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can politics, and of all American con- were organized and placed under the cerns, that religion here is to be support- care of an independent company, chosen ed by voluntary contributions. It is our from all denominations and embracing glory, our joy, that religion with us is both clergymen and lay men, to which all upheld by free hearts.
Men may tax the children of the city should have free themselves, and I thank God they do tax admission. To this arrangement the themselves for the support of religion. Protestant churches all submitted; the But the state has no right to lay a tax, Episcopal, the Dutch Reformed, the Meand to send its officers to collect it, for thodist, the Baptist, all-except the Rothe support of the Christian religion. man Catholics- with one consent submit
It follows of necessity that these ted to this decision. The Roman Cathoschools, so maintained by a tax raised lics refused. They had the largest numby the state, are not nurseries for instruc- ber of poor children to be educated, and tion in religion. It is acknowledged in they said, “ We want our portion of the them, it is recognized by them, that public money to support our the peculiar doctrines of any one sect schools." We said to them, “ Here are mụst not be taught in schools supported public schools, common schools, open to by any moneys raised by tax on the peo- your children as to ours; come and parple. Hence, schools furnished by the take of the privileges. We have no restate, provide for the education of the ligion taught in these schools; we have children, as common elementary schools, sound morality, the general principles of for instruction in the common branches what are admitted by all to be religious of education, and no more. Religious truth, but not the doctrines of any partieducation is left to the parents, to the cular denomination, nothing that can ofspiritual teachers of the children, to their fend the prejudices of any. Come, we religious friends, schools, &c. But here say to your children, to our schools; sit no instruction is given in any doctrines beside our children; listen to the same peculiar to any denomination of Chris- teachers, imbibe the same lessons, forget tians.
all differences, and become as brothers, This principle, early in the progress as all the citizens of a nation should be." of the school system, was practically Oh, no!" said they, “ we do not like violated. As long as twenty years ago, that." What is your objection 10 it? the public authorities considered the Are not our schools good schools ? Are question, and saw that there were viola- they not well taught? “Yes.” Then why tions of this primary principle, in church not send your children to them, and let schools, sustained by taxes upon the peo- them grow up with our children; forget ple. It might happen, that if I was tax- all differences of birth or opinion, and ed, my money would
* Oh, tion of the children of Roman Catholics no!" said they, “this public table of in their faith; it miglit happen, on the yours is well furnished, and the dishes other hand, that the money of Roman may be good; but we want private taCatholics would go to instruct their chil- bles; we want our share of the money, dren in my faith. These violations of and we will take care of our tables in our this salutary principle could not be ad- own way.” These schools were not mitted. I should have a right to say to sufficiently religious for them; they deRoman Catholics, “ I will not permit you sired to have their children instructed not to take my money to educate your chil- only in the common branches of educadren in your faith ;” and with equal right tion; but in the doctrines of their relimight they say to me, “ We will not give gion; and to do this they desired a porour money to educate your children in iion of the common school fund. Now,
what was their share? They had the Hence it followed, that in order to pro- greatest number of children to be invide a remedy for the violation of this structed, but they did not pay the greater principle by the church schools, these part of the tax. The answer to their were given up; and large public schools demand was, The fund was not raised to
enable you to educate your children, but priests wanted; for, be it remembered that to educate then. They must go to the many of the Roman laity desired that it schools provided for them. This they should be so. They knew that in these did not like; they wanted the money. schools the spirit of liberty would be They were told they could educate their growing up in their children's hearts ; children as they chose at their own ex- they would begin to exercise their right pense. But they wanted our money to of private judgment, and this might dido it with.
