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tend eagerly though good-humouredly for animate our faith; 2nd to excite our conthe rich-looking cake, “ emblem of union fidence; 3d to obtain for us the grace to among the faithful.” The bell was ring- live and persevere in the love of God; ing, and the host was elevated, but the 4th to MERIT FOR US THE POWERFUL PROhearts and thoughts of many were evi- TECTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN WITH dently set upon ihe bread in the basket God.” which was to be eaten, not on that which Why do you say the practice is espethe priest listed up to be adored.
cially useful for those who cannot read?"" Do you know any Scriptural authority “ Because for them it is an easy method for the faith of a Romanist in the Virgin? of occupying themselves devoutly during Cardinal la Croy shall enlighten you. the mass and at the other offices of the
“ What did our Lord, when on the church.” Cross, say to the blessed Virgin?"
Such is the virtue of the chaplet-and “ He said to the blessed Virgin, show- such the virtue of the mass—so little ining to her St. John-woman, behold thy telligible to the unlearned that it is found son; and he said to St. John, showing advisable to provide for them a kind of to him the blessed Virgin-behold thy pious distraction or diversion during the mother."
celebration of it. And this is the instruc“ What do these words of our Lord tion and the devotion which Romanism teach us?"
provides for her children, and in which " They teach us that the blessed Virgin she trains them. But there are the Scriphas been given to us, in the person of St. tures, and in these latter days she is more John, as a mother; that she regards us as free of them. You have, no doubt, heard her children, and that we ought to have many high professions to this effect, and great reliance upon her."
have witnessed the vehemence with which You have heard much of prayer to the various of her advocates protest against Virgin-the Cardinal, nevertheless, may the assertion, that a special permission to give you some additional information-- read is necessary for any classes of their What is the chaplet?"
people. Hear the catechism for “ the “The chaplet is a method of praying Catholic youth of the archbishopric and to the blessed Virgin (de prier la Sainte other bishoprics of the Province of MaVierge).”
lines,” published “with approbation," “ How does one say the chaplet?” in the year 1832:
“ By reciting in Latin or French, on 6. Is it forbidden to read the Bible?'' the cross, the apostle's creed, the Lord's " Yes—to the common people, who prayer on the large, and the angelical cannot read it in the vulgar tongue withsalutation on the small beads," &c. &c. out permission."
An arrangement, you will observe, by Such was the rule of Belgian Romanwhich the prayer to ihe Virgin is repeated ism in 1832. A corrected edition of the ten times after each recital of the Lord's catechism was published, also “ with prayer.
approbation,” in 1835, in which, I ap"In what quality should one honour prehend, the prohibition of Scripture does the blessed Virgin when repeating the not appear. The omission is intelligible chaplet?"
on the supposition that habits of inter6 One should honour her as the spouse course between Romanist and Protestant of the Holy Ghost, as the mother of God, liberals may have rendered it inconvenient; as at once a virgin and a mother." but if the inhibition of Scripture is not so
" Is it a good practice to recite the plainly pronounced, good care is taken chaplet?”
ihat there shall be no relaxation in the “Yes--it is very useful to all the faith- article of intolerance. Under the head ful, and especially to those who cannot of charity, I find a question or two worthy read."
of being selected, and of being illustrated “Why do you say that it is useful for by an extract from the chapter on the all the faithful?"
Church. “ Because it is a mean proper, 1st to
De la Charité.
remember, there was an invidious dis. " How should we love our neighbour?” tinction expressed in favour of those “As ourselves," &c. “Who is our “who differ in religion.” There is no neighbour!" "Every rational creaplire such proviso in Belgium. who can have part with us in the king
De la Sainte Eglise. dom of heaven." “Our enemies--are " What is the Holy Church?” they also our neighbours?" "Yes,” &c. assembly of all faithful Christians, who, in * Why?” “ Because they can have part obedience to the Pope of Rome, confess with us in the kingdom of heaven.” the true doctrine of Jesus Christ," &c. · The souls in Purgatory--are they our Thus it is plain heretics (all Protestants, neighbours?" “ Yes, because we can indeed) are excluded from the church. have part with them in Heaven." "The Now for the consequences of such ex
* damned in Hell--are they also our neigh- clusion:--" Is it necessary to be in the bours ?” “ No.” “Why not?” (a ques. true church in order to be saved ?" “ Yes tion one would think not very necessary.) --for he who has not had Holy Church “ Because they cannot have part with us for his mother on earth, shall not have in Heaven.” Thus, you perceive, the God for his father in Heaven." Thus, governing principle by which neighbour- by denying Protestants the hope of hea. hood and charitable offices are affected, is ven, Romanism banishes them, as it were, the hope and prospect of fellowship in from all charitable communion with their heaven. In the Irish catechisms, you may kind.
