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Por. That he hath a neighbourly charity inl | Shu. For three months--well. him ; for he borrow'd a box of the var of the Engl 1 Buss. For the which, as I told you, Anthonio. lishman, and swore he would pay him again.! shall be bound. when he was able: I think, thefirenchman became | Shy. Anthonio shall become bound,-well. his surety, and seala under for another. 15 bass. May you stead me? Will you pleasure ine?

Ner. How like you the young German, thel Shall I know your answer? duke of Saxony's nephew?

Shy. Three thousand ducats, for three months, Por. Very vilely in the morning, when he is land Anthonio bound. sober; and nost vilely in the afternoon, when he | Buss. Your answer to that. is drunk: when he is best, he is a little worse than iol Shi. Anthonio is a good man. a man; and when he is worst, he is little better | Bass. Have you heard any inzputation to the than a beast: an the worst fall that ever fell, i contrary? hope, I shall make shift to go without him.

Shij. Hio, no, no, no, no ;-my meaning, in sayNer. It ne should offer to chuse, and chuse the ling he is a good man, is, to have you understand sight casket, you should refuse to perform your 15 me, that he is sufficient: vet his means are in supfather's will, if you should refuse to accept him. I lposition: he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis, ano

Por. Therefore, for fear of the worst, I prav liher tothe Indies; I understand moreover upon the thee, set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the Rialto, he hath a third at Mexico, a fourth tor Engcontrary casket; for, if the devil be within, and land, and other ventureshe bath,squander'dabroad: that temptation without, I know he will chuse it. 20 But ships are but boards, sailors but men: there I will do any thing, Nerissa, ere I will be marry'd be land-rats, and water-rats, water-thieves, and to a spunge.

1 land-thieves; I mean, pirates; and then, there is Nir. You need not fear, lady, the having any of the peril of waters, winds, and rocks: The man these lords; they have acquainted me with their lis, noiwithstanding, suflicient:- three thousand determination : which is, indeed, to return to their 23 ciucats;-| think, I may take his bond. huine, and to trouble you with no more suit: un- | Bass. Be assur’d, vou may. [be assur'd, less you may be won by some other sort than you! | Shy. I will be assur'd, I may; and, that I may father's imposition, depending on the caskets. I will bethink me: May I speak with Anthonio?

Por. If I live to be as old as Sybilla, I will diel | Bass. If it please you to dine with us. as chaste as Diana, unless I be obtained by the 30! St. Yes, to smeli pork; to eat of the habitanianner of my father's will: I am glad this parcell ltion whi h your prophet the Nazarite conjured of wooers are so very reasonable; for there is not the devil into: I will buy with you, sell with yoll, one among them but I dote on his very absence, talk with you, walk with you, and so following: and I pray God grant them a fair departure. but I will not eat with you, drink with you, ror

Ner. Do you not remember, lady, in your fa- 35 pray with vou. What news on the Rialto:ther's time, a Venetian, a scholar, and a soldier, Who is he comes here? that came hither in company of the marquis of

Enter Anthonio. Montserrat?

Bass. This is signior Anthonio. Por. Yes, yes, it was Bassanio ; as I think, sol Show. [ Aside.? How like a fau ning publican he he was calld.

400 hate him for he is a Christian:

[looks! Nir. True, madam; he, of all the men that But more, för that, in low simplicity, ever mv foolish eyes look'd upon, was the bestHe lends out money gratis, and brings down deserving a ta'r lady.

The rate of usance here with us in Venice. Por. I remember him well; and I remember him if I can catch him once upon the hip', Worthy of thy praise. --How now! what news? 145.1 will feed fat the ancient giudge I bear him. Erler a Sertunt.

lie hates our sacric nation; and he fails, Sir. The four strangersseek for you, madam, to Even there where merchants most do congregate, take their leave: and there is a tore-runner comel lon me, my bargains, and my well-won thrill, from tie tith, the prince of Morocco ; who brings which he calls interest: Cursed be my tribe, word, the prince, his master, will be here tonight. 501 I forgive hin!

