The Behring Sea Controversy
A.B. King, 1892 - 102 Seiten
Contains a legal analysis of the documents leading to, and published during the sealing controversy between the United States and Great Britain. (Arctic Bib. 16694).
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adverse possession agreement Alaska American application argument asserted authority Bayard bays Behring Sea belong Blaine Blaine-Pauncefote Britain British called Canadian citizens claim closed coast common conference convention countries defense distance doctrine dominion drawn England exclusive exercise express extend fact fishery fishing foreign fur seal further given Government ground headland hundred interest International Law islands jurisdiction killing land latitude leagues less limit Lord Salisbury March marine maritime matter means ment miles nation navigation necessary never Ortolan Pacific Ocean parties passed person Phil portion possession practice precedent prescription present President pretensions privilege prohibition protection question reason reference regard regulation respect rule Russia says Secretary seizures ships shores sovereignty straits territorial three miles tion treaty Twiss United Vattel vessels waters West Wharton Wheaton whole
Seite 18 - Pacific Ocean," as used in the treaty of 1825 between Great Britain and Russia, and what rights, if any, in the Behring Sea were held and exclusively exercised by Russia after said treaty ? 4.
Seite 33 - It is nevertheless understood that during a term of ten years, counting from the signature of the present Convention, the ships of both Powers, or which belong to their Citizens or Subjects respectively, may reciprocally frequent without any hindrance whatever, the interior seas, gulfs, harbours and creeks upon the Coast mentioned in the preceding Article, for the purpose of fishing and trading with the natives of the country.
Seite 34 - Island, which point lies in the parallel of 54 degrees 40 minutes north latitude, and between the 131st and 133d degree of west longitude (meridian of Greenwich), the said line shall ascend to the north along the channel called Portland Channel, as far as the point of the continent where it strikes the 56th degree of north latitude...
Seite 42 - Noonarbook, and proceeds due north without limitation, into the same Frozen Ocean. The same western limit, beginning at the same initial point, proceeds thence in a course nearly southwest, through Behring's Straits and Behring's Sea, so as to pass midway between the northwest point of the island of St.
Seite 42 - Choukotski, to the meridian of 172 west longitude; thence, from the intersection of that meridian, in a southwesterly direction, so as to pass midway between the island of Attou and the Copper island of the...
Seite 17 - Sea, and what exclusive rights in the seal fisheries therein, did Russia assert and exercise prior and up to the time of the cession of Alaska to the United States?
Seite 42 - The western limit within which the territories and dominion conveyed are contained passes through a point in Behring's straits on the parallel of...
Seite 32 - With regard to the suggestion, that the Russian government might have justified the exercise of sovereignty over the Pacific ocean, as a close sea, because it claims territory both on its American and Asiatic shores, it may suffice to say, that the distance from shore to shore on this sea, in latitude 51 north, is not less than 90 degrees of longitude, or 4000 miles.
Seite 33 - The United States can admit no part of these claims. Their right of Navigation and of Fishing is perfect and has been in constant exercise from the earliest times after the Peace of 1783, throughout the whole extent of the Southern Ocean, subject only to the ordinary exceptions and exclusions of the territorial Jurisdictions, which so far as Russian rights are concerned, are confined to certain Islands, North of the 55th. degree of Latitude, and have no existence on the Continent of America.
Seite 35 - It is also understood, that, for the space of ten years from the signature of the present Convention, the vessels of the two Powers, or those belonging to their respective subjects, shall mutually be at liberty to frequent, without any hindrance whatever, all the inland seas, the gulfs, havens, and creeks on the coast mentioned in Article III for the purposes of fishing and of trading with the natives.