THE MIRACLES AND LYING WONDERS OF ROME.
1. LETTER FROM THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY
and approved writings. They have enTO Ambrose Liste Phillips, Esq., descrip: deavoured to explain to the people, that tive of the Estatica of Calduro, and the Ad- all books of a theological description,
dolorata of Capriana. 2. Vita del TaumaturGO PORTOGHESE SANT published during the last and the preced
ANTONIO DE PADOVA, &c. &c. Dal Sacerdote ing centuries, in Roman Catholic counEmmanucle de Azevedo Coimbricese. In Ve. tries, were necessarily stamped with the
Dezia, 1788. 3. NOTIZIE ISTORICNE SCLL' ORIGINI E GLI
authority of the Church (See the Life of EFFETTI DELLANUOVA MEDAGLIA. Sotto la de
St. Anthony of Padua), and that therefore nominazione de Medaglia Miraculosa coll' ag. there could be no mistake as to the genugiunta di alcune recentissime guarigioni e ineness of the source from whence they gruzie raccolte dalla moderna Edizione. Dall drew their information. But, notwithAbb. Le Genilor, &c. &c. Roma, 1835, dai standing this assurance of their candour
Tipi de Angelo Ajani con privitiva. 4. SOME ANSWER TO TIE INQUIRY, WHY ARE
in quoting only from authorized docuYOU BECOME A CATHOLIC? In a Letter to a ments, whenever they produced those Friend. By Richard WALDO SIBTHORP, B.D., samples of Romish corruptions, which late Minister of St. James's, Ryde, Isle of the apologists for Rome would rather Wight.
have had concealed, they were met either
by the imputation of false quotations, or We will not affect to deny, that our by a want of charity for a bygone age of alternate fits of laughter and righteous in- ignorance and credulity. The more wily dignation, have occasionally been uncon- apologists, like Dr. Wiseman, pleaded trollable, according as we have detected, for a distinction between the acts of a in reading the several productions placed popular devotion, in which there was no at the head of this article, the folly and harm; and matters of faith. Others al. simplicity of the deceived, or the knavery leged it was unfair to rake out all the folof the deceivers. Several able and zeal- lies of an age in which neither literature ous clergymen have of late years devoted nor science prevailed, and impute them much time and labour to the study of the to the enlightened Roman Catholics of Roman Catholic religion, in authorized England in the 19th century. And the
sturdy Protestants, who have so long in the greatest perfection at the metropolis been endeavouring to open the eyes of of the Church Militant. But besides their sleepy brethren to the enormities of these standard orthodox incentives to dethe Church of Rome, have been well votion, (some of which we shall shortly nigh overwhelmed, for affirming that in enumerale, for the benefit of our nonall these matters Rome continues the itinerant readers, special miracles are got same. But now the first Earl of Eng- up from time to time, to revive (for the land has set the question at rest, and con- Church of Rome has its revivals, the firmed all the statements of our Protestant dying embers of superstition, or may be, champions, and by his account of the to replenish the coffers of some impoTyrolese saints, which his lordship has verished fraternity. If the time and seen with his own eyes, there will hence- place be not well selected (as often hapforth be no doubt as to the vaunted cha- pened during the French Revolution), it racter of Rome; that, in this respect at is about the same mistake as if any one least, she is semper eadem. It would should imagine that No. 90 was really never have occurred to us, as persons a " Tract for the Times," it only serves wishing to remain at peace, as much as to expose the trickery of the system of in us lies, with all men, to produce the reserve; and the premature attempt of the miraculous life of St. Antony of Padua, bungling contriver is very properly hissed unless we could have placed by the side by the fratres minores, with the same of it the Shrewsbury miracles; for we good humour as the Italians hiss off the should only have run the risk of being stage a badly-contrived new opera. The called by those hard names which some occasional miracles to which we now of our brethren have endured for their allude occur also during great political honest exposures of the lying wonders excitements; memorials of such still exof Rome; and we should have been con- ist at Rome, ever since the revolutionary sidered as railing against a system now attempts of 1796. At the corner of the no longer practised, as the Most Rev. Via Paganica Via delle botteghe oscure Dr. Murray, in case of necessity, would in Rome, exists at this moment a