and titles given to Jesus Christ Constantine) cannot be bound or loosed by in the New Testament are so numerous, the secular power; and it is manifest that God that we can only select a few of the prin- cannot be judged by man."* cipal. To these, however, we request those whom the Roman Pontifi (who is not

(4.) “It is not man, but Gon, who separates the attention of our readers.

the vicegerent of man, but of the true God DIVINE TITLES GIVEN TO THE POPES OF ROME. upon earth), weighing the necessities and the I GOD- In the Scriptures given to Christ.

good of the churches, unbinds not by a human, Tit. ii. 13.-The Great God. 1. Tim. iii.

but by a DIVINE AUTHORITY.”+ 16.—God manifest in the flesh. Acts xx. 28.

(5.) Saint Alphonso Liguori, having been The Church of God which he hath purchased with

nominated by Clement XIII. to the bishopric his own blood. Rom. ix. 5. Christ

of St. Agatha de'Goti, at first declined to accept who is over all God, blessed for ever more.

it, to which refusal the Pope at first was dis

posed to accede. Subsequently, however, he The same by the Romanists given to the retracted his acceptance of Liguori's refusal, Pontiffs.

alleging that “the Holy Ghost had inspired (1.) Among the inscriptions on the tri

him to do the contrary. On this determinaumphal arches raised at Rome in honour of tion of the Pope being communicated to him, the profligate Roderigo Borgia (who obtained

Liguori exclaimed, “ It is the will of God. The the papacy by a majority of votes obtained by voice of the Pope is the voice of God!!!! simoniacal promisest) at his inauguration as

(6.) Mauro Boni, in the dedication of his pope, by the name of Alexander VI. was the “Essay on the Studies of the father Luigi following :

Lanzi 10 Pope Pius VII.,” the restorer of the • Rotne was great under Cæsar: now she is greatest:

order of Jesuits, thus terms him God: Alexander VI. reigns; the former was a man; this, a TO PIUS VII. CHIEF PONTIFF. God.'11

AN EARTHLY GOD.S (2.) Christopher Marcellus thus addressed the fraudulenily and simoniacally elected

(7.) Among the thirty-five articles of Popish military Pope Julius II. (whose extravagant

faith found in the pocket of the Irish rebel passion for war and bloodshed is said to have priest Murphy, who was killed at the battle of caused the death of not fewer than 200,000

Arklow, were the following:—“ 3d. We acmen) in the fourth session of the fifth Lateran

knowledge the supremacy of the holy father, Council, in the year 1512:—" For thou art the

the Lord God the Pope, and that he is Peter's

successor in the chair. 14th. We are bound shepherd: thou art the physician ; thou art

to believe that Christ's Vicar, our Lord God the governor ; finally, THOU ART ANOTHER GOD UPON EARTH."

the Pope, can absolve all men (heretics ex(3.) The appellation of Gon is given to the Pope in the canon law of the Romish Church,

• Satis evidenter ostenditur, à seculari potestate nec ligari prorsus nec solvi posse

pontificem, (quem constat a pio principe ConBellarmin. Disputationes, tom. i., pp. stantino Deum esse appellatum), nec posse 695-697.

Deum ab hominibus judicari manifestum est." † Few men ever equalled this infallible

(Gratiani Decretum. Prima Pars, Dist. xcvi., pontiff in debauchery. At the time of his ele

c. vii., p. 293, apud Corpus Juris Canonici. vation to the pontificate he had only five ille. Lugduni, 1591. 4to.) gitimate children; and the whole of his go- † “ Non enim homo sed Deus separat, quos vernment was one continued series of atrocious

Romanus Pontifex, (qui non puri hominis sed crimes for their aggrandizement. At length veri Dei vices gerit in terris,) ecclesiarum he met with the reward of his crimes: by the

necessitate vel utilitate pensata, non humana righteous retribution of Divine Providence, sed divina potius AUCTORITATE dissolvit.” the iniquitous career of this monster of ini

(Decretales D. Gregorii Papæ IX. suæ integquity, and of his illegitimate son, the impious ritati una cum glossis restitutæ, ad exemplar cardinal Cæsar Borgia, was terminated in the Romanum diligenter recognitæ. Parisiis. 1612, year 1503, by that poison which they had pre- cum licentia ; page 205, B. C.). pared for others.

