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1 Witch. Where the place ?
2 Witch. Upon the heath.
3 Witch. There I go to meet Macbeth.

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was then universally admitted to the reception so general. Olymo Mis advantage, and was far from prodorus, in Plictius's extracts, overburthening the credulity of tells us of one Libanius, who his audience.

practised this kind of military The reality of witchcraft or magic, - and having promised enchantment, which, though not xaisus ólstur rata Repeapa ivepttrictly the same, are confounded yev, 10, perform great things ain this play, has in all ages and gain t'i be barbarians without felcountries been credited by the diers, was, at the instances of the common people, and in most by Emperess Placidia, put to Death, the learned themselves. These when he was about to have given phantoms have indeed appeared proofs of his abilities. The more frequently, in proportion Emperess fewed some kindness as the darkness of ignorante has in her anger by cutting him off heen inore gross; but it cannot at a time so convenient for his be huwn, that the brightest reputation. gleams of knowledge have at But a more reinarkable proof any time been suficient to drive of the antiquity of this notion them out of the world. The may be found in St. Cbryfoflon's time in which this kind of cre. book de Sacerdotio, which exhi. dulity was at its height, seems bits a scene of enchantments not to have been that of the holy exceeded by any romance of ihe war, in which the christians im- middle age: he supposes a spec. puted all their defeatsto enchant- tator overlooking a field of battle nents or diabolical opposition, attended by one that points out as th y asciibed their succe's to all the various objeås of horror, the aitance of their military the engines of destruction, and faints; i nd the learned Dr. iVar- the arts of laughter. Akixuto di Eurion ει; pears to believe (Suppί. έτι ταρα τους εναντίοις και σιτομέto the Introduct on to Don Quixote) vos innes ducé, Tivos jazdyartias, xai that the frit accounts of en οπλίτας δι αέρος φερομένες, και τα chant nents were brougit into την γοητέρας δύναμιν και ιδέαν, Let this pari

of the world by those him iben proceed 10 flacz bim wwho returned from their cattern in the opposite armies horjes fizing expeditions. But there is always by enchantment, armed men iranj Come distance between the birth ported brough the air, and every and maturity of folly as of wicke power and form of magic. Whectness: this opi: ion had long ther St. Chryfiflora believed that exiiled, though perhaps the ap- fuch performances were really to plication of it had ia no fore. be seen in a day of battle, or going age been fo ficquent, nor only inde..voured to enliven his

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i Witch. I come, I come, Grimclkin. 2 Witch. Padocke calls-anon !

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description, by adopting the no- after his acceflion, reprinted at tions of the vulgar, it is equally London, and as the ready way to certain, that such notions were gain King James's favour was to in his time received, and that flatter his fpeculations, the system therefore they were not imported of Demonologie was immediately ftom the Saracens in a later age; adopted by all who desired either the wars with the Saracens how to gain proferment or not to lose ever gave occasion to their pro- it. Thus the doctrine of witchpagation, not only as bigotry craft was very powerfully incul. naturally discovers prodigies, but cated; and as the greatelt part of as the scene of action was re mankind have no other reason moved to a great distance. for their opinions than that they

The reformation did not im are in fashion, it cannot be mediately arrive at its meridian, doubted but this perfuafion made and tho' day was gradually en a rapid progress, fince vanity creasing upon us, the goblins of and credulity co-operated in its witchcraft tillcontinued to hover favour. The infection foon if the twilight. In the time of rea hed the parliament, who, in Queen Elizabeth was the remark. the first year of King James, able trial of the witches of War. made a law by which it was enacbois, whose convi&tion is ftill ted, chap xii

. That “ if any commemorated in an annual fer

“ person thall use any invocation mon at Huntingdon. But in the " or conjuration of any evil or reign of King James, in which “ wicked spirit; 2. or shall con: this tragedy was written, many “ fut, covenant with, entertain, circumstances concurred to

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" employ, feed or reward any pagate and confirm this opinion. i evil or curfed fpirit to or for The king, who was much cele

any intent or purpose; 3; or brated for his knowledge, had, take up any dead man, wobefore his arrival in England, not “ man or chill out of the

grave, only examined in perfon a wo or the skin, bone, or any man accused of witchcraft, but " part of the dead person, to be had given a very formal account de employed or used in any manof the practices and illusions of ner of witchcraii, forcery, evil spirits, the compacts of " charm, or enchantment; 4 witches, the ceremonies used by " or mall use, practiscor exercilo them, the manner of detecting any sort of witchcraft, forcethem, and the justice of punish ry, charm, or enchaniment; ing them, in his Dialogues of 1 whereby any person tha11 Dæmonologie, written in the Scor “ bi dottroved, killed, walled, tih dialect, and publihed at “crimned, pined, or lame i Édinburgh. This book was, {con " in any part of the body;

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** 6. That

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All. · Fair is foul, and foul is fair. Hover through the fog and filthy air.

[They rise from the stage and fly away.

SCENE II.

Changes to the Palace at Foris.

Enter King, Malcolm, Donalbain, Lenox, witb am

tendants, meeting a bleeding Captain. King. HAT bloody man is that ? he can report,

As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt The newest state.

Mal. This is the Serjeant, Who like a good and hardy soldier fought 'Gainst my captivity. Hail, brave friend!

* 6. That every such perfon tected and exposed by the clergi

being convicted fhall suffer of the established church. " death.” This law was re Upon this general infatuation pealed in our time.

