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Lord grant and impart the most plenary “That indulgences have been sold since and complete indulgence, remission, and the time of Leo X., for the commission of pardon of all their sins, to all the faith- the most profligate crimes, has been proved ful in Christ of both sexes, who are truly by the unimpeachable testimony of Rompenitent and have confessed, and who ish writers ;* and, that they have been have refreshed themselves with the holy sold, and the proceeds thereof applied in communion,-provided, if Romans, or aid of rebellion against the lawful soveinhabitants of the city, they shall have reign of Great Britain and Ireland, devoutly visited these churches of the the following anecdote from the history city, that of the blessed Peter and Paul, of the sister island will sufficiently attest. of St. John Lateran, and of St. Mary From the evidence communicated before Maggiore (or the greater), at least once a a committee of the Irish Parliament by day for thirty days, whether successive father John Hennesey, it appears that or interrupted, natural or even ecclesias- his holiness, Pope Benedict XIII., in tical; but if foreigners, or in any other compliance with the request of the Romrespect strangers, they must have de- ish Archbishops and Bishops of Ireland voutly visited these churches at least fif- (who had conspired with others of the teen days: provided also, that they shall Romish communion, to exterminate King have poured forth pious prayers to God George II. and the royal family, and to for the exaltation of the holy church, the place the Pretender on the throne), issued EXTIRPATION OF HERESIES, the concord his bull to facilitate their pious intention, of the Catholic princes, and the salvation and sent them an indulgence for ten years, and tranquillity of Christendom.” “Pro in order to raise a sum of money to be sanctæ Ecclesiæ exaltatione HÆRESIUM speedily applied to restore James III. to EXTIRPATIONE, Catholicorum Principum his right." This bull further enjoined concordia, et Christiani populi salute," “ that every communicant, confessing and are the identical expressions of the Papal receiving upon the patron days of every bull (p. 32. Paris edit. chez Adrien le respective parish, and any Sunday from Clerc, imprimeur de N. S. P. le Pape et the first of May to September, having de Mgr. l'Archevêque de Paris, 1824). repeated the Lord's Prayer five times,
“ It is curious to see how the clause for and once the Apostles' Creed, upon paythe extirpation of heresies appears in ing two-pence each time, was 10 have a the “Directions and Instructions, ad- plenary indulgence for his sins." Under dressed to all the faithful in the London this holy bull, it appears that the sum of District, published by the R. R. the Vi- fifteen hundred pounds sterling was cars Apostolic.” In the fourth condition ready to be remitted to the Pretender's required for gaining the Jubilee (p. 22) agent in Flanders, at the time the treais the visiting of certain churches, and sonable conspiracy was detected by the offering up prayers “for the exaltation of vigilance of the Irish government. (See the holy Catholic church throughout the the Journals of the House of Commons world ;-—for bringing back all straying of Ireland, vol. iv. part ii. Appendix, pp. souls to the ways of unity and truth; xlvi, xlvii. Proceedings on 19th Defor the peace and concord of Christian cember, 1733, fol.) That the scandalous princes; and for the general welfare of traffic in indulgences has been carried on all Christian people, both for time and in later times will be evident from the eternity.” Query. Did his holiness, " the following facts :" In the year 1709, a Sovereign Pontiff,” in his bull, dated De- Bristol privateer captured a vessel from cember 25, 1825, for extending the Jubi. lee, soften the original language above
* The testimonies of Romanist writers to cited, in order to accommodate himself to the sale of indulgences, may be seen in Bishop the genius of Englishmen? Or, was the Philpoli's Letters to Mr. Butler, pp. 151–153; clause for the EXTIRPATION of heresies or in Dr. Hale's Analysis of Chronology, vol. differently translated, lest it should offend "Taxatio Papalis; being an Account of the
ii., part ii., pp. 1019-1022; and especially in beiter educated members of the Romish Tax-books of the United Church and Court of church in the London district?
Modern Rome.”-(8vo. London, 1825.)
Spain on her passage for America, which Eucharist; condemns the recent ordinahad on board upwards of three millions tion of Mr. Carey, and sustains the Proof these bulls of indulgence, which were test of Drs. Smith and Anthon. On all to be sold to the people in America, at these themes Bishop Hopkins reasons various prices, from twenty pence for the with his usual calmness, dignity and poor, so high as eleven pounds for the strength; and nothing recently issued rich; and Captain Dampier told Bishop from the religious press in this country Burnet, that they were so numerous that is more deserving than his letters of his sailors used them in careening the serious and earnest attention. We have ship. In the year 1800, a Spanish ship space to quote only the statement of the from Europe was captured near the coast subject of the third letter—the doctrine of of South America by Admiral Harvey, the holy Eucharist. then captain of the Southampton frigate.
