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Thus do go about, about,
Thrice to thine, and thrice to mine,
And thrice again to make up nine !
Peace! the Charm's wound up.


they Mould ftile themselves the 9 bese two, says he, travelling qeyward, or wayward Sisters. together through a Foreft, were This Word, in its general Ac me: by three Fairies, Witcbes, ceptation, signifies, perverse, fro- Wierds. The Scots call them, &c. ward, moody, obftinate, unırac I presently recollected, that rable, &c. and is every where this Story must be recorded at so used by our Shakespear. To more Length by Helling head, content ourselves with two or with whom, I thought, it was three instances.

very probable, that our Author Fy, Fy, how wayward is this had traded for the Materials of foolish love,

his Tragedy, and therefore ConThat, like a testy babe, &c. firmation was to be fetched from

Two Gent. of Verona. this Fountain. Accordingly, This wbimpled, whining, pur- looking into his History of Scope blind, wayward boy. land, I found the Writer very

Love's Labour Loft. prolix and express, from Hedor And which is worst, all you've Boethius, in this remarkable Scodone is but for a wayward fon. ry; and, p. 170. speaking of

It is improbable the Witches these Witches, he uses this Exwould adopt this Epithet to preflion, themselves,“ in any of these But afterwards the commox Senses, and therefore we are to Opinion was, That these Woman Look a little farther for the Poet's were either the weird Sisters; Word and Meaning. When I hat is, as ye would say, tbe Godhad the first Suspicion of our deffes of Deftiny, &c. Author being corrupt in this Again, a little lower ; Place, it brought to my Mind The Words of the three weird the following Passage in Chau- Sisters aljo rof whom before ye cer's Troilus and Créfleide, lib. have heard) greatly encouraged iii. v. 618.

him thereunto. But O Fortune, executrice of And in several other ParaWierdes.

graphs there this word is repeatWhich Word the Gloffaries ex- ed. I believe, by this Time, it pound to us by Fates or Def is plain, beyond a Doubt, that zinies. I was soon confirmed in the Word wayward has obtained my Suspicion, upon happening in Macbeth, where the Witches to dip into Heylin's Cosmography, are spoken of, from the Ignowhere he makes a short Recital rance of the Copyists, who were of the Story of Macbeth and not acquainted with the Scotcb Banques

Term; and that in every Par.


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Enter Macbeth and Banquo, with Soldiers, and other

attendants. Mac. So foul and fair a day I have not seen. Ban. How far is't call'd to Foris ? What are these,


fage, where there is any Rela- nantur Valkyriæ, quas quodvis tion to these Witches or Wi ad Prælium Odinus mittir. kardi, my Emendation must be viros morti destinant, & viétoriembraced, and we must read am gubernant. Gunna, & Rota, aveird.

THEOBALD. & Parcarum minima Skullda : I be weyward fifters, hand in per aëra & maria equitant femper

band.] Mr. Theobald had 'ad morituros eligendos ; &cedes found out who these weyward in poteft ate habent. Bartholinus fifters were ; but observed they de Caufis contemptæ à Danis adwere called in his authentic huc Gentilibus mortis. It is for Hollingshead, Weird fifters; and this reason that Shakespear makes fo would needs have wey ward a them three; and calls them, corruption of the text, because Posters of the sea and land; it fignifies perverse, froward, and intent only upon death &c. and it is improbable" (he fays) and mischief. However, to ibat the witches shoald adopt his give this part

give this part of his work the epithet to themselves,

It was.

more dignity, he intermixes, hard that when he knew so much, with this northern, the Greek he should not know a little more; and Roman fuperftitions; and that weyward had anciently the puts Hecate at the head of their very same sense, as wärd; and enchantments. And to make it was, indeed, the very fame still more familiar to the comword differently spelt ; having mon audience (which was alacquired its latter signification ways his point) he adds, for anofrom the quality and temper of ther ingredient, a sufficient quanthese imaginary witches. But tity of our own country fuperthis is being acritic like him who ftitions concerning witches; their bad discovered that there were beards, their cats, and their two Hercules's ; and yet did not broomsticks. So that his witchknow that he had two next door scenes are like the charm they preneighbours of one and the fame pare in one of them ; where the name. As to thefe weyward ingredients are gathered from kifters, they were the Fates of every thing shocking in the natuthe northern nations; the three ral world; as here, from every hand-maids of Odin. He nomic thing absurd in the inoral. But


So wither'd, and so wild in their attire,
That look not like th' inhabitants o'th earth,
And yet are on't ? Live you, or are you aught
. That man may question? You seem to understand


By each at once her choppy finger laying
Upon her skinny lips.—You should be women,
And yet your beards forbid me to interpret,
That you are fo.
Macb. Speak, if you can.

