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given him.'—'All that the Father giveth me, shall minds, and write them in their hearts.' — And I come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will will give them one heart and one way, that they in no wise cast out.'—' And this is the Father's may fear me for ever.'—“And I will make an everwill which hath sent me, that of all which he lasting covenant with them, and I will not turn hath given me I should lose nothing, but should away from them to do them good, but I will put raise it up again at the last day.'— But ye believe my fear in their hearts that they shall not depart not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said from me.'—Who makes thee to differ? and what unto you: my sheep hear my voice, and I know hast thou that thou didst not receive?' Much them, and they follow me, and I give unto them more may be produced, from which it is evident eternal life, and they shall never perish, and none that Christ is the author and finisher of our faith: shall take them out of my hands : my Father and that the certainty of the salvation of his which gave them me is greater than all, and no elect, doth lie niore on his undertaking and reman is able to pluck them out of my Father's solution infallibly to accomplish their salvation, hands.'— Blessed be the God and Father of our than upon our wisdom, or the stability of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all mutable free-wills; and that thus we are better in spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ, the hands of the second Adam, than we were in according as he hath chosen us in him before the the hands of the first. foundation of the world, that we should be holy 14. To conclude ; vindictive justice will be and without blame before him in love : having doubly honoured upon them that are final rejectpredestinated us to the adoption of children by ers of this grace. Though conscience would have Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good had matter enough to work upon for the torment pleasure of his will, to the praise of the glory of of the sinner, and the justifying of God, upon the his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in mere violation of the law of nature or works, yet the Beloved.'—Being predestinated according to nothing to what it now will have on them that the purpose of him that worketh all things after are the despisers of this great salvation. “For of the counsel of his own will.'
how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he If faith, and repentance, and the right dis be thought worthy, that hath trodden under fout position of the will itself, be his resolved gift the Son of God? When it is wilful impenitency, to his elect, and not things left merely to our against most excellent means and mercies, that uncertain wills, then the case is past all ques- is to be charged upon sinners, and when they tion. In meekness instructing those that oppose perish because they would not be saved, justice themselves, if God peradventure will give them re- will be most fully glorified before all, and in the pentance to the acknowledging of the truth, and conscience of the sinner himself. All this conthat they may recover themselves out of the snare sidered, you may see that, besides what reasons of the devil.'—“By grace ye are saved through of the counsel of God are unknown to us, there faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of is abundant reason open to our sight, from the God.'— The fruit of the Spirit is love, faith.'— great advantages of this way, why God would • To you it is given on the behalf of Christ, not only rather save us by a Redeemer, than in a way of to believe.”—“As many as were ordained to eterual innocency, as our mere Creator. life believed.'—' And I will give them an heart to But, for the answering of all objecticns against know me, that I am the Lord, and they shall be this, I must now desire you to observe these my people, and I will be their God ; for they two things following. 1. That we here supshall return unto me with their whole heart.'— pose man a terrestrial inhabitant clothed with • And I will give them one heart, and I will put flesh: otherwise it is confessed that if he were a new Spirit within you; and I will take the perfect in heaven, where he had the beatific stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them vision to confirm him, many of these forean heart of flesh, that they may walk in my sta- mentioned advantages to him would be none. tutes, and keep my ordinances and do them, and 2. And it is supposed that God will work on they shall be my people, and I will be their God.' man by moral means; and where he never so in
— A new heart also will I give you, and a new fallibly produces the good of man, he doth it in spirit will I put within you, and I will take a way agreeable to his nature and present state; away the stony heart out of your pesh, and give and his work of grace is wise, magnifying the you an heart of flesh, and I will put my Spirit contrivance and conduct of his wisdom, as well within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes.') as his power : otherwise indeed God might See also in Hebrews, where this is called the new have done all without these or any other means. and better covenant. “I will put my laws in their 3. The knowledge of God in Christ as our Redeemer, must imprint upon the soul those holy | us so far, that unfeigned love to him may be the affections, which the design and nature of our predominant affection of our souls. And being redemption bespeak, and answer these foremen- free from the spirit of bondage and slavish fear, tioned ends.