Por. It I could bid the fifth welconie with so Bass Shikick, do vou hear? good heart as I can bid the other four farewell, I | Shu, I am debating of my present store; sho ild be glad of his approach: if he have the end, by the near guess of my memory, condition of a saint, and ihe complexion of a de cannot instantly raise up the gross vil, I had rather he should shrive me than wivel 5 Of full tree tholisand ducuis: What of that: me. Cone, Neris:a. Sirrah, go before.--- Wbiles Tubal, a wealthy llebrew of my tribe, we shut the gate upon one wooer, anothe: vill furnish me: But soft; Ilow many months knocks at the door.

[Ereunt. Do you desire?--Rest you fair, good signior; SCENE III.

Tuninio. A pubick Place in Venice. 100 Your worship was the last man in our months. Entir Bassario and Shylock.

Irinth. Shyluk, albeit I neither lend vor borSh. Torve thousand ducats,--well.

By taking, nur by giving of escess, (rou, Buss. Ay, sir, for three months.

Tiet, to supply the ripe Harits of my friend,
This is a phrase taken from the practice of wrestlers,

I'll break a custom :-Is he yet possess'd,. - 1 You, that did void your rheum upon my beard, How much you would?

| JAnd foot me as you spurn a stranger cur * Shy. Ay, áy, three thousand ducats.

Over your threshold; monies is your suit. Anth. And for three months.

(so. What should I say to you? Should I not say, Shy. I had forgot--three months, you told me 5|Ilath a dog money? Is it possible Well then, your bond; and, let me see, But " A cur can lend three thousand ducats?" or hear you;

[row, Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key, Methoughts, you said, you neither lend nor bor- With 'bated breath, and whispering humbleness, Upon advantage.

Tay this,-“ Fair sir, you spit on me on WednesAnth. I do never use it.

“ day last; Shy. When Jaccb graz'd his uncle Laban's f" You spurn'à me such a day; another time This Jacob from our ho. y Abraham was sheep, “ You call’d me-dog ; and for these courtesies (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf 1 f“ I'll lend you thus much monies." The third possessor: ay, he was the third,

Anth. I am as like to call thee so again, Anth. And what ot him ? did he take interest ? 15 To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too. Shy. No, not take interest; not as you wouidl lit thou wilt lend tuis money, lend it not say,

fis to thy friends; (for when did friendship tako Directly interest: mark what Jacob did.

A breed of barren metal" of his friend :) When Laban and himselt were compromis’d, I Put lend it rather to thine eneinv ; That all the canlings ?, which were streak’d, and 20 Who if he break, thou may'st with better face py d,

Exact the penalty. Should fall as Jacob's hire ; the ewes, being rank, Shy. Why, look you, how you storm! In the end of autumn turned to the rams: 1 I would be friends with you, and have your love, And when the work of generation was

· Forget the shames that you have stained me with,
Between these woolly breeders in the act, - 25 Supply vour present wants, and take no doit
The skilful shepherd pee'd me certain wands, Otusance for my monies, and you'll not hear me;
And, in the doing of the deed of kind”,

This is kind (oiler.
He stuck them up before the fulsome 3 ewes; Anth. This were kindness.
W'ho, then couceiving, did in eaning time

Shy. This kindness will I show:
Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's. 30 Go with me to a notary, seal me there
This was a way to thrive, and he was blest; | Yolir single bond; and, in a merry sport,
And thritt is blessing, it ien steal it not [for: jlfyou repay me not on such a day,

Anth. This was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv'a in such a place, such sum, or sums, as are
A thing not in his power to bring to pass,

Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit
But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heaven. 35 Be nominated for an equal pound
Was this inserted to make interest good?

JOf your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken
Or is your gold and silver, ewes and rams? in what part of your body pleaseth me.

Shy. I cannot tell; I make it breed as fast:- | Anth. Content, in faith ; l'il seal tosuch a bond, But note me, signior.

And say, there is much kindness in the Jew, Anth. Mark you this, Bassanio.