^ " Lives of St. Alphonso Liguori,” &c., ur esare magna fuit, nunc Roma est maxima: Sertus Regnat Alexander: Mle, vir: ísle, Deus"

page 28. London, 1839. 12mo. Corio, Storia di Milano. Signature R. iiii. a.

§ PIO VII. PONT. MAX. Milano. 1503; folio.

TERRESTRI. DEO. $ " Tu enim pastor, tu medicus, tu guber- Saggio del studii del P. Luigi Lanzi......... nator, tu denique alter Deus in terris." (Lab- scritto dal suo discepolo P. Mauro Boni. bæi et Cossart. Sacrosancta Concilia., tom. Venezia dalla Tipografia di Alvisopoli. 1 Genxiv., page 109. D.)

naro. 1815. 8vo.



cepted,) and has given the like power to all Agreeably to this address, Antony Pucci his inferior clergy.”.

applied to Leo X. the prediction relative to II. Savioun.- In the Scriptures given to Christ.

the Messiah, in Psalm Ixxii. 11.

“ As if that prophetical saying ought again Luke ii. 11.- Unto you is born this day, in to be fulfilled in thee, the only true and legitithe city of Duvid, a SAVIOUR, which is Christ

mate Vicar of Christ and of God: all the the Lord. John iv. 42.- This is indeed the kings of the earth shull worship him, all nations Christ, the Saviour of the world. Acts v. 31.

shall serve him.'-Him hath God exalted to be a Prince and a Saviour. Tit. i. 3.- According to the com

IV. The Lord's Christ. In the Scriptures mandment of God our Saviour.

given to Christ.

Luke ii. 26.- That he (Simeon) should not The same by the Romanists given to the Pontiffs. see death before he had seen the Lord's Christ.

Simon Bengnius, Bishop of Modrusch, in (Authorized version.)—In the Anglo-Popish the sixth session of the fifth Lateran Council

, version it is rendered, the Christ of the Lord.t gives this appellation to Pope Leo X.:-“ Be.

Non visurum se mortem, nisi prius videret hold, God hath raised up for thee a Saviour,

CARISTUM DOMINI. (Latin Vulgate.) who shall save thee from the hands of the

The same by the Romanists given to the Pontiffs. spoiler, and shall deliver the people of God

Cardinal Giovanni Hieronymo Albani asout of the hands of those who persecute them. We have expected thee, 0 most blessed Leo, Potestate Papæ et Concilii

, where, in the sum,

cribes this title to the Pope in his Tractatus de as the Savioun that was to come.”+

mary of contents of $ 169 (fol. 67, b) we read III. KING OF KINGS.

:- In the Scriptures given to absolutely that

The Pope is the Lord's Christ.
Rev. xvii. 14.-For he is Lord of lords, and

And in $ 169, we read as follows:-“ What, KING OF KINGS. Rev. xix. 16.-KING OF KINGS

therefore, will those persons say, who affirm and Lord of lurds.

that the Pope, WHO IS Tue Lord's Curist, The same by the Romanists given to the Pontiffs. may be deposed for any notorious crime ? Balthasar del Rio, Prothonotary of the Apos

Let them beware, I beseech you, lest they tolical See, thus apostrophized Leo X. at the

fall into that saying: 'Woe unto them that seventh session of the same Council:

call evil good, and good evil: that put dark. “Like the lion, the king of quadrupeds, thou

ness for light, and light for darkness.' ” -another lion-not another king of men only. V. Lion of the Tribe of JUDAs axd Root op but made the KING OF KINGS, and monarch of David.- In the Scriptures given to Christ. the whole earth, wouldest bring back, allure, Rev. v. 5.-Behold! the LION OF THE TRIBE and recall to thy fold other sheep which are

