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bounds." Thereupon the two great “The imperial purpose which had inpowers of the continent, France and spired the colonial policy of the ComSpain, were bidding against each monwealth found its fullest expression other for a British alliance. Long did in the actions of the Protector" (p. Oliver hesitate which to accept. Both 393). In the internal affairs of the colwere Catholic, both our rivals, both onies Cromwell interfered very little. presented possible dangers. The vac- But he waged war zealously to extend illation which has been imputed to
the British colonies on the American the Protector was really statesmanlike continent, whether against French, foresight. His changes of policy were Dutch or Spaniards. In spite of the due to extraordinary difficulties in the failure of Penn and Venables in situation. At last, under the hostile Hispaniola, the capture of Jamaica attitude of Spain, Cromwell allied him. laid the foundation of British West self with France, and gained Dunkirk. Indies. Mr. Firth is not prepared to condemn his policy of preferring a French to a
In reality it was the most fruitful Spanish alliance. It was impossible at part of his external policy and pro that time to foresee the coming deca
duced the most abiding results. dence of Spain, the overweening ambl
Thus the colonial policy which Crom
well and the statesmen of the Repubtion of Louis XIV, and the folly and
lic had initiated became the perservility of the Stuarts of the Restora
manent policy of succeeding rulers, and tion.
it became so because it represented, not of the success of Cromwell's colonial
the views of a particular party, but the policy Mr. Firth has an even higher aspirations and the interests of Engestimate.
lishmen in general. (P. 408.)
Cromwell was the first English ruler
It must be taken as a plain truth of who systematically employed the
history that Cromwell is the first conpower of government to increase
sistent and systematic architect of and extend the colonial possessions of
British Imperialism. As such he has England. His colonial policy was not been, and he will be, praised or blamed a subordinate part of his foreign pol- by those who glory in or those who icy, but an independent scheme of ac- condemn the huge structure which has tion, based on definite principles and been built up on those foundations. persistently pursued.
But those who deplore that such bar
barous excrescences on the glorious roll All the English colonies grew up during of English history should be linked the lifetime of Cromwell, and during with the memory of so pure a name, the Protectorate these were extended do not forget that the Protector of the and consolidated into what might be middle of the seventeenth century must called the nucleus of the Empire. Mr. not be judged by the canons of any Firth thinks Cromwell had at one school in the end of the nineteenth time the idea of emigrating, and all century; that the standard we use through his life he had the keenest in. must be relative, not absolute; that terest in New England. Ever since Cromwell, however wise and just, 1643, he was officially connected with could not rise above the best ideals of the government of the colonies. These his age, beyond the only religion conAmerican colonies exercised great in- ceivable to a Bible Christian. fluence on the development of democ- In parting with the book of Mr. racy and independency in England. Firth we feel that at last we have a full and conclusive estimate of our great Puritan statesman, which, whilst it is based on a learning and research greater than any other biography of The Cornbill Magasine.
Cromwell in our language, is certainly second to none other in lucidity, literary art, and sound judgment.
ANOTHER MAN'S BAG.
THE NABRATIVE OF EX-PROFESSOR CROSSLEY.
“Ye-es," I stammered. "Mr.-Mr."
“Wade," said the Chief of Police, The Chief Constable was at the other with a nod. "Mr. Wade." end of the compartment, and Mr. The representative of Fillottsons Charles Ashdon had taken the corner nodded in return. “Glad to see you, opposite myself. When he had looked Mr. Wade,” he said, genially. “I fancy once more at me he gave an exclama- I've met you somewhere before." tion of wonder.
Then he turned back to me. “Upon "Upon my word,” he said, “the Car- my word,” he began again, "but this is lyle man!”
a surprise! I thought you intended to I was so taken aback by what had stay at Leachester for the night, you happened that I scarcely noticed the know. Going down to Boltport?". rudeness of the remark. But, without "No," I replied. “I-we-we're going the slightest sign of guilt or consterna- to Hinton Junction." tion, he apologized at once.
"Indeed? Friends there?" "I beg your pardon, sir. That slipped There was no other way out of it. out unawares. So startled, you know, “Yes," I said. to see you here like this."
It was plain to me by this time that He replaced his hat, and returned the I had made an awkward mistake, and handkerchief to his pocket. Then he had brought myself into a delicate situbegan to realize the strangeness of our ation. It was borne in upon my conmeeting, and was visibly puzzled. He sciousness, as soon as I looked at the looked hard at my clothes, for I still man's face, that there was a shocking wore the garments which I had bor- blunder somewhere. If he had been rowed for my meeting. After that he guilty he would have been alarmed at turned his attention to my companion, this meeting; but he showed not the and gave him a sharp and scrutinizing slightest trace of alarm. He was no glance. For myself, I scarcely knew burglar, no diamond thief! I could what to think, and could only wait in read it in his face, in his voice, in his bewilderment. My feeling was that manner. everything was in confusion; that a I tried to pull myself together, as the house of cards was falling about my saying goes, and to recover my presears. I was aware, however, that the ence of mind; but this was a difficult Chief of Police was watching both of thing to do.