minish their respect for their spiritual We asked them what objection they fathers. They did not wish it to be so. had to our schools? They did not know; All went on ; they could not very well they did not like them! And finally, get over this, but they soon raised another they said our books, our reading books, objection. Said they, "We do not like had in them a great many reflections on
Our answer was, We the Roman Catholics, and they did not do not instruct our children out of it; we wish their children to read them. have it in our schools, and out of respect
Now, we were willing to meet this with to the religious community, to the decenall candour. We know that, in books cies of life and the usages of all respectmade up of miscellaneous articles, it able society, we have a chapter read at could not be expected that every parti- the opening of the schools. Perhaps it cular sentence should suit every member would have been well to have had offered of the community. We must give and a petition to heaven; but there were obtake a little in this respect. But this, jections to this; and, therefore, to please however just, did not suit them, and they every body, we had a chapter instead. would not have it so. We went to work They said, "We cannot approve this; to find a reinedy. Suggestions were we will not have it.” Our answer was, made, and so we went to work to expure practically, We cannot give up the Bible; gate all that could give offence. We we will not give up the Bible! We are wanted their children; we wanted to here as agents of the public; and if the educate them ; we did not like them to public authorize you to say that we shall grow up in ignorance; and so we expur- not have the Bible, we will submit; but gated these objectionable passages. till then we will not. And I have great
Mr. Ketchum here exhibited one of satisfaction in saying that the public has these expurgated editions of Murray's taken up the question, and there is no proReader, and pointed out the passages bability that the public voice will issue which had thus been stricken out; the command that we shall give up the among them were a sketch of Luther's Bible. It has been said, in a public concharacter, from Robertson's Charles V.; troversy between Bishop Hughes and this line from Goldsmith's Traveller myself, that this is a Protestant country; * And e'en in penance planning sins anew:”
that we were willing that their chil
dren should come here and fare as ours a sentence from Lord Chatham's celebrat- do; but that this was a Protestant country, ed protest against the employment of In- and that we love the Bible. It is a fonddian savages by the British in the Revolu- ness we have contracted from our ancestionary war, in which the words "tyranny tors; they used the Bible and we have of Rome," " Popish cruelties," and " In- continued to use it. The answer was, quisition” occurred. These were all that this is not a Protestant country! stricken out for the sake of peace. But We do not admit it, said they. Now I all would not do. Friends blamed us for wish to pause a moment and inquire if having made too great sacrifices for the this is a Protestant country? France, sake of quiet. We said we would edu- Belgium, Italy, and other countries in cate these children for the safety of society; Europe, are generally spoken of in geowe would make Americans of them, make graphies as Roman Catholic countries ; them think and feel as Americans about but on the maps, the United States are American institutions and American peo- put down as Protestant. Are they not? ple. But that was not what the Roman Was that Congress which recommended
the printing and distribution of the Bible and their assistants have reported their schoola Protestant Congress, or was it not?
masters as having suffered to be introduced in Did Lord Chaiham speak the truth when
their respective schools, Bibles and Tesiahe said on the floor of the House of Lords true religion. I know that some of the teachers
ments, which contain doctrines contrary to the that Indians were about to be employed have permitted these books to be used, because in fighting their “Protestanı” brethren, or they were deceived by the colporteurs, who did he not? We have a little documen- told them that they were sent by me. I hasten tary evidence germane to this subject; from your school. I will, without delay, in
to request you to remove these dangerous books and I beg leave 10 read an extract froin an
