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to murder, and the immolation of forty by which he means the popedom. This thousand people was an act of justice. historian, nevertheless, represents Mary Piery and justice, it seems, aroused 10 as “ worthy of eternal remeinbrance for deeds of cruelly, the idea of which after- her zeal.” Such is his character of a wards, says Sully, caused even the in- woman who was a modern Theodora, human perpetrator, Charles, in spite of and never obliged the world but when himself, to shudder.
she died. Her death was the only favour The carnage, sanctioned in this man- she ever conferred on her unfortunate ner by the French king, parliament and and persecuted subjects. people, was also approved by the pope Popish persecution raged, in this man. and the Roman court. Rome, " from ner, from the commencement of the Reher hatred of heresy, received the news formation till its establishment. The with unspeakable joy. The pope went
The pope went flow of this overwhelming tide began at in procession to the church of Saint the accession of Constantine to the ihrone Lewis, to render thanks 10 God for the of the Roman empire; and, having prehappy victory." His legate, in France, vailed for a long period, gradually ebbed felicitated his most Christian niajesty in after the era of Protestantism. The the pontiff's naine, " and praised the ex- popedom, on this topic, was compelled, ploit, so long meditated and so happily though with reluctance and inconsistency, executed, for the good of religion." The to vary its profession and practice. A
10 massacre, says Mezeray, was extolled change was effected in an unchangeable besore the king as the triumph of the communion. Some symptoms of the church."*
old disease, indeed, still appear. The Spain rejoiced also in the tragedy as spirit, like latent heat, is inactive rather the defeat of Protestantism. This nation than extinguished. But the general cry has ever shown itself the friend of the is for liberality or eren latitudinarianism. Papacy, and the deadly enemy of the The shout, even among the advocates of Reformation; and this spirit, on this oc. Romanism, is in favour of religious libercasion, appeared in the joy manifested ty, unfettered conscience, and univerby the Spanish people for the murder of sal toleration. The Inquisition of Spain the French Huguenots.
and Portugal, with all its apparatus of England, like Germany, France, Spain, racks, wheels, and gibbeis, has lost its and the Netherlands, was the scene of efficiency, and its palace, at Goa, is in persecution and mariyrdom. Philip and ruins. The bright sun of India enlightMary, who exercised the royal authority ens its late dungeons, which are now in the British nation, issued a commis- inhabited, not by the victim of Popish sion for “ the burning of heretics." The persecution, but by “the owl, the dragon, queen, in this manifesto, “ prosessed her and the wild beast of the desert." resolution to support justice and Catholic- This change has, in some measure, ism, and to eradicate error and heresy; been influenced by the diffusion of literaand ordered her heretical subjects, there- ture and the Reformation. The darkfore, 10 be commined before the people ness of the middle ages bas fled before to the flames.” This, her majesty al- the light of modern science; and with it, leged, would show her detestation of in part, has disappeared priestcraft and heterodoxy, and serve as an example to superstition. Philosophy has improved, other Christians, to shun the contagion and its light continues to gain on the of heresy.t
empire of darkness. Protestantism has Orleans acknowledges Mary's rigour, circulated the Book of God, and shed and her execution of many on account its radiancy over a benighted world. The of their Protestantism. In this, he dis- advances of literature and Revelation covers, the queen followed her own ge- have been unfavourable to the reign of nius, rather than the spirit of the church, intolerance and the Inquisition.
But the chies causes of this change in • Mezeray, 5. 162. Sully, 1. 27. | Wilkin, 4. 177.
* Orleans, VIII. P. 174, 175.
the Papacy, are the preponderance of The University of Louvain, on this Protestantism and the policy of Popery. occasion, exhibiied a beautiful specimen
The Reformation, in iis liberalizing of Jesuitisın. A few years after its apprinciples, is established over a great part probation of Dens' Theology, Pill, the of Christendom. Its friends have be- British statesman, asked this same unicome nearly equal 10 its opponents in versity, as well as those of Salamanca pumber, and far superior in intelligence and Valladolid, whether persecution were and activity. Rome, therefore, though a principle of Romanism. The astonished she has not expressly disavowed her for. doctors, insulied at the question, and mer claims, has, according to her ancient burning with ardour 10 obliterate the foul policy, allowed these lofty pretensions to stain, branded the insinuation with a loud slumber for a time in inactivity, and and deep negation. The former, in this yielded, though with reluctant and awk- case, copied the example of the latter. ward submission, to the progress of sci- The divines of Salamanca and Valladolid, ence, the light of Revelation, and the questioned on the same subject in 1603, strength of Protestantism.
