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These constant efforts to produce peace and remove misunderstandings amongst those whose cordial co-operation with each other was necessary for ultimate success, were unhappily crossed not only by the perverse conduct of the parties themselves, but by the successful intrigues at Court which interfered with and lowered the authority of the Prince's council. Lord Goring and Prince Rupert endeavoured to lessen the credit of the council with the King, and on the 10th of Mayl directions were given by his Majesty, in a letter to his son, that Lord Goring should be admitted into all consultations as if he were one of the established council; that the Prince's power as Generalissimo of the King's forces was to be transferred to him, for that, having received power from Prince Rupert to give commissions in that army, “ all commissions to be “ granted should pass by General Goring;” and no

arrangements at Exeter for the contribution and other matters.-Clarendon's • Hist. of the Rebellion,' vol. v. p. 168.

It was about the end of the second week in May when Lady Capell, Lady Bradford, and Mrs. Fanshawe met by previous arrangement on the way to Bristol, where they were to join their husbands. Their journey was not performed without some danger of surprise, for which reason they were to ride all night. “About nightfall,” says Mrs. Fanshawe,“ having “ travelled about twenty miles, we discovered a troop of horse coming “ towards us, which proved to be Sir Marmaduke Roydon, a worthy com“ mander and my countryman. He told me that, hearing I was to pass “ by his garrison, he was come out to conduct me he hoped as far as was " dangerous, which was about twelve miles. With many thanks we “ parted; and, having refreshed ourselves and horses, we set forth for “ Bristol, where we arrived on the 20th of May." In July, when the plague increased too fast to remain at Bristol, the Prince and his retinue went to Barnstaple; from thence Lady Capell, with her daughter, afterwards Marchioness of Worcester, went with a pass from Lord Essex to London.-- Mem. of Lady Fanshawe, pp. 47 and 55.

? Clarendon's Hist. of the Rebellion,' vol. v. p. 173.

commissions were to be granted (except to the Western Association) by the Prince. The Council were directed to contribute their advice and opinions to General Goring, but to carefully forbear giving him any positive or binding orders. Lord Goring undertook the relief of Taunton, but after six weeks spent in nominally endeavouring to reduce that town, and really wasted in negligence and licence, he was forced to draw off his troops on the 25th of July, thus allowing Sir Thomas Fairfax's forces to join with those under Colonel Massey, that had already come to the relief of the city. He was defeated and routed by Fairfax, and pursued through Lamport to the walls of Bridgewater; here he spent the night, and retired the next day to Barnstaple, in Devonshire, where he consoled himself by inveighing against the Prince's council, and“ declaring that they had been “ the cause of the loss of the West. ”4

· Clarendon's ' Hist. of the Rebellion,' vol. v. p. 173. 2 Whitelock's Memorials, p. 149,

3 Sir Thomas Fairfax's account of this action fully bears out Lord Clarendon's account of the manner in which Lord Goring neglected the advantages of his position.— Appendix K.

• Clarendon's . Hist. of the Rebellion,' vol. v. p. 210.

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