401 Bass. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, The devil can cite scripture for his purpose.

I'll rather dwell’ in my necessity, An evil soul, producing holy witness,

| Anth. Why, fear not, man ; I will not forfeit it: Is like a villain with a smiling cheek;

Within these two months, that's a mouth before A goodly apple rotten at the heart:

This bond expires, I do expect return 0, what a goodly outside falshood hath! (sum. 45 Of thrice three times the value of the bond. [are ;

Shy. Three thousand ducats,-'tisa good round Shy. O father Abraham, what these Christians Three months from twelve, then let me see the Whose own hard dealings teaches them suspect rate.

(vou: The thoughts of others! Pray you, tell me this; Anth. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to If he should break his day, what should I gain

Shy. Signior Anthonio, many a time and oft 50 By the exaction of the forfeiture? In the Rialto you have rated me

pound of man's tlesh, taken from a man, About my monies and my usances *:

is not so estimable, profitable neither, Sull have I borne it with a patient shrug;

As tlesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,
Tor sufferance is the bacige of all our tribe : To buy his favour, I extend this friendship:
You call me-misbeliever, cut-throat dog, 1551f he will take it, so; if not, adieu;
And spit upon my Jewish gaberdine'.

And, for my love, I pray you, wrong me not. And all for use of that wbich is mine own.

Anth. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond. Well then, it now appears, you need my belp : Shy. Then meet me forthwith at the notary's; Go to then: you come to me, and you say, I Give him direction for this merry bond, “ Shylock, we would have monies;" You say so :160|And I will go and purse the ducats strait;

'i. e. Jambs just dropt. ';. e. of nature. Meaning, lascivious, obscene. 4 Use and usunce were both words forinerly employed for usuru. "A gaberdine means a course frock. • That is, interest honey bred from the principal. ?To drocll, here seems to mcan the same as to continue.

See

See to my house, left in the fearful guard

Bass. I like not fair terms, and a villain's mind. Of an unihriity knave; and presently

| Anth. Come on; in this there can be no disinay, I will be with you.

[Exit. My ships come home a month before the day. Anth. Hie thee, gentle Jew.

(Exeunt. This Hebrew will turn Christian; he grows kind.) 5]

A CT 11.

SCENE I.

I Never to speak to lady afterward
Belmont.

115 In way of marriage: therefore be advised. Enter the Prince of Morocco, and three or four

| Mor. Nor will not; come, bring me unto my our

*

chance. followers accordingly; with Portia, Nerissa, Por. First, forward to the temple; after dinner and her train. Flourish Cornets,

Your hazard shall be made. Mor. MISLIKE me not for my complexion, 20 Mor. Good fortune then!

[Cornets. " The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd To make me blest, or cursed'st among men. sun,

[Exeunt. To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred.

SCENE II.
Bring me the fairest creature northward born,
Where Phæbus' fire scarce thaws the icicles,

A Street in Venice.
And let us make incision for your love,

Enter Launcelot Gobbo. To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine. | Laun. Certainly, my conscience will serve me I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine

to run from this Jew my master: The fiend is at Hath' feared the valiant; by my love, I swear, mine elbow,and tempts me, saying to me,"Gobbo, The best regarded virgins of our clime

301“ Launcelot Gobbo, good Launcelot, or goodGobHave lov'd it too: I would not change this hue, "bo, or good Launcelot Gobbo, use your legs, Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle queen. " take the start, run away.”-My conscience says, Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led

“No: take heed, honest Launcelot; take heed, By nice direction of a maiden's eyes:

“ honest Gobbo; or,” as aforesaid, “ honest LaunBesides, the lottery of my destiny

135“ celot Gobbo ; do not run; scorn running with Bars me the right of voluntary chusing:

“ thy heels." Well, the most courageous fiend But, if my father had not scanted me,

bids me pack: “Via !” says the fiend; “ away!" And hedg’d me by his will, to yield myself

says the fiend," for the heavens; rouse up a brave His wife who wins me by that means I told you, “mind,” says the fiend, “and run.” Well, my conYourself, renowned prince, then stood as fair,

“science hanging about the neck of my heart, As any comer I have look'd on yet,

“says very wisely to me,-“ My honest friend For my affection.