OF JUDAH, THE Root of David, hath prevailed not of this fold. Gird thyself, therefore, with

to open the book.- Ecce, vicit LEO DE TRIBU thy sword upon thy thigh, 0 most Mighty;" for

Juna, Radix David, aperire librum. (Latin thou also hast two swords—the spiritual and

Vulgate.) the temporal.”+

The same by the Romanists given to the Pontiffs. • Taylor's “ History of the Rebellion in the Simon Bengnius, Bishop of Modrusch, at County of Wexford," pp. 93, 94. This author was taken prisoner by the rebels, and provi- Quasi in te, uno vero atque legitimo dentially was delivered from being murdered Christi et Dei vicario, propheticum illud deby them. The articles of Popish faith, above buerit rursus impleri : ' Adorabunt eum omnes referred to, are also printed in Sir Richard reges terræ, omnes gentes servient ei.'” (Ibid. Musgrave's " Memoirs of the different Rebel- col. 236, E.) lions in Ireland,” vol. ii., pp. 437, 428.

| Page 1003 of the Dublin edition, 1825, + “Ecce suscitavit tibi Dous SALVATOREM, sanctioned by Dr. Murray, the Popish Titular qui salvabit te de manibus vastantium, et Archbishop of Dublin. populum Dei de manu persequentium libera- # “Papa est Christus Domini." bit. Te, Leo beatissime, SALVATOREM ventu- Quid ergo dicent illi, qui Papam, QUI rum speravimus." (Labb. et Cossart. Con- Christus DOMINI EST, pro quocunque notario cilia., tom xiv., col. 150, C.)

crimine deponi posse perhibent? Caveant, "Ceu leo rex quadrupedum, tu alter leo, obsecro, ne in dictum illud incidant; Veh hominum non alter rex tantum, sed REGUm vobis, qui dicitis bonum malum, et malum Rex et orbis terrarum monarcha effectus, bonum; ponentes lucem tenebras, et tenebras alias oves, quæ non sunt de hoc ovili, ad tuum lucem.'" Albani, Tractatus de Potestatæ ovile reduceres, alliceres, revocares. "Accin. Papæ et Concilii, in “ Tractatus illustrium in gere, eryo, gladio tuo super femur tuum, utraque tum pontificii tum cæsarei juris facul. Potentissime :' nam et tu duos gladios habes, tate jurisconsultorem de Potestate Ecclesiasspiritualem ac temporalem.” (Ibid. col. 172, tice." (Tom. xiii., Pars. 1., fol. 71 b. Venetiis. A. B.)





the sixth session of the fifth Lateran Council, tians for the space of ten years at least; and A. D. 1513, applied these very titles to Leo X. bind kings in the fetters of the greatness of * But weep not, Daughter of Zion : 'for, be- the great king; and bind the nobles fast in hold, THE LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH, THE the iron manacles of censures: FOR ALL Roof of David, cometh.' "* This title, “ Lion OF THE TRIBE OF Judah," was also arrogated EARTH.'". to himself by Leo X. in a very rare votive medal, engra by the Jesuit Bonanni, in his

This is no rhetorical flourish: it is in Medaliic History of the Popes, who has com- perfect unison with a decree of the Rommented upon it. It represents an angel bring. ish canon law issued by Boniface VIII., ing a crown, which he is putting upon the in which he

says:-head of a lion, with the inscription, VICIT LEO DE TRIBU JUDÆ.the Lion of the “Moreover, we declare, say, define, and protribe of Judah hath prevailed. (Numismata

nounce it to be altogether of necessity to salPontificum Romanorum à Philippo Bonanni vation, FOR EVERT HUMAN CREATURE TO BE Romæ, 1690. Tom. i. pp. 167, 168.) In page SUBJECT TO THE Popx or Rome.”+ 168 he adduces other instances in which this appellation of the Redeemer is given to Leo X. by Leo X. in his bull, read to, and passed