“For the purpose of stating the question There were on board large bales of paper, with all reasonable clearness, I shall first menvalued in her books at £7500. Ii was a tion, brietly, the principal varieties of doctrine matter of surprise to him to see them existing amongst Christian divines with regard rated so high, and to hear the master of to the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper; next the captured vessel speak of them with
show which amongst them is the chosen doc
trine of the new Oxford theology ; thirdly, great admiration : he examined them, point out the objections to it, from the Standand found them all filled with large ards of our mother Church, the writing of the sheets of paper, printed, some in Span- fathers, and, above all, the Scriptures; and, ish, and some in Latin, but all sealed fourthly, explain my meaning in saying, that
it is but little less open to animadversion than with the seals of ecclesiastical courts in
Transubstantiation itself. Spain or at Rome. These were indul
" The lowest view of the holy Eucharist, gences or pardons for various sins men- (passing over the Socinians,) is that which tioned in the Catholic rubric, and the owes its origin to Zuinglius, the celebrated price, which varied from half a dollar to Reformer of Switzerland. He taught that the
consecrated Bread and Wine were merely seven dollars, was marked upon each. They had been bought in Spain, and symbols of the Body and Blood of Christ, in
tended to be received in memorial of his death were intended for sale in South Ame- and sacrifice, but without any peculiar sacrarica. At Tortola, some Dutch merchants mental efficacy beyond the divine grace which bought the whole for £200, with the is accorded to every act of pious devotion. hope of being able to smuggle them
“The opposite extreme to this is the doctrine
of the Romanists, so familiarly known by the among the Spaniards in America.” (Ha- name of Transubstantiation. They maintain milton's Tracts on some leading Errors that the Bread and Wine, by virtue of the in the church of Rome, p. 68.)
priestly act of consecration, is converted into the natural, real and material Boily and Blood
of the blessed Redeemer, nothing of their forThe Novellies which Disturb our Peace: Four mer substance remaining, but only the out
Lelters addressed to the Bishops, Clergy and ward appearance, which they style, the species. Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in From the conversion of the substance of the the United States. By John Henry Hopkins, elements into the substance of our Lord's Body Bishop of the Diocese of Vermmt. One vol., and Blood, they significantly derive their term duodecimo. Philadelphia, H. Hooker, 1814.
Transubstantiation. They further hold, that
this is now the living Body of the Savour, Bishop Hopkins is one of the ablest
which is inseparable from his Soul and his theological writers of the present day, and Divinity, and hence the act of adoration is, of is preëminently distinguished for his pro- course, due to it. In the service of the Roman fonnd acquaintance with the dogmatic Mass, therefore, as the language is Latin, a lithistory of the first centuries, and all the
tle bell is rung to give the people notice that
the consecration is complete; and then the subjects of controversy between the Ro- priest lifts up the bread, and all bow down to man and the Christian churches. In the it in worship, as to the very person of Christ. letters before us he discusses the unlaw. The term Hostia (or lost,) which signifies the fulness of rebaprizing in the Episcopal sacrifice, is now appropriated to it, and in those church; the denial of the term Church
countries where the papal religion prevails, to other orthodox communities; the teach- (either to be given to the sick, or else in pro
and the Host is carried through the streets, ing of the Oxford divines in regard to the cession, on the day which they call Corpus
Christi,) every one without exception is com- ever, does not satisfy our Tractarian brethren. pelled to kneel down as it passes; and thus the For they contend that the power of priestly consecrated bread or wafer is regarded, not as consecration converts the elements, not merely a figure or emblem, but as an actual Deity. into the emblematic, symbolical, figurative, or The priest, accordingly, holds in his hands, as representative Body and Blood of Christ, but they suppose, the incarnate Creator and Re- into his actual and real Body and Blood, Soul deemer. When he breaks the Bread or wafer, and Divinity. They do, indeed, carefully reeach separate piece or even crumb, becomes fuse to define the mode of this presence, so as the whole Body, Soul and Godhead of the Sa. to differ, in terms, from the Church of England, viour; and when he puts the particle into the and they condemn the attempt at such definimouth of the communicants, each one receives tion, whether it be according to the tenet of it as being the actual, entire, and glorified Hu. Transubstantiation, or that of Consubstantiamanity and Divinity of the Lord Jesus Christ. tion. But although they censure these docI need not say to you, my brethren, that our trines yet they seem to accord with the RoChurch holds this to be formal idolatry, and manists in many important particulars, bethat sooner than acknowledge it, the Reformers lieving that the Body and Blood of Christ, of England welcomed the flames of martyrdom. (after a heavenly and spiritual manner) to
“A third doctrine of the holy Eucharist is gether with his Soul and Divinity, become prethat of the Lutheran Church, which adopted sent on the altar by virtue of the prayer of the tenet of Consubstantiation. Their great consecration, that the Redemer is there offerleader Luther maintained, ihat on the act of ed up by the priest as a real though unbloody consecration, the material Flesh and Blood of sacrifice, and that the Lord is received, whole the blessed Redeemer become united with the and entire, (although still uncorporeally) by Bread and Wine. He agreed with the Ro- every faithful communicant, from the hands of manists, in the notion of a real, carnal or cor- the officiating minister. poral presence of Christ in the Sacrament; he “Now it will be easily perceived that if this differs from them, however, in holding that the doctrine be true, there would be no idolatry Bread and Wine did not become converted whatever in adoring the consecrated elements, into the Body and Blood of the Saviour, but because the Lord Jesus Christ is supposed to remained as they were before; and hence the be actually in those elements, locally present term con-subsantiation, which was appropriat- under the sacramental veils, in all respects exed to his doctrine. Nevertheless he discarded cept the material or carnal one of Flesh and the Romish practice of adoring the Host, and Blood, included in the theory of T'ransubstanto show more plainly that no worship was in- tiation. It is evident, however, that this distended, he directed that the Communicants ference could not affect the question of worship, should receive it standing.