Rarely indeed have I us from his corner with quiet interest. found myself in such a painful and
"A friend of yours?" asked Mr. Ash- puzzling position. Mr. Ashdon was don, suddenly.
surveying me once more with visible
bewilderment and curiosity. He was of course. I am not complaining in the reluctant, perhaps, to put any further least. In fact, I have to thank you for questions. Then I saw his eyes turn a very pleasant evening with an old to the luggage-racks above. Except for friend. Whom should I meet when I his own bag, they were empty.
went to recover my bag, but King of After that I trembled at the prospect Burfords—Burfords of Belfast, you of another question, but it did not come. know, the linen people. He's staying He turned his attention instead to the at the 'Lion' to-night, and I've been Chief of Police. I saw his quick eyes having a chat with him. We got so take in every detail of the stiff, mili- busy with it that I nearly missed the tary figure, and then I saw them bright train." en slowly. I knew, as if by instinct, The “Lion” was a Leachester hotel, that the facts of the situation had dawned situated near the station. My calcula. upon him. Still, he did not seem in any tions had been faulty indeed! hurry to speak. He proceeded to make "As it is," continued Mr. Ashdon, himself comfortable in his corner by looking at me pleasantly—"as it is, I've taking a reclining position and raising only lost six or seven hours. The Counone foot to the cushions. This took tess will get her diamonds in time, quite two minutes, and all the wbile he after all." was evidently thinking things out. I “The Countess ?" I gasped; for he had felt that his thinking would have un- evidently intended me to say somepleasant results for me, and glanced at thing. my helper. With his eyes half-closed “Yes, the Countess, sir. I suppose it he was still enjoying the spectacle. never occurred to you that Mr. Charles
When at last Mr. Ashdon spoke it Ashdon should have dealings with the was in quite a pleasant tone. I raised nobility-eh?” my eyes to his, and saw there a good He concluded the question with deal more than he showed me in words. something like a chuckle, looking first Malice? No, it was not malice. Re- at me and then at the Chief of Police. venge? Yes; there was something of I can only answer for my own sense. revenge there, but it was mingled with tions. They were sensations of insomething else; there was amusement, creasing bewilderment. enjoyment and a certain playfulness; "Did you happen to see the evening there was also a trace of contempt. paper at Leachester?" asked Mr. AshWas it contempt for me? What was
don. coming now? He was addressing his How I wished that I could say "No!" remarks entirely to myself.
I nodded helplessly. “Then, of course, " “I didn't expect to see you again so he continued, “you saw the account of soon, Mr. Crossley; but I've been think- the great jewel robbery?” ing a good deal about you since we last I could not deny it. "Well," he said, met. That was a nice trick you played leaning forward and touching my knee me by carrying off my bag!"
with his foreinger, “the diamonds The tables had been completely stolen from the Hotel Petersburg are turned. Instead of being called to ac- -in-my-bag!" count himself, he was bringing me up What did the man mean? I knew before the bar of judgment. With a that they were in the bag well enough; strange sensation of helplessness, I but my knowledge only added to the murmured something about a mistake. difficulties of the situation. But, ap
“Mistake?” said the representative of parently satisfied with my confusion, Fillottsons. “Of course, my dear sir,
Mr. Charles Ashdon went on:
- "You wouldn't think it now-would "You should have heard us roar," you? There you had the bag in your continued Mr. Ashdon, “when we'd possession for hours, and I'll warrant read it through, and you should have you never dreamt it. But if you'd been seen King's face. 'Ashdon,' he said, a prying, inquisitive kind of man, 'if you ever get safe home with that you'd have stumbled upon them, sure sixty thousand I'll eat my hat. Good enough; and I fancy they would have gracious, man, what a thundering, reckgiven you a bit of a sensation!"
less kind of thief you are! Suppose I felt warm and uncomfortable, not the gent who took your bag'-meaning only because of the words, but because you, Mr. Crossley—'suppose he'd hapthe man's eyes were upon my face. He pened to peep into the cases! Why, kept them upon my face while he con- you'd be clapped up in walls in half tinued:
an hour. You look a suspicious charac“I can just fancy, now, what a pry- ter at the best of times-you do. ing sort of man would have done in There's something in your eye quite your place, if he'd rummaged the bag extraordinarily bad and wicked; and if and afterwards seen the accounts in you got caught with those things in the paper. He'd have gone straight to your bag, do you think you'd get anythe police with his story-and with the one to believe your story' bag, too. And if the police were stu- Mr. Ashdon paused to give effect to pid enough to swallow all the impossi- his last words. “ 'Do you think,' said bilities—as they generally are they'd King, 'that you'd get any one to believe have been after me all down the line they were only-paste' ” in less than no time.”