I “ Launcelot, being an honest naii's son,"-or raMor. Even for that I thank you;

ther an honest woinan's son ;-for, indeed, my faTherefore I pray you, lead me to the caskets,

ther did something smack, something grow to, he To try my fortune. By this scimitar,

las had a kind of taste;-well, my conscience says, That slew the Sophy, and a Persian prince,

“ Launcelot, budge not.” « Budge,” says the That won three fields of Sultan Solyman,

fiend. “ Budge not,” says my conscience. I would out-stare the sternest eyes that look, Conscience, say I, you counsel well. Fiend, Out-brave the heart most daring on the earth, I say I, you counsel well. To be rul'd by my Pluck the young sucking cubs from the she-bear, 50 conscience, I should stay with the Jew, my masYea mock the lion when he roars for prey,

ter, who, God bless the mark, is a kind of devil; To win thee, lady : But, alas the while!

and, to run away from the Jew, I should be rul'd If Hercules, and Lichas, play at dice

by the fiend, who, saving your presence, is the deWhich is the better man, the greater throw

vil himself. Certainly, the Jew is the very devil inMay turn by fortune from the weaker hand; 55 carnation; and, in my conscience, my conscience. So is Alcides beaten by his page;

Jis but a kind of hard conscience, to offer to counAnd so may I, blind Fortune leading me,

Isel me to stay with the Jew: The fiend gives the Miss that which one unworthier may attain,

more friendly counsel. I will run, fiend; my And die with grieving.

heels are at your commandment, I will run. Por. You must take your chance;

Enter old Gobbo, his father, with a baskct. And either not attempt io chuse at all,

| Gob. Master, young man, you, I pray you; Or swear, before you chuse,-if you chuse wrong, which is the way to master Jew's? .

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? Fearful guard means a guard that is not to be trusted, but gives cause of fear. made the valiant afraid.

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Laun. [aside. ] O heavens, this is my true-begot- ja beard hast thou got! Thou last got more hair ten fatner! who, being more than sand-blind, Jon thy chin, than Dobbin my thill-horsea has on high-gravel blind, knows me not:- I will try con- This tail. clusions with him.

Luun. It should seem then, that Dobbin's tail Gob. Master, young gentleman, I pray you, 5 grows backward; I am sure he had more hair on which is the way to master Jew's?

This tail, than I have on my face, when I last saw Laun. Turn up on your right hand, at the next him. turning, but, at the next turning of all, on vou Gob. Lord, how thou art chang'd! How dost left; marry, at the very next turning, turn of no thou and thy master agree? I have brought him hand, but turu down indirectly to the Jew's house. 104 present: How agree you now?

Gob. By God's sontier, 't will be a hard way to Laun. Well, will; but for mine own part, as hit. Can you tell me whether one Launcelot, that I have set up my rest to run away, so I will not dwells with him, dwell with him, or no?

rest till I have run some ground: My master's a Laun. Talk you of young ma-ter Launcelot?- very Jew; give him a present! give him a halter: Mark me now, aside.] now will I raise the wa- 15 ( am famish'd in his service; you may tell every ters:-Talk you of young master Launcelot? I finger I have with my ribs. Father, I am glad

Gob. No, master, sir, but a poor man's son; his you are come; give your present to one master father, though I say it, is an honest exceeding poor Bassanio, who, indeed, gives rare new liveries; man, and, God be thanked, well to live.

if I serve not bim, I will run as far as God has Laun. Well, let his father be what he will, we 20 any ground.-0 rare fortune! here comes the talk of young master Launcelot.

man ;-to him, father; for I am a Jew, if I serve Gob. Your worship's friend, and Launcelot, sir. Ithe Jew any longer,

Laun. But I pray you ergo, old man, ergo, 11 Enter Bassanio, with Leonardo, and a follower beseech you; Talk you of young master Laun

or two more. celot?

