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Lear. Who stockt my servant ? Regan, I've good

hope, Thou didst not know on't. Who conies here?

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Enter Goneriil. O Heav'ns, * If you do love old men, if your sweet sway Allow obedience, if yourselves are old, Mike it your cause ; send down, and take my part: Art not asham'd to look upon this beard? [To Gon, O Regan, will you take her by the hand ? Gon. Why not by th' hand, Sir? How have Į

ofended! All's not offer.ce, that indiscretion finds, And dotage terms fo.

Lecr. O fides, you are too tough! Will you yet hold ?--How came my man i'th' Stocks?

Corn. I set him there, Sir; but his own disorders Deserv'd much less advancement.

Lear.

! If you do love old men, if as alluding to the ancient heayour / will / wey

then Theology, which teaches ALLOW obedience, if yourselves that Calus, or Orranus, or Hea

are old,) Could it be a quel- ven, was deposed by his fon Sation, whether heaven allowed obe- furn, who rebelled and rose in dience? The poet wrote,

arms against him. His case then H.4 LLOW obedience.--

being the same with Lear's, hę i e. if patcrnal government here was the fittest to be addressed to he fo much the image of the on this occasion.

W ARB. uld vernment of heaven, Mr. Upton has proved by irrethat it fanctifies the obedience filible authority, that to allocu due to parents, and esteems the signifies not only to permie but violators of it impious, make it to approve, and has deservedly jour coule. He adds, if your replaced the old reading. Helmie's are old. This perhaps

- much less advancement.] may appear low and ridiculous The word advancement is ironiio tie unicarned reader; but we cally used here for conspicuculness äre to consider this pagan King of punishment; as we now fay,

2

ment.

Lear. You ? did you?
Reg: } I pray you, Father, being weak, seem so.
If, 'till the expiration of your month,
You will return and sojourn with my sister,
Dismilling half your train, come then to me.
I'm now from home, and out of that provision
Which ihall be needful for your entertainment.

Lear. Return to her, and fifty men dismissod ? - No, rather I abjure all roofs, and chute To wage, against the enmity o’th air, To be a comrade with the wolf and owl ; Necessity's sharp pinch --Return with her ? a man is advanced to the pillory. imaginary regulation he thus We should read,

delcants, The breuch of the fenje -bui his own disorders here is a manifeft proof that theje Dejerv'd much more advance- lines were transpojes by the first

Editors. Neither can there be any 3 I pray you, Father, being dynax or grammatical coherence,

weak, seem jo.] This is a unlofs we suppoje (necesity's sharp very odd request. She surely pinch] to be the accusative to aked something more reasonable. (wage. ]--But this is supposing the We should read,

verb

wage to want an accusative, -being weak, DEEM't fo. which it does not. i. e. believe that my husband or wager against any one, was a tells you true, that Kent's disord

common expression; and, being ers deferved a more ignominious a species of acting, (namely, punishment. WARBURTON, acting in opposition) was as pro

The meaning is, fince you are per as to say, act against any one. wak, be content to think your-" So, to wage again the enmily self weak. No change is needed. o'rb' air, was to strive or fight • No, ra ber I abjure all roofs, against it. Nec Jīly's sharp pinch, and chuje

therefore, is not the accusative to To wage against the enmity ivage, bus declarative of the

condition of him who is a come To be a comrade with tbe wolf rade of the wolf and owl : in and ozul,

which the verb [is] is underNeceffity's sharp pinch !--] food. The conlequence of all Thus should these lines (in the this is, that it was the last edi. order they were read, in all the tors, and not the firs, who transeditions till Mr. Tbeobald's) be posed the lines from the order pointed. The want of which the Poet gave them, for the pointing contributed, perhaps, Oxford Eaitor follows Mr. Theoto mislead him in transposing the bald.

WARBURTON. second and third lines, on which

F 4

Why,

To wage,

c'rb' air ;

Why, the hot blooded France, that dow'rless took
Our youngest born, I could as well be brought
To knee his throne, and 'Squire-like pension beg,
To keep * base life a-foot-Return with her ?
Persuade me rather to be save, and sumpter,
To this detested groom.

[Looking on the Steward. Gon. At your choice, Sir.

Lear. I pr’ythee, daughter, do not make me mad;
I will not trouble thee. My child, farewell;
We'll no more meet, no more see one another.
But yet thou art my flesh, my blood, my daughter,
Or rather a disease that's in my fiesh,
Which I must needs call mine; thou art a bile,
A plague fore, or timbossed carbuncle,
In my corrupted blood. But I'll not chide thee,
Let shame ccme when it will, I do not call it;
I do not bid the thunder bearer shoot,
Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging Jove.
Mend when thou canst; be better at thy leisure,
I can be patient, I can stay with Regan;
I, and my hundred Knights.

