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cause which determines man, and virtue, arises from the little esteem the most prolific foure of all his er- shewn it by the world. rors and illusions: all men are To form a just estimate of human agreed in this point, and yet no virtues, we should be able to peneman can raise himself above opi- trate the human heart, in order to nion.

discover the motive from which eveThe charms of virtne would be ry action takes its rise. Virtue convery powerful, if the charms of vice lifts intirely in the motive, and not did not appear more so; and of all in the external acts; though a celethe attractions which render vice con- brated author has laid it down as a tagious, the fortune that accompa- maxim, that the motives of the best nies it appears to be the most dan- actions will not bear a scrutiny. gerous. The greatest obstruction to

CONSIDERATIONS on the Deaths of SOCRATES and

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' HISTORY OF CANADA. [Continued. s

M R . de Montmagny had nothing his officers, and all the principal in

IV to object to such reasonable habitants of the colony; and the oblervations. He expressed his ap- deputies of the Iroquois, being five probation of what the Indian had in number, were, at their own res said, and observed, in his turn, that quest, feated on a matt at his feet, a peace with the Iroquois would be, in order to Thew their respect for at least, as advantageous to the na. Ononthio, whom they ever dignified tion of Hurons as to the French with the appellation of father. The colony. In the mean time, father Algonquins, Mountaineers, Attikade Brebeuf having professed an nacquis, and other Indian tribes, eager desire to return to his church, stood opposite to the governor; but from whence he had come down the the Hurons mixed with the French. river to Quebec, upon the most The middle space was left unoccuprefsing occasion, he supplied him pied, that they might have room to and two new missionaries with a perform their evolutions; for these guard, or escorte, for his protection. conferences are a kind of comedies, Thus secured, they arrived in safety where many fenfible'remarks are among the Hurons; who, being af made, with a thousand ridiculous sembled in council, resolved to fend gefticulations. The Iroquois had the two prisoners to the French go- brought along with them seventeen vernor. He had already relealed great belts of Wampun't, and hung the other, whom the Algonquins them in order upon a string, stretchhad put into his hands. The ed between two poles, which they cantons of the Iroquois, in order to had fixed for the purpose. The premanifest their inclination to peace, vious ceremony being adjusted, the fent back to him the Frenchman, orator of the cantons rose, and precalled La Couture, who had accomo senting one of the belts of Wam. panied father Jogues in his captivity; pum'to Mr. de Montmagny, exand with him came deputies from presled himself to this effect : the cantons, vested with full powers .“ Ononthio, give .ear unto my to treat, and even conclude a pacie words: all the nations of the Iro. fication.

quois speak through my lips. My As soon as Mr. .de Montmagny heart is a stranger to evil thoughts, understood they were arrived at and all my designs are righteous. Trois Rivieres, he went thither, and We defire to forget our war-song, gave them audience in the fort, the and learn the songs of joy and area of which was covered with peace.” fail-cloth, by way of doing them so saying, he began to fing, and the greater honour. He himself fat his colleagues joined in the chorus, in an elbow-chair, surrounded by by pronouncing the interjcétion he !

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first meeting. The governor re- tuous feast; and they were so pleased turned a present for every belt he with the good chear, that they made had received ; and Couture, who un- abundance of proteftations, in which derstood the Indian language, ha- however those people are not always rangued the chiefs in a grave con- fincere. tinued speech, such as became the in- · Next day the deputies set out on terpreter of the governor of Quebec. their return to their own country,

When he had finished his speech, accompanied by two Frenchmen, a famous Algonquin chief, called two Hurons, and two Algonquins ; Pieskaret, renowned for his extra. but they left three Iroquois, as hofordinary valour, rofe up, and having tages for the performance of articles, made his present to the deputies, The treaty was ratified by the There (said he) is a stone, which canton of Agnier, the only tribe I lay upon the grave of those who which had declared and carried on were Nain in the course of the war, an open war; and the fix persons that nobody may disturb their athes, who accompanied the ainbassadors or ever think of revenging their were fent back, with intreaties, that deaths, .. . . .. .-. miffionaries should be employed to

Then Negabamat, chief of the convert them to Chriftianity. FaMountaineers, presented an elk's ther Bressani, who had just arrived skin, to make shoes for the Iroquois at Quebec, earnestly desired that he deputies, that they might not hurt might be again fent on this million; their feer in their return to their and even carried on a quest for the owd hoine. :

benefit of his , old tormentors, to The conference was concluded thew them in what manner, the reliwith firing three cannon, which the gion of Christ teaches his followers governor faid would give notice that to revenge injuries : but this subthe peace was re-established. lime doctrine was not at all suited to

The superior of the Jefuits en- the dilpolition of such barbarians. tertained the deputies with a lump

[To be continued.] 1

A CONTEMPLATION upon WINTER. TITINTER, attended with the earth, we preserve, till the midst

winds and tempefts, has of autumn, the vigour which we relong disturbed the repose of mortals: ceive in the spring of life! when its outrages have already deprived winter comes, we lose it! Power, the earth of all its beauty, and all riches, grandeur, exempt'none from its attractions. What melancholy the decay to which human nature is images does the gloominess which it fubjected! We vainly endeavour to brings, impress upon the mind! hide from ourselves these' melancholy Alas! the meadows deftitute of flow- truths! Those terrors and infirmi. ers, the trees stripped of their leaves, ties' which accompany old age, have the frozen Itreams, and the com- ' the same effect upon us, that winfortless face of nature, too plainly ter, frost, and snow have upon the prove, that time will make the same fields. Indeed, if, as winter deprives devastation ainongst mortals! Like the forests of their verdure, age could

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