English: Meaning and Culture
Oxford University Press, 27.04.2006 - 368 Seiten
It is widely accepted that English is the first truly global language and lingua franca. Anna Wierzbicka, the distinguished linguist known for her theories of semantics, has written the first book that connects the English language with what she terms "Anglo" culture. Wierzbicka points out that language and culture are not just interconnected, but inseparable. She uses original research to investigate the "universe of meaning" within the English language (both grammar and vocabulary) and places it in historical and geographical perspective. This engrossing and fascinating work of scholarship should appeal not only to linguists and others concerned with language and culture, but the large group of scholars studying English and English as a second language.
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From Philosophy to Everyday Discourse
Part III Anglo Culture Reflected in English Grammar
Part IV Conclusion
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addressee Anglo English appears assumption Australian Australian English believe can’t causee certainly chapter Clapham omnibus clearly Cobuild corpus collocations component concept consider context contrast conversational routines cross-cultural discourse markers discussed doesn’t don’t say don’t want eighteenth century English language English word epistemic adverbs epistemic phrase ethics European languages evidence examples from Cobuild expect expression fact French German glish happen human idea illustrated implies interaction John Locke judgment justice knowledge lingua franca linguistic linked Locke meaning modal modern Anglo culture modern English moral natural semantic metalanguage notion ofAnglo ofEnglish ofthe ofthis one’s opinion people’s person philosophical point ofview presume probably question quote rational reasonable doubt reference reflected right and wrong Rihbany Russian say I know semantic sense sentence-initial Shakespeare someone speaker speaker-oriented speaking suggest suppose things thought tion true truth understand unfair unreasonable verb want to say Wierzbicka word fair word reasonable
Seite 84 - When another asserted something that I thought an error, I denied myself the pleasure of contradicting him abruptly, and of showing immediately some absurdity in his proposition; and in answering I began by observing that in certain cases or circumstances his opinion would be right, but in the present case there appeared or seemed to me some difference, etc.
Seite 68 - It was about this time I conceived the bold and arduous project of arriving at moral perfection. I wished to live without committing any fault at any time, and to conquer all that either natural inclination, custom or company, might lead me into.
Seite 322 - Probable evidence, in its very nature, affords but an imperfect kind of information, and is to be considered as relative only to beings of limited capacities.
Seite 155 - The great and chief end therefore, of men's uniting into commonwealths, and putting themselves under government, is the preservation of their property; to which in the state of nature there are many things wanting.
Seite 132 - All government, indeed every human benefit and enjoyment, every virtue, and every prudent act, is founded on compromise and barter. We balance inconveniences ; we give and take ; we remit some rights that we may enjoy others; and we choose rather to be happy citizens than subtle disputants.
Seite 66 - In the depths of his conscience, man detects a law which he does not impose upon himself, but which holds him to obedience. Always summoning him to love good and avoid evil, the voice of conscience can when necessary speak to his heart more specifically: do this, shun that.
Seite 322 - Probable evidence is essentially distinguished from demonstrative by this, that it admits of degrees; and of all variety of them, from the highest moral certainty, to the very lowest presumption. We cannot indeed say a thing is probably true upon one very slight presumption for it; because, as there may be probabilities on both sides of a question, there may be some against it: and though there be not, yet a slight presumption does not beget that degree of conviction, which is implied...
Seite 84 - ... or seemed to me some difference, etc. I soon found the advantage of this change in my manners; the conversations I engaged in went on more pleasantly. The modest way in which I proposed my opinions procured them a readier reception and less contradiction ; I had less mortification when I was found to be in the wrong ; and I more easily prevailed •with others to give up their mistakes and join with me when I happened to be in the right.
Seite 67 - Not the rich and the poor, for to rate a man's wealth You must first know the state of his conscience and health. Not the humble and proud, for, in life's little span, Who puts on vain airs is not counted a...
Seite 120 - ... the evidence must establish the truth of the fact to a reasonable and moral certainty ; a certainty that convinces and directs the understanding, and satisfies the reason and judgment, of those who are bound to act conscientiously upon it.