we must make love and thankfulness the sum of As, 1. It must keep the soul in a sense of our religion : and think not any thing will prove the odiousness of sin, that must have such a re- us Christians, without prevailing love to Christ, medy to pardon and destroy it.
nor that any duty is accepted that proceedeth 2. It must raise us to most high and honour. not from it. able thoughts of our Redeemer, the Captain of 9. Redemption must teach us to apply ourour salvation, that bringeth back lost sinners selves to the holy laws and example of our Reunto God: and we must study to advance the deemer for the forming and ordering of our hearts glory of our Lord, whom the Father hath ad- and lives. vanced and set over all.
10. And it must quicken us to love the Lord 3. It must drive us out of ourselves, and with a redoubled vigour, and to obey with double bring us to be nothing in our own eyes, and resolution and diligence, because we are under cause us to have humble, penitent, self-condemn- a double obligation. What should a people ing thoughts, as men that have been our own so redeemed esteem too much or too dear for undoers, and deserved so ill of God and man. God?
4. It must drive us to a full and constant de- 11. Redemption must make us a more heapendence on Christ our Redeemer, and on the venly people, as being redeemed to the incorrupFather by him: as our life is now in the Son as tible inheritance in heaven : 'the blessed God its root and fountain, so in him must be our and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, according faith and confidence, and to him we must daily to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again have recourse, and seek to him, and to the Father unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus in his name, for all that we need, for daily par- Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorrupdon, strength, protection, provision and conso- tible, undefiled, and that fadeth not away, relation.
served in heaven for us, who are kept by the 5. It must cause us the more to admire the power of God through faith unto salvation.' holiness of God, which is so admirably declared 12. Lastly, Redemption must cause us to walk in our redemption ; and still be sensible how he the more carefully, and with a greater care to hates sin and loves purity.
avoid all sin, and to avoid the threatened wrath 6. It must invite and encourage us to draw of God, because sin against such unspeakable near to God, who hath condescended to come mercy is unspeakably great : and condemnation so near to us; and as sons we must cry · Abba, by a Redeemer for despising his grace, will be a Father,' and though with reverence, yet with holy double condemnation. confidence, must set ourselves continually before
CHAP. XII. 7. It must cause us to make it our daily em- The third relation in which God is to be known ployment to study the riches of the love of God, by us, is, as he is our sanctifier and comforter, and his abundant mercy manifested in Christ; which is specially ascribed to the Holy Ghost. so that above all themes in the world, we should And doubtless as the dispensation of the Holy most diligently and delightfully peruse the Son Ghost is the perfecting dispensation, without of God incarnate, and in him behold the power, which creation and redemption would not attain wisdom, and goodness of the Father: and with their ends; and as the sin against the Holy Paul we should desire to know nothing but Ghost, is the great and dangerous sin ; so our Christ crucified;' and all things should be belief in the Holy Ghost, and knowledge of God counted but loss and dung for the excellency of as our sanctifier by the Spirit, is not the least the knowledge of Christ Jesus our Lord. That or lowest act of our faith or knowledge. It we may be able to comprehend with all saints, implies or contains these things following. what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and 1. We must hence take notice of the certainty heighth, and to know the love of Christ, which of our common original sin. The necessity of passeth knowledge, that we may be filled with sanctification proves the corruption, as the neces. all the fulness of God.'
