Essays in Historical Chemistry

Macmillan and Company, 1894 - 381 Seiten

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Seite 235 - Jointly they establish with what we cannot but regard as a very high degree of probability the conclusion that, in any ordinary liquid, transparent solid, or seemingly opaque solid, the mean distance between the centres of contiguous molecules is less than the hundred-millionth, and greater than the two thousand-millionth of a centimetre.
Seite 51 - ... it might not be so proper for us in the usual healthy state of the body: for as a candle burns out much faster in dephlogisticated than in common air, so we might, as may be said, live out too fast, and the animal powers be too soon exhausted in this pure kind of air. A moralist, at least, may say that the air which nature has provided for us is as good as we deserve.
Seite 359 - Without entering into details, I will give the conclusions I then arrived at in the very words I used : — 1. The elements, if arranged according to their atomic weights, exhibit an evident periodicity of properties. 2. Elements which are similar as regards their chemical properties have atomic weights which are either of nearly the same value (eg, platinum, iridium, osmium) or which increase regularly (eg, potassium, rubidium, cesium).
Seite 300 - So live, that when thy summons comes to join The innumerable caravan, which moves To that mysterious realm, where each shall take His chamber in the silent halls of death, Thou go not, like the quarry-slave at night, Scourged to his dungeon, but, sustained and soothed By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave, Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams.
Seite 145 - My desire to escape from trade, which I thought vicious and selfish, and to enter into the service of Science, which I imagined made its pursuers amiable and liberal, induced me at last to take the bold and simple step of writing to Sir H. Davy...
Seite 222 - It is conceivable that the various kinds of matter, now recognized as different elementary substances, may possess one and the same ultimate or atomic molecule existing in different conditions of movement. The essential unity of matter is an hypothesis in harmony with the equal action of gravity upon all bodies.
Seite 235 - To form some conception of the degree of coarse-grainedness indicated by this conclusion, imagine a rain drop, or a globe of glass as large as a pea, to be magnified up to the size of the earth, each constituent molecule being magnified in the same proportion. The magnified structure would be coarser grained than a heap of small shot, but probably less coarse grained than a heap of cricketballs.
Seite 51 - The feeling of it to my lungs was not sensibly different from that of common air, but I fancied that my breast felt peculiarly light and easy for some time afterwards. Who can tell but that in time this pure air may become a fashionable .article 1 Lee. cit. p. 94. in luxury ? Hitherto only two mice and myself have had the privilege of breathing it.
Seite 127 - Cavendish from his capital experiment was, in his own words, that " dephlogisticated air is in reality nothing but dephlogisticated water, or water deprived of its phlogiston, or in other words, that water consists of dephlogisticated air united to phlogiston, and that inflammable air is either pure phlogiston, or else water united to phlogiston...
Seite 113 - In this situation, I saw reason to embrace what is generally called the heterodox side of almost every question.

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