Paste! At that word I gave a start. With that he glanced at the Chief. Mr. Ashdon saw it, but only made a But the Chief simply nodded.
brief pause. He went on, looking in "That," added Mr. Ashdon, "is just turn at each of us: what would have happened if you had "You see, gentlemen, King is a bit been a prying, inquisitive kind of char- of a humorist. Of course the thing he acter."
was talking about could hardly happen. This was horrible. I felt my warmth In the first place, even if my bag were turn to heat. I did not glance at the taken away by a gentleman in mistake, Chief; but I knew that he was smil- he would never dream of turning it in. ing.
side out. In the second place, no man, "By Jove!" continued Mr. Ashdon, in police or not, would swallow the story. the same tone, "it has been a splendid No police-officer would be fool enough. joke, though. The landlord of the to think that a jewel-thiet would steal. ‘Lion' brought us the paper in the jewel-cases as well as jewels. No posmoking-room. "Great jewel robbery,' lice-officer would be stupid enough to says he; 'sixty thousand pounds worth believe the report in the Echo-that a stolen.'—'Hullo,' says King, 'that's in Countess would be such a numskull as your line, Ashdon! And, sure as I to carry sixty thousand pounds about live, Mr. Crossley, so it was! It was a with her in genuine stones. Everybody full and graphic account of my rob- knows, in these days, that the real bery this morning from the Hotel jewels are kept locked up in strongPetersburg!"
rooms, while their owners wear facHe paused to note the effect. The similes of them in paste." Chief did not move, and I could only · There was another pause. The last stare. This was almost a nightmare to sentences had been spoken at, rather me!
than to, the Chief Constable. Не.
watching me still with lazy eyes, an- sends all such orders. Perhaps you swered, quietly:
know, gentlemen, that Fillottsons's one "Exactly. Everybody knows it." special line is-paste diamonds."
The remark was intended for me. I The straps were thrown off and the suddenly remembered the scene in his catches slipped back. Mr. Ashdon took office, and understood. Those last ar- out a noisy bunch of keys. guments were probably the very points "It was rather a hurried piece of which he had wished to touch upon work, but I waited on the Countess when I had refused to listen further. yesterday with the jewels. She was It was his turn now!
not at all satisfied, as it happened, and Mr. Ashdon was slightly taken aback was able to point out one or two things by his assent and there was a longer which could easily be bettered. A keen pause. Then the Chief spoke again: old lady is the Countess, and she knows
“That report in the Echo," he said, all the points of her jewels, I can tell “was a bit of smart journalism, at you. But she decided to wear them least."
last night to a ball, and to send them Messrs. Fillottsons's representative back with me next day-that is, this laughed. "Smart, sir? Well, I should morning. 'And I must have them back think so. A silly girl gives the alarm, by Monday,' she says. "There is a reand the right man happens to get hold ception at the Russian Embassy on of it. I pity that girl when her mis- Monday, and you must bring them tress gets hold of her. Wait a minute, back, better. I shall meet some people though; I'll show you the jewels." there who know my jewels, especially
He had forgotten, for the moment the rose diamond. I must have them his attack upon me. A rising interest back on Monday.'" in the details of the story had turned The bag was unlocked and opened. his attention aside, and he rose to get First appeared the layer of magazines, his bag. Taking it down, he laid it and under that the closely-packed garupon the seat and began to loosen the ments. Mr. Ashdon removed them, straps. At the same time he kept on speaking all the while. He was now speaking:
a plain, good-humored commercial, in"It was a curious affair; but I daresay terested in his subject, and ready to such things happen oftener than we talk it out; and I, even in my discom. think. As a matter of fact, of course, fort, could not but feel a certain interthe Countess left her family diamonds est myself. at home-in the strong-room of a Rus- “Now," he said, "you can see how it sian bank in St. Petersburg. But she happened. The servants knew nothing had a sketch made of them by an ex- of me or of my goods. The Countess pert, and sent it to Margate & Fry's kept all that to herself; and very wiseto have a set made exactly like the ly, for in hotel things soon get originals. This, you see, is the Coun- abroad. Everybody thought these were tess's first season in England; and the real articles come from Russia, though she wouldn't risk her jewels by and the maids saw them placed in the bringing them with her, she wanted to cabinet after the ball; but they didn't show them off all the same. Any way, see the Countess take them out this no doubt she felt that she wouldn't de- morning and hand them over to me, prive the English of a sight of her his- and she, as it happened, forgot to lock toric gems. So she took the sketch to the cabinet after her. So, when I was Margate of Regent Street. Margate, gone to Paddington, and when she was or of course, sent the order to us, as he to Leatherhead, they found the jewels