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KING Richard the Second.
Inches.to Bolingbroke, Son to John of Gaunt, afterwards King
Henry the Fourth.
Servants to-King Richard. Green, Earl of Northumberland, Percy, son to Northumberland, Friends to Bolingbroke. Ross, Willoughby, ,
Lords in the Parliament.
Queen to King Richard.
Heralds, two Gardiners, Keéper, Mesenger, Groom, and
SCENE, dispersedly, in several Parts of
(1) The LIFE and DEATH of KING RICHARD II.
A CT I. SCENE, the COURT. Enter King Richard, John of Gaunt, with other No
bles and Attendants..
Brought hither Henry Hereford thy bold son,
(1) Tbe life and death of King Richard 11. ] But this history como prizes little more than the two last years of this unfortunate Prince. The action of the drama begins with Bolingbroke's appealing the Duke of Norfolk, on an accusation of high treason, which fell out in the year 1398; and it closes with the murder of King Richard at PomfraCastle, towards the end of the year 1400, or the beginning of the ensuing year. Mr. Gildon acknowledges, that Shakespeare has drawn K. Ricbard's character according to the best accounts of history; that is,. infolent, proud, and thoughtless in prosperity ; dejected, and defponding on the appearance of danger. But whatever blemishes be had either in temper or conduct, the diftresses of his latter days, the double divorce from his throne and Queen, are painted in such ftrong colours, that those blemishes are lost in the shade of his mila fortunes; and our.compassion for him wipes out the memory of such fgots, quas bumana parum cavit natura.
Which then our leisure would not let us hear,
K. Rich. Tell me moreover, hast thou sounded him,
Gaunt. As near as I could fift him on that argument, On some apparent danger seen in him. Aim'd at your Highness; no invetrate malice.
K. Rich. Then call them to our presence; face to face, And frowning brow to brow, ourselves will hear 'Th' accuser, and th' accused freely speak: High ftomach'd are they both; and full of ire; In rage, deaf as the sea; hafty as fire.
Enter Bolingbroke and Mowbray. Boling. May many years of happy days befal My gracious Sovereign, my most loving Liege !
Mowb. Each day itill better other's happiness; Until the heavens, envying earth's good hap, Add an immortal title to your crown!
K. Rich. We thank you both, yet one but Aatters us, As well appeareth by the cause you come; Namely, t'appeal each other of high treason. Cousin of Hereford, what doft thou object Against the Duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray?
Boling. First, (Heaven be the record to my speech!)
Thou art a traitor and a miscreant ;
Once more, the more to aggravate the note,
Mowb. Let not my cold words here accuse my zeal ;
Where (2) Or ang orber ground inhabitable. ] I don't know that this word, (like the French term, inbabitable,) will admit the two different acceptations of a place to be dwelt in, and not to be dwelt in: (or that it may be taken in the latter sense, as itibabitabilis (among the Lafines) fignifies uninbabitab'è ; tho' inbabitare signifies only to inbabit :) and there. fore I have ventur'd to read,
any olber ground unhabitable; So in the old Quarto, or first rough draught of our author's Taming of the Sbrew;.
Unbabitable as the burning Zone. I'confess, there is a passage in Ben Jobnson's tragedy of Cariline, which, should feem to favour the equivocal contruction and use of this word;
And who, in such a cause, and 'gainst such fiends,