sity of a Redeemer proves the guilt: it is not 8. Above all, if we know God as our Redeemer, one but all that are baptized, that must be bapwe must live in the power of holy love and gra- tized into the name of the Son and Holy Ghost, titude. His manifested love must prevail with I as well as of the Father : which is an entering
into covenant with the Sou as our Redeemer, and own disinclinations, and to concupiscence, must with the Holy Ghost as our Sanctifier. So that be confessed ; and the need of grace to work infants themselves must be sanctified, or be none the cure. It is not ingenuous for us, when God of the church of Christ, which consists of bap- made it so admirable a part of his work in the tized and sanctified persons. •Except a man be world, to redeem us, and save us from our sin born again, even of the Spirit, as well as water, and misery, that we should hide or deny our he cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven.' diseases, and make ourselves believe that we · For that which is born of the flesh is flesh, and have but little need of the physician, and so that that which is born of the Spirit is spirit,' and the cure is no great matter, and consequently therefore the fleshly birth producing not a spirit- deserves no great praise. I know the church ual creature, will not save without the spiritual is troubled by men of dark, yet self-conceited birth ; the words are most plain ; not only against minds, that in these points are running all into them that deny original sin, but against them extremes. One side denying the gracious methat misunderstanding the nature of redemption, thod, and the other the omnipotent way of God think that all infants are merely, by the price in our recovery. One plainly casting our sin paid, put into a state of salvation, and have the and misery principally on God; and the other pardon of their original sin in common, attend. as plainly robbing the Redeemer and Holy Spirit ing their natural birth. But these men should of the honour of our recovery. But it is the consider, 1. That this text and constant experi- latter that my subject leads me now to speak ence tell us that the new birth doth not thus of. I beseech you, take heed of any conceit commonly to all accompany the natural birth : that would draw you to extenuate the honour of and yet without the new birth none can be saved, our sanctifier. Dare you contend against the nor without holiness any see God. 2. That par- Holy Ghost for the integrity of your natures, or don of sin is no man's, upon the base suffering the honour of your cure? Surely he that bath of Jesus Christ ; but must be theirs by some felt the power of this renewing grace, and found covenant or promise conveying to them a right how little of it was from himself, nay, how much to the benefits of bis suffering. And therefore he was an enemy to it, will be less inclined to no man can be said to be pardoned or saved, extenuate the praise of grace than inexperienced without great arrogancy in the affirmer, that hath men will be. Because the case is very weighty, not from God a promise of such mercy. But no give me leave, by way of question, to propound man can show any promise that gives remission these considerations to you. of original sin to all infants. Produce it, or Quest. 1. Why is it, think you, that all must presume not to affirm it, lest you fall under the be baptized into the name of the Son and Holy heavy doom of those that add to his holy word. Ghost, as well as of the Father ? Doth it not The promise is to the faithful and their seed. imply that all have need of a sanctifier, and must The rest are not the children of the promise, but be engaged to that end in covenant with the are under the curse of the violated law; which in- sanctifier ? I suppose you know that it is pot deed is dispensable ; and therefore we cannot say to a bare profession of our belief of the trinity that God will pardon none of them ; but withal, of persons, that we are baptized. It is the covewe cannot say that he will, unless he had told nant entrance into our happy relation to God us so. All the world stand in need of a sancti- the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, that is then tier : and therefore most certainly, even since celebrated. And therefore as infants and all Christ's death, they are naturally corrupted. must be thus engaged to the sanctifier; so all
2. And as our belief in the Holy Ghost, as must acknowledge their necessity of this mercy, sanctifier, engages us to acknowledge our origi- and the excellency of it. It is essential to our nal sin and misery, so doth it engage us to mag- Christianity, that we value it, desire it, and renify his renewing work of grace, and be con- ceive it. Therefore an error inconsistent with vinced of the necessity of it, and to confess the it proves us indeed no Christians. insufficiency of corrupted nature to its own re- Quest. 2. Why is it, think you, that the Holy novation. As no man must dishonour the work | Ghost and this renewing work, are so much magof our Creator ; and therefore our faculties of nified in the scripture? Is not the glory of it reason and natural free-will are not to be denied answerable to those high expressions ; undoubtor reproached : so must we be as careful that we edly it is. I have already told you elsewhere dishonour not the works of our Redeemer or of the eulogies of this work. It is that by which Sanctifier; and therefore the viciousness of these Christ dwells in them, and they are made a faculties, and the thraldom of our wills to their habitation of God by the Spirit. They are made
