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Indian incursions, and entered upon defensive operations for the protection of the entire frontier. The safety of the people—their growth and prosperityas well as their religious advancement, and the promotion of Christianity, were intimately associated with the devising of such measures as would be a guarantee for protection. War has never been friendly to the advancement of religious truth, and no wars have probably ever been more demoralizing than those between the early Kentuckians and the Indians. Commenced and waged with shocking cruelties by the savage, retaliations equally severe were not unfrequent. The administration of Gov. Shelby-the signal advantage to the State with which he discharged his duties as the Chief Executive-belong not to our history, but to that of the State.

The county of Kentucky, which had been formed in 1776, by the Legislature of Virginia, out of Fincastle county, was divided, in 1780, into three counties—Lincoln, Fayette, and Jefferson. The former was named in honor of Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, an officer of distinction in the Revolutionary war; Fayette county was so called for Gen. Lafayette, the generous young Frenchman who offered his services to Washington in defense of American liberty; and Jefferson county was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson. Besides these, six other counties had been formed previous to 1792: in 1781, Nelson, named in honor of Gov. Nelson, of Virginia; in 1785, Bourbon and Madison counties were formed -the former named for the Bourbon family, in France, and the latter for James Madison : Mercer county was formed in 1786, and was named in honor of Gen. Hugh Mercer; in 1788, Woodford, and in 1789, Mason counties, were formed—the former named after Gen. William Woodford, and the latter in honor of George Mason, an eminent statesman of Virginia.

In 1792, six additional counties were formed, namely, Green, Hardin, Scott, Logan, Shelby, and Washington.*

The Conference of 1792 was appointed to be held on Monday, the 1st of May; but from Bishop Asbury's Journal, the time appears to have been anticipated. The Bishop says:

“KENTUCKY— Tuesday, April 3. We reached Richland Creek, and were preserved from harm. About two o'clock it began to rain, and continued most of the day. After crossing the Laurel River, which we were compelled to swim, we came to Rockcastle Station, where we found such a set of sinners as made it next to hell itself. Our corn here cost us a dollar per bushel.

Wednesday, April 4. This morning we again swam the river, and also the West Fork thereof. My little horse was ready to fail in the course of the day. I was steeped in the water up to the waist. About seven o'clock, with hard pushing, we reached the Crab Orchard. How much I have suffered in this journey is only known to God and myself. What added much to its disagreeableness,

* Collins's Kentucky.

I was

is the extreme filthiness of the houses. seized with a severe flux, which followed me eight days: for some of the time I kept up, but at last found myself under the necessity of taking to my bed.

Tuesday, April 10. I endured as severe pain as, perhaps, I ever felt. I made use of small portions of rhubarb, and also obtained some good claret, of which I drank a bottle in three days, and was almost well, so that on Sunday following I preached a sermon an hour long. In the course of my affliction I have felt myself very low. I have had serious views of eternity, and was free from the fear of death. I stopped and lodged, during my illness, with Mr. Willis Green, who showed me all possible attention and kindness.

"I wrote and sent to Mr. Rice, a Presbyterian minister, a commendation of his speech, delivered in a convention in Kentucky, on the natural rights of mankind. I gave him an exhortation to call on the Methodists on his way to Philadelphia, and, if convenient, to preach in our houses.

Tuesday, April 11. I wrote an address on behalf of Bethel school. The weather was wet, and stopped us until Friday.

Friday, April 20. Rode to Clarke's Station; and on Saturday preached on David's charge to Sol


Sunday, April 22. I preached a long and, perhaps, a terrible sermon, some may think, on

Knowing, therefore, the terror of the Lord, we persuade men.'

Monday, April 23. I rode to Bethel. I found it necessary to change the plan of the house, to make it more comfortable to the scholars in cold weather. I am too much in company, and hear so much about Indians, convention, treaty, killing, and scalping, that my attention is drawn more to these things than I could wish. I found it good to get alone in the woods and converse with God.

Wednesday, April 25. Was a rainy, damp day. However, we rode to meet the Conference, where I was closely employed with the traveling and local preachers—with the leaders and stewards. I met the married men and women apart, and we had great consolation in the Lord. Vast crowds of people attended public worship. The spirit of matrimony is very prevalent here. In one circuit both preachers are settled. The land is good, the country new, and indeed all possible facilities to the comfortable maintenance of a family are offered to an industrious, prudent pair.

Monday, April 30. Came to L.’s. An alarm was spreading of a depredation committed by the Indians, on the east and west frontiers of the settlement. In the former, report says one man was killed. In the latter, many men, with women and children. Every thing is in motion. There having been so many about me at Conference, my rest was much broken. I hoped now to repair it, and get refreshed before I set out to return through the wilderness; but the continual arrival of people until midnight, the barking of dogs, and other annoyances prevented. Next night we reached the


Crab Orchard, where thirty or forty people were compelled to crowd into one mean house. We could get no more rest here than we did in the wilderness. We came the old way by Scaggs Creek and Rockcastle, supposing it to be safer, as it was a road less frequented, and therefore less liable to be waylaid by the savages. My body, by this time, is well tried. I had a violent fever and pain in the head, such as I had not lately felt. I stretched myself on the cold ground, and borrowing clothes to keep me warm, by the mercy of God I slept four or five hours. Next morning we set off early, and passed beyond Richland Creek. Here we were in danger, if anywhere. I could have slept, but was afraid. Seeing the drowsiness of the company, I walked the encampment, and watched the sentries the whole night. Early next morning we made our way to Robinson's Station. We had the best company I ever met with-thirty-six good travelers, and a few warriors; but we had a pack-horse, some old men, and two tired horses—these were not the best part.”

new men.

The preachers appointed to the work were mostly

The zealous and indefatigable Lee and Birchett, with Francis Poythress as the Presiding Elder of the District-men who had contributed so largely to the success that had crowned the labors of Methodism, thus far, in Kentucky-were still continued in this department. The names of John Ray, John Page, Benjamin Northcutt, John Sewell, Richard Bird, and Isaac Hammer, appear this

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