company with the priest, visit and inspeci your address, in 1774, by the American Con- schools, and every copy of these books that gress to the people in Great Britain : we shall find, we will cause to be burnt. I
“ October 21, 1774. In Congress, at embrace this opportunity of informing you, Philadelphia. Extract from the Address that from this time, I will allow only three
books in the rural schools, viz: of Congress to the people of Great Bri
1. The catechism of the diocese. tain
2. A book of moral lessons, instructive and “ The dominion of Canada is to be extend easy to be understood by the children. ed ... that their numbers, daily swelling with
3. A book of arithmetic. Catholic emigrants from Europe, may become
(Signed) L. LAFOREST, formidable to us, and reduce this ancient free
Inspector of the Schools. &c., &c. Protestant colony to a state of slavery. Nor
I desire to have it understood, that no can we express our astonishment, that a Bria tish Parliament should ever consent to esia- man has a right to exaggerate these de. blish in this country, a religion that has deluged scriptions of the proceedings of Roman your island in blood, and dispersed impiety, bi- Catholics. I hold myself responsible for gotry, persecution, murder and rebellion through whatever I have said, for I speak what I out every part of the world.” This address was issued by an Ameri- know. I have no controversy with Ra
man Catholics in this couniry; I hope Can Congress. Were their constituents Protestants, or not? They were Protest and religious liberty they have sooght
they may long continue to enjoy the civil ants. In the time of the Revolution, here ; I hope they will be happy here. when struggling for civil and religious But let them not seek to change our inliberty, they fought as Protestants; they stitutions. Let them not take away our conquered 'as Protestants; and as Pro- Bible ; for I verily believe that it is 10 testants they rejniced over their victory that Bible that we are indebied for these At that time, then, this was a Protestant institutions which they praise, and for country. Now when have we lost that character ? Let me ask Bishop Hughes,
the liberty we enjoy, more than to any
source whatever, and to all other sources or any other person, to say when we
whatever. And I doubt whether what ceased to be a Protestant country? I do
we call republican liberty could exist not know but the time may come when
here or elsewhere, unless the people we shall cease to be such, but I do not
are instructed in the Bible. There men believe it; at least while the energies of learn their equality with their richest and this Society are still employed," while learn their equality with their richest and your agents go forth and your
most respected neighbour. It is there
ministers áre at their aliars as heretofore; while your learned by our children and ourselves.
that practical democracy can alone be missionaries go out into the land, I do not Let us then cling to the Bible! It is our believe we shall cease to be a Protestant safeguard and our only safeguard. country; and inay the day be long distant
' when the attempí to make this a Roman book. I do not come here to talk about
When I speak of the Bible, I mean this Catholic country shall succeed ! And what, in that case, have we to expect? I versions of the Bible. What did our anwill read a proclamation—since proved know about versions? We talk of the
cestors, for a hundred and fifty years, to be official-lately issued in France:
Bibles which we and our fathers for two UNIVERSITY OF FRAXCB. ACADEMY AT BORDBAUX.
hundred years have read, in the faill of The Inspector of the Schools of the Dordogne to the Schoolmusters of the Department :
the doctrine in wbich they have lived Monsieur l'Institutur. — Many of the cures happily and died triumphantly. These
are ihe Biblės, these which the Society shall be understood. Doubtless criticism has printed, and of which they have dis- may deteci errors in language and punctributed thousands of copies, to which we tuation-a little here and there ; but we eling. I talk not of versions: It is to do not believe it possible for more learnthis Bible that the resolution resers. Its ing and purity to be employed upon the purity, and simplicity of style — where Bible ihan have been employed upon this. shall we find them surpassed ? Here are Let us, then, stand by it; and as it was words taken from the language of the the Bible of our fathers, so let it be the people, and if we speak in these words Bible of our children, to the remotest geto all who know the English tongue, we neration.
PROTESTANTISM NECESSARY TO FREEDOM.