in reference to the war waged by the A late discovery has shown the deceit- Irish against the English in the reign of fulness of all Popish pretences to libe. Queen Elizabeth, patronized the princiraliiy, both on ihe continent and in ple of persecution, which, in their answer Ireland. Dens, a doctor of Louvain, io Pilt, they prescribed. Such, on the published a system of theology in 1758, European continent, were the candour and in some of the succeeding years. and consistency of the Popish clergy, This work, fraught with the most revolt- who, in this inanner, adapted their moveing principles of persecution, awards to menis, like skilful generals, to the evoluthe patrons of heresy, confiscation of lions of the enemy, and suited their tactics goods, banishment from the country to the emergency of the occasion. confinement in prison, infliction of death, This coinpleie body of theology, unand deprivation of Christian burial. Fal- confined 10 the continent, was, in a spesifiers of the faith, like forgers of money cial manner, extended to Ireland. The and disturbers of the state, this author Popish prelacy, in 1808, met, says Coyne would, according to the sainted 'Thomas, and Wise, in Dublin, and unanimously consign to death, as the proper and merited agreed that this book was the best work, penalty of their offence. This, he argues and safest guide in theology for the Irish from the sentence of the Jewish false clergy. Coyne, in consequence, was prophets, and from the condemnation of ordered 10 publish a large edition, for cirHuss in the general council of Constance. culation among the prelacy and priest
This production, in all its horror and hood of the kingdom.”+ deforinity, was dedicated to Cardinal Phi- The work was dedicated to Doctor lippus, and recommended to Christen- Murray, titular Archbishop of Dublin. dom hy the approbation of the University The same prelate also sanctioned an adof Louvain, which vouched for its “ortho. disional volume, which was afierwards dos faith and its Christian morality.” It annexed to the persormance with his apwas ushered into the world with ihe per- probation. Murray, Doyle, Keating, mission of superiors, and the full sanc- and Kinsella, made it the conference book tinn of episcopal authority. Its circula- for the Romish clergy of Leinster. The tion on the continent was, even in the Popish ordo or directory, for five succes. nineteenth century, impeded by no Ro- sive years, had its questions for conference mishi reclamation, nor by the appalling arranged as they occurred in Dens, and terrors of the expurgatorian index.. The were, of course, to be decided by his Popish clergy and people, in silent con- high authority. The Romish episcosent or avowed approbation, acknow- pacy, in this way, made this author their ledged, in whole and in part, ils Catholicism and morality.*
* Mageogh. 3. 595. Slevin. 193.
+ Coyne, Catal. 6. 7. Wyse, Hist. Cath, • Dens, 5. 1. Horne's Protest. Mem. 95, 96. Ass. App. N. 7. Horne's Protesi. Mem. 95.
standard of theology, to direct the Irish was reserved for Bailly. But this semiprelaey and priesthood in casuistry and nary received Dens as a work of reserspeculation.* Dens, therefore, possesses, ence, His theology lay in the library, with them, the same authority.on Popish ready, at any time, for consultation. theology as Blackstone with us, on the Docior Murphy's academy in Cork had British Constitution, or the Bible or the fifty or sixty copies for the use of the principles of Protestantism.
seminary and the diocesan clergy.* The Accompanied with such powerful re- precious production, indeed, has found commendations, the work, as might be its way into the hands of almost every expected, obtained extensive circulation. priest in the kingdom, and forms the The College of Maynooth, indeed, did not holy fountain from which he draws the raise Dens to a text-book. This honour pure waters of the sanctuary.
ROMANISM IN 1844.
Les Jésuites et l'Universitié. Par F. Genin. the fundamental dogmas of the Roman Paris, 1844.
church—not in the slightest degree to the The Dublin Review. No. XXXI. Dublin, 1844. The Dublin University Magazine, for' June, opinions or proceedings of popes, pre1844.
lates or councils, in any age- from which
it was inferred that the Papacy had reSince the time of John Calvin and formed with the progress of society. Martin Luther, the discussion of the Ro. That it had once been actuated by a permish religion has never heen carried on secuting spirit, that its priesis had once with more learning, ability, and ardour, been vicious, that the Holy Book had in than in the last ten years. In Switz- a dark age been forbidden to both clergy erland, by D'Aubigne and Caussen; in and Jaity, that the Virgin Mary and the France, by the greatest of her living his- saints had possibly been idolatrously torians, Michelet, with Genin and an worshipped, and many gross mummeries army of associates, and in Great Britain practised, is admitted; but all these things and Ireland, by some of the most eminent belonged to the past, and by an ingenudivines and scholars of the times, the ous and honourable controvertist could controversy is agitated with an earnest- not now be referred to. But a careful surness and power that more than any thing vey of the Roman Catholic Rountries, in since the Reformation threaten the over- 1844, will exhibit all the gross superstithrow, of Anti-Christ. Nor have our tions and corruptions which existed when own country men been inactive. The de Luther, “ the solitary monk who shook cline of the papal influence in Europe the world,” commenced his mission. has induced ihe most extraordinary ex
Among other things, we propose to ertions for its increase in America; but give in this brief article, a few facts in rethe efforts of the Jesuit bishops among gard to the mummery of the worship of us to effect this, have been met with a the Virgin Mary, in the present and in prompiness and energy that have asto- recent years,—of that Mary whom the nished and appalled them.