Shakespeare might be easily alThus, in the time of Shake- lowed to found a play, especially Spear, was the do&trine of witsh- since he has followed with great craft at once establifhed by law exactness such hiftories as were and by the fafion, and it be- then thought true ; nor can it came not only unpolíte, but cri- be doubted that the scenes of minal, to doubt it; and as pró- enchantment, however they may digies are always seen in propor- now be ridiculed, were both by tion as they are expected, witch- himself and his audience thought es were every day discovered, awful and affecting. and multiplied so fast in fome 2 Fair is foul, and foul is fair.] • places, that bishop Hall men- :. e. We make these fudden tions a village in Lancashire, changes of the weather. And where their number was greater Macbeth, speaking of this day, than that of the houses. The foon after fays, jesuits and fe&taries took advan So foul and fair a day I bav tage of this universal error, and not been. WARBURTON endeavoured to promote the in I believe the meaning is, that terest of their parties by pre- to us, perverse and malignant as tended cures of persons affiated we-are, fair is foul, and foxlu by evil spirits; but they were de- fair, 7

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Say to the King the knowledge of the broil,
As thou didit leave it.

Cap. Doubtful long it stood,
As two spent swimmers that do cling together,
And choak their Art. The merciless Macdonal,
Worthy to be a Rebel; for to That
The multiplying villanies of nature
Do swarm upon him, ' from the western isles
Of Kernes and Gallow-glasses was supply'd ;
+ And fortune on his damned quarrel smiling,
Shew'd like a rebel's whore. But all too weak;
For brave Macbeth, well he deserves that nanie,
Disdaining fortune, with his brandisht steel,
Which smoak’d with bloody execution,
Lik Valour's Minion carved out his passage,
'Till he fac'd the Nave;
Who ne'er shook hands nor bid farewel to him,
'Till she unseam'd him from the nave to th' chops,
And fix'd his head upon our battlements.

King.

3

-- from the western ifles 4 in former editions : of Kernes and Gallow-glasses And fortune on bis damned

was supply'd ; ) Whether quarry, smiling. ) Quarrel Jupplied of, for supplied from or was formerly used for cause, or with, was a kind of Grecism of for the occasion of a quarrel, and Shakespear's expression; or whe- is to be found in that fenfe in sher of be a corruption of the Hollingsbead's account of the stoeditors, who took Kernes and ry of Macbeth, who, upon the Galloro-glafjes, which were only creation of the prince of Cumlight and heavy armed Foot, to berland, thought, says the hifto. be the names of two of the wes rian, that he had a juft quarrel tern ifands, I don't know. Hinc to endeavour after the Crown. conjecture vigorem etiam adjiciunt The sense therefore is, Fortune orma quædam Hibirnica, Gallicis Smiling on his execrable cause, &c. antiquus familia, jacula nimirut This is followed by Dr.Warburton. podrum levis armatura quos

Ker s-be unfeamed bim from the nos vocant, nec non fecures & lo nave ta ib' chops,] We fel. nice ferrea peditum illorum gra- dom hear of such terrible cross vior is armatura, quos Galloglal- blows given and received but by fios appellant. Waræi Antiq. giants and miscreants in Amadis Hiber. cap. 6. WARBURTON. de Gaule. Besides, it must be a

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King. Oh, valiant Cousin! worthy Gentleman !

Cap. As whence the sun ’gins his reflection, Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break'; So from that Spring, whence Comfort seem'd to come,

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Irange aukward froke that rupted passage. But he altered Child unzip hiin upwards from it with better judgment, to the navel to the chops. But

-a foui deaib Shakespear certainly wrote,

Curs'd as bis lije. he unjenmi'd lim froin the

WARBURTON nape to the choos,

6 As whence thr fun 'Gins bus i. e, cut his skull in two ; which Tefletion] Here are two might be done by a Highlander's readings in the copies, gives, and sword. This was a reasonable 'gins, i. c. begins. But the lat. blow, and very naturally ex• ter I think is the right, as foundpressed, on supposing it given ed on observation, that forms when the head of the wearied generally come from the eail. combatant was reclining down. As from the place, says he, wbrece wards at the latter end of a long the fun begins bis course, (viz. the duel. For the nape is the hinder eat) fiprurecking forms freseed, part of the neck, where the ver. So, Gc. For the natural and febræ join to the bone of the constant motion of the ocean is kull. So in Coriolanus,

from east to wcft; and the wind O! that you could turn

your eyes has the same general direction. towards the napes of your necks. Præcipua & generalis (ventorum) The word unseamed, likewise, caufa eft ipje Sol qui aërem rarebecomes very proper; and al. facit & a:tenuat. Aër enim ra ludes to the future which goes refactus multo majorem locum pole cross the crown of the head in tular. Inde for at der à jole iisthat direction called the futura puljus alium vicinum aërem magno Jagittalis; and which, confe- impetu protrudat ; cumque Sol eb quently, must be opened by such Oriente in occidentem circumretsa stroke. It is remarkable, that tur, præcipuus ab eo aëris impul. Milton, who in his youth read sus fiet verfus occidentem. Paand imitated our poet much, renii Geogr. l. 1.5. 14. prop. 10. particularly in his Comus, was See also Doctor Halley's Account miiled by this corrupt reading. of the Trade Winds of the More For in the manuscript of that foons. This being lo, it is no poem in Trinity College Library, wonder that storms should come The following lines are read thus, most frequently from that quar. Or drag bim by the curles, and · ter; or that they should be moul cleave his scalpe

- violent, because there is a conDown to the hippes.

currence of the natural motions An evident imitation of this cor- of wind and wave. This proves

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