The lands where Popery and the different parts of the same countries, and Inquisition flourished, lialy and Spain, every where the same tale is told. The though blessed with rare fertility, with norih and south of Ireland are the seats mineral wealth, with upclouded skies, respectively of Protestantism and Popery, are now, of all the lands where the name -in the former, the arts of industry and of Christ has been mentioned so long, peace continually flourish ; the latter are the most degraded and the most wretch- the favourite abodes of superstition and ed. The countries where Popery has penury, of disaffection and crime. The not been quite strong enough to establish Popish and Protestant cantons of Switzor to maintain the Inquisition, but in erland are similarly contrasted—so also which, nevertheless, she has siibstituted are the Popish and Protestant parts of çunningly-devised fables and, the com- Prussia; and France, besides presenting mandments of men, for pure and unde- the same distinction between several of filed religion, are countries sunk beneath her southern departments, can tell the a load of despotism, and debased even tile that, with the faithful band of Proin this, the boasted nineteenth century, 10 testants, whom she exiled by the perfi. a degree of ignorance and servility, hap- dious revocation of the Edict of Nantes, pily unknown for many generations, io fted ihe glory and the happiness of the Protestant freemen. And in those darker nation. So, likewise, Holland and Bellands, where Mohammedanism has delud- gium, respectively, prove that there is in ed the population in Turkey and Persia national fidelity, in the acknowledgment particularly-freedom is unknown, the of the one true Goil, who has promised, penple perish through lack of know- "them that honour me I will honour,” a ledge, and God's ancient people are har salient spring of strength and prosperity; barously oppressed; while in China and anil that there is in national, apostasy, and all pagan nations, in the wilds of Africa, particularly in the Popish form of it, the among the savage ưribes of America, the certain source of domestic distraction and hordes or Tártary, anıl the heathens of incessant depression. The events that the distant isles, the weak are unprotect- mark the hisiory of these countries caned from the strong, lust and rapine reign not otherwise be explained. If they can, supreme, the land is uncultivateil, and ge- -il, indeed, peculiar advantages of clineration follows generation to the grave, mate, position, or soil, are 10 be deemed each sinking lower than its predecessor the causes of prosperity—or if human in misery, barbarism, and sin.
skill and policy be considered its efficient Nor let it be said that other peculiari. promoters, how shall the difficulty be lies affecting these nations accouni for solved when the same clinate, soil, and their disasters, otherwise than by the position, and the same form of governsimple face of the withdrawal of God's ment, have been enjoyed by the counavour. The test has been applied 10 tries or parts of countries in which disferent fruits have been gathered? And pulation. But the blood-hound tracked above all, how shall the very different ihe way of the Popish Spaniard across influence of countries in colonization be the southern continent of America; at explained, save by reference to the ope- Goa the mandate of Portuguese inquisiration of the Christian or worldly prin- tors summoned trembling heathens to ciples that distinguish their governments, bow to idols scarcely less debasing than -the civilization and wisdom of the their own; and France has carried to rulers being in all cases much the same? Lower Canada, and, in later times, to England, for instance, has carried, and is Algiers and the Pacific, a tyranny as mercarrying even now, to many a colony, ciless as that which, in her now liberated her sceptre of mercy and justice. În colony of St. Domingo roused thousands all, the Bible and indefatigable preachers of enervated but maddened bondmen to of the pure Word of God, are scattered seize and trample on their intolerable opamong an intelligent and improving po. pressors.
Rome's Policy towards the Bible, or Papal Ef- every one. It is a most seasonable pubforts to suppress the Scriptures, in the last five lication, written with earnestness and centuries, exposed : By an American Citizen. ability, and should be in the possession Philadelphia: James M. Campbell, 1844.
of every Protestant. The object of this publication, the second of a series of Tracts for the Times, is sufficiently explained in the title. It A Voice from Rome, Answered by an American portrays the crafty policy of the papal Citizen; or a Review of the Encyclical Letler power, exhibited toward all translations
of Pope Gregory XVI., A. D. 1842; The of the Scriptures into the living lan
Bishop's Oath, und the Pope's Curse upon
Herelics, fc. Philadelphia, 1844. guages of Europe, and, by an appeal 10 authentic facts, proves that wherever The documents in this book scarcely Rome has had the power, from Wick- needed a commentary. They are from liffe's day, in 1380, to the present time, the highest authority in the Roman the Bible has been a forbidden book, and church, and, more than any thing a Prothose who have veniured to read it have testant could write, they condemn her. opened it at the peril and sacrifice of We are sure that little more is needed, their lives, while the sacred volume it- than a knowledge of the papal doctrines self has invariably been BURNED, as a and corruptions, to turn the tide back book too vile to be tolerated. The recent against Roine. More knowledge of this assaults upon the Bible in our city, are sort is contained in this pamphlet than in placed, by these historical facts, in a light any other publication of its size with in which they must be intelligible to which we are acquainted.