reigning pope himself adores, and blasThe burtheu of much declamation by phemously beseeches in his Encyclical nominal and ill-informed Protestants, is Letter, to lead his "mind by her heathe sentiment insisted on before the Eng- venly influence to those counsels which lish Parliament during the discussion of may prove most salutary to Christ's the "
Emancipation" act, that the doc. flock." This idolatrous heresy has been trine of infallibility had reference only to most clearly exposed in the learned arti
Dens, 1. 1.
Horne, 95, 96.
cles by Dr. Horne and others, in pre- obduracy of sin is instantaneously softened, ravvious numbers of this Review; but these ing blasphemy is hushed, implores Heaven for additional “ illustrations of the dogma” forgiveness
, and receives the consolations of reli
gion.” will not be uninteresting. The Dublin Review is the leading pe
Among the subjects of deepest interiodical of the Roman church in the Eng. rest in France, as in America, is the effort lish language. The number before us,
of the Romanists to obtain the control of for March, 1844, contains an article on popular educalion.
Michelet and many the religious and social condition of others have bestowed on the movement France. In the years 1830 and 1831, their most serious attention, and produced the Church of France” is here said to works of great value in opposition to the have “ drank deeply of the chalice of claims of the pope and his vassals. M. tribulation.” Some of the most eminent F. Genin, in Les Jésuites et l'Univermen in the kingdom had deserted her, sitié, has given many facts to show what and the loss of her ascendancy seemed education would become if the Protestinevitable. The organ of the Romanists ants abandoned their ground. If, says the exclaims
Dublin University Magazine, the Jesuits What now will become of this poor afflict- starile us on the one hand at the entered church, persecuted as she is, like her di- prize which can hazard such experiments vine Master, by the friends of the people, on the easiness of human belief, they insulted and outraged by the populace, and on the other hand remind us of that fund betrayed by her own disciples? Oh! slow of credulity in our common nature, upon and foolish of heart must we indeed be, if we
which, in all ages, bold and crafty men be tempted to despond, forgetting that the Spouse of Christ, in the hour of her tribula- have drawn with such advantage. There tion, is ever nearest to her triumph! Scarce never existed a body so well acquainted had the artillery of July ceased to roar, and with the weaknesses of humanity as the scarce had the monarchy of the barricades ecclesiastics of the Church of Rome; been erected, when one of the sainted daughters of St. Vincent, of St. Paul, beheld in a vision the and the bare fact that they have pubGLORIOUS Queen of Heaven, robed in light lished and circulated in this nineteenth more resplendent than the sun's, and the thou- century, narratives which sane sand converging rays of love durting from her would pronounce wholly incredible, is in hands, and who assiired her daughter, that if her itself a proof that there are still recipiintercession were more earnestly and more freients for stories the most absurd and irra. quently invoked! earth would not be so cold and cheerless. This vision, after a preliminary in- tional. They seem, indeed, willing to vestigation, is sanctioned by the French Church; avail themselves of all opportunities, and medals, in commemoration of this signal however unfair, to promote their views, grace of Heaven, are circulated among the faithful in France, and the rest of Europe, the interests of their order at the cost of
and to be content if they can advance We shall soon see how benignly was fulfilled the promise of the Queen of Heaven.” abasing religion to the level of man's Then comes, by special Providence,
sensual nature, and of perpetuating the the cholera, from Asia, sweeping down from their many devices to further the
worst infirmities of the human mind. victims on every side, sending twenty ends of devotion or superstition, already thousand souls per week into eternity, and the Archbishop of Paris, " comes
alluded to this « miraculous medal” forth like a messenger of Divine Mercy, materializing and corrupting religion, and
seems to be among the most popular for with Heaven."