Reg. Not altogether so;
I look'd not for you yet, nor am provided
For your fit welcome ; give ear to my sister ;
For those that mingle reason with your passion,
Must be content to think you old, and form
But she knows what she does.

Lear. Is this well spoken?

Reg. I dare avouch it, Sir. What fifty followers : Is it not well? What should you need of more? Yea, or so many, since both charge and danger Speak ’gainst so great a number? How in one house Should many people under two commands Hold amity?''Tis hard, almost impossible.

Gon. Why might notyou, my Lord, receive attendance From those that she calls fervants, or from mine?

-base life] That is, in a + -imbosed carbuncle,] InServile state.

boflid is swelling, protuberant.

Reg:

Nack ye,

Reg. Why not, my Lord ? if then they chanc'd to
We could controul them. If you'll come to me,
For now I spy a danger, I intreat you
To bring but five and twenty; to no more
Will I give place or notice.

Lear. I gave you all-
Reg. And in good time you gave

it.
Lear. Made you my guardians, my depositaries ;
But kept a reservation to be follow'd
With such a number ; must I come to you
With five and twenty ? Regan, faid you so?

Reg. And speak’t again, my Lord, no more with me. Lear. s Those wicked creatures yet do look wellfavour'd,

When

3 Those Wicked creaturcs yet Lear confiders the unnatural be

do lock well-favour'd, haviour of his daughters under When others are more WICK this idea, both in and out of his

ED.) As a little before, in fenfes. So again, speaking of the text (like fiarterers) the edi- them, in his distraction, he lays, cors had made a similitude where And here's another whoje WARPT the author intended none; fo looks proclaim what fiore her beart here, where he did, they are not is made of. Shakespear has the in the humour to give it us, be- character of a very incorrect wricause not introduced with the ter, and so, indeed, he is. But formulary word, like. Lear's se- this character being received, as cond daughter proving ftill more well as given, in the lump, has unkind than the first, he begins made him thought an unft subto entertain a better opinion of ject for critical conjecture: which this from the other's greater de- perhaps may be true, with regree of inhumanity, and ex. gard to those who know no more presses it by a fimilitude taken of his genius than a general chafrom the deformities which old racter of it conveys to them. age brings on.

But we should diftinguish. InThose WRINKLED creatures yet correctness of ftile

may

be dividdo lock well-favour'd, ed into two parts : an inconWhen others are more WRINK- fistency of the terins employed

with one another; and an inconFor so, instead of wicked, it gruity in the conttruction of mhould be read in both places: them. In the firit case he is which correction the word well- rarely faulty; in the second, nefavour'd might have led co. gligent enough. And this could

hardly

LED:

When others are more wicked. Not being worlt,
Stands in some rank of praise. I'll go with thee;

[To Gonerill. Thy fifty yet doth double five and twenty ; And thou art twice her love.

tance.

hardly be otherwise. For his Shakespear, to make bis author ideas being the clearest, and his always speak in frict grammar penetration in discovering their and measure. But it is much agreement, disagreement, and easier to reform such Nips as nę. selation to each other, the deep- ver obscure the sense, and are eft that ever was in any Poet, ser right by a grammar rule or a his terms of course must be well finger-end, than to reduce a deput together: Nothing occafion- praved expreffion, which makes ing the jumbling of discordant nonsense of a whole sentence, terms, from broken metaphors, and whose reformation requires but the cloudiness of the under you to enter into the author's Handing, and the consequent ob- way of thinking. WARBURTON. fcurity of the ideas : Terms be I have given this long note, ing nothing but the painting of because the editor fecms to think ideas, which he, who sees clear- his correction of great impor. ly, will never employ in a dif I was unwilling to decordant colouring. On the con ny my reader any opportunity trary, a congruiry in the con- of conviction which I have had fruction of these terms (which myself, and which perhaps may answers to drawing, as the ufe operate upon him, though it nas of the term does to colouring) been ineffe&tual to me, who, is another thing. And Shake having read this elaborate and Jpear, who owed all to nature, oftentatious remark, still think and was brurried on by a warm the old reading best. The comattention to his i Jeas, was much mentator's only objection to the bess exact in the construction and lines as they now stand, is the grammatical arrangement of his discrepancy of the metaphor, the words. The conclusion is, that wantofopposition betweenwicked where we find gross inaccuracies, and well-favoured. But he might in the relation of terms to one have remembered what he says in another, there we may be confi- his own preface concerning mixed dent, the text has been corrup- modes. 'Shakespeare, whose mind ted by his editors : and, on the was more intent upon notions contrary, that the offences against than words, had in his thoughts syntax are generally his own. the pulchritude of virtue, and i sad the Oxford Editor attended the deformity of wickedness ; to this distinction, he would and though he had mentioned not perhaps have made it the wickedne's made the correlative principal object in his refiored answer to deformity'.

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