picture bear witness. But as we are now fur- of the Virgin Mary, with her title writnished with a document as undoubtedly ten, which at one time Mr. Sibthorp genuine as the Earl of Shrewsbury and would have called blasphemous- Mater Mr. Ambrose Lisle Phillips can supply; Providentiæ—and below is this histowe proceed, with all respect for these rical record:-“Quam venerabilis imago two exalted members of the Church of cum Sept. id Jul. 1796, vario oculorum Rome, to examine what the real nature motu propitio aspectu supplicem populum of that devotion is, which has so capti- reficeret omnia corda sibi demeruit et ex vated the Rev. Waldo Sibthorp as to lead corde laudes, hoc amor M. P.:" which, him into the “ fold” [net] “of Rome.” for the benefit of some of our readers, we
It is well known to all who have visit- will try to interpret:- In the month of ed those countries of Europe where the September, 1796, this adorable image, Roman Catholic is the domineering reli- by sundry winkings of its eyes, refreshed gion, that almost every church and Ora- the praying crowds with its benign countorio possesses its stock of relics, and tenance, and so won all hearts to itself; every district has its legends, and every moreover, out of the heart came forth priest his agnuses impregnated with praise!” A few months after this, the grace, to sell to the faithful for a conside- reigning Pope, Pius VI., invested all the ration.* These are the staple commo- devotional privileges of this image in a dity of every town in Italy, and are found consolidated fund, as the Italian inscrip
tion, still to be read by posterity, sets . It will soon be so in America. But a forth:-" Col recitare le litanie si acquisweek ago we saw advertised in a Romish
tano ec giorni d'indulgenza concessa per paper printed at Boston, (The “ Pilot," for December 25th, 1813,) “ silver miraculous me
indulto pontificio emanato sotto il di 29 dals,” for the ignorant and credulous foreign marzo 1797; d'applicarsi ancora per le papists who throng our cities,
anime del purgatorio." Accordingly,
every evening at sun-set now, in 1843! away from the Church; nor are we predevotees may be seen kneeling on the pared to deny that it may please Him, hard pavement repeating those litanies, in with whom all things are possible, to rethe hope of obtaining 200 days' indul- new those supernatural gifts which were gence; that is, 200 days' remission of bestowed on ihe apostles and the earliest ihe penalties due to venial sins, either teachers of Christianity. If the sanction for ihemselves, or for their departed of a miracle should be necessary for the friends supposed to be suffering in purga- propagation of the Gospel in a heathen tory. At the same revolutionary period. empire, we have no right, if we may as we find from similar records, the Ma- reason from analogy, to shorten, by our donnas (so the images and pictures of the limited judgment, the arm of omnipoVirgin Mary are called, per syncopen) tence; but it is the kind of miracle, ihe began very generally to dispense iheir unproductive, useless, lying wonder, smiles and move their eyes; and finally, which we hold up for reprobation, and when the French really got possession which, so far from bearing the marks of Rome, the smiles diminished, but the of a true miracle, is evidenily the coneyes had scarcely any rest: the repub- trivance of a designing priest, sanctioned lican general, finding the religious excite- by the highest Ecclesiastical authorities. ment of the Roman people grow to an The religion of Rome has been chiefly inconvenient height, sent an intimation maintained by the ignorance and creduto arch-priests and others in “highlity of those countries and ages in which places,” that if those miracles were con- it has especially flourished. The devotinued much longer, they would hear of tion and fervour which have so bewildersomething not very agreeable; and from ed Mr. Sibthorp, have been sustained and that time to the restoration of Pius VII. nourished by a succession of prodigies, to the pontifical throne the Madonnas such as the Earl of Shrewsbury, "
"an ceased to wink or wear any strange as- eye-witness,” has lately described. A peet. From the year 1814 we are not short review of the two foreign producaware of any repetition of these, lying tions, No. 2 and 3, will show how this wonders, except in the two instances of system of deception and pious fraud has a marble statue at the Pantheon and the been practised in the Church of Rome Madonna del Parto, in the Agostino, the ever since the age of the Crusades. St. latter of which still continues to win all Anthony of Padua holds a distinguished hearts "et ex corde laudes."