it affords, perhaps, the sairest criterion for “But while the Almighty was inflicting this judging of the designs and character of severe visitation on the guilty city, He was
the party who have had recourse to it. pleased to temper His wrath with mercy. The miraculous medal” was struck The supplications of His Virgin Mother are in honour of the Virgin, and
at her esheard. The medals representing the auspi- pecial desire,” in the year 1832, and has cious vision, above adverted to, are put under the pillows of the victiins of infection; and
since then been circulated throughout the the most sudden and miraculous cures take
world. Within seven years, the “ Histoplace: and, what is still more wonderful, the rical Notice" of the medal has passed
through eight editions, of which the first ribbon. The sister, wishing to treat his weakseven amounted to more than a hundred ness lenderly, placed the medal so that it and thirty thousand copies; and transla. should not be too conspicuous. "Oh! do not
hide it, sister,' he said; put it beside my cross; tions of it have been made into Italian, I will not blush to show it.'” English, Flemish, German, Spanish, Greek, and Chinese. Such was the in
Another example, not less conclusive : dustry and enterprize of those who plan; ed to take a voyage to see the properly of his
“ A gentleman of Aleppo having been oblig. ned and would promote this " devotion." father, who had been assassinated, returned They prepared a book of wonders ; they home quite deranged. He insulted every one, sold it at a price which attracted purchas- blasphemed the holy name of God, the bless. ers, but scarcely remunerated the print- ed Virgin, and the saints. The medal was ers; and they took care to have it translat- applied, and a Neuvaine begun for him. The ed into several languages.
three first days he ceased his maledictions,
&c.: but having mislaid his medal, the cure vas spare time to dwell on many curious parti- not perfected! They found it again, however, culars in this Notice, illustrative of the spi- and sewed it into his coat. Two days after, an rit in which these material devotions have abundant perspiration took place, which was their origin; but must content ourselves succeeded by his complete recovery! This with a few extracts, serving to show what it had been so anxiously desired.”
cure made a great impression on all minds, as are the virtues by which the “ miraculous
Truly, observes M. Genin, this is medal” is recommended.
admirable! a man is impious, a blas“ In the Hotel des Invalides, a soldier was phemer, an atheist, mad ; the medal is in the hospital, spitting blood during a period of six months, and at the point of death. applied to him, his frenzy diminishes, They offer him the sacrament; he refuses ob- and he returns to better sentiments. His stinately: 'I have neither robbed nor murder- medal goes astray; he relapses into imed.
' They press him: 'Listen, my sister: piety. It is found again; this time it is after all, pray leave me quiet.'
sewn into his coat, the patient perspires “The rector comes forward; he is also re. pulsed; then a curate. At last the sick man
profusely, and, after this transpiration, becomes furious; he begins to swear and finds himself a saint. The medal cures blaspheme. Night falls; the death-raule is both moral and physical maladies withalready in his throat. Then sister Radier con. out the participation of the patient, eren ceived a brilliant idea: pretending to settle
Say, now, is not this the dying man's bed, she slips the medal be against his will. tween the matresses.
medal an incomparable amulet! But " Next day, our patient is asked how he these are the least persormances of this feels: Very well
, sister. I have had a good precious talisman ; iis power serves even night's rest: it is long since I had such an
to reconcile family discord. Hear what other. But, sister, I want to confess. Oh!
is stated by the sister Boubat, superior of beg the rector to come to me. And in his impatience he began to tell aloud his greatest
the Sisters of Charity at Chesne. faults.' The audience, as may be imagined, “A young pair, in consequence of some va. were exceedingly edified. At last the rector riance, quarrelled, and so violently, that the arrives, the soldier confesses for a whole hour husband turned his wife out of doors in the -then the sister asks him, 'Do you know middle of the night. He then began to throw what we did? What was it, sister?'We out of the windows every thing belonging to put a miraculous medal of the Holy Virgin her, so frantic was he. A virtuous person, between the matresses.' • Ah! that, then, is the who with several others tried, but in vain, to reason why I had so good a night. Indeed, I calm him, adopted the idea of putting the mefelt that there was something the matter, I dal into a press he was beginning to take down. found myself so much changed, and I don't Immediately, without the other people present know what hindered me from searching the bed; being able to imagine why, he quits the press, I thought of doing so. They then took out the becomes calm, peace is re-established, and it medal, and when he saw it, he kissed it with has continued uninterrupted until now." respect and affection. This it is,' he cried, M. Genin's reflections on these suc• which has given me strength to brave human
are neither irrational nor unrespect; it must be placed in my button-hole, and I will give you a ribbon 10 tie it beside my
just : decoration,' (he had the cross of the legion of “ As the medal,” he observes, “ has the prohonour.) The ribbon he had first offered be- perty of acting infallibly and independently of ing a little used— Not that one, sister, but faith, there is, it seems to me, a very easy this; the blessed Virgin well deserves a new mode of terminating the difference between