because it was not on account of his Flesh and “The fourth view of the Eucharist is that Blood that our blessed Redeemer was worwhich I have received as the doctrine of our shipped when he was on earth, but on account mother Church and of our own. According to of his essential Deity as the co-eternal Son of this interpretation, the elements of Bread and God: and, therefore, if the priest is able to Wine, by virtue of the act of consecration, be- cause that the Deity of Christ be present in the come the holy Symbols of the Body and Blood elements, it would not be idolatry, but true of our crucified Lord, being appointed to bear piety, to prostrate ourselves before him. As this emblematic character by his own express manifest it must surely be, that every particle commandment, in solemn remembrance of his of the sacred Eucharist becomes as divine, Cross and Passion for the redemption of man- upon the Tractarian, as upon the Roman kind. Thus far, we hold the same view with theory; the same fear of awful profanation Zuinglius. But in the more important ques- if a crumb or a drop should fall, the same tion of the inward and spiritual gruce received solemn reverence for the holiness of the altar in the Sacrament, we go incomparably farther; and the vessels, the same genuflexions on apbelieving that in the due reception of the re- proaching them, the same veneration for the presentative Body and Blood, the faithful com- priesthood to which such a marvellous preromunicant is made, by the Holy Spirit, a par- gative is given, and—if the express law of the taker, verily and indeed, of the Body and Blood Church did not forbid it-the same reservation of Christ, after a heavenly and Spiritual man- in the consecrated Pyx, and the same homage ner, so as to become mystically one with his to the Corpus Christi, in public procession, Divine Lord, and to strengthen the bands of would consistently follow. Nor am I able to that glorious incorporation more and more, discern what there would be left worth conwith each repetition of the Holy Communion; tending for, between the dootrine of Rome and, provided he approach with genuine repent- our own; for assuredly, after granting that ther ance, lively faith, and fervent charity, and eucharistic bread and wine contain the prethus come holy and clean to the heavenly feast, sent Deity of Christ, it would be very idle 10 in the marriage garment required by God in quarrel about the question, whether they were Holy Scripture.'
not transubstantiated into the very substance "This view of the sacred Eucharist, hown of his flesh and blood also."
A Statement of the Circumstances attending the from our public schools the Book which
Publication of the Bible with Rhemish Notes, is the Magna Charta of the world's liberin Dublin in 1813, and in Cork in 1818.. By, ties, and to introduce in its stead their the Rer. Robert J. M'Ghee. London : Published own corrupted and perverted editions, fur the Protestant Association, by Seeleys and until they may finally, as in all the counDalton.
