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features of his creed even once alluded opinion, which is every where attempting to. Silence is not a crime; nor is it here the overthrow of civil and religious instia token of disrespect, for all denomina- tutions, and which the unblushing imtions are treated alike in this particular. pudence of some has held forth as even It is not the object of these books to dis- ihose of religion.” Such is “liberty of cuss sectarian questions, they contain conscience," as understood by the Papal among a thousand other subjects, the hierarch, and as expressed in his recent great principles of moral responsibility; encyclical letter, intended especially for but they do not discuss the peculiar forms the enlightenment and guidance of his which a man's faith may assume. To bishops and clergy in this country. exile these books, therefore, from our pub- Liberty of conscience is here denounced lic schools, would be a culpable disregard as a pestilential error, destructive of civil of the moral welfare of the young; an and religious institutions. Whether Bioutrage for which there is not even an shop Kenrick coincides in this opinion apology in the character of the books we know noi; but he is under an official themselves.
oath ever to submit his own opinions to It would seem that the Bishop can be those entertained by the infallible head of satisfied only with a general sweep of all his church. He cannot without violating religious books, and religion itself, in the terms of his commission, and the deed, from our public schools. First the sanctity of his official oath, actively disBible is to be thrown overboard, then sent from the decisions of the Papal See. the hymn book, then all works touching Entertaining then the sentiments which the great principles of religion, and then prevail at the high source of his authority, prayer itself is to be suppressed. What how utterly absurd and inconsistent are more could infidelity itself ask? Robert his objections to the present regulations Dale Owen laboured for years to establish of our public schools. All these wholein this country such schools as these. some rules and regulations are to be upWe did not listen to him, nor shall we set to disembarrass a conscience whose now to Bishop Kenrick. Though we liberty is considered by the Roman See doubt not the motives of the two are as pestilential! Bibles, hymn books, widely different; still the moral results prayers, devotional exercises of every must be substantially the same. Banish kind are to go by the board out of regard religion from our public schools and it 10 that freedom of conscience thus promatters but little whether you do it in nounced dangerous to civil and religious the name of conscience or the most de liberty! All this is to be done to satisfy praved principle in our nature. The the claims of one, who acts under the authority under which you act will not very authority, which, with unparalleled tie up the consequences. You abandon inconsistency, thus denounces in advance, your children to a system of education in as pestilential the boon asked. The which the laws of God are forgotten, and Bishop insorms us in his credentials and the claims of infinite love are trampled leiter of instructions from the Pope, that under foot.
liberty of conscience is a moral pest, and It is not a little singular that this cry then calls upon us to throw all our Bibles about the rights of conscience should and religious books out of our public originate where it does. It sounds in schools, 10 give this liberty the largest deed strange in connection with the bulls possible scope! He is about as reasonaof the Pope and the tortures of the inqui- ble as a man would be, who, having dissition. The last great missal of the Papal covered the existence of the plague in a See, referring to Christian liberality, de- city, should ask the board of health to clares, “ From that polluted fountain of abolish its sanitary restrictions, and give indifference flows that absurd and erro- it the largest freedom. It will not avail neous doctrine, or rather raving in favour the Bishop to plead any alleged misconand defence of liberty of conscience, forception on this subject. His instructions which most pestilential error the way is from the supreme head of his church, opened by that entire and wild liberty of unfortunately for him, have been pub
lished to the world. The drapery of a Scriptures to her pupils, or allow them to dead language has been withdrawn, and read it in their classes. This is the there they stand plain and intelligible as grievance that has given birth to all the living letters can make them. They de- complaints and remonstrances of the nounce “ liberty of conscience as a pesti- Bishop! All our other Roman Catholic