place in the Roman Calendar; the Italian We should utterly have despaired of post-boys, and all who have to deal with finding credit for our statements in Great ihe brute creation, swear by him as the Britain, if the noble owner of Alton patron of four-footed beasts; and the fishTowers had not given his pamphlet to ermen frequently commit their fortunes the world, and to Ambrose Lisle Phillips. to his special protection. There have Such statements, it would have been said, been several lives of this saint of Padua are "only fit for the atmosphere of Exe- written, and they are generally read in ter Hall, and no enlightened Roman Ca- Italy with a reverence which the Holy tholic in this day believes in or adopts Scriptures could never yet obtain. The such puerilities;" the testimony therefore wonder-working Anthony has been decoof those two sincere and attached mem- rated by successive Popes, with the titles bers of the Church of Rome, whose names of “Light of the Church,—the hamare in the title-page of the Pamphlet No. merer of heretics—the trumpet of the 1, is invaluable; for they have published Holy Ghost—the Ark of the Covenanttheir firm belief in the wonders performed and the Seraphic Patriarch:” his picture by the Estatica and the Addolorata of the is painted on the walls of cities for pubTyrol, which we propose shortly to lay lic adoration, and often accompanied with before our readers.
a prayer ready made, and a description We do not think it necessary to enter of his divine perfections. Near the Maupon the very difficult question of the pe- mertine Prison, at the north-west corner riod when miraculous powers were taken of the Roman Forum, St. Anthony is gro
tesquely painted on the wall, and the fol- hand, and a drinking-cup in the other, lowing verses are inscribed beneath it:- said to the bystanders, ironically, * If you “ Antonio il Santo o passaggiero adora
want me to believe in the miraculous Che fu si de miracoli fecondo
powers of your friar, I must see those Mentre visse non sol ma morto encora vine slips here before us produce as many Che stupir fece la natura el mondo
ripe grapes as will fill this cup with the Pero con viva fede a lui t'affida Che perir non puo mai che in lui confida!" juice, that I can drink it. Oh, then I will
say "miracle” 100! Wonderful to reThe life of this extraordinary person, late (mirabil cosa!), all on a sudden the written by Azevedo, a Portuguese, of the leaves burst forth, the grapes grew to city of Coimbra, and published by autho- their natural size, ripened in an instant, rity, at Venice, 1788, occupies an octavo and produced as much juice as he had volume of 427 pages, chiefly filled with required: no wine was ever so salubrious the miracles performed by the saint in the to him since. Against a miracle so eviearly part of the thirteenth century. He dent he could no longer hold out: brought is said to have been born at Lisbon, in into the church, and becoming penitent, 1195, and therefore he is always called he became, as may well be supposed, a the “ Taumaturgo Portogehese;" but good Catholic, and most devoted to the Padua was the place of his education, saint.”—(pp. 189, 190.) and the scene of his greatest exploits. In the same chapter a third miracle, of We shall present our readers with two equal importance, is related, which we or three specimens of St. Anthony's have not space to follow, and then the miracles, as gravely told, and perhaps biographer continues:as firmly believed, by the biographer « These three miracles of the beaker, of Coimbra, as the wonders of the the grapes, and the eyes, which took Tyrolese saints are by the Earl of place at Padua; as the three former ones Shrewsbury:
of the fish, the ass, and the poison, “CHAP. VIII.- Heretics not believing which happened at Rimini, show what the Miracles of the saints are at length a special anxiety there was in our Saint converted and convinced.
to disperse and convince the heretics of “ Aleardino, a heretic, came to Padua those two his favourite cities."--(p. with his family. One day, sitting at 192.) table, he heard speak of the miracles per- We are fully aware, that in faithfully formed by God to set forth the holiness translating those specimens of a work, of Anthony, who a little time before had published under authority, and declared entered into eternal glory. The unbe- by the Inquisitor-General of the Holy lieving and malignant heretic, mocking, Office of Venice, “to contain nothing said, “If your wonder-working St. An- contrary to the Catholic faith, nor yet thony will cause that this glass beaker, contrary to good principles and morals,” which I hold in my hand, will not break we have been putting the risible faculties when thrown on the ground, I will then of our readers severely to the test; and believe all you tell me of him;' and, ris. we do not expect them to recover their ing up from the table, he dashed it with breath until they look behind the folly, all his force in the adjoining area against and see the blasphemy and fraud which a stone: the glass did not break. The lie concealed. We consider these speheretic was astounded at the miracle, re
cimens of Romish devotion sufficient to pented, and was converted."
show what the Church was on the con“This miracle was told to another tinent before the French Revolution, as heretic, apparently in the winter season, we have seen what lying wonders she for we find there were some dry slips sanctioned at head-quarters, during the (sarmenti) of vines in the place. The first outbreaks of that disastrous period; heretic was deriding the credulity of and we hope we may calculate upon our Aleardino, who had been simple enough letter of credit,—which an enlightened 10 believe the miracle of the glass, and Peer of the realm, and a wealthy comtaking up a bundle of the slips in one moner, have signed, in the shape of a