What are you?
1 Witch. All hail, Macbetb ! Hail to thee, Thane of

Glamis ! 2 Witch. All-hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of

Cardor! 3 Witch. All hail, Macbeth! that shalt te King

hereafter. Ban. Good Sir, why do you start, and feeni tó

fear, Things that do found so fair ? l'th' name of truth, "Are ye fantastical, or That indeed [To the Witches, Which outwardly ye shew? My noble Partner You greet with present grace, and great prediction Of noble Having, and of royal Hope, That he seems rapt withal ; to me you speak not. If you can look into the Seeds of time, And say, which Grain will grow and which will not ; Speak then to me, who neither begs nor fear, Your favours, nor your hate.

as extravagant as all this is, the ing to the common signification, play has had the power to charm creatures of his own brain : For and bewitch every audience from he could not be fo extravagant that time to this. WARBURTON. to as such a question : but it is

9 That man may queftion?] Are used for supernatural, spiritual.. ye any beings with which man

WARBURTON. is permitted to hold converse, or By fantastical, he means creaof which it is lawful to ask quef- tures of fantasy or imagination; tior.s?

the question is, Are these real 'Are ye fantastical,-) By beings before us, or are we do fanta,!ical is no: meant, accorde ceived by illusion's of fancy ?

i Witch.

i Witch. Hail ! 2 Witch. Hail! 3 Witch. Hail ! 1 Witch. Leffer than Macbeth, and greater. 2 Witch. Not so happy, yet much happier. 3 Witch. Thou shalt ger Kings, though thou be

none; So, all hail, Macbeth and Banquo !

1 Witch. Banquo and Macbeth, all hail !

Macb. Stay, you imperfect Speakers, tell me more ; ? By Sin:l's death, I know, I'm Thane of Glamis ; But how, of Cawdor? the Thane of Cawdor lives, A prolprous gentleman ; and, to be King, Stands not within the prospect of belief, No more than to be Cawdor. Say, from whence You owe this strange intelligence? or why Upon this blasted heath you stop our way, With such prophetick Greeting ? -Speak, I charge you.

[Witches vanisha Ban. The earth hath bubbles, as the water has; And these are of them. Whither are they vanish'd ?

Macb. Into the air ; and what seem'd corporal Melted, as breath, into the wind. 'Would they had staid !

Ban. Were such things here, as we do speak about?
Or have we : eaten of the infane root,
That takes the Reafon prisoner ?

Macb. Your children shall be Kings.
Ban. You shall be King.
Macb. And Thane of Cawdor too? went it not so?
Ben. To th' self same tune, and words; who's here?

2 By Sinel's death,-) The learned note on these words ; father of Macberh. POPE. and, after much puzzling, he at

*3-atın of the infane root, ] length proves from Hector Bree Mr. Theobald has a long and thins, that this ront was a berry,




Enter Roffe and Angus.
Rose. The King hath happily receivid, Macbeth,
The news of thy success; and when he reads
Thy personal ’venture in the rebel's fight,
His wonders and his praises do contend,
Which should be thine, or his. Silenc'd with That,
In viewing o'er the rest o'th' felf-fame day,
He finds thee in the stout Norweyan ranks,
Nothing afraid of what thy self didst make,
Strange images of death. + As thick as hail,
Came Post on Post; and every one did bear
Thy praises in his Kingdom's great defence :
And pour'd them down before him.

Ang. We are sent,
To give thee, from our royal Master, thanks;
Only to herald thee into his fight,
Not pay thee.

Rolle. And for an earnest of a greater honour,
He bad me, from him, call thee Thané of Cawdor?
In which Addition, hail, most worthy Thane !
For it is thine.

Ban. What can the Devil speak true ?

Macb. The Tbane of Cawdor lives ;
Why do you dress me in his borrow'd robes ?

Ang. Who was the Thane, lives yet ;
But under heavy judgment bears that life,
Which he deferves to lose. Whether he was

4 - As thick as hail.] This as a tale can travel with the poß. is Mr. Pope's correction. The Or we may read, perhaps yet old copy has,

better, As thick as tale

As thick as tale Can post with post ;

Came post with poft ;which per hapsis notamiss, mean- That is, posts arrived as fast as ing that the news came as thick they could be counte].


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