" lential error." No gloss, no critical cun- fellow citizens, it seems, have been satisping, or jesuitical ingenuity can place any fied. Indeed they ought to be satisfied, other interpretation upon them, or pervert for this Bible has been placed in our their plain and obvious sense. They schools for no sectarian purposes whathave a precision and boldness which will ever. It is there as the way of life, not make every interested attempt to relieve as a guide to this sect, that, or the other. their fearful force a ridiculous failure. And it is a foul slander on the motives of These instructions the Bishop is bound the men who placed it there, to impute to obey. His oath of office imposes upon to them any such sectarian purpose. him unqualified obedience. He binds There is not one of them, whatever be himself to it in these strong emphatic his persuasion, who would not resist the terms: “I swear I will be faithful and imputation. Is the solitary case of alleged obedient in all things to our Lord the grievance adduced by the Bishop of suffiPope and his successors canonically ap- cient magnitude to justisy ns in throwing pointed. So help me God, and these his the Bible out of our public schools? Holy Gospels." "Such is the solemnity The Roman Catholics, as a body, make under which this unqualified obedience no such demand, intimate no such a deis pledged. He cannot therefore disre- sire; the requirement comes from abroad; gard or discredit his instructions. These it is presented by a prelate of the Papal instructions pronounce liberty of con- See. It is urged by one acting under the science a pestilential error, and make it authority of a foreign potentate, to whom his duty to contend against it to the ut- he owes allegiance, an allegiance too uttermost. His complaints, therefore, to terly incompatible with the duties and the directors of our public schools of in- obligations of an American citizen. To fringements on the rights of conscience, such claims, and from such a source, shall are mere declamations, which have no- this Bible be surrendered; shall it be thing to arrest attention but their incon- banished from our public schools, shall sistency. We are forced to this conclu- its precepts cease to guide and influence sion, unless we are to consider the rights the education of the young? Let the diof conscience in Protestants as one thing, rectors of our schools, and this commuand in Roman Catholics as another. If nity answer this question, and answer it the Bishop makes any such distinction, as they will wish they had, when the let him avow it; we shall then know grave shall give up its dead. where to find the Pope's pest, and what Let no one be misled as to the ultito do with it.
mate object of Bishop Kenrick's objecThat we have not mistaken the cha- tion to the Bible now in use, by his sugracter of Bishop Kenrick's interference gestion in reference to the introduction with our public schools, or exaggerated of a different version. The substitution the unreasonableness of the complaints of the Roman version is not the end made by him, is evident from his own sought, and the best evidence of this is declarations. With all the means of in- found in the fact, that neither this version formation which his official position gives nor any other is furnished to the pupils him, he adduces, out of a population of of any purely Roman Catholic school in some two hundred thousand souls, only christendom. Such a use of the sacred a solitary instance of alleged grievance Scriptures is not in accordance with the for conscience sake. This is the case of laws and discipline of that church. This the female, who was employed as a therefore is not the object aimed at; it is teacher in one of our schools, and who a disuse of the Bible altogether. This chose to relinquish her situation sooner can be secured as effectually by the inthan read the Protestant version of the troduction of a rival version as the direct
expulsion of the one now in use. The have been fully experienced. He is the use of two translations, differing in wisest, who, in his conduct, penetrates phraseology, is impracticable in the ex- the future the deepest. ercises of the same school-room, and must That the rights of conscience, as interresult, as the Bishop well knows, in the preted by the Pope, are entertained by his disuse of both. This, and this alone, is prelates in this country, we have some the end aimed at; the proposed innovation further evidence in the recent pastoral admits of no other construction. Why letter of Bishop Hughes. This letter seek the introduction and use of the Ro- expressly declares that no marriages can man version here, when from all schools take place between Protestants and Rounder the exclusive jurisdiction and con- 'man Catholics, “unless the Protestant trol of the Papal See, it is excluded. He party will give a solemn pledge that the who disallows a domestic regulation in offspring of such marriage shall be baphis own family, can with but poor grace
tized and educated in the Catholic faith.' claim for it an introduction to the hearth And this is called liberty of conscienre! of his neighbour. Nor can he consist- The avenue to the happiness of the marently plead the rights of conscience in its riage state is made to run through the defence. It will be in season for us to baptismal font of Bishop Hughes. If the introduce the Roman version of the Scrip- poor Protestant cannot subscribe to this, tures into our schools when the Roman if scruples of conscience keep him back, pontiff has introduced it into his own why, then he may go without a wife. schools. Our haste, therefore, to com- What right has a man to such a help ply with the demands of his representa- meet, who will not consent to make his tive, on this subject, is gratuitous. It is children Papists, and that too before they not called for either by the grievances are born! And yet Bishop Hughes thinks alleged, or the constitution of the Roman it a monstrous hard case, and a flagrant Catholic Church. It is doing for the violation of conscience for Roman CathoPope what his highness has never done lic children to be required to listen while for himself. If the