tries under their full dominion, banish it It has ever been a prominent feature in altogether from the popular mind. Among the policy of the Romish Church to pre- the most earnest and eloquent opponents vent the reading of the word of God even of the papistical party in Great Britain, by her priests, and much more so by her was the Rev. Robert J. M'Ghee, an laymen. Instead of saying, "Search the Irish clergyman, who, in a speech deScriptures, for they are they which testify livered in Exeter Hall on the eleventh of of me," the language of her action has Joly, 1835, made such statements of the been, “ Bury the Bible, for it testifies principles held by the Roman hierarchy against us." When it was found im- in Ireland as will be exhibited in this ar. possible to prevent the gratification of ticle. Priests denied, bishops abjured, the curiosity of the learned, the Latin senators declaimed, and the press alterversion was permitted to be read in the nately ridiculed and raved, but his charges convents and in the universities ; and in were not disproved. One year after, at later periods the layman, also, by pay- the anniversary meeting of the Protestant ment of a price, could have liberty to Association in London, Mr. M'Ghee reopen the sealed book in his own language. asserted and re-proved all his statements ; When concealment was no longer practi- presenting fact upon fact, evidence upon cable, the printing of the Bible was al- evidence, until no man in the empire, no lowed, but with gross corruptions and matter what his politics or religion, could unwarrantable additions, and with notes call his positions in question. embodying the Roman doctrines and per- Before the first meeting of the Association verting the meaning of such passages as a document had been published, signed by were most palpably opposed in them. twenty of the clergy of Ireland, several of
During the discussion of the Reform them dignitaries of the Episcopal church, Bill in the British Parliament, this sub- informing the Roman bishops of the naject was brought prominently before the ture of the charges to be made, and inpeople by the English and Irish Protest. viting them to appoint any persons they ants, and many startling developments might select to defend their proceedings. were made which it behoves us Ameri- This was unnoticed. Before the second cans to ponder in the present crisis, meeting, a letter was addressed personally when the Romanists are seeking to drive to Dr. Murray, the Romish bishop, re
questing him to send any individual he implicated in them; and the honourable pleased to meet the case. This was also and learned member has thought proper disregarded. Dr. Murray's secretary, Mr. to decline the invitation. I submit, thereWoods, the compiler of the “Priests' fore, to my Roman Catholic friends who Directories," complained, that though an may be here, I submit to my Roman invitation was given, no provision was Caiholic friends in Ireland, whether any made to pay the expenses of any Roman unfair charge has been made against their Catholic priest who should attend. An instructors, and whether they have not offer was immediately made to pay the had the fullest and most ample opportuexpenses of any person authorized by Dr., nity of meeting every one of them. I Murray to represent him in Exeter Hall. call on them, as a Christian minister, soNo such person appeared. Mr. Woods lemnly to reflect, that the persons who also wrote to the committee, stating that have propagated these doctrines among an accusation had been inade, and that he them, as wiih the authority of God, have had not had an opportunity to defend refused to stand forward and answer for himself. The committee replied, inviting them, even before the judgment of their his presence, and offering to defray his fellows; and I suggest to my dear coun
, expenses. The invitation and the offer trymen, my Roman Catholic countrymen, were disregarded. Dr. Murray then com- whom I love in my soul, and whom, plained that his opponents were at a dis- in proportion to the love which I bear iance; and every charge which had been them, I mourn over, when I see them the made was recapitulated and condensed, victims of iniquity such as thisI call on in a leller addressed to him in the public them to lay their hands on their hearts, gazettes. He was told that the gentlemen to retire into their secret chambers, and who brought the charges were ready to to think, as in the presence of the Judge meet any individuals whom he would ap- of heaven and of earth, how doctrines and point, in Dublin, in the midst of his own principles shall stand before the bar of diocese. The letter was unanswered. God, which those who inculcate them
The persons who had made these dare not bring to the tribunal of human charges were denounced in the House of opinion. Cominons ; denounced from a quarter Mr. O'Connell was informed of the from which they had a right not to ex. object of this meeting; he was told that pect denunciation, and in the most illibe- certain facts respecting • Dens' Theoloral language. All the accusations that had gy' were to be mentioned; he was told been preferred were again recapitulated, that the Rhemish notes were to be in leviers addressed to the nobleman from spoken of; he knew all the facts concernwliom denunciation had emanated in the ing them; he was deeply implicated in Parliament; he was invited to bring the them; and he confessed, as you shall persons who made the charges against hear, their vast importance; he was warnihe Roman bishops, with their documents, ed on what he would have to answer; he to the bar ; as the liberties, properties and was allowed abundant time to prepare, lives of British subjects were at stake. and he has refused to appear: he has His lordship took no notice of the letter. suffered, as they say, judgment to go by Ile did not abstain from so doing on ac- default. The honourable and learned count of any tenderness to the accusers ; gentleman has given his reasons in a letperhaps his sympathies were awakened ter to the committee. for the accused. After recapitulating these “As to the neglect of courtesy on my circumstances, Mr. M'Ghee proceeded in part, to the venerable prelate, Dr. Murhis speech as follows:
ray,' of which he complains, perhaps I • Though last, not least, Mr. O'Con- must plead guilty to the charge; and if nell has been invited to come here this so, I cannot sufficiently deplore my own day, to meet the charges which have been loss in being deprived this day of the bedistinctly specified and distinctly stated to nefit of the instruction and the example him in ihe letter, and to defend not only of the honourable member himself. Oh! his church, but himself, who is personally Mr. Chairman, how you are to be envied !