This decree was renewed and approved VL The Good SHEPHERD:- In the Scriptures by, the fifth Lateran Council, “with the given to Christ.

approbation of the present holy council,” John X. 14.-I (said Jesus Christ) am THE

“sacro præsenti concilio approbanto.”I

Boniface VIII., however, was not the The same by the Romanists given to the Pontiffs. author or inventor of this monstrous pro

"Ego sum Pastor Bonus” (Latin Vulgate); position; he was indebted for it to one of I an THE GOOD SEEPHERD, is the title ascribed

the reputed saints of the Romish church to himself by Innocent XI. in a medal described by Bonanni. (Tom. ii., page 741.)

Saint Thomas Aquinas. In the first

of his treatises against the Greeks, adWere we not apprehensive lest we

dressed to Pope Urban IV., chap. 23, should weary our readers' attention, we

(which is a series of inferences deduced might adduce many other instances in by him, from the two preceding chapters,) which the Divine Titles attributed to our he not only asserts that “it is necessary to Blessed Saviour are given to the sinful salvation' to be subject to the Pope of mortals called Popes. But we cannot Rome,” but also thai - Peter is the Vicar conclude this topic without laying before of Christ, that the Pope of Rome is the them proofs of two important facts, viz.,

successor of Peter in the same power that OMNIPOTENCE, which is the peculiar which was conferred on him by Christ, attribute of God our Saviour, and also re

and ..... that it belongs to him to deligious honour-usually termed ADORA

termine what is of faith."'S TION—are given to the Popes. OMNIPOTENCE.—“All power is given

“Arripe ergo gladium DIVINE PROTESto me in heaven and in earth,(Matt. Tatis bis acutum; et jube, impera, et manda, xxviii. 19,) said Jesus Christ to his Apos- ut pax universalis et colligatio per decennium tles; and this very attribute of Deity was

inter Christianos ad minus fiat; et reges ad id given by the Archbishop of Patras to

in compedibus magnitudinis magni Regis liga,

et nobiles in manicis ferreis censurarum conPope Leo X., at the tenth session of the

stringe, ' QUONIAM TIBI DATA EST OMNIS POT ESfifth Lateran Council, in 1515. Address- Tas IN CELO ET IN TERRA. (Labb. et Cosing that Pontiff, who, though a patron of sart. Concilia., tom. xiv., p. 271. D. E.) literature, was eager in the acquisition of

† “ Porro subesse Romano Pontifici omni money, studious of military warfare, and humanæ creaturæ (some copies read hu

manam creaturam) declaramus, dicimus, dedevoted to sensual pleasure, games, amours

finimus, et pronuntiamus, omnino esse de neand hunting, the orator says:

cessitate salutis. (Extravagantes communes, a Seize, therefore, the two-edged sword of

lib. i. tit. 8, cap. 1, p. 192 B. Parisiis, 1612.)

# Labb. et Cossart. Concilia., tom. xiv., p. DIVINE POWER delivered unto thee; and en

313, A. join, command, and charge, that an universal

$ “Ostenditur etiam, quod Petrus est Christi peace and alliance be concluded among Chris

vicarius, et Romanus Pontifex Petri successor

in eadem potestate ei a Christo collata ........ “Sed ne fleveris, filia Sion; quia ecce Quod ad eum pertinet determinare quæ sunt venit LEO DE TRIBU JUDÆ, Radix David.” fidei.(Aquinatis Operum, tom. xix. p. 24, certain ceremonies, as at their election." I ...“Quod subesse Romano Pontifici sit de necessitate salutis.”—Ibid. p. 25.)