Papal See needs such the teacher of a public school reads a auxiliary zeal from those whom it pro- chapter from the Protestant version of the scribes while living from its communion, Scriptures. The bishop has evidently and denies when dead the sanctity of a one conscience for those in his commucommon grave, let it say so. Charity, nion, and another for those out of it; in church matters, seldom comes too late, though the outer one has "so little scope which comes when asked. When the and verge, it might about as well have head of the Roman Catholic Church shall have instructed his clergy to supply their Nor is Bishop Kenrick's liberality own schools with copies of their autho- much in advance of that of his ecclesiasrized version of the Scriptures, we may tical neighbour. He informs the board consider our duty on this subject; but ill of control in his letter to them, that he then we are not called upon by any offers up prayers to God for all men, but supposed grievances, or obligations of confines the mark of Christian brotherChristian comity to disturb the wholesome hood to those of his own communion. In regulations which have, till recently, pre- other words, he prays for Protestants, vailed. We owe it to ourselves and to but he never regards them as Christians. the community, to look seriously to the Rather a cold greeting, but a little comconsequences of the proposed innovation; fort in it nevertheless. It is something they are nothing less than a total disuse to be considered worthy of being prayed of the Scriptures in our public schools. for. It shows that that last stage of deThis is the aim and object of the demand pravity, where mercy takes leave and hope which has been made upon our liberalitr, of reformation dies, has not yet been and which we have partially met through reached. All this is gravely introduced a mistaken charity. It is not yet too late as the reason why the children of Roman for us in retrace our steps; but it will be, Catholics may not be present at morning when the moral mischief proposed shall and evening prayers in our public schools. Lest there should be any possible mistake comes from abroad; the malediction rolls on the subject, the bishop adds: “It is from the Papal See. No such wave of ont consistent with the laws and disci- tempest and thunder is known to our pline of the Catholic church for its mem- waters. Were our privileges to be surbers to unite in religious exercises with rendered to those born on our own soil, those who are not of her communion." there would be some consolation in their This is the reason too why domesties of loss, but to resign them to a foreign pothat communion, who are employed in tentate is the last degree of calamity and Protestant families, cannot be present at shame. Nor should we be the only suftheir devotions. No matter what the ferers; our Catholic fellow-citizens would peculiarities of the case may be, or what soon find the iron entering their souls. may be the distance to other forms of They are now largely indebted to Proworship or the impracticability of reach- testants for the little liberty of consciing them-all these will not cancel the ence which they enjoy. Break down offence of being present when Protest- this defence and they are slaves; slaves, ants engage in family worship. This is not in their outward persons, but in the a specimen of that liberty of conscience rights of their moral nature; in that conwhich the bishop allows to those of his science where God himself made them own communion. Verily, if Protestants free. They ought therefore to unite with have their disabilities, our Catholic fel- us against these aggressions of the great low-citizens have theirs also. The sword Papal hierarch. They should say to of the Pope cuts both ways.
Bishop Kenrick, and to Bishop Hughes, We have in these declarations of Bishop and to every other foreign prelate, we are Kenrick, a key to all the difficulties which American citizens; we hold our liberties have grown up in connection with our sacred, and we will not surrender them public schools. Protestants are not held come the mandate from what quarter it by the Papal See as Christians, and, con- may. Slavery is not religion, and he sequently, all their forms of worship, all who attempts to enforce it as such shall their religious books, and even their trans- meet with our united, uncompromising lation of the Scriptures are proscribed, de- resistance. This is the ground that has nounced, and put under the ban. This recently been taken by the Roman Casupercilious and intolerant proscription tholics of New Orleans, and, we trust in comes from our Roman Catholic fellow- God, ihey will have the moral courage citizens; they have but little sympathy and firmness to maintain it. with it; it takes its rise at Rome; it is Let our Catholic fellow-citizens take stamped with the signet of the great this ground everywhere, and there will Hierarch; under his authority it makes be no dissensions between them and Proits appearance here, and under his sanc- testants, no difficulties about the public tions is enforced. It consults neither Pro- schools, or different versions of the Scriptestants, nor their Roman Catholic fellow. tures. They want, what we do, a syscitizens, in the arrogant claims which it tem of schools, in which the elements of sets up, and deigns to neither an apology a substantial and useful education shall for the wrongs and outrages which it in- be taught, where God shall be duly reAlicis.