by it 'the temples of the Holy Ghost. It is the number the several excellent effects of the sancdivine power, which is no other than omnipo- tifying work of the Spirit upon the soul, and to tency, that 'giveth us all things pertaining unto recite the eulogies of it in the scripture. Surely life and godliness. Think not, I beseech you, it is no low or needless thing which all these any lower of this work than is consistent with expressions intend. these expressions. It is the opening of the Quest. 3. If you think it a most heinous sin blind eyes of our understanding, and turning us to vilify the Creator and his work, and the Refrom darkness to light, and from the power of deemer and his work, why should not you think Satan unto God, and bringing us into his mar- so of the vilifying of the Sanctifier and his work, vellous light. It is an inward teaching of us by when God hath so magnified it, and will be gloGod, an effectual teaching and anointing, and a rified in it; and when it is the applying, perfectwriting the laws in our hearts, and putting them ing work, that makes the purchased benefits of in our inward parts. I purposely forbear any redemption to be ours, and forms our Father's exposition of these texts, lest I seem to distort | image on us. them ; and because I would only lay the naked Quest. 4. Do we not doctrinally commit too word of God before your own impartial consider- much of that sin, if we undervalue the Spirit's ations. It is God's work by the Spirit, and not sanctifying work, as common thing, which our own, as ours, that is here so much magnified. the ungodly world manifest in practice, when And can all this signify no more but a common, they speak and live in a contempt or low esteem bare proposal of truth and good to the intellect of grace? And which is more injurious to and will ; even such as ignorant and wicked God-for a profane person to jest at the Spirits men have ? Doth God do as much to illuminate, work, or for a Christian, or minister, deliberately teach, and sanctify them, that never are illumi- to extenuate it; especially when the preaching of nated, or taught, and sanctified, as them that grace is a minister's chief work, surely we should are? This work of the Holy Ghost is called “a much fear partaking in so great a sin? quickening,' or making men that were dead, Quest. 5. Why is it that the scripture speaks alive ;' it is called a "new begetting or new so much to take men off from boasting or asbirth,' without which none can enter into heaven; cribing any thing to themselves ? • That every a ó renewing us,' and making us new men,' and mouth may be stopped ,' and why doth not the 'new creatures,' so far as that old things are past law of works exclude boasting but only the law away, and all become new; it is 'a new creating of faith? Surely the actions of nature, except us after the image of God;' it makes us holy so far as it is corrupt, are as truly of God, as as God is holy ;' yea, it makes us 'partakers of the acts of grace. And yet God will not take it the divine nature. It gives us ó repentance to well to deny him the glory of redemption, or the acknowledging of the truth, that we may re- sanctification, and tell him that we paid it him cover ourselves out of the snare of the devil, in another kind, and ascribed all to him as the who were taken captive by him at his will.' It author of our free-will by natural production. gives us that ‘love by which God dwelleth in For as nature shall honour the Creator, so grace us, and we in God. We are 'redeemed by shall also honour the Redeemer and Sanctifier. Christ from all iniquity, and therefore it is that God designs the humbling of the sinner, and he gave himself for us, to purify to himself a teaching him to deny himself, and to honpeculiar people zealous of good works. It is an our God in such a way as may stand with selfabundant shedding of the Holy Ghost on us abasement, leaving it to God to honour those for our renovation, and by it a shedding the by way of reward, that honour him in way of love of God abroad in our hearts. It is this Holy duty, and deny their own honour. Spirit, given to believers, by which they pray, and Quest. 6. Why is the blaspheming, and sinby which they “mortify the flesh.' By this Spirit ning against the Holy Ghost made so heinous we live, walk, and rejoice. Our joy, peace, and and dangerous a sin, if the works of the Holy hope is through the power of the Holy Ghost. It Ghost were not most excellent, and such as God gives us a spiritual mind, and takes away the car- will be most honoured by ? nal mind that is enmity against God, and neither Quest. 7. Is it not great ingratitude for the is nor can be subject to his law. By this Spirit that soul that hath been illuminated, converted, reis given to us, we must know that we are God's newed, quickened, and saved by the Holy Ghost, children. “For if any man have not the Spirit of to extenuate the mercy, and ascribe it most to Christ, the same is none of his. All holy graces his natural will? O what a change was it that are the fruits of the Spirit. It would be too long to sanctification made ; what a blessed birth-day
was that to our souls, when we entered here Quest. 9. Doth it not tend to bring sin into upon life eternal !
