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fengible. He spoke with great bold- earl invited the sheriff to his house, ness and propriety, contracted an where he detained him a prisoner, intimate friendship with lord Russel, until he had compounded for his and was one of the chiefs who pro- own liberty, by granting a bond moted the exclusion-bill against the for the payment of the 30,000 1. king's brother. Perhaps, like other The countess dowager, his mother, honest men, he was heated by al- solicited his pardon of the king, tercation and opposition to a dan- and begged his majesty would acgerous degree of the democratical cept, in payment of the fine, bonds fpirit. When lord Ruffel had re- and acknowledgments for twice the ceived sentence of death, he offered sum, which the earl's father, and to change cloaths with him in pri- his grandmother, had lent to his son, and stay there in his room, royal father and brother in their while the other should escape : but greatest distresses; but this proposal lord Ruffel was too noble to accept was rejected. The earl had renthis generous offer. When Mr. dered himself obnoxious to James; Thynne, with whom also he main- and the king of England never fortained an intimacy of friendship, got, nor forgave, the enemies of was assassinated by the contrivance the duke of York. Under this load, of count Coningsinark, and that fo- and many other family incumreigner had been acquitted by a brances, the earl of Devonshire bepacked jury, he sent a challenge to gan and finished the magnificent him, charging him with treachery palace of Chatsworth. In this reand murder, and defying him to the treat, he, by his influence and pocombat-proof, which, however, the pularity, became one of the chief count declined.
instruments of the Revolution. He In the reign of James II. this earl made application to the prince of being insulted in the verge of the Orange, invited him over, concertcourt by colonel Culpepper, was so ed measures with the earl of Danby, much master of himself, that, upon the lord Delamere, fir Scroop Howe, the colonel's submission, he pardon- and a few other gentlemen; and seed him, on condition he should ne- cured a great number in the interests ver more appear at Whitehall; but of this design. As soon as he heard meeting him afterwards in the pre- of the prince's landing, he assem. sence-chamber, where Culpepper bled a considerable number of the seemned to eye him with infolence nobility and gentry at Nottingham, of disdain, the earl wrung his nose, where they subscribed a declaration and caned him out of the apart- in favour of the prince; formed a ment. For this outrage he was pro- regiment of horse, received the secuted by information, sentenced princess Anne, who had fled from to pay a fine of 30,000l. and, tho' her father, conducted her to her a peer, committed to the prison of husband at Oxford, and then joined the King's Bench, until the fine the prince of Orange at Sion-house. Tould be payed. From thence he He was afterwards one of the leadescaped to his feat at Chatsworth; ing men in parliament who voted and the sheriff of Derby Chire was the throne vacant, and presented ordered to apprehend him. The the crown of England to the prince
and princess, by whom he was con- Anne, and bore the crown between stituted lord lieutenant of Derby- the dukes of Richmond and Somershire, appointed lord steward of the set. He was appointed one of the houshold, and installed knight of , commissioners for the union with the garter.
Scotland. He continued a staunch In the following parliament, the asserter of whig principles, without house of lords, upon his complaint, the narrow prejudices of party. He ordered the keeper of Newgate to was moderate and charitable, finbring, in safe custody, to the bar of cerely attached to the religion of the house, the judges of the King's his country; a good judge of men, Bench who had fined himn in 30,000l. a patron of merit, a tolerable schoand committed him to prison. They lar, and an indifferent poet. He accordingly appeared, acknowledged died in the year 1707, leaving by their crime, and begged his lord. his wife, lady Mary Butler, daughThip's pardon. Then the house re- ter of the duke of Ormond, three solved, " That the court of King's fons; of whom the eldest, William, Bench, in over-ruling the earl of succeeded him in his titles and Devonshire's plea of privilege of estate. parliament, and forcing him to plead This nobleman had made a camover in chief, it being the usual paign under king William in Flantime of privilege, did thereby com- ders; queen Anne constituted him mit a manifest breach of the privi- captain of the yeomen of her guard. lege of parliament: and that the He was afterwards declared lord fine of 30,000l. imposed by the steward of the houshold, sworn of court of King's Bench upon the earl the privy council; appointed lord of Devonshire, was excessive and warden and chief justice in eyre of exorbitant, against Magna Charta, all the forests, parks, and chaces the common right of the subject, beyond Trent; lord lieutenant and and the law of the land.” They custos rotulorum of the county of afterwards declared and adjudged, Derby, and installed knight of the “ That no peer of this realm, at Garter. He was nominated one of any time, ought to be committed the regents of the kingdom for the for the non-payment of a fine to the better securing the protestant succefking."
fion; and, when George I. ascended This earl of Devonshire lived in the throne, declared lord steward of great splendour; and exhibited his the housbold, and sworn of the pritaste for magnificence, in a remark- vy council. He acted, in the sequel, able manner, when he attended as president of the council, and one king William, in the year 1691, at of the lords justices, while the king his grand congress held in the Hague.' was in Gerinany, both under George There he outthone all the princes I. and his successor. He married in superb liveries, massy plate, and the lady Rachel, daughter of Wil. fumptuous furniture.
liam lord Russel, by whom he had In the year 1694, he was created four sons and several daughters. He marquis of Hartington and duke of was an amiable nobleman, who inDevonshire. He acted as lord high herited the virtues of his ancestors; steward at the coronation of queen died in the year 1729, and was fuc