cognized, and the lessons of moral reThe issue in reference to our public sponsibility inculcated. They are to sufschools, therefore, is not between Pro- fer, as well as we, if the resources and testanis and their Roman Catholic fellow- efficiency of these schools shall be imcitizens; it is between Protestant institu- paired by the interference of foreign destions in this country and the genius of pots or domestic bigots. They were Papacy as it prevails at Rome. Catho- not established by sectarianism, and they lics here, as a body, have made no com- shall not, with our consent, be overthrown plaints, urged no charges, ultered no re- by sectarianism. The undoubted good proaches, have been well satisfied with of the many must not be sacrificed to the liberality which their Protestant bre. gratify the prejudice or ambition of the thren have exhibited. The complaint few. Every Protestant, and every Ro
man Catholic, who has an interest in our prelates, and of a foreign ecclesiastical common soil, in the stability of our insti- power, should perish at their threshold. tutions, and the intelligence and virtue of Let a grave be sunk then, over which the great mass should stand by these even the great Papal hierarch himself schools and protect them as he would his cannot step heart's blood. The interference of foreign
ROMANISM IN EUROPE.
The present aspects of Romanism are I am now thoroughly, and, althongh but dimly seen by us Americans. Roselly flattering, not agreeably, undeceived. The de Lorgues, in “Le Christ devant le ignorance, the omission, was not at my Siècle," teaches us that the apostles were side: the philosophical statesmen of the all things to all men, and that so should present day are not acquainted with the be the priests of this century. Thus think condition, and the capabilities, and the the priests themselves, and those who purposes of Romanism. They have not come to America have frequently not only made its polity a subject of study: they do a different manner and language, but a not know that it has a consistent polity: different doctrine from those in Europe. they hear of it on the reports of educated To show the condition, and aims of the and liberal men, in external communion church, at home, we copy a few passages with a church which they desire to see from “ Letters to a friend, on Romanism reformed; or in the representations of on the Continent,” recently published in Protestants, who make such reforming Dublin.
Romanists their associates and informants: You have often told me, says the author, on communications of this description, that I was unjust, not alone to myself, they pronounce that the Church of Rome but to interesis which I hold still dearer, is in process of change; that man, in the in not endeavouring to impress my con- nineteenth century, has become too envictions strongly upon those persons of lightened to abide in the shade of superstation and of public character to whom stition and intolerance; and that, accordcircumstances had given me access. To ingly, without any direct opposition 10 some extent, I am afraid, you were right; the efforts of the few who would still although, at the same time, I cannot charge maintain exploded errors or barbarous myself with a culpable neglect. I have maxiins, the cause of true religion and never omitted to make my views known, liberty must, in its own strength and where I had opportunity to explain them, merits, ensure success. This is, suband where I thought they might be com- stantially, however, the expression of it municated with advantage; but I have, may be varied, the conviction impressed perhaps, too readily acquiesced in the post- upon the minds of many of our reflecting ponement of them, wherever I found an politicians. It is precisely the conviction indisposition to give them entertainment. which Romanism would most desire to The truth is this:-I had always given have produced; and it is not more pernipublic men, of high reputation, credit for cious to the best interests of society, than knowing much of which I was ignorant; it is contrary to the gist of the argument and whenever I found my conclusions set on which it is professedly founded. aside, or my opinions received with dis- The varieties of countenance in which favour, I was ready to believe that I had Romanism now tricks herself forth are omitted from my reasonings some impor- well calculated to bewilder and deceive tant element, which was well known to those who can judge only from appearthose whom I would presumptuously in- ances. According to the society in which struct, and, by the absence of which, my you may happen to be, you will hear the whole argument was invalidated. religion of the Church of Rome repres