And is this the thanks we credit, which holiness is contrary to, and to bring give the Lord for so great a mercy
the love of God into discredit, and to hinder Quest. 8. What mean those texts, if they con- men's conversion, and keep them from a holy fute not this unthankful opinion? “It is God life, when holiness is taken for so low and natuthat worketh in you to will and to do of his good ral or common a thing ? pleasure.'-'God hath raised us up together, and Quest. 10. And consequently, doth it not tend made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ to the vilifying of the attribute of holiness in Jesus, that in the ages to come he might show God, when the image and effect of it is so exthe exceeding riches of his grace, in his kindness tenuated? towards us through Christ Jesus : for by grace Quest. 11. And doth it not tend to the conye are saved through faith, and that not of your tempt of heaven itself, whose state of felicity selves ; it is the gift of God; not of works, lest consists much in perfect holiness ? If sancany man should boast ; for we are his workman- tification be but some common motion, which ship created to good works in Christ Jesus.'- Cain and Judas had, as well as Paul, surely it is · Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, less divine and more inconsiderable than we and ordained you that you should go and bring thought. forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain.'— Quest. 12. Doth it not speak a very danger• Herein is love : not that we loved God, but that ous suspicion of a soul that never felt the special he loved us.'—*For who maketh thee to differ; work of grace, that can make light of it, and asand what hast thou that thou didst not receive?'cribe it most to his own will ? Would not -No man can come unto me, except the Father sound humiliation do more than arguments to which hath sent me draw him.'—• The natural cure this great mistake? I never yet came near man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of a thoroughly humbled soul, but I found them too God, for they are foolishness unto him, neither low and vile in their own eyes to have such uncan he know them, because they are spiritually dervaluing thoughts of grace, or to think it best discerned.'—That which is born of the flesh is for them to leave all the efficacy of grace to flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is their own wills. A broken heart abhors such spirit,' that is plainly, the fleshly birth produces thoughts. but flesh and not Spirit ; if any man will have Quest. 13. Dare any wise and sober man dethe Spirit, and so be saved, it must be by a sire such a thing of God, or dare you say that spiritual birth by the Holy Ghost. • The Lord you will expect no other grace, but what shall opened Lydia's heart that she attended to the leave it to yourselves to make it effectual or things that were spoken of Paul,' &c. Was the frustrate it? I think he is no friend to his soul conversion of Paul, a murdering persecutor, his that would take up with this. own work rather than the Lord's, when the means Quest. 14. Do not the constant prayers of all and manner were such as we read of ? • The that have but a show of godliness, contradict the God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou doctrine which I am contradicting? Do you shouldst know his will, and see that Just One, and not beg of God to melt, soften, and bow your hear the voice of his mouth. He was chosen hearts, and to make them more holy, and fill to the means and to faith, and not only in faith them with light, faith, and love, and hold you unto salvation. When Christ called his disciples close to God and duty ? In a word, do you not to come and follow him, was there no prevailing daily pray for effectual grace, that shall infallibly inward power that made them leave all and fol- procure your desired ends ? I scarcely ever heard low him ? Was it not the power of the Holy a prayer from a sober man but was orthodox in Ghost that converted three thousand Jews at a such points, though their speeches would be hesermon, of them that by wicked hands had cru- terodox. cified and slain the Lord Jesus? When the
Quest. 15. Do you not know that there is an preaching and miracles of Christ converted so enmity in every unrenewed heart against sancfew, his brethren, and they that saw his mira- tification, till God remove it? Are we not cles believed not on him ;' but when the Holy greater enemies to ourselves, and greater resistGhost was given after his ascension, in that ers of the Holy Ghost, and of our own converplenty which answered the gospel and promise, sion, sanctification, and salvation, than all the his words were fulfilled, · And I, if I be lifted world besides is? Woe to him that feels not up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.' Ithis by himself. And is it likely, that we pass by abundance more of such evidence. that are enemies to holiness, should do more