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Want of space forbids us to exhibit tence in determining what are articles of even the briefest notice of the manner in faith, Pius IV., in the year 1564, prewhich the Roman Pontiffs have exer- sumed to add 10 the Nicene, or Constancised their usurped omnipotence in de- tinopolitan Creed, twelve new articles of posing kings, &c. &c. But we cannot faith, embodying all the anti-scriptural

. omit to state, that Cardinal Bellarınine and unscriptural dogmas peculiar to the was in perfect conformity with the dogma Romish church, which articles were pubof Aquinas, that it belongs to the Pope lished to the world only fifteen hundred to determine what are articles of faith and sixty-four years too late to be the rewhen he made the following extraordinary ligion of the TRUE Church of Christ. To assertion, which is a precious specimen be sure, these new modern articles have of Popish morality :

been and are schismatically opposed to a “ The Catholic faith teaches, that every vir- decree of the Catholic or Universal tue is good, that every vice is evil; but if the church, viz., that of the Council of EphePope should err in commanding vices or for sus, held A. D. 431, and subsequently bidding VIRTUES, THE CHURCH WOULD

confirmed by a decree of Council of VIRTUES EVIL, unless she wished to sin against Chalcedon, A. D. 451 (both which counconscience."*

cils Papists acknowledge to be General In order to evade the force of this as

Councils); when it was determined that sertion, advocates of Popery have urged “it should not be lawful for any one to that it is simply a link in a chain of

set forth, write, or compose, any other

argument. The fact, that they have had re

creed, or produce or present it to those course to such evasion, is admitted, but who are willing to be converted to the Bellarmine's statement is not the less an

knowledge of the truth, either from heaassertion for that reason: it is still, and thenism or from Jadaism, or from any ever will be, so long, at least, as his trea- heresy whatsoever: such persons, if tise is extant, an unblushing and posi- bishops, shall be deprived of their epistive assertion, that, if the Pope so com- copate, if clergy, of their clerical office."* mand it, all who are in communion with Such, however, is the credulity of uninhim are bound to believe,“ that vices are

formed Papists, that they implicitly begood, and virtues are evil,” unless they lieve whatever their pretended holy father wish to sin against conscience. Accord- and vicar of Jesus Christ chooses to imingly, in perfect conformity with this pre. Pose upon them, thus “teaching for doc. cious morality, the second of the thirty- trines the COMMANDMENTS OF MEN.". five articles of Popish faith, cited in page (Matt. xv. 9.) 73, teaches :

2. With regard to the ADORATION OF “ We acknowledge that they (that is, “our

The Pope, that we may not be charged Lord Gon, the Pope," " the holy primates, with misrepresentation or erroneous debishops, monks, friars, and priests," who had finition, we will adduce the definition of been mentioned in the first article, can make a French-not an Italian-canonist, who vice virtue, and virtue vice, according to their states that “the word "ADORATION' is pleasure.”+

used, when speaking of the religious In pursuance of this usurped omnipo- honours which are paid to the Popes in Venetiis, 1787.)

In the rubric of the Romish service on Fides catholica docet, omnem virtutem Good Friday, the adoration of the mateesse bonum, omne vitium esse malum: si rial cross is enjoined; and, in the eighth autem papa erraret PRÆCIPIENDO VITIA, VEL PROHIBENDO VIRTUTES, TENERETUR CREDERE VITIA ESSE BONA, VIRTUTES MALAS, Cossart. Concilia., tom. iii., p. 681. nisi vellet contra conscientiam peccare. (De Ro- † Durand de Maillane, Dictionaire de Droit mano Pontifice, lib. iv., cap. 5, Disput; tom. i., Canonique. (Tom. i. p. 101, col. 1. Lyons, p. 804, E.)

1776. 4to.) | Taylor's “ History of the Rebellion in the † “ On se sert egalement du mot d'ADORACounty of Wexford, p. 93. Sir Richard Mus. tion, en parlant des honneurs religieux que l'on grave's “Memoirs of the different Rebellions rend aux papas en certaines ceremonies, comin Ireland,” vol. ii., p. 437.

me dans leur election."


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