(25) Bass. You may do so :-but let it be so hasted, Gob. Of Launcelot, an' please your mastership. Ithat supper be ready at the farthest by five of the

Laun. Erge, inaster Launcelot, talk not of mas-1 clock. See these letters deliver'd; put the liveries ter Launcelot, father; for the young gentleman to making; and desire Gratiano to come anon to (according to fates and destinies and such odd sav-l my lodging. ings, the sisters three, and such branches of learn- 30 Laun. To him, father. ing) is, indeed, deceased; or, as you would say, Gob. God bless your worship! in plain terms, gone to heaven.

Buss. Gramercy; Wouldst thou aught with me? Gob. Marry, God forbid! the boy was the very Gob. llere's my son, sir, a poor boy, staff of my age, my very prop.

Laun. Not a poor boy, sir, but the rich Jew's, Laun. Do I look like a cudgel, or a bovel-post, 35 man; that would, sir, as my father shall specify, a staff, or a prop ? --Do you know me, father? Gob. He hath a great infection, sir, as one would

Gob. Alack the day, I know you not, young' say, to servegentleman : but, I pray you, tell me, is my boyl | Lam. Indeed, the short and the long is, I serve (God rest his soul!) alive, or dead?

the Jew, and have a desire as my father shall speLaun. Do you not know me, father? 140 cify, Gob. Alack, sir, I am sand-blind, I know you l Gob. His master and he (saving you

Gob. His master and he (saving your worship's not.

I reverence) are scarce cater-cousins: Laun. Nay, indeed, if you had your eyes, voul | Laun. To be brief, the very truth is, that the might fail of the knowing me: it is a wise father Jew having clone me wrong, doth cause me, as my that knows his own child. Well, old man, I will 45 father, being I hope an old man, shall frutify unto tell you news of your son: Give me your blessing: you, truth will come to light; murder cannot be hid | Gob. I have here a dish of doves, that I would long, a man's son may ; but, in the end, truth will bestow upon your worship, and my suit is,--out.

Laun. In very brief, the suit is impertinent to Gob. Pray you, sir, stand up; I am sure, you 50 myself, as your worship shall know by this honest are not Launcelot, my boy.

old man; and though I say it, though old man, Laun. Pray you, let's have no more fooling about yet poor man, my father. it, but give me your blessing; I am Launcelot, s Bass. One speak for both;-What would you? your boy that was, your son that is, your child thail Luun. Serve you, sir. shall be,

Gob. This is ihe very defect of the matter, sir. Gob. I cannot think, you are my son.

Bass. I know thee well, thou hast obtain'd thy Laun. I know not what I shall think of that:

suit: but I am Launcelot, the Jew's man; and, I am Shylock, thy master, spoke with me this day, sure, Margery, your wife, is my mother.

And hath preferr'd thee; if it be preferment, Gob. Her name is Margery, indeed: I'll be 60 To leave a rich Jew's service to become sworn, if thou be Launcelot, thou art my own flesh! The follower of so poor a gentleman, and blood. Lord worshipp'd might be be! what | Laun. The old proverb is very well parted be? That is, I will try experiments with him. Thill, or fill, means the shafts of a cart or waggon.

tween

tween my master Shylock and you, sir; you havel Bass. No, that were pity; . the grace of God, sir, and he hath enough. 11I would entreat you rather to put on Buss. Thou speak'st it well: Go, father, with Your boldest suit of mirth, for we have friends thy son:

That purpose merriment: But fare you well, Take leave oi thy old ma ter, and enquire 5 I have soine business. Ny lodging out :-give him a livery

| Gra. And I must to Lorenzo, and the rest ;

To his followers. But we will visit you at supper-time. [Excunt. More guarded' than his fellows: see it done.

S CE NE III. Lun. Father, in:- cannot get a service, 10;

.

