Abbildungen der Seite

been led into this error from one part of Crashaw's volume of Poems, bearing the title of “ Steps to the Temple." That it was not written by Crashaw, is evident from this circumstance: After bis conversion to Popery, he led a most miserable life abroad, and going to Italy was at length appointed a Canon or Chaplain of Loretto, where he died in 1650.

“ The Synagogue" was not published till after that period : And Walton expressly tells us, that he “ loved " the author for his sacred poetry before he personally “ knew him; and that now, since bis personal knowledge “of bim, he loves him more.

“ I lov'd you for your Synagogue before
** I knew your person; but now love you more,

“ Because I find
“ It is so true a picture of your mind."

That it was actually written by Mr. Christopher Hervey, I have attempted to prove in another place.

It has been already noticed, that his Epigrams on Andrew Melville, entitled “ Musæ Responsoriæ ad Andreæ Melvini Anti-Tami-Cami-Categoriam Ex officina Joh. Field, Cantab. 1662," 12mo, are inserted in the " Ecclesiastes Solomonis,” &c. published by Dr. James Duport.

During his residence at Cambridge, he composed Latin Poems on the Death of Henry Prince of Wales; and of Anne, Queen to James I. See “ Epicedium Cantabrigiense in obitum immaturum semperque deflendum Henrici illustrissimi Principis Walliæ. Cantab. 1612.” And " Lachrymæ Cantabrigienses in obitum serenissimæ Re. gipæ Annæ, Conjugis dilectissimæ Jacobi Magnæ Britanniæ, Franciæ, et Hiberpiæ Regis. Captab. 1619."

The following letters, written by Mr. Herbert, when he was Public Orator, are in the Orator's Book at Cambridge:

1. “ To Sir Robert Naunton, with thanks for some acts of kindness procured by him from Government to the University.”

2. “ To Fulk Greville, on the same account.”

3. “ To George Villiers, Marquis of Buckingham, on bis being created a Marquis.”

4. “ To Sir Francis Bacon, with thanks for his Novum Organum."

5. “ To Sir Thomas Coventry, Attorney-General.”

6 “ To Montagu, Lord Treasurer,” and

7. To Sir Robert Heath, Solicitor-General, congratulating them on their several promotions."

8. “ To King James, with thanks for a present of his Doron Basilicon."

9. “ To the same, with thanks for the preservation of the river."

10. “ To Sir Francis Bacon, on the same subject."

11.“ To Dr. Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, against the London Printers monopolizing foreign books."

12. “ To Sir Francis Bacon, on the same subject."

13. “ To Leigh, Chief Justice, on his promotion."

14. “ To Cranfield, Lord Treasurer, on the same occa



Born on the first day of August, 1545, was the youngest of nine sons of Richard Melville, of Baldowie, in North Britain : These sons were all alive, when their father fell in the vanguard of the battle of Pinkie, on the tenth of September, 1547. Andrew was “ a sicklie ten“ der boy, and took pleasure in nothing sa meikle as his “ book.” Having been instructed in the Greek language by Petrus Marsiliers, a Frenchman and teacher of the Greek grammar, and by " that notable instrument in the "kirk, John Erskine, of Don, of most honourable and “happy memory, he profited sa, that entering thereafter “ in the course of philosophie within the Universitie of “St. Andrew's, all that was teached of Aristotle he “ learned, and studied it out of the Greek text, whilk " his masters understood not.” He past his course in the New College, “tenderly beloved be Mr. John “Douglas, Provost of that College, and Rector of the “ Universitie, who would often take him between his " legs at the fire in winter, and warm bis bands and “cheeks, and blessing him, say, ' My sillie fatherless ". and motherless child, it's ill to wit what God may " make of thee yet.' Sa ending his course of philo"sopbie he left the Universitie of St. Andrew's with the "commendation of the best philosopher, poet, and Gre

a Many particulars are inserted in this Memoir, on the authority of Mr. James Melville's Diary in Ms. in the Advocate's Library in Edinburgh.

“ cian of any young master of the land, and with all “ possible diligence made his preparation, and passed “ over to France.” He resided two years in the University of Paris, hearing the lights of the most shining age, and particularly Peter Ramus, in philosophy and eloquence. He became so expert in Greek, that be declaimed and taught lessons, “ uttering never a word but “ Greek with sic readiness and plenty, as was marvellous “ to the bearers.” From Paris he went to Poictiers, where he regented in the College of St. Marcian three years, hearing the best lawyers, yet always making theology his principal study, to which he was dedicated from his earliest youth.

From Poictiers he went to Genera, carrying nothing with him but a little Hebrew Bible at his belt. He travelled on foot, as he had done before, from Dieppe to Paris, and thence to Poictiers ; for he was small and light of body, but full of spirits, vigorous, and courageous. Theodore Beza, to whom he was strongly recommended by letters, soon discovered him to be a scholar, and appointed him Professor of Humanity in the College of Geneva. Mr. Melville continued at this place five years, attending the daily lessons and preachings of Beza. He improved the opportunity of perfecting himself in Hebrew literature. He often disputed with the Greek professor, a native of Greece, on the right pronunciation of tbe Greek language. The Professor pronounced it after the common form, observing the accents, “the wbilk Mr. “ Andro controlled be precepts and reason, till the Greek would grow angry, and cry out, · Vos Scoti, vos barbari ' docebitis nos Græcos pronuntiationem linguæ nostre «« scilicet.''"

b Sir Thomas Smith and his friend Mr. Chcke, introduced at Carnbridge the new mode of pronouncing the Greek language. While the former was once at Paris, he made a visit to a learned Greek, a courteous and affable man. Hu chief business was to be satisfied from him what sounds the Grecians themsche did use in Greece. And when Smith began to speak of the new way, the Greek grew angry, and called Erasmus Badin, that he, being a Dutchman, had brought into Greece, whence he was sprung, such mat sounds as he expressed henses, and absorous diphthorign. (Stryp, Line of Sir John Smith, p. 23.)

When he was invited to return home, Beza, in a letter addressed to the general kirk of Scotland, declared, that as the greatest token of affection the Members of the kirk of Geneva could shew to that of Scotland, they bad suffered themselves to be spoiled of Mr. Andrew Melville.

In 1574, he was elected the priocipal master of the University of Glasgow, where he taught the best Greek and Latin authors, natural philosophy, chronology, chiro. graphy, besides his ordinary profession, the holy tongue and theology

In the same year he was directed, at the General Assembly, to deliver his opinion upon the jurisdiction and policy of the kirk, before the next assembly, along with others appointed for that purpose. During a period of five or six years this matter cost him great pains “ in “ mind, body, and gear;" wbile it exposed him to the resentment of the regent and the episcopal party, which be bore with singular patience, until be fully accomplished his plan for the establishment of Presbyteries.

lo 1578, in the assembly held in Magdalen Chapel, Edinburgh, in the month of April, he was chosen Moderator. It was there concluded, that the Bishops should be called by their own pames, and that lordly authority should be banished from the kirk“ wbilk has but an " Lord, Christ Jesus.”

e In this art he excelled. He has addressed a Latin epigram to Mrs. Esther Inglis, who was noted for her beautiful hand writing, and who surpassed Aseham, Davies, and others eminent for that extraordinary talent.

« ZurückWeiter »