, [look-110 I have ne'er a tongue in my head.--

Shilock's House. ing on his pam] if any man in Italy have a fairer : Enter Jessica and Launcelot. table?, wbich doth offer to swear upon a book, Jes. I am sorry, thou wilt leave my father so; shall have good fortune.---Go to, here's a simple Our house is hell, and thou, a merry devir, line of life! here's a small triile of wives: alas, 111- Didst rob it of some taste of tediousness: teen wives is nothing; eleven widows, and nine 15 But fare thee well; there is a ducac for thee. maids, is a simple coming-in for one man: and And, Launcelot, soon at supper shalt thou see then, to 'scape drowning thrice; and to be in pe- Lorenzo, who is thy new master's guest : ril of my life with the edge of a featber-bed';- Give him this letter; do it secretly,

ben are simple 'scapes! Well, if fortune be a wo- And so farewell; I would not have my father · Phili, she's a good sench for this geer.-Fatber, 20 See me talk with thee.

come; l'll take my leave of the Jew in the twink- 1 Laun. Adieu!--tears exhibit my tongue.ling of an eye.

I Most beantiful pagan,-most swect Jew! if a Errunt Launcclot and old Gobbo. Christian did not play the knave, and get thee, I Bass, I pray thee, good Leonardo, think on th:s; Jain much deceiv'd: but adieu! these foolish drops These things being bought, and orderly bestow'd, 125 do somewhat drown my manly spirit; adieu! Return in haste, for I do feast to-night

[Exit. My best esteem'd acquaintance; bie thee, go. Jes. Farewell, good Launcelot. Leon. My best endeavours shall be done herein. Alack, what lieinous sin is it in me, Enter Gratiano.

I To be asham'd to be my father's child! Gra. Where's your master?

30|But though I am a daughter to his blood, Leon. Yonder, sir, he walks. [Exit Leon. I am not to his mauners: () Lorenzo, Gra. Signior Bassanio,

If thou keep promise, I shall end this strife; Buss. Gratiano!

Become a Christian, and thy loving wife. [Erit. Gra. I have a suit to you. Buss. You have obtain'd it.

SCE N E IV. Gra. You must not deny me; I must go with 1

The Street. you to Belmont.

Enter Gratiang, Lorenzo, Sularino, and Salanio. Buss. Why, then you must;—But hear thee,

Lor. Nay, we will slink away in supper-time;
Gratiano:
Thou art too wild, too rude, and bold of voice;-
rude and bold of voice:- 140 Disguise us at my lodging, and return

All in an hour.
Parts, that become thee happily enough,
And in such even as ours appear not faults:

Gra. We have not made good preparation.

w Sul. We have not spoke us yet of torch-bearers. Putu herethouart not knowi), way, therethey shew Someibing too liberal pray thee, take pain

Sala. "Tis vile, unless it may quaintly ordered;

[hours Toallay with some cold drops of modestý Tviour.) 45 And better, in my mind, not undertook.

" Lor. 'Tis now but four o'clock: we have two Ti shipping spirit; lest, through thy wild beha

To furnish us: l be mistaustru'd in the place I go to, And lose my hopes.

1 . Entor Launcelot with a letter. Gra. Signior Bassanio, hear me:

Friend Launcdot, what's the news? I do not put on a sober habit,

1501 Linn. An it shall please you to break up this', Talk with respect, and swear but now and then, it shall seem to signity. . lear prayer books in my pocket, look demurels Lor. I know the hand: in faith, 'tis a fair hand: Nay, more, while grace is saving, hood imine eyes And whiter than the paper it writ on, This with my bat, and sigli, and say, amen; Is the fair hand that writ. l'se alive observance of civility,

Gra. Love-news, in faith. Lik one well studied in a sad ostent'

Lun. By your leave, sir, To please his grandam, never trust me more. I Lor. Whither goest thou?

buss. Well, we shall see your bearing. [me Laun. Marry, sir, to bid my old master the

Gra. Nav, but l bar to-night; you shall noi gagel Rew to sup tu-night with my new master the By what we do to-night.

160 Christian. ? That is, more ornamented. The chiromantic term for the lines of the hand. A cant phrase to signify the danger of marrying. That is, too gross, licentious. That is, grave ap.. Dearance. "To break up was a term in carving.

Lor.

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